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lung cancer

Japanese Trial Finds High Levels of Estrogen in Lung Tissue May Be Related to Synchronous Multiple Lung Adenocarcinoma in Postmenopausal Women

Thanks to advances in medical imaging, the detection rate for synchronous multiple lung adenocarcinoma has been on the rise. Cases of synchronous multiple lung adenocarcinoma in Japanese women have been on the rise, despite having a national smoking rate of less than 10% in recent years. This...

lung cancer

FDA Approves Pembrolizumab as First-Line Treatment for PD-L1–Positive Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

On October 24, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for the treatment of patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors express programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) as determined by an FDA-approved test. This is the...

lung cancer

Osimertinib Shows Activity in Pretreated EGFR Thr790Met–Positive Advanced NSCLC

In a phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Goss et al found that osimertinib produced a high response rate in EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor–pretreated EGFR Thr790Met (T790M)–positive advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Osimertinib is an EGFR tyrosine kinase...

lung cancer

ESMO 2016: Clinical Benefit Demonstrated With Everolimus and Pasireotide LAR Alone or in Combination in Advanced Lung and Thymic Carcinoids

In patients with advanced lung or thymus carcinoid receiving everolimus, pasireotide LAR, or the combination of the two drugs, statistically significant positive impact was seen on proportion of patients’ progression-free rate at 9 months (primary endpoint) in all three arms, more relevant in ...

Lung Cancer
Skin Cancer
Kidney Cancer

Modification of Dosage Regimen for Nivolumab in Renal Cell Carcinoma, Melanoma, and NSCLC

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. On September 13, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration...

Lung Cancer

Retrospective Studies Confirm Survival Benefit of Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy in Early-Stage NSCLC

Stereotactic body radiation therapy is becoming more widely adopted for the treatment of early-stage non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Along with its increasing uptake, survival has significantly increased over the past decade, according to two large retrospective studies presented at the 58th...

lung cancer

Atezolizumab Approved for the Treatment of Metastatic NSCLC That Has Progressed During or After Platinum-Containing Therapy

On October 18, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved atezolizumab (Tecentriq) for the treatment of patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose disease progressed during or following platinum-containing chemotherapy. Patients with EGFR or ALK genomic...

lung cancer

FDA Modifies the Indication of Erlotinib in Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer to Patients With Specific EGFR Mutations

On October 18, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) modified the indication for erlotinib (Tarceva) in the treatment of non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) to limit its use to patients whose tumors have specific epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations. The labeling...

lung cancer

Adding Pembrolizumab to Carboplatin/Pemetrexed Seems to Improve Response in Advanced Nonsquamous NSCLC

As reported by Langer et al in The Lancet Oncology, findings in a phase II cohort of the multicohort KEYNOTE-021 study showed that the addition of first-line pembrolizumab (Keytruda) to carboplatin/pemetrexed (Alimta) significantly increased the response rate in patients with advanced nonsquamous...

lung cancer

Martin Reck, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: Results of KEYNOTE-024 (German Language Version)

Martin Reck, MD, PhD, of the LungenClinic, discusses in German study findings on pembrolizumab vs platinum-based chemotherapy as first-line therapy for advanced non-small cell lung cancer with a PD-L1 tumor proportion score ≥50%. (Abstract LBA8)

lung cancer

ESMO 2016: First-Line Pembrolizumab Plus Chemotherapy Significantly Improves Outcomes in Advanced NSCLC

The addition of the programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) antibody pembrolizumab (Keytruda) to standard first-line chemotherapy for treatment-naive advanced non–small cell lung cancer significantly improves response rates and progression-free survival, Langer et al reported at the 2016...

lung cancer

Intensity-Modulated vs 3D Conformal External-Beam Radiation Therapy in Locally Advanced Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

In a secondary analysis from the NRG Oncology RTOG 0617 trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Chun et al found that use of intensity-modulated vs three-dimensional (3D) conformal external-beam radiation therapy was associated with a reduced risk for severe pneumonitis and reduced the...

lung cancer

Luis G. Paz-Ares, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: Results From the LUX-Lung 7 Trial (Spanish Language Version)

Luis G. Paz-Ares, MD, PhD, of the Hospital Universitario 12 De Octubre, discusses in Spanish overall survival data on afatinib vs gefitinib in patients with EGFR mutation–positive non–small cell lung cancer. (Abstract LBA43)

lung cancer

Giorgio V. Scagliotti, MD, PhD, on ALK-Rearranged NSCLC: Results From the ASCEND-5 Trial (Italian Language Version)

Giorgio V. Scagliotti, MD, PhD, of the University of Torino, discusses in Italian study findings on ceritinib vs chemotherapy in patients with advanced ALK-rearranged non–small cell lung cancer previously treated with chemotherapy and crizotinib.

lung cancer

First-Line Pembrolizumab Improves Survival vs Platinum-Based Chemotherapy in Advanced PD-L1–Positive NSCLC

Pembrolizumab (Keytruda) significantly improved progression-free and overall survival vs platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with previously untreated advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with ≥ 50% PD-L1 (programmed cell death ligand 1) expression and no sensitizing EGFR...

lung cancer

ESMO 2016: Ceritinib Provides Longer Progression-Free Survival Than Chemotherapy in Phase III Trial of ALK-Rearranged Lung Cancer Treatment

Ceritinib (Zykadia) provides longer progression-free survival than chemotherapy in crizotinib–pretreated patients with non–small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement, according to results of the phase III ASCEND-5 study presented by Scagliotti et al at the European Society...

lung cancer

ESMO 2016: Significant Survival Gains With Atezolizumab vs Docetaxel for Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

The first phase III study of programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitor atezolizumab (Tecentriq) in previously treated non–small cell lung cancer has seen significant improvements in survival compared to standard chemotherapy, reported Barlesi et al at the European Society for Medical...

lung cancer

Fabrice Barlesi, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: Results From the OAK Trial (French Language Version)

Fabrice Barlesi, MD, PhD, of Aix Marseille University and Assistance Publique Hopitaux De Marseille, discusses in French phase III findings on a comparison of atezolizumab with docetaxel in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer. (Abstract LBA44)

lung cancer

ESMO 2016: Pembrolizumab a New Option for First-Line Treatment of Patients With Advanced Lung Cancer and High PD-L1 Expression

Pembrolizumab (Keytruda) is set to become a new option for first-line treatment of patients with advanced lung cancer and high programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression, according to the results of the phase III KEYNOTE-024 trial presented by Reck et al at the 2016 European Society for ...

lung cancer

Fabrice Barlesi, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: Results From the OAK Trial

Fabrice Barlesi, MD, PhD, of Aix Marseille University and Assistance Publique Hopitaux De Marseille, discusses phase III findings on a comparison of atezolizumab with docetaxel in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer. (Abstract LBA44)

lung cancer

Martin Reck, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: Results of KEYNOTE-024

Martin Reck, MD, PhD, of the LungenClinic, discusses study findings on pembrolizumab vs platinum-based chemotherapy as first-line therapy for advanced non-small cell lung cancer with a PD-L1 tumor proportion score ≥50%. (Abstract LBA8)

lung cancer

Giorgio V. Scagliotti, MD, PhD, on ALK-Rearranged NSCLC: Results From the ASCEND-5 Trial

Giorgio V. Scagliotti, MD, PhD, of the University of Torino, discusses study findings on ceritinib vs chemotherapy in patients with advanced ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer previously treated with chemotherapy and crizotinib. (Abstract LBA42)

lung cancer

Luis G. Paz-Ares, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: Results From the LUX-Lung 7 Trial

Luis G. Paz-Ares, MD, PhD, of the Hospital Universitario 12 De Octubre, discusses overall survival data on afatinib vs gefitinib in patients with EGFR mutation-positive non-small cell lung cancer. (Abstract LBA43)

lung cancer

Tony Mok, MD, on NSCLC: Results of the IMPRESS Study

Tony Mok, MD, of The Chinese University of Hong Kong, discusses the final overall survival analysis from this trial on gefitinib/chemotherapy vs chemotherapy in EGFR mutation-positive non-small cell lung cancer after progression on first-line gefitinib. (Abstr 1201O)

lung cancer

Good CNS Response to Alectinib Reported in Previously Treated ALK-Positive Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

In a pooled analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Gadgeel et al found that alectinib (Alecensa) was associated with good central nervous system (CNS) response in patients with ALK-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) previously treated with crizotinib (Xalkori). Study ...

lung cancer

Some Gains Reported in Enrollment Disparity in National Lung Cancer Trials

Pang et al found that the enrollment disparity in clinical trials in lung cancer has been reduced in recent years for older patients and women overall, according to a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. However, disparities persist for elderly women, blacks, Asian/Pacific Islanders, ...

Lung Cancer

Small Cell Lung Cancer and Immunotherapy: A Change Is Coming, Just Not Front Line (Yet!)

Ever since the immune checkpoint agents arrived, the pace of clinical investigation in oncology has continued to accelerate with an ever-increasing number of trials of single-agent and combination therapies with novel designs that are transforming our drug-development process. However, even in...

Lung Cancer

Phase III Trial Finds No Survival Benefit of Adding Ipilimumab to Etoposide/Platinum in Newly Diagnosed Extensive-Stage SCLC

In a phase III trial (CA184-156) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Martin Reck, MD, PhD, of LungenClinic Grosshansdorf, Germany, and colleagues, the addition of the anti–CTLA-4 (cytotoxic T-lymphocyte–associated protein 4) checkpoint inhibitor ipilimumab (Yervoy) to...

lung cancer

FDA Grants Breakthrough Therapy Designation for First-Line Treatment of ALK-Positive NSCLC

On October 4, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted alectinib (Alecesna), an anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitor, a second Breakthrough Therapy designation. This latest designation was granted for the treatment of adult patients with advanced ALK-positive non–small...

lung cancer

FDA Approves Osimertinib Blood-Based T790M Companion Diagnostic Test

  On September 29, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a blood-based companion diagnostic for osimertinib (Tagrisso). The companion diagnostic for osimertinib is the only FDA-approved and clinically validated companion diagnostic test that uses either tissue or a blood sample ...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

ASTRO 2016: Intervention Closes Racial Gap and Improves Treatment Rates for Early-Stage Lung Cancer

Enhanced, culturally competent communication with early-stage lung cancer patients can narrow racial gaps in curative treatment completion and increase treatment rates for all races, according to research presented by Manning et al at the 58th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Radiation...

lung cancer

ASTRO 2016: Hypofractionated Radiation Therapy May Halve Treatment Time for Lung Cancer Patients With Poor Performance Status

For patients with stage II and III non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) unable to receive standard treatments of surgery or chemoradiation, hypofractionated radiation therapy results in similar overall survival and progression-free survival rates, limited severe side effects, and shorter...

lung cancer

Maria Werner-Wasik, MD, on Issues in Lung Toxicity

Maria Werner-Wasik, MD, of Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, summarizes a session she moderated on lung toxicity, including the impact of cardiac radiation, the risk of radiation to thoracic vertebral bodies, radiation pneumonitis, and upfront SBRT. (Scientific Session 39)

lung cancer

ASTRO 2016: Advances in Radiation Therapy Have Improved Survival Rates for Patients With Early-Stage Lung Cancer

A new analysis of records in the Veterans Affairs Central Cancer Registry demonstrates a clear positive impact of the increased use of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) to treat patients with stage I non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in recent years, according to research presented...

lung cancer

ASTRO 2016: Widespread Adoption of SBRT Has Improved Survival Rates for Elderly Patients With Early-Stage Lung Cancer

Survival rates for elderly patients who received stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for early stage non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) rose from roughly 40% to 60% over the past decade, concurrent with the increasing adoption of SBRT, according to research presented by Dalwadi et al...

lung cancer

Thomas J. Lynch, Jr, MD, on Personalized Care and Radiation Oncology in Lung Cancer

Thomas J. Lynch, Jr, MD, of Massachusetts General Hospital, summarizes his keynote lecture on whether we are any closer to curing lung cancer with targeted treatments. (Keynote Address 2)

kidney cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer

Combining AM0010 and Pembrolizumab Produced Antitumor Activity in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors

A multibasket phase Ib study evaluating the clinical activity, tolerability, and antitumor activity of the cytokine-based immunotherapy AM0010 alone or in combination with the immune checkpoint inhibitor pembrolizumab (Keytruda) has found that in monotherapy, objective responses to AM0010 were ...

Lung Cancer

FDA Grants Priority Review to Pembrolizumab Supplemental Biologics License Application for First-Line Treatment of Advanced NSCLC

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted for Priority Review the supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA) for pembrolizumab (Keytruda), an anti–PD-1 (programmed cell death protein 1) therapy, for the first-line treatment of patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer...

Lung Cancer

Lung Cancer Specialist Shares Clinical Pearls for Managing Stage IIIA Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

Clinicians face a number of questions in evaluating and treating patients with stage IIIA non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). One expert in the field, Rafael Santana-Davila, MD, reviewed key issues in managing this disease in the Journal of Oncology Practice (JOP). The ASCO Post asked Dr....

Lung Cancer

Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors March to First-Line Treatment in Advanced NSCLC

For the majority of patients who are diagnosed with advanced-stage non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), platinum-based doublets have been the standard of care for over 30 years. Recently, the immune checkpoint inhibitors nivolumab (Opdivo) and pembrolizumab (Keytruda) demonstrated superior survival ...

Lung Cancer

First-Line Nivolumab Alone and Combined With Platinum-Based Chemotherapy in Advanced NSCLC

The phase I CheckMate 012 study examined the effects of nivolumab (Opdivo) monotherapy and nivolumab combined with platinum-based doublets as first-line treatments in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Encouraging efficacy and safety findings were reported in the Journal...

lung cancer

Combined FISH and IHC Identifies Patients With NSCLC With Rare ALK Fusions That Respond to Crizotinib

The combined use of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) identified non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with rare or novel anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene rearrangements, not otherwise identified by FISH alone, that showed response to...

kidney cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer

FDA Modifies Dosage Regimen for Nivolumab

On September 13, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) modified the dosage regimen for nivolumab (Opdivo) for the currently approved indications for renal cell carcinoma, metastatic melanoma, and non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The currently approved recommended dosage...

cns cancers
lung cancer

Little Benefit Reported With WBRT in NSCLC Patients With Brain Metastases Unsuitable for Resection or Stereotactic Radiotherapy

In a UK-based phase III noninferiority trial (QUARTZ) reported in The Lancet, Mulvenna et al found that use of whole-brain radiotherapy in addition to optimal supportive care including dexamethasone was associated with little additional benefit in non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients...

lung cancer

FDA Grants Priority Review to Pembrolizumab for First-Line Treatment of Advanced NSCLC

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted for Priority Review the supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA) for pembrolizumab (Keytruda), an anti­–PD-1 (programmed cell death protein 1) therapy, for the first-line treatment of patients with advanced non–small...

Lung Cancer

Phase III Study Launches in Patients With Small Cell Lung Cancer

On August 2, 2016, PharmaMar announced the start of a pivotal phase III ATLANTIS study evaluating the efficacy and safety of ­lurbinectedin (PM1183), a novel synthetic tetrahydroisoquinoline that targets active transcription. The study is evaluating lurbinectedin combined with doxorubicin vs...

kidney cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer

Incidence of PD-1 Inhibitor–Related Pneumonitis in Advanced NSCLC, Renal Cell Carcinoma, and Melanoma

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in JAMA Oncology, Nishino et al identified the rates of PD-1 (programmed cell death protein 1) inhibitor–related pneumonitis in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), renal cell carcinoma, and melanoma. Rates were...

lung cancer

Does Lymph Node Metastasis Have a Negative Prognostic Impact in Patients With NSCLC and M1a Disease?

Analysis of a large non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patient cohort with stage IV M1a disease identified lymph node staging as having clinical significance and an impact on prognosis. Findings from the study were published by Dai et al in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology. Lung cancer is...

Skin Cancer
Lung Cancer

Pembrolizumab for Untreated/Progressive Brain Metastases in Melanoma or NSCLC

Sarah B. Goldberg, MD, of Yale University School of Medicine, and colleagues found that pembrolizumab (Keytruda) was active in untreated or progressive brain metastases in melanoma and non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to a single-center phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology....

Lung Cancer

Plasma vs Tissue Genotyping and Outcomes With Osimertinib in Advanced Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

Patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) positive for the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor T790M resistance mutation on a plasma assay had similar outcomes with the EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor osimertinib (Tagrisso) as did those who were positive ...

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