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gastrointestinal cancer
gastroesophageal cancer

Salah-Eddin Al-Batran, MD, on Gastric and GEJ Adenocarcinoma: Results From the FAST Trial

Salah-Eddin Al-Batran, MD, of the Institute of Clinical Cancer Research and Nordwest Hospital, discusses findings from this international phase II study of epirubicin, oxaliplatin, and capecitabine with or without IMAB362, as first-line treatment of gastric and gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma (Abstract LBA4001).

Gastroesophageal Cancer

Survival Period for Esophageal Cancer Is Tied to Race and Income

African American patients with esophageal cancer survive fewer months after diagnosis than white patients, but only if they also have low incomes, according to a study presented by Loretta ­Erhunmwunsee, MD, at the Annual Meeting of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Dr. ­Erhunmwunsee led the study...

lung cancer
gastroesophageal cancer

Possible Overuse of PET to Detect Recurrence of Lung and Esophageal Cancers

Healy et al found that greater use of positron-emission tomography (PET) for detection of recurrence of lung and esophageal cancers was not associated with improved survival, suggesting potential overuse of the modality in this setting. They reported their results in the Journal of the National...

gastroesophageal cancer

Swedish Study Shows Association of Survival Gain With Increased Surgeon Experience in Patients Undergoing Esophagectomy for Cancer

Increased surgeon experience was associated with markedly better short- and long-term survival in patients undergoing esophagectomy for esophageal cancer, according to a report by Markar et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. Study Details The study involved data from 1,821 patients who...

head and neck cancer
gastroesophageal cancer

Researchers Find Possible Association Between Oral Bacteria and Esophageal Cancer

University of Louisville School of Dentistry researchers have found that a bacterial species responsible for gum disease, Porphyromonas gingivalis, is present in 61% of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. The findings, published by Gao et al in Infectious Agents and Cancer, only...

lung cancer
issues in oncology
gastroesophageal cancer

PET Scan Use in Follow-up Care for Lung and Esophageal Cancer Shows Wide Variation Between Hospitals, No Impact on Survival

A new study suggests that one approach to watching for a cancer's return is being inappropriately used at many hospitals and isn't helping patients survive longer. The findings are published by Healy et al in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. The study looked at how often survivors ...

gastroesophageal cancer

Hans Gerdes, MD, on Endoscopic Therapies for Early-Stage Esophageal Cancers

Hans Gerdes, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses a new approach to the management of early-stage esophageal cancers with endoscopic resections.

gastroesophageal cancer
colorectal cancer
survivorship

Martine Frouws, MSc, PhD, on Postdiagnosis Aspirin and Improved Survival in All GI Cancers

Martine Frouws, MD, PhD Candidate, of Leiden University Medical Centre discusses her study, which showed a significant increase in overall survival among patients with GI cancers who took aspirin compared to those who did not (Abstract 2306).

gastroesophageal cancer
colorectal cancer

Leonard Gunderson, MD, on the Presidential Symposium Lecture on Upper and Lower GI Cancers

Leonard Gunderson, MD, of the Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, discusses PET/CT imaging in upper and lower gastrointestinal cancers, which can be of value as a baseline study prior to treatment, in determining the degree of response to treatment, and in helping decide whether there is a relapse after a complete response to treatment.

cns cancers
gastroesophageal cancer

Anita Mahajan, MD, on Radiotherapy Advances in the CNS and Aerodigestive Tract

Anita Mahajan, MD, of MD Anderson Cancer Center, summarizes results from three clinical trials on radiation therapy for ependymoma, locally advanced thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, and meningioma (Abstracts 31, 1, 7).

gastroesophageal cancer

Dung T. Le, MD, on Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction Cancer: Results From the CheckMate-032 Trial

Dung T. Le, MD, from Johns Hopkins University Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses study findings on the safety and activity of nivolumab monotherapy in advanced and metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction cancer (Abstract 6).

gastroesophageal cancer

Jonathan R. Strosberg, MD, on Neuroendocrine Tumors: Results of the NETTER-1 Trial

Jonathan R. Strosberg, MD, of H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, discusses progression-free survival, radiographic response, and preliminary overall survival findings of this phase III study on midgut neuroendocrine tumors treated with 177-Lu-Dotatate (Abstract 194).

gastroesophageal cancer

Yoon-Koo Kang, MD, PhD, on Gastric/Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma: Trial Results for T-DM1 vs a Taxane

Yoon-Koo Kang, MD, PhD, of the Asan Medical Center, discusses findings from this multicenter, phase II/III study of ado-trastuzumab emtansine vs a taxane in patients with previously treated HER2-positive locally advanced or metastatic gastric/gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma (Abstract 5).

gastroesophageal cancer

Simron Singh, MD, on Neuroendocrine Tumors of the GI Tract: Results from the RADIANT-4 Trial

Simron Singh, MD, of the Toronto Sunnybrook Cancer Centre, discusses an analysis of data from this phase III study on the efficacy and safety of everolimus in advanced, progressive, nonfunctional neuroendocrine tumors of the GI tract and unknown primary (Abstract 315).

gastroesophageal cancer

Somnath Mukherjee, MD, on Esophageal Adenocarcinoma: Results of the NEOSCOPE Trial

Somnath Mukherjee, MD, of Oxford University, discusses this phase II study of induction chemotherapy followed by either oxaliplatin/capecitabine- or paclitaxel/carboplatin-based chemoradiation as a pre-operative regimen for resectable esophageal cancer.. (Abstract 3).

gastroesophageal cancer

Toshihiko Doi, MD, PhD, on Esophageal Carcinoma: Study Results From KEYNOTE-028

Toshihiko Doi, MD, PhD, of Japan’s National Cancer Center Hospital East, discusses updated results on pembrolizumab for advanced esophageal cancer (Abstract 7).

gastroesophageal cancer
issues in oncology
issues in oncology

STS 2016: Race, Lower Socioeconomic Status Linked With Worse Survival Following Esophageal Cancer Surgery

Poor black patients undergoing surgery for esophageal cancer are at higher risk for death than white patients and patients with higher socioeconomic status, according to a scientific presentation by Erhunmwunsee et al at the 52nd Annual Meeting of The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. The abstract,...

Gastroesophageal Cancer

Preoperative Chemoradiotherapy May Extend Survival for Patients with Esophagogastric Junction Adenocarcinoma

Several American and European clinical trials have yielded mixed results on the survival advantage of preoperative chemoradiotherapy for patients with locally advanced esophagogastric junction adenonocarcinoma. However, a distinguished panel at the 2011 ASTRO Annual Meeting did agree that surgery...

Gastroesophageal Cancer

Most Hospitals Do Not Meet Benchmark for Examining Lymph Nodes following Esophagectomy

“Fewer than one-third of patients and fewer than 1 in 10 hospitals met the benchmark of examining at least 15 lymph nodes” following esophagectomy for patients with esophageal cancer, according to a retrospective observational study reported in the Archives of Surgery. That benchmark was set by the ...

solid tumors
gastroesophageal cancer

Second-line Docetaxel Improves Esophageal and Gastric Cancer Survival 

A phase III study from the United Kingdom has shown that second-line treatment with docetaxel improves overall survival of patients with advanced esophagogastric cancer.1 The strategy has already been widely adopted, but COUGAR-02 is the first study to provide definitive evidence of a survival...

Breast Cancer
Skin Cancer
Multiple Myeloma
Supportive Care
Gastroesophageal Cancer

New Research Presented in Breast, Gastric, Esophageal Cancers, Melanoma, and Multiple Myeloma, plus Supportive Care 

Attendees at the ASCO Annual Meeting are faced with a major challenge of trying to attend as many important sessions as they can over a 4-day period. Our challenge is to feature the major news in The ASCO Post. In addition to our regular comprehensive coverage of key presentations, the following...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer

Anti–VEGFR-2 Antibody Ramucirumab Prolongs Survival in Previously Treated Advanced Gastric or Gastroesophageal Cancer

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)– and VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR-2)–mediated signaling and angiogenesis seem to have an important role in the pathogenesis of gastric cancer. In the phase III REGARD trial reported in Lancet, Charles S. Fuchs, MD, MPH, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston,...

gastroesophageal cancer

Cetuximab Fails to Improve Survival in Nonoperable Esophageal Cancer

More data have emerged that discount the potential for benefit with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors in esophageal cancer. The latest comes from the RTOG 0436 randomized phase III trial in patients with nonoperable esophageal cancer, the results of which were presented at the 2014 ...

gastroesophageal cancer

Ramucirumab for Advanced or Metastatic Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma

On April 21, 2014, ramucirumab (Cyramza) was approved for use as a single agent in the treatment of patients with advanced or metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma with disease progression on or after prior treatment with fluoropyrimidine- or platinum-containing...

gastroesophageal cancer

Rilotumumab Added to First-Line Chemotherapy May Benefit Patients With Advanced Gastric or Esophagogastric Junction Adenocarcinoma

Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and its receptor MET have been found to promote the proliferation, migration, and survival of tumor cells and to play a role in gastric cancer. In a phase II study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Timothy Iveson, MD, of the University Hospital Southampton NHS...

gastroesophageal cancer

IGF-2/IGF-1R Inhibition Shows Promise in Esophageal Cancer

In a study reported in Clinical Cancer Research, Li and colleagues found that overexpression of Id1 protein resulted in insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-2 production, which, in turn, resulted in esophageal cancer cell proliferation, survival, and invasion via autocrine activation of AKT....

gastroesophageal cancer

EGFR as a Therapeutic Target for Gastroesophageal Cancer—or Is It Really?

The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene is often amplified and its protein overexpressed in upper gastrointestinal cancers—and overexpression has prognostic value. With the advent of monoclonal antibodies and tyrosine kinase inhibitors against EGFR, we have witnessed a rash of randomized...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Palliative Care

No Overall Survival Improvement but Some Palliative Benefit With Gefitinib in Esophageal Cancer Progressing Postchemotherapy

In what may be the first randomized trial of systemic therapy in this setting, Susan J. Dutton, MSc, of University of Oxford, United Kingdom, and colleagues evaluated the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor gefitinib vs placebo in patients with esophageal cancer...

Breast Cancer
Gastroesophageal Cancer

TRIM44 Amplification in Esophagogastric, Breast Tumors May Be Marker for mTOR Inhibitor Therapy

TRIM44 family overexpression is associated with carcinogenesis, and TRIM44 has been identified as a prognostic gene. In a study reported in Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Ong and colleagues attempted to identify therapeutic strategies for patients with TRIM44 overexpression. Genomic and...

colorectal cancer
lung cancer
gastroesophageal cancer

Researchers at Roswell Park Receive Grants to Study New Anticancer Agent in Lung, Colorectal, and Gastrointestinal Cancers

Researchers at Roswell Park Cancer Institute have been awarded three of four grants by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Oncology Research Program to evaluate and define the clinical effectiveness of the investigational compound nintedanib. Nintedanib is an investigational...

gastroesophageal cancer
palliative care

Radiation Alone Is as Effective as and Less Toxic Than Chemoradiation for Advanced Esophageal Cancer

Radiation therapy alone was found to be as effective as chemoradiation in reducing dysphagia associated with advanced esophageal cancer in the palliative setting and was less toxic, according to results of a multinational phase III trial called the Trans-Tasman Radiation Oncology Group (TROG) 03.01 ...

gastroesophageal cancer

Ramucirumab in Combination With Paclitaxel in Advanced Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs.   On November 5, 2014, ramucirumab (Cyramza) was approved for use ...

gastroesophageal cancer

FDA Approves Ramucirumab in Combination With Paclitaxel for Advanced Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved ramucirumab (Cyramza) for use in combination with paclitaxel for the treatment of patients with advanced gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma. Ramucirumab was approved in April 2014 as a single agent for the treatment of...

gastroesophageal cancer

Customizing Surveillance Strategy in Patients With Esophageal Adenocarcinoma

A surveillance strategy for patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma treated with chemoradiation and surgery (trimodality therapy) can potentially be customized based on surgical pathology stage, according to an analysis of 518 patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma who underwent trimodality...

gastroesophageal cancer

High Genetic Propensity to Obesity Raises Risk of Esophageal Adenocarcinoma

“People with a high genetic propensity to obesity have higher risks of esophageal metaplasia and neoplasia than people with a low genetic propensity,” according to analyses of data from the Barrett’s and Esophageal Adenocarcinoma Genetic Susceptibility Study. “These analyses provide the strongest...

gastroesophageal cancer
survivorship

Primary Surgical Therapy Results in Higher 5-Year Survival for Patients With Advanced-Stage Disease

Bucking national trends toward preserving the larynx in patients with advanced laryngeal cancer, treatment of patients for stage IV disease at Louisiana State University (LSU) Health-Shreveport were more likely to involve primary surgical therapy, including total laryngectomy, and more likely to...

gastroesophageal cancer

Radiotherapy Alone as Effective as Chemoradiation Therapy in Palliation of Dysphagia in Patients With Advanced Esophageal Cancer

Palliation of dysphagia associated with advanced esophageal cancer can be effectively accomplished with radiotherapy alone, without the addition of chemotherapy, according to a multinational phase III study presented at the 2015 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium.1 “There was no significant...

gastroesophageal cancer

Inhibiting the MET Pathway in Gastroesophageal Cancer: Hits and Misses

The MET pathway appears to be important in gastroesophageal cancers, but response to a targeted agent may depend on the class of drugs. A robust response to the novel small-molecule MET inhibitor AMG 337 was observed, but a monoclonal antibody targeting MET fell flat, in studies reported at the...

gastroesophageal cancer

Clinical Trials Actively Recruiting Patients With Esophageal Cancer

The information contained in this Clinical Trials Resource Guide includes actively recruiting observational, interventional, phase I, phase II, and phase III clinical studies for patients with newly diagnosed or recurrent esophageal cancer. All of the studies are listed on the National Institutes ...

gastroesophageal cancer

Too Young to Have Cancer

The first inkling I had that something could be seriously wrong occurred just over a year ago, when I was suddenly inflicted with such severe heartburn it kept me awake at night. Prescriptions from my doctor for ranitidine (Zantac) and meloxicam (Mobic) not only failed to tamp down the fiery pain,...

Gastroesophageal Cancer

More Extensive Lymph Node Clearance During Surgery for Esophageal Cancer May Not Improve Survival

A population-based cohort study “indicates that more extensive lymph node clearance during surgery for esophageal cancer may not improve survival,” Maartje van der Schaaf, MD, PhD, of the Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, and colleagues reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute....

Thyroid Cancer
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Lymphoma

Cancer Will Always Be Part of My Life

My first experience with cancer was when I was just 9 years old, and a lump the size of an egg popped out on the right side of my neck. A biopsy of the tumor found that it was Hodgkin lymphoma, and I was given huge doses of external-beam radiotherapy applied to my neck, chest, and underarm lymph...

Gastroesophageal Cancer

Evidence Mounts for Less-Intense Chemoradiation Therapy for Low-Risk Oropharyngeal Cancer

A new study shows that deintensification of chemoradiation therapy translates to excellent pathologic complete response rates in low-risk human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal cancer.1 Patient-reported outcomes showed that side effects declined after 8 weeks. The hope is that these...

gastroesophageal cancer

ASTRO 2015: Involved-Field Irradiation for Locally Advanced Esophageal Cancer Reduces Toxicity Without Increasing Locoregional Lymph Node Recurrence

For patients with locally advanced esophageal cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes, radiation therapy that targets only the involved lymph node regions results in less toxicity without causing a statistically significant difference in locoregional lymph node recurrence, distant failure, and...

lung cancer
gastroesophageal cancer

KW-0761 May Reduce Immune System–Suppressing Treg Cells in Patients With Solid Tumors

A small phase Ia clinical trial investigating whether depleting immune cells called Tregs, which can inhibit anticancer immune responses, with KW-0761, a humanized anti-CCR4 monoclonal antibody, in patients with lung or esophageal cancer has found that the therapy dramatically reduced the number of ...

gastroesophageal cancer

Similar Survival With Salvage Surgery After Definitive Chemoradiotherapy vs Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Followed by Esophagectomy in Esophageal Cancer

In a retrospective European study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Markar et al found that salvage esophagectomy after definitive chemoradiotherapy was associated with similar survival outcomes vs neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by planned esophagectomy in treatment of...

solid tumors
gastroesophageal cancer

Long-Term Results of Dutch CROSS Trial Indicate Continued Survival Benefit With Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy in Esophageal Cancer

Initial results of the Dutch phase III CROSS trial showed a significant 5-year overall survival benefit with the addition of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy to surgery after a median 45-month follow-up in patients with squamous cell carcinoma or adenocarcinoma of the esophagus or esophagogastric...

issues in oncology
issues in oncology
gastroesophageal cancer
issues in oncology

‘Pill on a String’ Could Help Spot Early Signs of Esophageal Cancer

A “pill on a string” developed by researchers at the University of Cambridge could help doctors detect esophageal cancer at an early stage, helping them overcome the problem of wide variation between biopsies, suggests research published by Ross-Innes et al in Nature Genetics. The...

issues in oncology
gastroesophageal cancer
issues in oncology

New Molecular Diagnostic Test Predicts Progression of Barrett's Esophagus to Esophageal Cancer

Interpace Diagnostics, a subsidiary of PDI, Inc, announced new data demonstrating the clinical value of BarreGen, a molecular diagnostic test that predicts the risk of progression from Barrett’s esophagus to esophageal cancer approximately 3 to 4 years before the cancer develops. These...

colorectal cancer
solid tumors
issues in oncology
gastroesophageal cancer

AACR 2015: Long-Term, Regular Aspirin Use Modestly Decreased Cancer Risk

Long-term, regular aspirin use was associated with a modestly reduced overall risk for cancer, driven primarily by a reduction in the risk for colorectal cancers, according to research presented at the AACR Annual Meeting 2015, held April 18 to 22 in Philadelphia (Abstract 876). “Previous...

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