head and neck cancer

Two-Thirds of Patients With Locally Advanced Laryngeal Cancer Not Receiving Recommended Treatment

Despite findings of previous studies and published guidelines, nearly two-thirds of patients with T4a laryngeal cancer are not receiving a total laryngectomy—the recommended form of treatment—and, as a result, have significantly worse survival rates vs those treated with a total...

issues in oncology
head and neck cancer
issues in oncology
issues in oncology

DNA Shed From Head and Neck Tumors Detected in Blood and Saliva

On the hunt for better cancer screening tests, Johns Hopkins scientists led a proof-of-principle study that successfully identified tumor DNA shed in the blood and saliva of 93 patients with head and neck cancer. A report on the findings was published by Wang et al in Science Translational...

palliative care
colorectal cancer
head and neck cancer

Development of New Blood Vessels Not Essential to Growth of Lymph Node Metastases

While the use of antiangiogenesis drugs that block the growth of new blood vessels can improve the treatment of some cancers, clinical trials of their ability to prevent the development of new metastases have failed. Now a study from the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) Cancer Center may have...

issues in oncology
breast cancer
head and neck cancer
gynecologic cancer
issues in oncology
bladder cancer
issues in oncology

Immune Signaling Protein May Have Opposing Roles in Breast Cancer Development

Researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have discovered that inhibiting the immune receptor protein TLR4 may not be a wise treatment strategy in all cancers, as research now shows TLR4 can either promote or inhibit breast cancer cell growth depending on mutations in...

issues in oncology
head and neck cancer

Lymph Nodes Signal More Aggressive Thyroid Cancer, Even in Young Patients

Patients older than age 45 with thyroid cancer that has spread to neck lymph nodes have long been considered at higher risk of dying, but the same has not been true for younger patients. Now researchers at the Duke Cancer Institute and the Duke Clinical Research Institute have found that...

issues in oncology
head and neck cancer
issues in oncology

HPV Serum Antibodies May Predict Survival and Disease Progression in Patients With HPV-Positive Oropharyngeal Cancer

A study by Dahlstrom et al investigating the usefulness of serum antibodies to human papillomavirus (HPV)-16 DNA antigens as predictors of survival for patients with oropharyngeal carcinoma has found that E1, NE2, and E6 antibody positivity were all strongly associated with improved overall and...

head and neck cancer

ASCO 2015: Elective Neck Dissection Improves Early Oral Cancer Survival

A randomized phase III study resolves long-standing questions about the optimal timing of neck lymph node surgery for patients with early-stage oral cancer by showing that elective neck dissection both improves survival and lowers recurrence rates compared to therapeutic neck dissection performed...

head and neck cancer

ASCO 2015: Pembrolizumab Produces Clinically Meaningful Response in Patients With Recurrent or Metastatic Head and Neck Cancer

Immunotherapy with pembrolizumab (Keytruda) produced a clinically meaningful overall response rate in a study among 132 patients with recurrent or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. The overall objective response rate was 24.8%, and 57% of patients experienced some tumor...

head and neck cancer

Updated Meta-Analysis Confirms Survival Benefit of Adding Chemotherapy to Radiotherapy in Nasopharyngeal Cancer

In an updated patient-level meta-analysis reported in The Lancet Oncology, Blanchard et al of the Meta-Analysis of Chemotherapy in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma (MAC-NPC) collaborative group found that the addition of chemotherapy to radiotherapy improved overall survival in patients with nasopharyngeal ...

gynecologic cancer
solid tumors
gynecologic cancer
head and neck cancer
issues in oncology

Nine-Valent HPV Vaccine Protects Against 80% of Cervical Cancers

The new nine-valent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine (Gardasil 9) can potentially prevent 80% of cervical cancers in the United States, if given to all 11- or 12-year-old children before they are exposed to the virus. Additionally, the new vaccine, which includes seven cancer-causing...

head and neck cancer

Afatinib Improves Progression-Free Survival vs Methotrexate in Platinum-Treated Recurrent or Metastatic Head and Neck Cancer

In the phase III LUX-Head & Neck 1 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Machiels et al found that afatinib (Gilotrif) improved progression-free survival vs methotrexate in patients with recurrent or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck progressing after first-line platinum...

gynecologic cancer
head and neck cancer
issues in oncology

AACR 2015: HPV Vaccine Provides Protection at Multiple Sites, Even Among Some Previously Exposed Patients

Vaccination of women aged 18 to 25 with the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine resulted in strong protection against future infection at three anatomic sites among women without prior HPV exposure and may still offer some protection in those with evidence of prior exposure. These findings were...

head and neck cancer
issues in oncology

Study Finds Large Disparities in Survival Among Adolescents and Young Adults With Differentiated Thyroid Cancer

A large, diverse study of 16,827 adolescents and young adults with differentiated thyroid cancer has found that African Americans and Hispanics were six times and three times more likely, respectively, to die of their cancer than Caucasians. Residing in low-socioeconomic neighborhoods, insurance...

gynecologic cancer
head and neck cancer
issues in oncology
cost of care

Increasing Number of Boys Vaccinated Against HPV Could Protect More People at the Same Price

Public health programs that devote a portion of their funding to encourage more boys to be vaccinated against human papillomavirus (HPV)—rather than merely attempting to raise coverage among girls—may ultimately protect more people for the same price, a study from Duke University...

head and neck cancer

Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy Plus Cetuximab Appears Safe, Effective in Previously Irradiated Recurrent Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

In patients with previously irradiated recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck, the combination of stereotactic body radiation therapy plus cetuximab (Erbitux) appears to be safe and effective, according to a study by Vargo et al in the International Journal of Radiation Oncology...

head and neck cancer

Erythropoietin Plus Radiation Therapy Does Not Improve Local-Regional Control in Anemic Patients With Head and Neck Cancer

Long-term analysis of Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 9903 demonstrates that the addition of erythropoietin did not improve local-regional control for anemic patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma who receive radiation therapy or chemoradiation, according to a study published...

head and neck cancer
issues in oncology

Effect of Smoking and Alcohol Consumption on Feeding Tube Duration in Head and Neck Cancer Patients

Current smoking and heavy alcohol consumption appear to be risk factors for prolonged use of a gastrostomy tube in patients with head and neck cancer undergoing radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy. The findings were published in a report by O’Shea et al in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck...

head and neck cancer

Thyroid Cancer Rare in Patients With Asymptomatic Benign Nodules

A prospective, multicenter, observational study involving 992 consecutive patients with one to four asymptomatic, sonographically or cytologically benign thyroid nodules found that “the majority of nodules exhibited no significant size change during 5 years of follow-up or they actually...

breast cancer
head and neck cancer

New Analysis Reports Increased Risk of Thyroid Cancer After Breast Cancer Diagnosis

Breast cancer survivors are at increased risk of developing thyroid cancer, especially within 5 years of their breast cancer diagnosis, according to a new analysis of a large national database. The study results were presented at the Endocrine Society's 97th Annual Meeting. “Recognition of...

head and neck cancer

Improved TNM Prediction of Survival in HPV‑Related Oropharyngeal Carcinoma

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Huang et al showed that recursive portioning analysis (RPA) could be used to provide TNM stage grouping with improved prediction of survival in patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)-related nonmetastatic oropharyngeal carcinoma. ...

head and neck cancer

FDA Approves Lenvatinib for Progressive Radioiodine-Refractory Differentiated Thyroid Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today granted approval to lenvatinib (Lenvima) to treat patients with progressive, differentiated thyroid cancer whose disease progressed despite receiving radioactive iodine therapy. Lenvatinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor that binds to multiple sites...

head and neck cancer

Lenvatinib Shows Promise for Patients With Radioiodine-Refractory Thyroid Cancer in Phase III Study

In a phase III study led by researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, the oral antiangiogenic therapy lenvatinib has shown dramatic improvement in progression-free survival in patients with advanced radioiodine-refractory thyroid cancer. Their findings are published by...

head and neck cancer

No Benefit of Panitumumab Plus Radiotherapy vs Cisplatin-Based Chemoradiation in Locally Advanced Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

In the phase II CONCERT-2 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Giralt et al found that treatment with the EGFR inhibitor panitumumab (Vectibix) plus concurrent radiotherapy was associated with poorer local-regional control vs cisplatin chemoradiation in previously untreated patients with...

head and neck cancer

No Benefit of Adding Panitumumab to Chemoradiation in Locally Advanced Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

In the phase II CONCERT-1 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Mesía et al found that adding the EGFR inhibitor panitumumab (Vectibix) to standard cisplatin chemoradiation provided no benefit in previously untreated patients with unresected stage III to IVB head and neck squamous cell...

head and neck cancer

Dabrafenib May Stimulate Radioiodine Uptake in Patients With Iodine-Refractory Papillary Thyroid Cancer

In patients with iodine-refractory papillary thyroid cancer, the addition of dabrafenib (Tafinlar) therapy was shown to stimulate radioiodine uptake in thyroid cancer cells, according to a report by Rothenberg et al in Clinical Cancer Research. This approach has the potential advantage of requiring ...

head and neck cancer
issues in oncology

Study Uncovers Range of Molecular Alterations in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinomas, New Potential Drug Targets

Investigators with The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) Research Network have discovered genomic differences—with potentially important clinical implications—in human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated head and neck cancers. These findings were reported in Nature. The researchers also uncovered ...

head and neck cancer
issues in oncology

Head and Neck Cancers in Young Adults More Likely to Be a Result of Inherited Factors

Data from 25 case-control studies and separate analyses show that head and neck cancers in young adults are more likely to occur as a result of inherited factors rather than lifestyle factors, such as smoking or drinking alcohol, according to a new study by Toporcov et al published in the...

head and neck cancer

Oral Human Papillomavirus Infection More Likely to Persist in Older Men

Oral infection with human papillomavirus 16 (HPV16), which is the type of HPV most frequently linked to HPV-driven head and neck cancers, was more likely to persist 12 or more months in men older than 45 than in those younger than 45, according to a study reported by Pierce Campbell et al in...

head and neck cancer

Nonoperative Management Should Be Used With Caution in Patients With Small Papillary Thyroid Tumors

In a population-based study of patients with thyroid cancer, 12.3% of patients with small papillary thyroid tumors experienced thyroid cancer–related deaths despite undergoing thyroidectomy, according to a report by Nilubol and Kebebew in the journal Cancer. From the results of this study,...

head and neck cancer

Institutional Experience Significantly Affects Overall Survival in Locally Advanced Head and Neck Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Wuthrick et al found that patients with stage III or IV head and neck cancer in the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 0129 trial who were treated at historically high-accruing centers in RTOG clinical trials had significantly better...

head and neck cancer

RTOG 0129 Long-Term Results: No Differences in Survival or Toxicity With Accelerated vs Standard Fractionation Plus Cisplatin in Head and Neck Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Nguyen-Tan et al, long-term follow-up in the phase III Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 0129 trial indicates no difference in overall survival or late toxicity with use of accelerated vs standard radiation therapy plus cisplatin in patients...

head and neck cancer

BRAF V600E Mutation Predicts Recurrence of Papillary Thyroid Cancer

In a large retrospective study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Xing et al found that presence of the BRAF V600E mutation was an independent predictor of recurrence of papillary thyroid cancer. The study involved 2,099 patients with papillary thyroid cancer consecutively selected over ...

head and neck cancer
skin cancer

Propensity Score–Matching Analysis Shows No Disease-Specific Survival Benefit of Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy vs Observation in Head/Neck Melanoma

In a Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database analysis reported in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Sperry et al found that sentinel lymph node biopsy was not associated with improved disease-specific survival in propensity score–matched patients with head and...

head and neck cancer

Oral Cancer–Causing HPV May Be Transmitted Through Oral and Genital Contact

A study investigating the prevalence and risk factors of oral human papillomavirus (HPV) infection among young men has found a higher prevalence of oral HPV among men who had female partners with an oral and/or genital HPV infection, suggesting that transmission may occur through oral or genital...

head and neck cancer

Protein Linked With HPV-Positive Head and Neck Cancer May Lead to More Effective Therapies for the Disease

Scientists investigating the molecular mechanism of the protein p16 in cisplatin-treated head and neck cancer cells have found that the drug is able to kill the malignant cells by interacting with the protein gigaxonin. Although p16 is commonly produced in human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive...

gynecologic cancer
colorectal cancer
head and neck cancer
kidney cancer
lung cancer
issues in oncology
bladder cancer
issues in oncology

14 Million Major Medical Conditions Attributable to Cigarette Smoking

At least 14 million major medical conditions among U.S. adults aged 35 years and older were attributed to cigarette smoking by a study estimating the disease burden of cigarette smoking, which, according to the study’s authors, “remains immense.” Among current and former smokers,...

head and neck cancer

FDA Grants Lenvatinib Priority Review Designation for Advanced Thyroid Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted for review the New Drug Application for lenvatinib mesylate as a treatment for progressive radioactive iodine–refractory differentiated thyroid cancer and granted the application Priority Review status. Lenvatinib is an oral multiple...

head and neck cancer
issues in oncology

Study Finds Potential Link Between BRCA1/2 Mutations and Salivary Gland Cancer

The risk of developing cancer in a salivary gland might be higher in people with BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations, which are associated with breast and ovarian cancer, according to a new study by researchers at The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center – Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital...

head and neck cancer

New Mutations Found in Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer Lead to Dramatic Response and Acquired Resistance to Everolimus

A study involving a patient with metastatic anaplastic thyroid cancer who achieved a near-complete response to everolimus (Afinitor) that lasted for 18 months, followed by progressive disease, has revealed a previously unknown mutation in the TSC2 gene and in the mTOR protein. The discovery...

head and neck cancer
gastroesophageal cancer

Study Finds Association Between Increased Esophageal COX-2 Expression and Barrett’s Esophagus, Obesity, and Smoking

Elevated esophageal mucosa cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) levels appear to be associated with the presence of Barrett’s esophagus as well as high waist-to-hip ratios and current tobacco smoking, according to the results of a study reported by Nguyen et al in Digestive Diseases & Sciences. These ...

head and neck cancer

ESMO 2014: Afatinib Improves Progression-Free Survival in Advanced Head and Neck Cancer

The tyrosine kinase inhibitor afatinib (Gilotrif) was significantly superior to methotrexate as second-line therapy in patients with advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck who progressed after platinum-based chemotherapy, according to results of the LUX-Head & Neck 1 trial. The...

head and neck cancer

Pennsylvania Has High Rate of Increase in Thyroid Cancer, Including Advanced and Larger Tumors

In a population-based study reported in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Bann et al found that the average annual percent increase in thyroid cancer incidence in Pennsylvania approaches twice that in the rest of the country. The incidence of thyroid cancer in the United States has more...

head and neck cancer

Lymphatic Mapping Agent Receives Orphan Drug Designation for Head and Neck Cancers

Navidea Biopharmaceuticals, Inc, recently announced that technetium 99m tilmanocept (Lymphoseek Injection) has been granted Orphan Drug Designation by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in sentinel lymph node detection in patients with cancer of the head and neck. The designation...

head and neck cancer

No Benefit of Adding Cetuximab to Cisplatin and Accelerated Radiotherapy in Stage III or IV Head and Neck Carcinoma

Use of cisplatin or cetuximab (Erbitux) with radiotherapy improves overall survival in stage III or IV head and neck carcinoma, and adding cetuximab to platinum therapy improves overall survival in metastatic disease. In the phase III Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 0522 trial reported in...

head and neck cancer

Better Survival, but Narrowing Gap, With Surgical vs Nonsurgical Treatment of Advanced Laryngeal Cancer

Although chemoradiation has been increasingly used in advanced laryngeal cancer as part of an organ-preservation strategy, there is concern that this practice may have contributed to a decline in survival suggested by some data in this setting. In a population-based cohort study reported in JAMA...

head and neck cancer

Proposed Modification Incorporating Depth of Invasion in Primary Staging for Oral Cancer

In an analysis reported in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, the International Consortium for Outcome Research (ICOR) in Head and Neck Cancer proposed modifying the current American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging system for oral cancer to include depth of invasion. A model...

head and neck cancer

Taiwanese Study Shows Increased Risk of Head and Neck Cancer in Patients With Diabetes

In a Taiwanese retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery, Tseng et al found that diabetes was associated with increased risk of head and neck cancer, including increased risk of oral cavity, oropharyngeal, and nasopharyngeal cancers. Study Details...

head and neck cancer

Blood and Saliva Tests Help Predict Recurrence of HPV-Related Oral Cancer

Physicians at Johns Hopkins have developed blood and saliva tests that help accurately predict recurrences of HPV-linked oral cancers in a substantial number of patients. The tests screen for DNA fragments of the human papillomavirus (HPV) shed from cancer cells lingering in the mouth or other...

head and neck cancer
gastroesophageal cancer

Tumor Downstaging After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Strongly Predicts Improved Outcome After Surgery in Esophageal and Esophagogastric Junction Cancer

In a European analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Davies et al found that pathologic tumor downstaging after neoadjuvant chemotherapy was the strongest independent predictor of overall survival in patients undergoing surgery for esophageal and esophagogastric junction...

head and neck cancer
issues in oncology

Researchers Identify Genetic Mutations Linked to Salivary Gland Tumors

Research conducted at the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) has discovered links between a set of genes known to promote tumor growth and mucoepidermoid carcinoma, an oral cancer that affects the salivary glands. The discovery could help physicians develop new treatments that...

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