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Solid Tumors
Colorectal Cancer
Supportive Care
Pain Management
Palliative Care
Survivorship
Issues in Oncology

Support, Inform Patients With ASCO Resources

Stock your practice with ASCO resources for your patients. Visit ASCO’s patient information website, Cancer.Net, for a newly updated comprehensive guide to colorectal cancer at cancer.net/colorectal and a shorter, one-page colorectal cancer fact sheet. Copies can be purchased from the ASCO...

Issues in Oncology
Survivorship

Impact of Lifestyle Choices on Outcomes in Survivors of Gastrointestinal Cancers

Physical inactivity among adult survivors of gastrointestinal cancers was tied to poor health-related quality of life, according to researchers at the American Psychosocial Oncology Society (APOS) Annual Meeting.1 Also, physical inactivity (Chi-square = 5.605, P = .018) and alcohol use (Chi-square ...

survivorship

Many AYA Cancer Survivors Have More Social Connections Than Peers With No History of Cancer

Survivors of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer often have stronger social networks than their peers with no cancer history, according to St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital researchers, who hope to translate that support into better health outcomes for the nation’s...

Issues in Oncology
Survivorship

Seeking Beauty From the Inside Out After Cancer Treatment

  BOOKMARK Title: Autobiography of a FaceAuthor: Lucy GrealyPublisher: Houghton Mifflin HarcourtOriginal Publication Date: June 1994Price: $14.95, paperback; 256 pages We live in a celebrity-obsessed society that is consumed by images of what we perceive as ideal beauty. Numerous studies show that ...

Issues in Oncology
Survivorship

It Starts With a Discussion: ASCO Guideline on Interventions to Address Sexual Problems in People With Cancer

Dr. Katz is a certified sexuality counselor at CancerCare Manitoba, Canada. SEXUALITY AND SEXUAL functioning are important to cancer survivors, and considering the significant number of survivors, this is an issue that should not be ignored. In a survey of cancer survivors who had completed...

Issues in Oncology
Survivorship

Interventions to Address Sexual Problems in People With Cancer: ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline Adaptation of CCO Guideline

AS REPORTED in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Jeanne Carter, PhD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and colleagues, ASCO has issued a clinical practice guideline adaptation of the Cancer Care Ontario (CCO) guideline on interventions to address sexual problems in people with cancer.1 ...

Issues in Oncology
Survivorship

Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Survivors Often Struggle With Reproductive and Sexual Health Concerns

FOR MANY adolescents and young adults (AYAs), the most distressing and troubling phase of the cancer continuum that began with diagnosis is survivorship, and among the toughest challenges are those involving sexual health and reproduction, Jessica Gorman, PhD, MPH, stated at the 11th Annual...

breast cancer
survivorship
symptom management

Internet-Delivered Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia in Breast Cancer Survivors

In a Danish study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Zachariae et al found that an Internet-delivered cognitive-behavioral therapy intervention improved insomnia among breast cancer survivors. Study Details In the study, 255 patients from a national sample of Danish breast...

colorectal cancer
survivorship
symptom management

David Baraghoshi, on Colorectal Cancer and Cardiovascular Disease Risk

David Baraghoshi, of the Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah, discusses an assessment of cardiovascular risk more than 10 years after diagnosis for colorectal cancer survivors compared with a cancer-free general population cohort (Abstract 113).

survivorship
lymphoma

Flora E. van Leeuwen, PhD, on Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment: Toxicities in Female Survivors

Flora E. van Leeuwen, PhD, of the Netherlands Cancer Institute, discusses cardiovascular disease risk after treatment-induced primary ovarian insufficiency in female survivors of Hodgkin lymphoma (Abstract 114).

survivorship

Lawrence N. Shulman, MD, on The New Survivorship Standard: Expert Perspective

Lawrence N. Shulman, MD, of Abramson Cancer Center at the University of Pennsylvania, discusses the Commission on Cancer’s efforts to promote robust survivorship care and how its new recommendations will affect clinical practice and patients.

supportive care
survivorship

Christopher J. Recklitis, PhD, MPH, on Sexual Aids and Supportive Care: Study Findings

Christopher J. Recklitis, PhD, MPH, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses a study investigating the availability of supportive care sexual aids and resources for cancer survivors at U.S. cancer centers (Abstract 134).

survivorship

Christopher J. Recklitis, PhD, MPH, on Mental Health in Cancer Survivors

Christopher J. Recklitis, PhD, MPH, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, summarizes two key papers on mental health: suicide risk among survivors of head and neck cancer vs other types of cancer; and the fear of cancer recurrence—its associations with mental health status and individual characteristics among cancer survivors (Abstract 146).

breast cancer
survivorship

Electra D. Paskett, PhD, on Breast Cancer and Arm Mobility: Clinical Trial Results

Electra D. Paskett, PhD, of The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses study findings on whether exercise helps women with breast cancer regain arm mobility after lymph node surgery (Abstract 123).

survivorship

Paul B. Jacobsen, PhD, on The Impact of Survivorship Care Plans: Expert Perspective

Paul B. Jacobsen, PhD, of the National Cancer Institute, discusses his evaluation of whether survivorship care plans have a positive impact on health outcomes and health-care delivery for cancer survivors, in both the long and short term (Abstract 2).

geriatric oncology
survivorship

Arti Hurria, MD, on Survivorship Care for the Aging Population

Arti Hurria, MD, of the City of Hope, discusses ways to incorporate the principles of geriatrics into oncology care and offer targeted interventions for older survivors.

survivorship

Carrie R. Howell, PhD, on Reducing Risks for Childhood Cancer Survivors: Trial Results

Carrie R. Howell, PhD, of St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, discusses study findings on a web-based exercise intervention for adolescent survivors, who are at increased risk for obesity and metabolic syndrome. The program was designed to improve fitness, cognition, and quality of life (Abstract 102).

survivorship

Patricia A. Ganz, MD, on Progress in Cancer Survivorship Care

Patricia A. Ganz, MD, of the University of California, Los Angeles, and this year’s recipient of the Ellen Stovall Award for Advancement of Cancer Survivorship Care, discusses her 30-year-long career researching and advocating for survivors and quality care.

survivorship

Genevieve Chaput, MD, on Teaching Primary Care Providers About Survivorship

Genevieve Chaput, MD, of McGill University Health Centre, discusses an accredited workshop that increased primary care providers’ confidence and knowledge about cancer survivorship, which is key to supporting their growing role in post-treatment care (Abstract 20).

survivorship

Lynda M. Beaupin, MD, on Adhering to Follow-up Care: An Analysis

Lynda M. Beaupin, MD, of the Roswell Park Cancer Institute, discusses her findings on the factors contributing to adolescent and young adult cancer survivors not seeking follow-up care (Abstract 29).

Issues in Oncology
Survivorship

NCCN Summit Explores Survivorship Issues for Patients and Clinicians

When Yelak Biru was diagnosed with multiple myeloma in 1995, he and his physicians had one main posttreatment goal: to detect and treat any relapse early and to prolong survival as long as possible with the limited drugs available. Then, in the early 2000s, came newer treatments. Myeloma survival...

survivorship

2018 SURVIVORSHIP: Many Young Adult Cancer Survivors Forgo Follow-up Care After Cancer Treatment Ends

Despite survivorship guidelines from ASCO and other organizations regarding follow-up care after cancer treatment ends, follow-up care is generally lacking for adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors. Since AYA cancer survivors are at an increased risk for late effects from their cancer...

survivorship

2018 SURVIVORSHIP: Therapeutic Sexual Aids Frequently Not Available for Cancer Survivors Who Need Them

Cancer care guidelines recommend that cancer survivors who experience sexual dysfunction after cancer treatment use therapeutic aids to help improve their sexual health. However, a new study of 25 leading cancer centers found that 87% of the centers reported having no sexual aids available on site...

breast cancer
survivorship

2018 SURVIVORSHIP: Exercise Speeds Improvement in Arm Mobility After Surgery for Breast Cancer

New findings from a clinical trial of women with breast cancer suggest that guided exercise with a physical therapist after lymph node dissection helps women regain their range of arm motion more quickly. These findings will be presented by Paskett et al at the upcoming 2018 Cancer Survivorship...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
survivorship

2018 SURVIVORSHIP: Exercising During Chemotherapy for Breast or Colon Cancer Has Long-Term Benefits

A follow-up study to a randomized clinical trial reveals that exercising during adjuvant chemotherapy helps people engage in more physical activity years later. Four years later, people with breast or colon cancer who had participated in an 18-week exercise program while receiving chemotherapy...

survivorship

2018 SURVIVORSHIP: Web-Based Interventions Help Adolescents Stay Physically Active After Cancer Treatment

Survivors of childhood cancer are at increased risk for obesity and metabolic syndrome, which can lead to other serious health conditions, including heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. However, engaging in regular physical activity may help remediate these health issues in young survivors. A...

breast cancer
survivorship

Effects of Group Psychosocial Intervention on Body Image and Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Survivors

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Esplen et al found that a group psychosocial intervention was effective in improving body image concerns and breast cancer–related quality of life among breast cancer survivors. Study Details In the study, 194 breast cancer survivors...

Survivorship

Cancer Statistics, 2018: U.S. Cancer Mortality Continues Decades-Long Drop

THE CANCER death rate dropped 1.7% from 2014 to 2015, continuing a drop that began in 1991 and has reached 26%, resulting in nearly 2.4 million fewer cancer deaths during that time.  The data are reported in “Cancer Statistics, 2018,” the American Cancer Society’s comprehensive annual report on...

Issues in Oncology
Survivorship

Preserving Sexual Function in Women Treated for Cancer

“There is huge potential to positively influence a patient’s experience and outcomes” by addressing concerns about sexual function after cancer treatment early in the course of treatment planning, Stacy Tessler Lindau, MD, MA, stated in her keynote address at the 11th Annual Oncofertility...

Colorectal Cancer
Survivorship

Fiber Is Only One Component in Improving Outcomes in Cancer Survivors

SINCE 2003, every iteration of the American Cancer Society’s Nutrition Guidelines for Cancer Survivors has advocated for a plant-based diet with ample quantities of whole grains, as well as vegetables and fruits.1-3 This recommendation has been based primarily on data that such foods play in...

survivorship

Prevalence of Prior Cancer in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Cancer

In a study using Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) data reported in JAMA Oncology, Murphy et al found that among persons newly diagnosed with cancer, 25% of those aged ≥ 65 years and 11% of those aged < 65 years had a history of a prior primary cancer. Prevalence of Prior...

issues in oncology
survivorship

Many Cancer Survivors Live With Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

A recent study showed approximately one-fifth of patients with cancer experienced post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) several months after diagnosis, and many of these patients continued to live with PTSD years later. Published by Chan et al in Cancer, the findings highlight the need for early...

survivorship

Are Thyroid Cancer Survivors at Increased Risk for Aging-Related Diseases?

A study by Blackburn et al investigating the risks of aging-related diseases such as heart disease and diabetes among thyroid cancer survivors has found that although younger and older survivors had an increased risk for these diseases, those younger than age 40 had a higher risk for hypertension,...

survivorship

Predictive Model for Ischemic Heart Disease and Stroke in Childhood Cancer Survivors

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Chow et al have developed a model that distinguishes risk groups for ischemic heart disease and stroke in 5-year survivors of childhood cancer. Study Details The study included data from 13,060 participants in the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study...

survivorship

Novel Psychosocial Intervention for Fear of Cancer Recurrence

An Australian trial has shown that a novel theoretically/empirically based intervention (ConquerFear) reduced the fear of cancer recurrence compared with relaxation therapy among patients treated for curable cancers. These results were reported by Butow et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology....

Survivorship
Lymphoma

Life After Treatment: Managing Lymphoma Survivors

According to Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) data, patients with Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) have 5-year survival rates of 86% and 71%, respectively.1 Although the increased number of survivors is welcome proof of the success of new treatment regimens, it also ...

survivorship

New Persistent Opioid Use After Curative-Intent Cancer Surgery

A study reported by Lee et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology indicates that approximately 10% of patients undergoing curative-intent surgery for cancer become new persistent opioid users. Study Details The study involved data from 68,463 patients from a national data set of insurance claims...

survivorship

Long-Term Survivors of Childhood Cancer Prone to ‘Job Lock’ due to Worries About Losing Health Insurance

The results of a national cancer survey reveal a significant number of childhood cancer survivors are worried about keeping their health insurance, to the point of letting it affect their career decisions. The findings were published by Kirchhoff et al in JAMA Oncology. Anne Kirchhoff, PhD,...

cns cancers
survivorship

Predicting Risk of Subsequent CNS Tumors in Survivors of Childhood Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Wang et al have developed a model for predicting risk of subsequent central nervous system (CNS) tumors in survivors of childhood cancer. Study Details In the study, matched childhood cancer survivors with (n = 82) and without (n = 228) subsequent...

survivorship

Cumulative Burden of Chronic Health Conditions in Childhood Cancer Survivors

In a report from the St Jude Lifetime Cohort Study published in The Lancet, Bhakta et al detailed the burden of lifetime chronic health conditions in survivors of childhood cancers. The report included retrospectively collected data on chronic health conditions in 5,522 patients treated for...

survivorship

James E. Bates, MD, on Pediatric Cancer Survivors: New Findings on Late Effects

James E. Bates, MD, of the University of Florida, discusses a volumetric dose-effect analysis of late cardiotoxicity, results from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study (Abstract 4).

Thyroid Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Lung Cancer
Survivorship
Palliative Care

News From JCO and JOP

STAYING UP-TO-DATE in the fast-paced world of oncology literature is a daunting task at best. To assist with that task, The ASCO Post has assembled an assortment of studies recently published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology (JCO) and the Journal of Oncology Practice (JOP). Future installments...

issues in oncology
survivorship

ESMO 2017: NOR-CAYACS Trial: Factors That May Limit Work Ability of Young Adult Cancer Survivors

Factors that may limit the ability of young adult cancer survivors to work were reported at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2017 Congress in Madrid (Abstract 1110PD_PR). Late side effects can occur months or years after cancer treatment. In patients diagnosed with cancer in young...

survivorship

Financial Burden Among Survivors of Childhood Cancer

Findings from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study, reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Nipp et al, indicate that childhood cancer survivors are more likely than unaffected siblings to spend a higher percentage of income on out-of-pocket medical costs, potentially leading to reduced use...

Thyroid Cancer
Survivorship

Bridging the Survivorship Care Gap for Young Adult Survivors of Thyroid Cancer

Although thyroid cancer is among the five most common carcinomas diagnosed in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) between the ages of 15 and 39—thyroid cancer is more common in young women than young men and is the most common cancer diagnosed in females between the ages of 15 and 29 and the second ...

issues in oncology
survivorship

HPV Vaccination Rates Especially Low Among Childhood Cancer Survivors

The rate of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination in the United States is increasing, but remains lower than ideal. A new study suggests that survivors of childhood cancer receive the HPV vaccine at an even lower rate than their peers without cancer—24% vs 40%, respectively. Nearly...

survivorship
pain management

Higher Opioid Use Among Cancer Survivors

A new study found that opioid prescription use is more common in cancer survivors than in individuals without a history of cancer. This was true even among survivors who were 10 or more years past their cancer diagnosis. Published by Sutradhar et al in Cancer, the findings come at a time of rising...

cns cancers
survivorship

Study Maps Mutation That May Drive Meningioma Development in Childhood Cancer Survivors

Neuroscientists may have uncovered the genetic basis for why many long-term survivors of childhood cancer develop meningiomas, the most common adult brain tumor, decades after their treatment with cranial radiation. The findings, published by Agnihotri et al in Nature Communications, show that...

Issues in Oncology
Survivorship

How to Help Young Patients Preserve Their Fertility

GUEST EDITOR Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology explores the unique physical, psychosocial, social, emotional, sexual, and financial challenges adolescents and young adults with cancer face. The column is guest edited by Brandon Hayes-Lattin, MD, FACP, Professor of Medicine and Medical Director...

Sarcoma
CNS Cancers
Lymphoma
Survivorship

In Case You Missed It: Short Takes on Current Cancer Research

MOST ONCOLOGISTS are familiar with the findings of the plenary sessions featured at the 2017 ASCO Annual Meeting, with topics ranging from the duration of adjuvant oxaliplatin-based therapy in stage III colon cancer to patient-reported outcomes for symptom monitoring during routine cancer...

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