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colorectal cancer

Increased Rate of Nonoperative Management of Rectal Adenocarcinoma

A National Cancer Database analysis reported by Ellis et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology indicates a doubling in the use of chemoradiation only in patients with nonmetastatic rectal cancer over recent years. However, current evidence is insufficient to support such nonoperative management....

colorectal cancer

Next-Generation Sequencing Assay May Permit Accurate Detection of Mismatch Repair Deficiency in Colorectal Cancer

Use of a custom next-generation sequencing assay may accurately predict mismatch repair deficiency on the basis of mutational load in colorectal cancer, according to a report by Stadler et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. Study Details The study involved data from 224 patients with...

colorectal cancer

New Study Links Coffee Consumption to Decreased Risk of Colorectal Cancer

Researchers at the University of Southern California (USC) Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center of Keck Medicine of USC and Clalit National Israel Cancer Control Center have found that coffee consumption may be inversely associated with the risk of colorectal cancer. The findings by Schmit et...

colorectal cancer

Christopher Willett, MD, on Localized Rectal Cancer: Emerging Treatment Paradigms

Christopher Willett, MD, of Duke Cancer Center, discusses short and long courses of treatment, neoadjuvant chemotherapy with or without radiation, and organ preservation without surgery.

colorectal cancer

Endoscopic Mucosal Resection Is an Alternative to Surgery in Most Patients With Complex Colon Polyps

Using the latest advances in endoscopic resection techniques, more than 75% of patients with complex colon polyps could avoid surgery for their polyp removal, according to new research from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. The findings, published by Raju et al in Gastrointestinal ...

colorectal cancer

Japanese Trial Shows Reduced Risk of Subsequent Colorectal Adenomas and Polyps With Low-Dose Metformin

Treatment with low-dose metformin reduced the risk of metachronous colorectal adenomas and polyps over 12 months in nondiabetic patients who had undergone endoscopic polypectomy, according to a report by Higurashi et al in The Lancet Oncology. Study Details In the double-blind phase III trial,...

Colorectal Cancer

Patients Diagnosed With Stage I to III Rectal Cancer at Younger Age Have Increased Risk for Positive Lymph Nodes

Patients diagnosed with stage I to III rectal cancer at a younger age are at increased risk of having positive lymph nodes, according to an analysis of data published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. “This finding merits further investigation and may ultimately impact treatment...

Colorectal Cancer

Fecal Immunochemical Test Highly Sensitive and Effective When Used for Colorectal Cancer Annual Screening Programs

Annual screening with the fecal immunochemical test is highly sensitive for detecting colorectal cancer and “is feasible and effective for population-level colorectal cancer screening,” according to a large-scale retrospective cohort study assessing this test over four rounds of annual screening....

Colorectal Cancer

Expert Point of View: Wells Messersmith, MD

Wells Messersmith, MD, Professor and Head of Medical Oncology and Director of the Gastrointestinal Cancer Program, University of Colorado, Denver, discussed the two studies. Closer Look at STEAM Dr. Messersmith said the FOLFOXIRI (fluorouracil [5-FU], leucovorin, oxaliplatin, irinotecan) vs FOLFOX...

Colorectal Cancer

Studies Evaluate Bevacizumab-Containing Regimens in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Two trials reported at the 2016 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium evaluated bevacizumab (Avastin)-containing regimens in the first-line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer and supported some, but not all, previous findings. The STEAM trial found some numerical differences but no...

colorectal cancer

Increased Travel Burden Decreases Likelihood of Receiving Radiation Therapy for Rectal Cancer Treatment

Increased travel distance to a cancer treatment facility negatively impacts the likelihood that patients with stage II/III rectal cancer will receive radiation therapy to treat their disease, according to a study analyzing 26,845 patient records from the National Cancer Data Base (NCDB) published...

colorectal cancer
solid tumors

Poorer Outcome With BRAF and KRAS Mutations in Microsatellite-Stable but Not Microsatellite-Unstable Colon Cancer

In an analysis of the PETACC-8 trial reported by Taieb et al in JAMA Oncology, BRAF V600 and KRAS mutations were associated with shorter disease-free and overall survival in patients with microsatellite-stable colon cancer—but not in those with tumors with microsatellite instability—in...

colorectal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer

Long-Term Follow-up of Prospective U.S. Cohorts Shows Reduced Risk of GI Tract Cancers With Regular Aspirin Use

In a long-term follow up of two large U.S. prospective cohorts reported in JAMA Oncology, Cao et al found that regular use of aspirin was associated with a reduced risk of gastrointestinal (GI) tract cancers. In 2015, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommended the use of aspirin in...

colorectal cancer

Laboratory Study Explores How High-Fat Diet Influences the Development of Intestinal Tumors

A study published by Beyaz et al in Nature reveals how a high-fat diet makes the cells of the intestinal lining more likely to become cancerous. It joins a growing body of research that finds obesity and eating a high-fat, high-calorie diet are significant risk factors for many types of cancer....

colorectal cancer

High Expression of Epiregulin or Amphiregulin Predicts Benefit of Panitumumab in RAS Wild-Type Advanced Colorectal Cancer

In the UK phase III PICCOLO trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Seligmann et al found that high expression of either of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) ligands epiregulin or amphiregulin was associated with a progression-free survival benefit with panitumumab (Vectibix)/irinotecan vs...

colorectal cancer

ASCO’s Patient Resources for Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month

Stock your practice with Cancer.Net resources. Cancer.Net has a comprehensive guide to colorectal cancer at www.cancer.net/colorectal and a shorter, one-page colorectal cancer fact sheet. You will also find specialized resources for caregiving, survivorship, palliative care, and managing the cost...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

Half of Elderly Patients With Colorectal Cancer Receive Expensive Therapy With Little Survival Benefit

A study published by Bradley et al in Medical Care showed that over a recent 10-year period, the rate of metastatic colorectal cancer patients older than age 75 receiving three or more treatments increased from 2% to 53%. During this period, 1-year treatment costs increased 32% to reach an...

colorectal cancer

Selective Internal Radiotherapy Does Not Improve Any-Site but Prolongs Liver-Specific Progression-Free Survival in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

In the phase III SIRFLOX trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, van Hazel et al found that adding selective internal radiation therapy with yttrium-90 resin microspheres to FOLFOX (fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin) with or without bevacizumab (Avastin) did not improve any-site...

colorectal cancer

Adding Immunotherapy to Radiofrequency Ablation in Colorectal Cancer With Liver Metastasis Shows Promise in Preclinical Models

In a retrospective case-controlled study conducted in patients with colorectal cancer who had received primary tumor resection with or without preoperative radiofrequency ablation for liver metastases, the electrical procedure was found to induce antitumor immune responses in the...

colorectal cancer

Factors Associated With Early Mortality in Patients Receiving Adjuvant Therapy for Colon Cancer

In an analysis of the ACCENT (Adjuvant Colon Cancer Endpoints) database reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Cheung et al found that factors associated with early mortality in patients in trials of adjuvant systemic therapy included age, performance status, tumor grade, stage, and ratio of ...

colorectal cancer

Patients Diagnosed With Stage I to III Rectal Cancer at Younger Age Have Increased Risk for Positive Lymph Nodes

Patients diagnosed with stage I to III rectal cancer at a younger age are at increased risk of having positive lymph nodes, according to an analysis of data published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. “This finding merits further investigation and may ultimately impact treatment...

Colorectal Cancer

Shorter Radiation Course May Benefit Patients With Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer

As neoadjuvant treatment for locally advanced rectal cancer, a shorter course of radiation therapy followed by chemotherapy may be as good as, or better than, standard chemoradiotherapy, according to a study from the Polish Colorectal Study Group presented at the 2016 Gastrointestinal Cancers...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

Fecal Immunochemical Test Sensitive and Effective for Annual Colorectal Cancer Screening

Annual screening with the fecal immunochemical test is highly sensitive for detecting colorectal cancer and “is feasible and effective for population-level colorectal cancer screening,” according to a large-scale retrospective cohort study assessing the fecal immunochemical...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology
issues in oncology

Updated Guidelines Recommend That Patients With Colorectal Cancer Undergo Colonoscopy After Cancer Resection

According to new recommendations from the U.S. Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer published by Kahi et al in Gastroenterology, postoperative colonoscopy is associated with improved overall survival for colorectal cancer patients. Therefore, it is critically important that colorectal...

colorectal cancer

Transcription Factor CDX2 May Be Prognostic Biomarker in Stage II and III Colon Cancer

In a study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Dalerba et al found that absence of the transcription factor CDX2, although prognostic for poor outcome in stage II and III colon cancer vs cancers with CDX2 expression, identified a subgroup of high-risk patients who appeared to benefit...

colorectal cancer

Dutch Trial Indicates 6-Year Surveillance Interval Is Sufficient for Many Individuals With Familial Colorectal Cancer

In a Dutch trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Simone D. ­Hennink, MD, of Leiden University Medical Center in Leiden, the Netherlands, and colleagues found that a 6-year colonoscopic surveillance interval is sufficient for many individuals with familial colorectal cancer.1 However,...

colorectal cancer

Axel Grothey, MD, on Optimizing Systemic Therapy Selection in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Axel Grothey, MD, of the Mayo Clinic Cancer Center, discusses how the NCCN Guidelines can help oncologists make strategic choices of the various agents available to treat metastatic colorectal cancer, individualizing patient care.

colorectal cancer

Eric Van Cutsem, MD, PhD, and Axel Grothey, MD, on HERACLES and Other Colorectal Cancer Findings

Eric Van Cutsem, MD, PhD, of University Hospitals Gasthuisberg/Leuven, and Axel Grothey, MD, of the Mayo Clinic, discuss the Italian-led study on trastuzumab and lapatinib in HER2-amplified metastatic colorectal as well as other colorectal cancer findings discussed at ASCO (Abstract 3508).

colorectal cancer

Dung T. Le, MD, and Axel Grothey, MD, on PD-1 Blockade in Tumors With Mismatch Repair Deficiency

Dung T. Le, MD, of Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins University, and Axel Grothey, MD, of the Mayo Clinic, discuss how mismatch repair status predicts clinical benefit of immune checkpoint blockade with pembrolizumab (Abstract LBA100).

colorectal cancer

Chloe Evelyn Atreya, MD, PhD, and Axel Grothey, MD, on Efficacy of Targeted Treatments in BRAF-Mutated Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Chloe Evelyn Atreya, MD, PhD, of the University of California, San Francisco, talks with Axel Grothey, MD, of the Mayo Clinic, about new data on trametinib, dabrafenib, and panitumumab in patients with the BRAF V600E mutation and vemurafenib plus irinotecan and cetuximab in BRAF-mutated metastatic colorectal cancer (Abstracts 103 and 3511).

cost of care
colorectal cancer

John L. Marshall, MD, on Issues of Value in Colorectal Cancer Treatment

John L. Marshall, MD, of Georgetown University, discusses how the cost of care affects behavior and decision-making on the part of patients and oncologists.

gastroesophageal cancer
colorectal cancer
survivorship

Martine Frouws, MSc, PhD, on Postdiagnosis Aspirin and Improved Survival in All GI Cancers

Martine Frouws, MD, PhD Candidate, of Leiden University Medical Centre discusses her study, which showed a significant increase in overall survival among patients with GI cancers who took aspirin compared to those who did not (Abstract 2306).

colorectal cancer

Michel Ducreux, MD, PhD, on Results of the Phase II COLO 001 Clinical Trial

Michel Ducreux, MD, PhD, of the Institut Gustave Roussy, discusses the efficacy and safety in this study of nab-paclitaxel in patients with previously treated metastatic colorectal cancer (Abstract 2131).

gastroesophageal cancer
colorectal cancer

Leonard Gunderson, MD, on the Presidential Symposium Lecture on Upper and Lower GI Cancers

Leonard Gunderson, MD, of the Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, discusses PET/CT imaging in upper and lower gastrointestinal cancers, which can be of value as a baseline study prior to treatment, in determining the degree of response to treatment, and in helping decide whether there is a relapse after a complete response to treatment.

colorectal cancer

Heinz-Josef Lenz, MD, on Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: Results of the MAVERICC Study (German Language Version)

Heinz-Josef Lenz, MD, of the USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses in German the findings of this phase II study of mFOLFOX6/bevacizumab vs FOLFIRI/bevacizumab with biomarker stratification in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (Abstract 493).

colorectal cancer

Heinz-Josef Lenz, MD, on Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: Results of the MAVERICC Study

Heinz-Josef Lenz, MD, of the USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses the findings of this phase II study of mFOLFOX6/bevacizumab vs FOLFIRI/bevacizumab with biomarker stratification in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (Abstract 493). To view the German language version of this newsreel, click here.

colorectal cancer

Krzysztof Bujko, MD, on Rectal Cancer: Results of a Phase III Trial

Krzysztof Bujko, MD, of the Maria Skłodowska Curie Memorial Cancer Centre, discusses the results of a multicenter Polish study on neoadjuvant chemoradiation for fixed cT3 or cT4 rectal cancer (Abstract 489).

colorectal cancer

Daniel G. Haller, MD, on Colon and Rectal Cancers: A Global Overview

Daniel G. Haller, MD, of the Abramson Cancer Center, discusses emerging global approaches to these diseases, emphasizing the studies that allow physicians to individualize treatments.

colorectal cancer

Eric Francois, MD, on Rectal Cancer: Findings From the ACCORD12 Trial (French Language Version)

Eric Francois, MD, of the Centre Antoine-Lacassagne, discusses in French the 5-year follow-up results from this phase III study of neoadjuvant treatment in rectal cancer (Abstract 490).

colorectal cancer

Eric Francois, MD, on Rectal Cancer: Findings From the ACCORD12 Trial

Eric Francois, MD, of the Centre Antoine-Lacassagne, discusses the 5-year follow-up results from this phase III study of neoadjuvant treatment in rectal cancer (Abstract 490). To view the French language version of this newsreel, click here.

solid tumors
colorectal cancer

Pilot Study Indicates Little Activity of Vemurafenib in Metastatic BRAF-Mutated Colorectal Cancer

In a phase II pilot study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Scott Kopetz, MD, PhD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, and colleagues found little clinical activity of vemurafenib (Zelboraf) in patients with metastatic BRAF-mutated colorectal cancer.1 The BRAF V600E...

Colorectal Cancer

I Am Not Afraid of Cancer

At age 73, I’m no shrinking violet and I don’t run to the doctor at the first sign of a problem. I practice naturopathy and can usually ward off potential health issues by maintaining a healthy diet and lifestyle. When I began experiencing some mild discomfort in my rectum 2½ years ago, I was...

colorectal cancer

Study Finds Colorectal Cancer More Likely to Affect Minorities at Younger Age

Researchers at the University of Missouri School of Medicine reported that minority and ethnic groups are being diagnosed with colorectal cancer at younger ages and more advanced stages than non-Hispanic whites. The study was recently published in Cancer Medicine.1 “While we know the risk of...

gynecologic cancer
colorectal cancer
head and neck cancer
issues in oncology
issues in oncology

100% of NCI-Designated Cancer Centers Endorse the Promotion of the HPV Vaccination for Cancer Prevention

All National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated cancer centers have united to support human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination. A team of HPV experts drafted a consensus statement that advises widespread use of HPV vaccines to prevent cancer. HPV causes cancer of the cervix, anus, and throat. The HPV ...

palliative care
colorectal cancer

One in Seven Colorectal Cancer Patients Diagnosed Before Recommended Screening Age

Nearly 15% of patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer were younger than 50, the age at which screening recommendations begin. The study by researchers at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center also found that younger patients were more likely to have advanced disease. The authors ...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

Study Finds Fecal Immunochemical Test Effective for Annual Colon Cancer Screening

Although the fecal immunochemical test is a common method for colorectal cancer screening, its acceptability and performance over several rounds of annual testing are largely unknown. Now, a large retrospective cohort study by Jensen et al assessing the fecal immunochemical...

colorectal cancer
hepatobiliary cancer
lung cancer
lymphoma

Increased Cancer Mortality Rate Among Recipients of Solid-Organ Transplants

Solid-organ transplant recipients have a higher rate of cancer mortality than what is expected in the general population, according to a Canadian study by Acuna et al published in JAMA Oncology. Cancer mortality among transplant recipients was significantly elevated compared with data for the...

colorectal cancer

Link Between Obesity and Increased Risk of Colorectal Cancer Revealed in Preclinical Models

Obesity has long been associated with increased risk of colorectal cancer, but the link has never been understood. Now, a research team led by investigators at Thomas Jefferson University has revealed the biologic connection, and in the process, has identified an approved drug that might prevent...

colorectal cancer

Patients Diagnosed With Stage I to III Rectal Cancer at Younger Age May Have Increased Risk for Positive Lymph Nodes

Patients diagnosed with stage I to III rectal cancer at a younger age are at increased risk of having positive lymph nodes, according to an analysis of data published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. “This finding merits further investigation and may ultimately impact...

Colorectal Cancer

Capecitabine Noninferior to 5-FU with Improved Toxicity Profile in Rectal Cancer, Two Studies Demonstrate

Two separate trials presented during an oral session at the 2011 ASCO Annual Meeting suggest that capecitabine (Xeloda) can replace fluorouracil (5-FU) as part of chemoradiotherapy for rectal cancer. Patients randomly assigned to either treatment had comparable outcomes but with less toxicity from...

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