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palliative care
lung cancer

ESMO 2017: 'Triggers': A New Tool to Assess Patients’ Palliative Needs

A new tool to identify patients who would benefit from early palliative care was presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2017 Congress in Madrid (Abstract LBA54_PR). The so-called “Triggers” tool, developed by the London Cancer Alliance to help clinicians in the...

lung cancer

Osimertinib in First-Line Treatment of EGFR Mutation–Positive Advanced NSCLC

Osimertinib (Tagrisso) has shown high activity in the phase I expansion component of the AURA trial in previously untreated patients with EGFR mutation–positive advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). These findings were reported by Ramalingam et al in the Journal of Clinical...

cns cancers
gynecologic cancer
kidney cancer
lung cancer
gastroesophageal cancer

FDA Approves First Biosimilar for the Treatment of Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved bevacizumab-awwb (Mvasi) as a biosimilar to bevacizumab (Avastin) for the treatment of multiple types of cancer. Bevacizumab-awwb is the first biosimilar approved in the U.S. for the treatment of cancer. “Bringing new biosimilars to...

lung cancer

ESMO 2017: PACIFIC Trial: Durvalumab Improves Progression-Free Survival in Stage III Lung Cancer

Durvalumab improves progression-free survival in patients with locally advanced, unresectable stage III lung cancer, according to late-breaking results from the phase III PACIFIC trial presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2017 Congress in Madrid (Abstract LBA1_PR) and...

lung cancer

Luis G. Paz-Ares, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: Results of the PACIFIC Trial

Luis G. Paz-Ares, MD, PhD, of Hospital Universitario 12 De Octubre, discusses phase III study findings on durvalumab after chemoradiation therapy in patients with stage III, locally advanced, unresectable non–small cell lung cancer (Abstract LBA1).

lung cancer

Michèle Beau-Faller, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: Biomarker Findings From the French Cooperative Thoracic Intergroup

Michèle Beau-Faller, MD, PhD, of the Hôpital de Hautepierre & Institut Régional du Cancer, discusses study results on ultrasensitive detection of EGFR T790M mutation by droplet digital PCR in TKI naïve non–small cell lung cancer harboring EGFR mutation (Abstract 85PD).

lung cancer

Adding First-Line Ipilimumab to Paclitaxel/Carboplatin in Advanced Squamous NSCLC

In a phase III trial reported by Govindan et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, the addition of first-line ipilimumab (Yervoy) to paclitaxel/carboplatin did not improve overall survival in patients with advanced squamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Study Details In the...

lung cancer

ESMO 2017: ALEX and ALUR Trials: Alectinib Shows CNS Benefit in ALK-Positive NSCLC

Data from two separate phase III studies presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2017 Congress in Madrid show the particular central nervous system (CNS) activity of alectinib (Alecensa) in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer involving a mutation of the...

lung cancer

Luis G. Paz-Ares, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: Results of the PACIFIC Trial

Luis G. Paz-Ares, MD, PhD, of Hospital Universitario 12 De Octubre, discusses phase III study findings on durvalumab after chemoradiation therapy in patients with stage III, locally advanced, unresectable non–small cell lung cancer (Abstract LBA1).

lung cancer

ESMO 2017: Phase III IFCT-0302 Trial Assesses Minimal vs CT Scan–Based Follow-up for Completely Resected NSCLC

The optimal follow-up protocol for patients with completely resected non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains elusive after results of the IFCT-0302 trial, presented at the 2017 European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress in Madrid, did not show a difference in overall survival...

lung cancer
gastrointestinal cancer

Health-Related Quality of Life With Everolimus vs Placebo in Patients With Neuroendocrine Tumors

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Pavel et al, no significant difference in deterioration of health-related quality of life was observed with everolimus (Afinitor) vs placebo in the phase III RADIANT-4 trial, which included patients with advanced nonfunctional well-differentiated...

lung cancer

Association of Supplemental Vitamin B Use and Lung Cancer in VITAL Cohort

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Brasky et al found that the use of individual source supplemental vitamins B6 and B12 was associated with an increased risk of lung cancer among men in the Vitamins and Lifestyle (VITAL) cohort. Several B vitamins, including B6, B9 (folate),...

Solid Tumors
Hematologic Malignancies
Breast Cancer
Lung Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Multiple Myeloma
Kidney Cancer

Journal of Clinical Oncology Literature Update

Staying up-to-date in the fast-paced world of oncology literature is a daunting task at best. To assist with that task, The ASCO Post has assembled an assortment of studies recently published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. The topics range from therapy for stage IV non–small cell lung cancer...

Lung Cancer

Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: Emerging Concepts for Checkpoint Inhibitors

With checkpoint inhibitors vitally important in the treatment of advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), clinicians must become familiar with the nuances of their use. At the 2017 Debates and Didactics in Hematology and Oncology Conference in Sea Island, Georgia, Suresh S. Ramalingam, MD,...

Lung Cancer

Osimertinib for EGFR-Positive NSCLC: The Phase III FLAURA Trial

RECENTLY ANNOUNCED DATA from the phase III FLAURA trial showed a statistically significant and clinically meaningful progression-free survival benefit with osimertinib (Tagrisso) compared to current first-line standard-of-care treatment (erlotinib [Tarceva] or gefitinib [Iressa]) in previously...

Lung Cancer

Updates of Key Trials in Metastatic Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: KEYNOTE-024 and AvaALL

IMMUNOTHERAPY AND ANTIANGIOGENESIS were highlighted in a session on metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) at the Best of ASCO New Orleans meeting. Matthew Gubens, MD, MS, presented the selected abstracts from the ASCO Annual Meeting.1 Dr. Gubens is Associate Professor of Thoracic Medical...

lung cancer

ASCO Guideline on Stage IV NSCLC Therapy Updated

An update of the ASCO clinical practice guideline on the systemic treatment of patients with stage IV non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) clarifies the role of immunotherapy in this setting. The update, published by Hanna et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, also provides new...

lung cancer

Lung Cancer Clinical Trial Eligibility Criteria Increase in Number, Complexity

With the advent of molecular targeted therapies and immunotherapy, eligibility criteria have increased in number and complexity for lung cancer clinical trials, according to an analysis published by Garcia et al in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology. Despite calls to streamline cancer clinical trial...

lung cancer

Fat Intake and Lung Cancer Risk

According to a study reported by Yang et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, high dietary intake of total fat and saturated fat was associated with an increased risk of lung cancer, with the association with saturated fat being particularly evident among current smokers. Study Details The...

Lung Cancer

Alectinib: A New Standard for First-Line Therapy of ALK-Rearranged NSCLC?

ANAPLASTIC LYMPHOMA KINASE (ALK) was first identified in anaplastic large cell lymphoma. The ALK gene itself is not oncogenic, but it can become oncogenic by at least three mechanisms: by forming a fusion gene with a number of other partner genes, by copy number gain, or by mutations in the gene....

Lung Cancer

Sacituzumab Govitecan in Metastatic NSCLC

As reported by Rebecca Suk Heist, MD, MPH, of Massachusetts General Hospital, and colleagues in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, the antibody-drug conjugate sacituzumab govitecan showed activity in patients with previously treated metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Sacituzumab targets ...

lung cancer

FDA Grants Alectinib Priority Review for Initial Treatment of ALK-Positive Lung Cancer

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted Genentech’s supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) and granted Priority Review for alectinib (Alecensa) as a first-line treatment for people with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive, locally advanced, or metastatic...

lung cancer

Osimertinib Improves Progression-Free Survival for EGFR-Positive NSCLC in the Phase III FLAURA Trial

On July 27, it was announced that the phase III FLAURA trial showed a statistically significant and clinically meaningful progression-free survival benefit with osimertinib (Tagrisso) compared to current first-line standard-of-care treatment (erlotinib [Tarceva] or gefitinib [Iressa]) in previously ...

lung cancer

Tremelimumab in Previously Treated Advanced Malignant Mesothelioma

In the randomized phase IIB DETERMINE trial, the cytotoxic T-lymphocyte–associated protein 4 (CTLA-4) inhibitor tremelimumab did not improve overall survival vs placebo as second- or third-line treatment of relapsed malignant mesothelioma. These findings were reported in The Lancet Oncology...

lung cancer

FDA Grants Durvalumab Breakthrough Therapy Designation for Patients With Locally Advanced Unresectable NSCLC

On July 31, AstraZeneca and MedImmune (AstraZeneca’s global biologics research and development arm) announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Breakthrough Therapy designation for durvalumab (Imfinzi) for the treatment of patients with locally advanced,...

lung cancer

Initial Progression-Free Survival Results From the MYSTIC Trial in Stage IV NSCLC

On July 27, researchers announced the progression-free survival (PFS) results for the phase III MYSTIC trial, a randomized, open-label, multicenter, global trial of durvalumab (Imfinzi) monotherapy or durvalumab in combination with tremelimumab vs platinum-based standard-of-care chemotherapy in...

lung cancer

Study Finds HER2 Mutations in 3% of Lung Cancers

The Lung Cancer Mutation Consortium at the University of Colorado Cancer Center reported that 24 of 920 patients (3%) with advanced-stage lung cancer in a recent study had mutations in the gene HER2. According to the study, published by Pillai et al in Cancer, 71% of these patients were...

lung cancer

Concurrent Chemotherapy, Proton Therapy May Improve Survival in Patients With Advanced Lung Cancer

For patients with advanced, inoperable stage III lung cancer, concurrent chemotherapy and proton-beam radiotherapy offers improved survival compared to historical data for standard of care, according to a new study from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. The research, published by...

lung cancer

Regionalization and Lung Cancer Operative Mortality in Ontario, Canada

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Bendzsak et al found that centralization of surgery services to high-volume hospitals in Ontario was not independently associated with improved operative mortality rates in lung cancer. In April 2007, a policy was implemented to regionalize...

Lung Cancer

Expert Point of View: Anne Tsao, MD, and John Heymach, MD, PhD

STUDY DISCUSSANT Anne Tsao, MD, Director of the Mesothelioma Program at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, indicated the response rates seen in the MAPS-2 trial are comparable to those demonstrated in smaller studies of pembrolizumab (Keytruda). She considered the...

Lung Cancer

Checkpoint Inhibitors May Prove to Be Effective in Mesothelioma

CHECKPOINT INHIBITION was effective against malignant pleural mesothelioma in the MAPS-2 study of the French Cooperative Thoracic Intergroup. At the 2017 ASCO Annual Meeting, researchers reported a disease control rate of up to 50% when patients were treated with immunotherapy after relapse in a...

Lung Cancer

Prophylactic Cranial Irradiation vs Observation in Extensive-Disease Small Cell Lung Cancer

A Japanese phase III trial has shown no survival benefit of prophylactic cranial irradiation vs observation in patients with extensive-disease small cell lung cancer who had any response to platinum-based doublet chemotherapy and no brain metastases at baseline. These findings were reported in The...

Lung Cancer

Adding Pravastatin to Chemotherapy in Small Cell Lung Cancer

Following early reports associating favorable outcomes in cancer patients with the use of statins,1,2 further observational studies in this area have provided mixed findings.3 As recently reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, and reviewed in this issue of The ASCO Post, Seckl and colleagues ...

Lung Cancer

No Survival Benefit When Pravastatin Is Added to Standard Chemotherapy in Small Cell Lung Cancer

In a UK phase III study (LUNGSTAR) reported in the Journal of Clinical -Oncology, Michael J. Seckl, MD, PhD, of Imperial College London, and colleagues found that adding pravastatin to first-line standard chemotherapy did not improve overall survival in patients with small cell lung cancer...

lung cancer

FDA Approves First Companion Diagnostic Test to Simultaneously Screen for Multiple NSCLC Therapies

On June 22, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted premarket approval to Thermo Fisher Scientific for the first next-generation sequencing–based test that simultaneously screens tumor samples for biomarkers associated with three FDA-approved therapies for non–small cell...

Lung Cancer

Retreatment With Checkpoint Inhibitors May Be Feasible for Some Patients With NSCLC

INCREASING NUMBERS of patients are being treated with checkpoint inhibitors, and about one-quarter to one-third will develop immune-related adverse events. One question on the minds of oncologists is can these patients be safely re-treated once their adverse events resolve?  One of the first...

Lung Cancer

Expert Point of View: John Heymach, MD

"TO PUT THESE RESULTS into context, currently we have three approved epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors for EGFR-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): gefitinib (Iressa), erlotinib (Tarceva), and afatinib (Gilotrif). Not many studies have compared these drugs ...

Lung Cancer

Dacomitinib Outperforms Gefitinib in EGFR-Positive NSCLC

DACOMITINIB, a second-generation epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, outperformed gefitinib (Iressa) as first-line treatment for EGFR-positive advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the phase III ARCHER 1050 study.1 Dacomitinib improved...

lung cancer

European Commission Expands Use of Ceritinib for First-Line Use in ALK-Positive Advanced NSCLC

On June 29, the European Commission approved expanding the use of ceritinib (Zykadia) to include the first-line treatment of patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors are anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)–positive. Approval follows a positive opinion granted...

lung cancer

First-Line Nivolumab vs Chemotherapy in Advanced NSCLC With PD-L1 Expression ≥ 5%

As reported by Carbone et al in The New England Journal of Medicine, the phase III CheckMate 026 trial has shown no progression-free survival benefit for first-line nivolumab (Opdivo) vs platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with recurrent or stage IV non–small cell lung cancer with...

lung cancer

FDA Grants Regular Approval to Dabrafenib and Trametinib Combination for Metastatic NSCLC With BRAF V600E Mutation

On June 22, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration granted regular approvals to dabrafenib (Tafinlar) and trametinib (Mekinist) administered in combination for patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with BRAF V600E mutation as detected by an FDA-approved test. These ...

lung cancer

Atezolizumab as First-Line or Subsequent Treatment in PD-L1–Selected Advanced NSCLC

In the phase II BIRCH trial, atezolizumab (Tecentriq) was found to produce higher response rates as first-line or subsequent therapy in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with higher levels of programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression. Study findings were...

Lung Cancer

Expert Point of View: John V. Heymach, MD, PhD

“This is a watershed moment in the treatment of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Often studies show only incremental improvements with a new treatment. This is different. Alectinib [Alecensa] shows a dramatic increase in efficacy that is also accompanied ...

Lung Cancer

Alectinib vs Crizotinib in First-Line Treatment of ALK-Positive NSCLC

In 2011, crizotinib (Xalkori) became the first effective targeted therapy for anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Now data from a phase III trial show that alectinib (Alecensa), a second-generation ALK inhibitor, outperformed crizotinib, the current...

lung cancer

Ceritinib vs Chemotherapy in Previously Treated ALK-Rearranged NSCLC

The phase III ASCEND-5 trial has shown a significant improvement in progression-free survival with ceritinib (Zykadia) vs chemotherapy in advanced ALK-rearranged non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) previously treated with crizotinib (Xalkori) and chemotherapy. Trial results were reported in...

lung cancer

ASTRO Issues Guideline for Use of Stereotactic Radiation in Early-Stage Lung Cancer

The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) has issued a new clinical guideline for the use of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in early-stage lung cancer. While SBRT is the current standard of care for peripherally located tumors in patients who cannot undergo surgery, the new...

lung cancer

Sacituzumab Govitecan in Previously Treated Patients With Metastatic NSCLC

As reported by Heist et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, the antibody-drug conjugate sacituzumab govitecan showed activity in patients with previously treated metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Sacituzumab targets Trop-2, present on many solid tumors; govitecan is the...

Lung Cancer

Atezolizumab: Another Therapeutic Option for Patients With Previously Treated Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

The OAK study—recently reported by Rittmeyer and colleagues and reviewed in this issue of The ASCO Post—is the first study to show patients with previously treated non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with a humanized antibody (atezolizumab, Tecentriq) directed against the programmed cell...

Lung Cancer

Atezolizumab Improves Overall Survival vs Docetaxel in Previously Treated Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

In the phase III OAK trial reported in The Lancet by Achim Rittmeyer, MD, of Lungenfachklinik Immenhausen, Germany, and colleagues, treatment with the anti–programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) antibody atezolizumab (Tecentriq) improved overall survival vs docetaxel in previously treated non–small ...

lung cancer
colorectal cancer

David H. Henry, MD, on Advances in Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer: Expert Perspective

David H. Henry, MD, of Pennsylvania Oncology Hematology Associates, outlines abstracts focusing on chemotherapy in locally advanced rectal cancer and immune-related toxicity, response to anti–PD-L1 blockade, and epacadostat plus pembrolizumab in lung cancer.

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