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hepatobiliary cancer

Internal Radiotherapy vs Kinase Inhibitor in Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

A French phase III trial has shown no significant survival difference between selective internal radiotherapy with yttrium-90 resin microspheres vs sorafenib (Nexavar) in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. The findings were reported by Vilgrain et al in The Lancet Oncology. Study...

hepatobiliary cancer

The Liver Meeting: Daily Aspirin May Reduce Risk for Hepatitis B Virus–Related Liver Cancer

A new study presented at The Liver Meeting, held by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, found that daily aspirin therapy was significantly associated with a reduced risk in hepatitis B virus (HBV)–related liver cancer (Abstract 223). According to AASLD’s...

hepatobiliary cancer

The Liver Meeting: Direct-Acting Antiviral Medications as Hepatitis C Treatment May Reduce Risk of Liver Cancer

A new study presented at The Liver Meeting—held by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases—found that eradication of the hepatitis C virus induced by direct-acting antiviral medications is associated with a 71% reduction in the risk of liver cancer (Abstract 142)....

hepatobiliary cancer

CELESTIAL Trial: Cabozantinib Meets Primary Endpoint of Overall Survival in Patients With Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

On October 16, Exelixis announced that its global phase III CELESTIAL trial met its primary endpoint of overall survival, with cabozantinib (Cabometyx) providing a statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvement in median overall survival compared to placebo in patients with...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Nivolumab for Hepatocellular Carcinoma Previously Treated With Sorafenib

ON SEPTEMBER 22, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to nivolumab (Opdivo) for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma in patients who have been previously treated with sorafenib (Nexavar).  CheckMate 040  APPROVAL WAS BASED on a 154-patient subgroup of ...

hepatobiliary cancer

FDA Accepts sNDA for Lenvatinib for the Treatment of Hepatocellular Carcinoma

On September 26, Eisai Inc announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted for review a supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) for lenvatinib  (Lenvima) for potential use in the first-line treatment of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. “Patients with...

Solid Tumors
Hepatobiliary Cancer

Adding Sorafenib to Transarterial Chemoembolization in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

As reported in The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology by Tim Meyer, MBBS, of the University College London, and colleagues, the UK phase III TACE 2 trial has shown no progression-free survival benefit with the addition of sorafenib (Nexavar) to transarterial chemoembolization in patients...

hepatobiliary cancer

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Nivolumab for Hepatocellular Carcinoma Previously Treated With Sorafenib

On September 22, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to nivolumab (Opdivo) for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma in patients who have been previously treated with sorafenib (Nexavar). CheckMate 040 Approval was based on a 154-patient subgroup of...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Current Thoughts on Liver Transplantation

LIVER TRANSPLANT offers the highest rates of long-term survival for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, according to Maria Russell, MD, Assistant Professor of Surgery at Emory University, Atlanta. At the 2017 Debates and Didactics in Hematology and Oncology Conference at Sea Island, Georgia,...

hepatobiliary cancer

Does Reducing the Starting Dose of Sorafenib Affect Outcomes in Hepatocellular Carcinoma?

In a retrospective study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Reiss et al found that reducing the starting dose of sorafenib (Nexavar) was associated with noninferior overall survival, reduced cost, and lower risk of discontinuing treatment in patients with advanced hepatocellular...

hepatobiliary cancer

Manuel Hidalgo, MD, PhD, on Biliary Tract Cancer: Results From the PRODIGY 12-ACCORD 18 Trial

Manuel Hidalgo, MD, PhD, of Harvard Medical School, discusses updated phase III findings on relapse-free survival and first overall survival results in adjuvant GEMOX (gemcitabine plus oxaliplatin) for biliary tract cancer (LBA29).

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Pursuing Combination Strategies With Checkpoint and Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

PRIMARY LIVER CANCER is the second leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Hepatocellular carcinoma accounts for 90% of liver cancer, with around 800,000 new cases diagnosed globally each year.1 In contrast to the stable or declining trends observed for most neoplasms, the incidence and...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

CheckMate 040: Nivolumab Is Active in Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

NIVOLUMAB (OPDIVO) has been found to produce durable responses in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma in the phase I/II CheckMate 040 trial. These findings were reported in The Lancet by Anthony B. El-Khoueiry, MD, of USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, and colleagues.1 Currently,...

hepatobiliary cancer

FDA Approves Three-Drug Combination Tablet for Hepatitis C

On July 18, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a combination tablet (Vosevi) to treat adults with chronic hepatitis C virus genotypes 1–6 without cirrhosis or with mild cirrhosis. This fixed-dose, combination tablet contains two previously approved drugs—sofosbuvir and ...

hepatobiliary cancer

Adding Sorafenib to Transarterial Chemoembolization in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

As reported in The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology by Meyer et al, the UK phase III TACE 2 trial has shown no progression-free survival benefit with the addition of sorafenib (Nexavar) to transarterial chemoembolization in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. The trial was...

hepatobiliary cancer

ESMO World GI 2017: Phase I Data on Anti–PD-1 Antibody BGB-A317 in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Preliminary results from patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma enrolled in a phase I study of the investigational anti–programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) antibody BGB-A317 in advanced solid tumors were presented by Yen et al at the ESMO 19th World Congress on Gastrointestinal...

hepatobiliary cancer

John Marshall, MD, and John Neil Primrose, PhD, MBBS, on Biliary Tract Cancer: Results From the BILCAP Trial

John Marshall, MD, of Georgetown University, and John Neil Primrose, PhD, MBBS, of the University of Southampton, discuss the potentially practice-changing findings on adjuvant capecitabine for biliary tract cancer. (Abstract 4006)

hepatobiliary cancer

Ann-Lii Cheng, MD, PhD, on Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Trial Results on Lenvatinib vs Sorafenib

Ann-Lii Cheng, MD, PhD, of the National Taiwan University Hospital, discusses phase III study findings on lenvatinib vs sorafenib in first-line treatment of patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. (Abstract 4001)

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Expert Point of View: Lipika Goyal, MD

Commenting on the BILCAP study, Lipika Goyal, MD, an oncologist at Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, said: “These results are very intriguing. There is no current standard of care for adjuvant therapy of biliary tract cancer. Our high-risk patients [ie, patients with node-positive disease,...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Adjuvant Capecitabine for Biliary Tract Cancer Yields Significant Improvement in Overall Survival

There is no standard adjuvant therapy for patients with resectable biliary tract cancer, but that may be about to change based on results of the phase III BILCAP trial.1 Adjuvant capecitabine significantly improved overall survival in the BILCAP trial, and this is the first study to show a benefit...

hepatobiliary cancer

ASCO 2017: Adjuvant Capecitabine May Extend Survival in Biliary Tract Cancer

A phase III randomized clinical trial in 447 patients with biliary tract cancers showed that treating the disease with capecitabine after surgery extends survival by a median of 15 months compared to surgery alone. The finding could provide the basis for a new standard of care in the disease. This ...

hepatobiliary cancer

Nivolumab in Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Nivolumab (Opdivo) has been found to produce durable responses in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma, in the phase I/II CheckMate 040 trial. These findings were reported in The Lancet by El-Khoueiry et al. Study Details The phase I/II dose-escalation and dose-expansion trial was...

hepatobiliary cancer

FDA Expands Approved Use of Regorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has expanded the approved use of regorafinib (Stivarga) to include treatment of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who have been previously treated with the drug sorafenib (Nexavar). This is the first new FDA-approved treatment for liver cancer in...

hepatobiliary cancer

ILC 2017: Selective Internal Radiation Therapy vs Sorafenib in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Results of the SARAH trial presented at the 2017 International Liver Congress (ILC) demonstrated that selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) resulted in a median overall survival of 8.0 months compared to 9.9 months with sorafenib (Nexavar; P = .179) in patients with locally advanced ...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Expert Point of View: Milind Javle, MD

Milind Javle, MD, Professor of Gastrointestinal Oncology at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, discussed the findings from the CheckMate 040 trial presented at the 2017 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium. There is a strong rationale for investigating immunotherapy in liver ...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Nivolumab Shows Benefit in Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

In patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma, treatment with nivolumab (Opdivo) resulted in responses and long-term survival in patients who were either previously treated or naive to sorafenib (Nexavar), CheckMate 040 has shown.1 Altogether 19% of patients responded to the antibody...

hepatobiliary cancer

Common Genetic Variation and Risk of Gallbladder Cancer in India

Several single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the chromosomal region containing both ABCB1 and ABCB4 genes were associated with an increased risk of gallbladder cancer, in an Indian case-control genome-wide association study reported in The Lancet Oncology by Mhatre et al. Study Details The study...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Can Antiviral Therapy Prevent Liver Cancer in Patients With Chronic Hepatitis?

Chronic viral hepatitis is a major causative factor for hepatocellular carcinoma, but antiviral therapy might reduce the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma by preventing or eliminating chronic hepatitis infections, according to Adrian M. Di Bisceglie, MD, Professor of Internal Medicine at Saint ...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Effect of Sorafenib and Hepatitis Status in Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

In a meta-analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Jackson et al found that overall survival with sorafenib (Nexavar) in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma was significantly improved vs comparator treatments among patients who were both hepatitis B virus (HBV)-negative and hepatitis C...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Regorafenib in Second-Line Setting for Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Balancing Benefit With Toxicity

During the past 40 years, hundreds of randomized trials testing treatments for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma have been published.1 Conventional systemic chemotherapy and radiotherapy lack survival advantages for these patients.1,2 In 2007, a phase III trial demonstrated survival benefits for...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Regorafenib Improves Survival in Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma Progressing on Sorafenib

In the phase III RESORCE trial reported in The Lancet, Jordi Bruix, MD, Head of the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer Group, University of Barcelona, and colleagues found that regorafenib (Stivarga) improved overall survival vs placebo in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who had progressed on...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Expert Point of View: Ghassan K. Abou-Alfa, MD

Ghassan K. Abou-Alfa, MD, a liver and biliary cancer specialist at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, commented on the study for The ASCO Post. While acknowledging that a single-institution study of 30 patients is naturally “limited in scope,” he said the outcome of the study of...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Novel Bridge to Liver Transplant May Improve Upon Standard of Care

For hepatocellular carcinoma patients awaiting a liver transplant, locoregional treatment as a “bridge” is a standard strategy for reducing tumor progression. The most common approach is transarterial chemoembolization, but a study from a large-volume liver transplant center questions whether it...

hepatobiliary cancer

Ignacio Melero, MD, PhD, on Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Results of the CheckMate 040 Trial (Spanish Language Version)

Ignacio Melero, MD, PhD, of the University Clinic of Navarra, Centre of Applied Medical Research, discusses in Spanish study findings on nivolumab dose escalation and expansion in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (Abstract 226).

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Second-Line Ramucirumab in Advanced HCC

In an exploratory analysis of the REACH trial in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma reported in JAMA Oncology, Andrew X. Zhu, MD, PhD, of Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center and Harvard Medical School, and colleagues found a borderline survival benefit of second-line ramucirumab (Cyramza)...

hepatobiliary cancer

Julien Edeline, MD, on Biliary Tract Cancer: Results of the PRODIGY 12-ACCORD 18 Trial (French Language Version)

Julien Edeline, MD, of the Centre Eugène Marquis, discusses in French study findings on gemcitabine and oxaliplatin vs surveillance following surgery for localized biliary tract cancer (Abstract 225).

pancreatic cancer
hepatobiliary cancer

Eileen M. O’Reilly, MD, on Pancreatic and Hepatobiliary Cancers: Selecting High-Impact Targets

Eileen M. O’Reilly, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses a range of topics, including tyrosine kinase inhibitors, immune therapies, targeted approaches, and DNA damage repair strategies.

hepatobiliary cancer

Ignacio Melero, MD, PhD, on Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Results of the CheckMate 040 Trial

Ignacio Melero, MD, PhD, of the University Clinic of Navarra, Centre of Applied Medical Research, discusses study findings on nivolumab dose escalation and expansion in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (Abstract 226).

hepatobiliary cancer

Julien Edeline, MD, on Biliary Tract Cancer: Results of the PRODIGY 12-ACCORD 18 Trial

Julien Edeline, MD, of the Centre Eugène Marquis, discusses study findings on gemcitabine and oxaliplatin vs surveillance following surgery for localized biliary tract cancer (Abstract 225).

hepatobiliary cancer

Effect of Sorafenib in Patients With Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma May Depend on Hepatitis Status

In a meta-analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Jackson et al found that overall survival with sorafenib (Nexavar) in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma was significantly improved vs comparator treatments among patients who were both hepatitis B virus (HBV)-negative and hepatitis C...

hepatobiliary cancer

FDA Grants Priority Review for the sNDA for Regorafenib in the Second-Line Systemic Treatment of Liver Cancer

On January 4, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review status for the supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) for regorafenib (Stivarga) tablets for the second-line systemic treatment of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma in the United States. “Liver cancer is ...

hepatobiliary cancer

Study Finds Regorafenib Improves Survival in Patients With Hepatocelluar Carcinoma Progressing on Sorafenib

Regorafenib (Stivarga) improved overall survival vs placebo in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who had experienced disease progression on sorafenib (Nexavar) treatment, according to the phase III RESORCE trial reported by Bruix et al in The Lancet. Study Details In this double-blind trial, ...

hepatobiliary cancer

Outreach to Patients With Cirrhosis Doubles Early Screening Rates for Liver Cancer

Proactive outreach to cirrhosis patients in a safety net health system successfully doubled their screening rates for liver cancer, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers found in a study published by Singal et al in Gastroenterology. Cirrhosis patients are at high risk to develop liver...

hepatobiliary cancer

Is Second-Line Ramucirumab of Benefit in Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma?

In an exploratory analysis of the REACH trial in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma reported in JAMA Oncology, Zhu et al found a borderline survival benefit of second-line ramucirumab (Cyramza) vs placebo among patients with a Child-Pugh score of 5 and a significant benefit among patients with a...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Phase III RESORCE Study Data Show Regorafenib Improves Overall Survival in Previously Treated Patients With Unresectable Liver Cancer

Results from the phase III RESORCE trial show that regorafenib (Stivarga) tablets achieved a median overall survival improvement in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma that progressed after treatment with sorafenib (Nexavar) tablets. The study, presented by Jordi Bruix, MD, et al...

hepatobiliary cancer

World GI 2016: Phase III RESORCE Study Data Show Regorafenib Improves Overall Survival in Previously Treated Patients With Unresectable Liver Cancer

Results from the phase III RESORCE trial show that regorafenib (Stivarga) tablets achieved a median overall survival improvement in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) that progressed after treatment with sorafenib (Nexavar) tablets. The study, presented by Bruix et al during...

hepatobiliary cancer

FDA Approves Sofosbuvir/Velpatasvir for Treatment of Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection

On June 28, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a fixed-dose combination of sofosbuvir, 400 mg, plus velpatasvir, 100 mg (Epclusa) to treat adult patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) either with or without cirrhosis. For patients with moderate to severe cirrhosis...

Bladder Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Lung Cancer

Matching Treatment to Tumor Abnormalities Seems to Pay Off

A strategy of matching molecular abnormalities in patients’ tumors to therapies targeted to those abnormalities is gaining ground, according to preliminary results of the phase IIb MyPathway study presented at the 2016 ASCO Annual Meeting.1 These are still early days for this “matching” strategy,...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Clinical Trials Actively Recruiting Patients With Liver Cancer

Pilot Study Title: Pilot Study of Hepatic Arterial Infusion Therapy in Patients With Unresectable or Borderline Resectable Intrahepatic Cholangio­carcinoma Study Type: Interventional/nonrandomized/parallel assignment Study Sponsor and Collaborators: Washington University School of Medicine Purpose: ...

hepatobiliary cancer

Increased Risk of Gallbladder Cancer May Be Linked to Consuming Large Amounts of Sweetened Beverages

A large prospective Swedish study reported by Larsson et al found a 2.2-fold increased risk of gallbladder cancer in people who consumed two or more servings of sweetened beverages a day compared with nonconsumers. The researchers also found a 1.8-fold increase in extrahepatic biliary tract cancer...

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