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breast cancer
symptom management

Anne Hudson Blaes, MD, on Aromatase Inhibitors and Cardiovascular Disease

Anne Hudson Blaes, MD, of the University of Minnesota, discusses the association between aromatase inhibitors, endothelial function, and early heart disease (Abstract S5-07).

symptom management
breast cancer

Jame Abraham, MD, on Hair Loss: SCALP Trial Results

Jame Abraham, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic, discusses findings of the Scalp Cooling Alopecia Prevention trial for patients with early-stage breast cancer (Abstract S5-02).

symptom management

Sodium Thiosulfate Seems to Protect Against Cisplatin-Related Hearing Loss in Children With Cancer

The antioxidant sodium thiosulfate provided protection against cisplatin-related hearing loss in children with cancer, according to a phase III trial reported by Freyer et al in The Lancet Oncology. The open-label trial included 104 assessable patients (aged 1 to 18 years) from 38 Children’s ...

hematologic malignancies
symptom management

ASH 2016: New Data Shed Light on Potential Advantages of Pacritinib for Patients With Myelofibrosis

Compared with standard therapy, pacritinib significantly reduces spleen size among people with myelofibrosis who have very low levels of platelets, according to a late-breaking study presented by Mascarenhas et al during the 58th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition...

hematologic malignancies
symptom management

ASH 2016: Ibrutinib Found Helpful in Treating Graft-vs-Host Disease After Stem Cell Transplant

A late-breaking abstract presented by Miklos et al during the 58th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition in San Diego (Abstract LBA-3) showed patients who experience graft-vs-host disease (GVHD) after stem cell transplantation that is not resolved by corticosteroid...

hematologic malignancies
symptom management

Brenda M. Sandmaier, MD, and Sagar Lonial, MD, on Preventing GVHD: Clinical Trial Results

Brenda M. Sandmaier, MD, of Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, and Sagar Lonial, MD, of Emory University, discuss study findings on sirolimus combined with mycophenolate mofetil and cyclosporine to improve prevention of acute graft-vs-host-disease after unrelated hematopoietic cell transplantation (Abstract 506).

hematologic malignancies
symptom management

Jean M. Connors, MD, and Julie Vose, MD, MBA, on Thrombosis and Anticoagulation: Best of ASH Clinical Data

Jean M. Connors, MD, of Brigham and Women’s Hospital, and Julie Vose, MD, MBA, of the University of Nebraska Medical Center, discuss a roundup of key findings on a critical area in the treatment of hematologic malignancies (Abstracts 17, 85, 86, 135, 139, 143, 273, 415, 419, 719, 877, 880).

Pain Management
Symptom Management
Supportive Care
Issues in Oncology

Expect Questions About Medical Marijuana

“Whether or not individual professionals support the clinical use of herbal cannabis, all clinicians will encounter patients who elect to use it and therefore need to be prepared to advise them on cannabis-related clinical issues despite limited evidence to guide care,” according to a recently...

Supportive Care
Pain Management
Issues in Oncology
Symptom Management

Medical Marijuana: The Topic You Can’t Escape

With reports about new marijuana dispensaries sprouting up as more states approve the legal use of medical marijuana, and patients and family members questioning how to get it, medical marijuana is a “topic you can’t escape,” noted Judith A. Paice, PhD, RN.1 Dr. Paice is Director of the Cancer...

Supportive Care
Symptom Management

Diagnosing and Managing Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy

Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy is a common side effect of cancer treatment—the incidence is reported to be as high as 70% in the first month of chemotherapy1—and can cause significant disability in patients. The extent of the neurotoxicity incurred by patients varies depending on the...

Geriatric Oncology
Symptom Management

Cardio-oncology in the Geriatric Patient

As cancer therapies improve and the population as a whole increases, there are rising numbers of elderly patients with cancer. More than half of patients newly diagnosed with cancer are aged 65 years or older.1 In January 2012, it was estimated that more than 8 million cancer survivors were over...

palliative care
issues in oncology
symptom management

Prolonged Length of Stays, Readmissions, and Discharge to Care Facilities Among Postoperative Patients With Advanced Cancer

Patients with disseminated advanced cancer who undergo surgery are far more likely to endure long hospital stays and readmissions, referrals to extended care facilities, and death, University of California (UC) Davis researchers have found. Their study, published by Bateni et al in PLOS One,...

Breast Cancer
Symptom Management

Dexamethasone Mouth Rinse Should Be Routine Part of Everolimus Treatment

Dexamethasone mouth rinse should be given prophylactically to prevent stomatitis associated with everolimus (Afinitor)/exemestane in metastatic breast cancer, according to Hope S. Rugo, MD, principal investigator of the SWISH trial and Director of Breast Oncology and Clinical Trials Education at...

Symptom Management
Palliative Care

Pearls for Managing Immune-Related Toxicities

With checkpoint inhibitors in frequent use, clinicians strive daily to balance the efficacy and toxicity of these treatments. At the 2016 Palliative Care in Oncology Symposium, Lynn M. Schuchter, MD, FASCO, the C. Willard Professor of Hematology-Oncology at the University of Pennsylvania,...

solid tumors
symptom management

Study Finds Pneumonitis Associated With Anti–PD-1/PD-L1 Antibody Treatment

In a two-institution experience reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Naidoo et al identified the incidence of pneumonitis occurring in patients receiving anti–PD-1/PD-L1 (programmed cell death protein 1/ligand 1) monoclonal antibody as monotherapy or combined with anticytotoxic...

Symptom Management

Olanzapine Combination Reduces Nausea and Vomiting in Patients Receiving Highly Emetogenic Chemotherapy

According to a phase III trial reported by Navari et al in The New England Journal of Medicine, the addition of the antipsychotic agent olanzapine vs placebo to dexamethasone, aprepitant, or fosaprepitant, and a 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3–receptor antagonist reduced nausea and improved antiemetic...

palliative care
symptom management

Stephen T. Sonis, DMD, DMSc, on Radiotherapy-Induced Oral Complications

Stephen T. Sonis, DMD, DMSc, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses the epidemiology, pathogenesis, and scope of oral complications of radiation therapy.

palliative care
symptom management

Joseph A. Greer, PhD, on An App for Adherence to Oral Chemotherapy

Joseph A. Greer, PhD, of Massachusetts General Hospital, discusses the development of a mobile application to address treatment adherence and symptoms (Abstract 104).

palliative care
symptom management

Tracy A. Balboni, MD, MPH, on Managing Spinal Metastases With Radiation Therapy

Tracy A. Balboni, MD, MPH, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, talks about how to preserve quality of life in the presence of complex spinal lesions, including novel ways to assess spinal instability and treat metastases.

Symptom Management

FDA Approves Extended-Release Granisetron Injection for the Prevention of Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved an extended-release version of granisetron (Sustol) for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, according to a news release by Heron Therapeutics, the drug’s manufacturer. Granisetron is an extended-release, injectable...

Supportive Care
Symptom Management

Scalp Cooling for Chemotherapy-Induced Alopecia Becoming Mainstream

Hair loss can be a devastating side effect of chemotherapy, but the recent U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of the DigniCap Cooling System and the growing acceptance of scalp-cooling methods in the United States may improve the quality of life for many patients receiving...

supportive care
symptom management

FDA Approves Extended-Release Granisetron Injection for the Prevention of Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting

Heron Therapeutics, Inc, announced on August 10, 2016, that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved granisetron (Sustol) extended-release injection. Granisetron is a serotonin-3 (5-HT3) receptor antagonist indicated in combination with other antiemetics in adults for the prevention ...

Supportive Care
Symptom Management

More Focus Needed on Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea as a Cluster of Symptoms

Management of chemotherapy-induced vomiting has improved with the use of antiemetics, but chemotherapy-induced nausea remains a major clinical problem, according to Alex Molassiotis, RN, PhD, Professor and Head of the School of Nursing at The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. And, he added, the...

Supportive Care
Symptom Management
Breast Cancer

Use of Dexamethasone Mouthwash in Managing mTOR Inhibitor–Associated Stomatitis in Patients With Breast Cancer

Prophylactic use of dexamethasone mouthwash significantly minimized the incidence of all grades of stomatitis in postmenopausal women receiving everolimus (Afinitor, Zortress) and exemestane for the treatment of hormone receptor–positive metastatic breast cancer, according to data presented by...

Supportive Care
Symptom Management

Dealing With GI Toxicities After Chemoradiation

Chemotherapy- and radiotherapy-induced gastrointestinal (GI) toxicities have risen alongside improved survival rates for many cancers, according to Jervoise Andreyev, MA, PhD, Consultant Gastroenterologist in GI Consequences of Cancer Treatment at the Royal Marsden Hospital in London. “For every...

supportive care
symptom management

Olanzapine Combination Reduces Nausea and Vomiting in Patients Receiving Highly Emetogenic Chemotherapy

In a phase III trial reported by Navari et al in The New England Journal of Medicine, the addition of the antipsychotic agent olanzapine vs placebo to dexamethasone, aprepitant, or fosaprepitant, and a 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3–receptor antagonist reduced nausea and improved antiemetic...

breast cancer
survivorship
symptom management

Can Self-Administered Acupressure Reduce Fatigue in Breast Cancer Survivors?

Self-administered relaxing acupressure and stimulating acupressure were both associated with reduced persistent fatigue vs usual care in breast cancer survivors, according to a randomized clinical trial reported by Zick et al in JAMA Oncology. However, only relaxing acupressure had significant...

breast cancer
symptom management

Preclinical Study Shows Target of Trastuzumab, Receptor Protein ErbB2, Needed for Coronary Vasculature Patterning

A receptor protein that is the target of the breast cancer drug trastuzumab (Herceptin) is needed for proper heart blood vessel development, reported researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. They published their findings this month in a paper ...

supportive care
symptom management

Impact of Systemic Inflammation on Quality of Life in Advanced Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Laird et al found that increased systemic inflammation was associated with poorer patient-reported quality of life independent of performance status. Study Details The study involved data from 2,520 adult patients in a biobank of patients...

Issues in Oncology
Symptom Management

Clinical Trials Actively Recruiting Patients With Cardiotoxicity Resulting From Treatment

Observational Study Title: Assessment for Long-Term Cardiovascular Impairment Associated With Trastuzumab Cardiotoxicity in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer Survivors Study Type: Observational Study Sponsor and Collaborators: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Purpose: To study whether strain and...

symptom management

Factors Associated With Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy in Older Patients

In an analysis of the linked Southwest Oncology Group–Medicare databases reported by Hershman et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, an increased risk of peripheral neuropathy in older patients receiving taxane therapy was associated with increasing age and a history of diabetes in...

Survivorship
Symptom Management

Tackling the Symptoms of Long-Term Fatigue and Insomnia in Cancer Survivors

Fatigue and sleep disruption are common occurrences for most patients diagnosed with cancer. Simply having a serious physical illness like cancer along with its associated pain, hospitalization, and treatment, as well as the attendant psychological impact, all contribute to the onset of fatigue...

hematologic malignancies
symptom management

Protein Could Help Identify Chronic Graft-vs-Host Disease

A new study published by Kariminia et al in the journal Blood has identified a protein that could diagnose chronic graft-vs-host disease in patients undergoing blood and bone marrow transplantation. The work was led by researchers in the Michael Cuccione Childhood Cancer Research Program at BC...

breast cancer
symptom management

Mindfulness-Based Stress-Reduction Program May Reduce Psychological and Physical Symptoms in Breast Cancer Survivors

A mindfulness-based stress-reduction program for breast cancer survivors was associated with psychological and physical symptom benefits during and at 6 weeks after intervention, according to a randomized trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Lengacher et al. Study Details In the...

symptom management

External Validation of a Prediction Tool for Chemotherapy Toxicity in Older Patients With Cancer

Hurria et al validated a prediction tool for chemotherapy toxicity in cancer patients aged ≥ 65 years in an external cohort, according to a report in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. The predictive model had been developed in a prior study in 500 patients. Study Details The study...

Survivorship
Symptom Management

Monitoring Survivors of Childhood Cancers for Late Effects of Treatment

This past January, ASCO held its inaugural Cancer Survivorship Symposium, which brought together the fields of medical oncology and primary care to address the critical need for coordinated care for cancer survivors. Among the presenters at the symposium was Smita Bhatia, MD, MPH, who gave the...

Symptom Management

Defibrotide Sodium for Hepatic Veno-occlusive Disease After HSCT

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. On March 30, 2016, defibrotide sodium (Defitelio) was approved for...

symptom management

Potential Targets for Loss of Appetite/Cachexia Related to Interleukin 18 Activity Identified in Early Studies

Loss of appetite during illness is a common and potentially debilitating phenomenon. In cancer patients especially, it can even shorten lifespan. Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have discovered how an immune system molecule controls a brain circuit and reduces appetite. Their...

breast cancer
symptom management

Acupuncture Improves Hot Flashes in Women With Breast Cancer in Italian Trial

In an Italian trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Lesi et al found that the addition of acupuncture to enhanced self-care improved hot flashes, climacteric symptoms, and quality-of-life measures in women with breast cancer. Study Details In the trial, 190 women were randomized to...

symptom management

In Early Brain Radiation Recovery Studies, Cranial Grafting of Stem Cell–Derived Therapy Improves Cognition and Reduces Neuropathology

While stem cells have shown promise for treating brain regions damaged by cancer radiation treatments, University of California, Irvine (UCI) researchers have found that microscopic vesicles isolated from these cells provide similar benefits without some of the risks associated with stem cells....

symptom management
survivorship

Joseph B. Narus, DNP, GNP-BC, ANP, on Sexual Function in Survivors: Guideline Update

Joseph B. Narus, DNP, GNP-BC, ANP, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses the impact of cancer treatment on men’s sexual health, and treatment options to improve erectile function.

symptom management

FDA Approves Defibrotide Sodium for the Treatment of Hepatic Veno-Occlusive Disease Following Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

On March 30, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved defibrotide sodium (Defitelio) for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with hepatic veno-occlusive disease, also known as sinusoidal obstructive syndrome, with renal or pulmonary dysfunction following hematopoietic...

breast cancer
symptom management

DigniCap Scalp Cooling System Now Available for Women With Breast Cancer at 10 U.S. Cancer Treatment Centers

Dignitana Inc. announced today that the DigniCap scalp cooling system, which was cleared by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in December 2015 to effectively reduce the likelihood of chemotherapy-induced hair loss in women with breast cancer, is now available at 10 cancer treatment...

Symptom Management

Phone Triage System Offers Potential to Reduce Patient Visits to the Emergency Department for Cancer Treatment–Related Symptoms

A quality improvement initiative to reduce the reliance of patients on visits to the emergency department for treatment of side effects related to cancer treatment was reported to be highly effective, according to early findings from a new study. 1 The strategy, involving a telephone triage...

Symptom Management

Anticoagulation in Patients With Cancer: Understanding the Complexities of Prophylaxis and Management

Venous thromboembolic events are more prevalent in patients with cancer than in persons without it. Cancer is associated with a high rate of venous thromboembolism recurrence, bleeding, requirement for long-term anticoagulation, and reduced quality of life. Moreover, thrombosis is the second most...

symptom management

Neurofeedback Reduces Pain, Increases Quality of Life for Cancer Patients Suffering From Chemotherapy-Induced Neuropathy

A new study from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center evaluating the use of neurofeedback found a decrease in the experience of chronic pain and an increase in quality of life among patients with neuropathic pain. The study was presented at the annual meeting of the American...

gynecologic cancer
supportive care
symptom management

Fosaprepitant Combination Reduces Risk of Emesis During Chemoradiotherapy for Cervical Cancer

The addition of fosaprepitant (Emend) to palonosetron and dexamethasone reduced the risk of emesis during 5 weeks of chemoradiotherapy for cervical cancer, according to the phase III GAND-emesis trial reported in The Lancet Oncology by Ruhlmann et al. Study Details In the double-blind trial, 234...

Symptom Management

Selected Abstracts From 2015 ASH Annual Meeting: Part 3

Here are several more abstracts selected from the proceedings of the 2015 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting and Exposition, focusing on the topic of anticoagulation and the cancer patient. For other selected abstracts from this conference, see the December 25, 2015, and the...

Symptom Management

How Cancer and Its Treatments Affect Cognitive Function

Although chemotherapy is often cited as the main culprit for diminishing cognitive function in patients with cancer, ushering the term “chemobrain” into the vernacular, research by Tim A. Ahles, PhD, and his colleagues is showing that multiple factors may contribute to the condition.1 Using breast...

skin cancer
symptom management

Mario E. Lacouture, MD, on Management of Dermatologic Toxicities Associated With Targeted Therapies

Mario E. Lacouture, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses the effect on patients of dermatologic toxicities associated with targeted therapies: their psychosocial impact, financial burden, physiological pain, and potential to alter therapy. But the side effects of targeted treatments can and should be addressed.

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