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Colorectal Cancer

New USPSTF Recommendations for Colorectal Cancer Screening

As reported in JAMA, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force ­(USPSTF) has issued new recommendations for colorectal cancer screening.1 In brief, the USPSTF recommends colorectal cancer screening starting at age 50 years and continuing until age 75 years (grade A recommendation = “The USPSTF...

colorectal cancer

Joint Presence of Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity Seems to Be Associated With Poorer Survival in Early-Stage Colorectal Cancer

In a study in Kaiser Permanante patients reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Cespedes Feliciano et al found that the joint presence of obesity and metabolic syndrome in those with early-stage colorectal cancer was associated with poorer overall and colorectal cancer–specific...

colorectal cancer

NCI Colorectal Cancer Risk Assessment Tool Estimates Current Risk of Advanced Neoplasia

In a study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Imperiale et al found that the National Cancer Institute (NCI) colorectal cancer risk assessment tool was able to estimate the current risk for advanced colorectal neoplasia. Study Details The study involved 4,457 persons aged...

colorectal cancer

Better Overall Survival Reported With FOLFIRI Plus Cetuximab vs Plus Bevacizumab in RAS Wild-Type Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

In a post hoc analysis of the German phase III FIRE-3 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Stintzing et al found that first-line FOLFIRI (fluorouracil, leucovorin, irinotecan) plus cetuximab (Erbitux) was associated with improved overall survival vs FOLFIRI plus bevacizumab (Avastin) in an...

colorectal cancer

Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes and Crohn’s-Like Lymphoid Reaction May Be Prognostic Indicators for Colorectal Cancer

Intratumoral tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte level and prominent peritumoral Crohn’s-like lymphoid reaction appear to be independent prognostic factors for survival in colorectal cancer, according to a study reported by Rozek et al in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. The findings...

colorectal cancer

Retinoic Acid May Suppress Colorectal Cancer Development

Retinoic acid may play a critical role in suppressing colorectal cancer in mice and humans, according to researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine. Mice with the cancer have lower-than-normal levels of the metabolite in their gut, the researchers found. Furthermore, colorectal...

Colorectal Cancer

ESMO Releases New Consensus Guidelines on the Management of Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

The European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) has released new consensus guidelines for the management of metastatic colorectal cancer that reflect an increasingly personalized approach to treatment. These guidelines were published by Van Cutsem et al in Annals of Oncology.1 “Management of...

Colorectal Cancer

Multiple Strategies for Colorectal Cancer Screening Offer an Opportunity for Shared Decision-Making

Screening for colorectal cancer should start at age 50 and continue until age 75, according to the updated recommendation from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF).1 “Exactly what screening gets done is something that doctors and patients should decide together,” USPSTF Chair Kirsten...

Colorectal Cancer

Multiple Means to Realize the Benefits of Colorectal Cancer Screening

In an updated recommendation statement, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) continues to strongly recommend screening for colorectal cancer for asymptomatic adults aged 50 through 75; but rather than emphasize specific screening strategies, it notes there are multiple screening...

Colorectal Cancer

Anti–Interleukin-1 Alpha Antibody MABp1 Improves Outcomes Significantly Over Placebo in Advanced Colorectal Cancer

A novel anti–interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1α) antibody has shown a significant impact on symptoms and a high level of safety and tolerability in patients with advanced colorectal cancer, according to phase III data presented by Hickish et al at the European Society for Medical Oncology’s 18th World...

Colorectal Cancer

Anti–PD-L1 Immunotherapy Shows Response in Microsatellite-Stable Metastatic Colorectal Cancer in Combination With MEK Inhibition

Anti–PD-L1 (programmed death ligand 1) immunotherapy may achieve a response in patients with microsatellite-stable metastatic colorectal cancer if combined with a MEK inhibitor, according to phase I data presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 18th World Congress on...

colorectal cancer

No Improvement in Outcome Reported With Longer Wait Between Radiochemotherapy and Surgery in Rectal Cancer

Pathologic complete response rate was not improved by increasing the interval between neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and surgery from 7 to 11 weeks in patients with rectal cancer, according to the French phase III GRECCAR-6 trial reported by Lefevre et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. In...

colorectal cancer

Gene-Expression Signature Assay Identifies High-Risk Stage II Colon Cancer

In an analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Niedzwiecki et al found that the ColDx gene-expression signature assay identified high-risk stage II colon cancer among patients in the phase III Alliance C9581 trial. This assay has been shown to be independently prognostic for...

colorectal cancer

New ASTRO Clinical Practice Statement Updates Treatment Standard for Rectal Cancer

The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) recently issued a new clinical practice statement, “Appropriate Customization of Radiation Therapy for Stage II and III Rectal Cancer: An ASTRO Clinical Practice Statement Using the RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method.” An executive...

colorectal cancer

POLE Mutations in Colorectal Cancer May Identify Patients With a Better Prognosis

A collaboration between multiple European institutions has uncovered a correlation between a rare mutation in colorectal cancers and a better prognosis, raising the possibility that patients with such tumors may not require chemotherapy after surgery. Findings were published by Domingo et al in The ...

colorectal cancer

ESMO Releases New Consensus Guidelines on the Management of Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

The European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) has released new consensus guidelines for the management of metastatic colorectal cancer that reflect an increasingly personalized approach to treatment. These guidelines were published by Van Cutsem et al in Annals of Oncology. “Management of ...

colorectal cancer

World GI 2016: Anti–Interleukin-1 Alpha Antibody MABp1 Improves Outcomes Significantly Over Placebo in Advanced Colorectal Cancer

A novel anti–interleukin-1 alpha antibody has shown a significant impact on symptoms and a high level of safety and tolerability in patients with advanced colorectal cancer, according to phase III data presented by Hickish et al at ESMO’s 18th World Congress on Gastrointestinal Cancer...

colorectal cancer

World GI 2016: Anti–PD-L1 Immunotherapy Combined With MEK Inhibition Shows Response in Microsatellite-Stable Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Anti–PD-L1 (programmed cell death ligand 1) immunotherapy may achieve a response in patients with microsatellite-stable metastatic colorectal cancer if combined with a MEK inhibitor, according to phase I data presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 18th World Congress on ...

Colorectal Cancer

Norwegian Study Shows Benefit of Aspirin as Secondary Prevention in Patients With Colorectal Cancer

A Norwegian population-based study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Simer J. Bains, MD, PhD, of the Centre for Molecular Medicine Norway, University of Oslo, and colleagues showed that use of aspirin after diagnosis of colorectal cancer was associated with improved colorectal...

Colorectal Cancer

Thriving With Cancer

Seven years ago, at age 44, I was the picture of health. I played tennis every day, went bike riding and lifted weights several times a week, and made sure I ate a healthy diet. The closest I had ever come to cancer was caring for my mother during her 2-year illness with esophageal cancer. As it...

Colorectal Cancer

Prevention Needed to Stem Global Rise in Human Papillomavirus–Related Anal Cancer

The incidence rate of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related anal cancer and its precursor lesion, anal intraepithelial neoplasia, is rising in the United States and globally. Although 5-year survival rates in localized disease are generally favorable, survival in metastatic disease remains poor,...

Colorectal Cancer
Issues in Oncology

What’s Driving the Rising Rates of Colorectal Cancer in Young Adults?

The study statistics are alarming—and perplexing. According to an analysis of data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) colorectal cancer registry, colon cancer incidence among young adults aged 20 to 34 is expected to increase 90% by 2030, and the incidence of rectosigmoid...

colorectal cancer

Primary Care Visits Result in More Colorectal Cancer Screening, Better Follow-up

People who visit their primary care physicians are more likely to get potentially life-saving colon cancer screenings and follow-up on abnormal stool blood test results—even in health systems that heavily promote mail-in home stool blood tests that don’t require a doctor visit, a study...

Colorectal Cancer

Adding Adjuvant Oxaliplatin to Fluoropyrimidine May Be of Benefit in Deficient Mismatch Repair Colon Cancer

In a French retrospective study reported by David Tougeron, MD, PhD, of Poitiers University Hospital, Poitiers, France, and colleagues in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, the addition of adjuvant oxaliplatin to fluoropyrimidine treatment improved disease-free survival in patients with...

Gastrointestinal Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Colorectal Cancer

Treatment Update in Gastric, Pancreatic, and Colorectal Cancers

Although new gastrointestinal cancers are on the rise, advancements in their treatment, as well as the upcoming results of perioperative trials, could prove to be “clinical practice game-changers,” declared Thomas J. George, Jr, MD, FACP, at the 2016 Community Oncology Conference in Orlando,...

Colorectal Cancer

Young-Onset Colorectal Cancer Diagnoses Rising

Colorectal cancer is being increasingly diagnosed in persons younger than age 50, the age at which colorectal cancer screening is usually initiated. According to Elie Sutton, MD, of Mount Sinai West Hospital in New York, a review of cases in the National Cancer Data Base revealed that between...

Bladder Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Lung Cancer

Matching Treatment to Tumor Abnormalities Seems to Pay Off

A strategy of matching molecular abnormalities in patients’ tumors to therapies targeted to those abnormalities is gaining ground, according to preliminary results of the phase IIb MyPathway study presented at the 2016 ASCO Annual Meeting.1 These are still early days for this “matching” strategy,...

colorectal cancer

Influence of Age and Comorbidities on Rates of Colorectal Cancer Screening in the Elderly

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common and costly disease, largely of the elderly, with nearly 25% of cases diagnosed among patients aged 75–84 years. However, but the guidelines for CRC screening of Americans aged 75 or older vary according to the source. In a study published by Klabunde et al...

colorectal cancer

USPSTF Issues New Recommendations for Colorectal Cancer Screening

As reported in JAMA, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has issued new recommendations for colorectal cancer screening. In brief, the USPSTF recommends colorectal cancer screening starting at age 50 years and continuing until age 75 years (grade A recommendation = “The USPSTF...

colorectal cancer

SNMMI 2016: Pretargeted Radioimmunotherapy Eliminates Colorectal Cancer in Preclinical Studies

Presenters at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI) unveiled a novel radioimmunotherapy that combines a cancer-seeking antibody with potent radionuclide agents, resulting in complete remission of colorectal cancer in mouse models (Scientific Paper...

colorectal cancer
solid tumors

Norwegian Study Shows Benefit of Aspirin as Secondary Prevention in Patients With Colorectal Cancer

A Norwegian population-based study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Bains et al showed that use of aspirin after diagnosis of colorectal cancer was associated with improved colorectal cancer–specific survival. Study Details In the population-based retrospective cohort study,...

colorectal cancer

ASCO 2016: Nivolumab Shows Promise in Refractory, Metastatic Anal Cancer

In the first-ever clinical trial for metastatic patients previously treated for the disease, research led by The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center found that the immune checkpoint inhibitor nivolumab (Opdivo) shows promise for the majority of patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the ...

colorectal cancer

Heinz-Josef Lenz, MD, and Marc Ychou, MD, on Treating mCRC With Initially Nonresectable Liver Metastases

Heinz-Josef Lenz, MD, of the University of Southern California, and Marc Ychou, MD, of the Centre Régional de Lutte Contre Le Cancer, discuss study findings on FOLFIRINOX combined with targeted therapy according to RAS status for colorectal cancer patients with initially nonresectable liver metastases (Abstract 3512).

colorectal cancer

Michael J. Overman, MD, and John Marshall, MD, on Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: Interim Results of the CheckMate 142 Trial

Michael J. Overman, MD, of the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, and John Marshall, MD, of Georgetown University Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, discuss interim findings on nivolumab with or without ipilimumab in the treatment of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer with and without high microsatellite instability (Abstract 3501).

colorectal cancer

Alan P. Venook, MD, and John Marshall, MD, on Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: Analysis of CALGB-SWOG 80405

Alan Venook, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco, and John Marshall, MD, of the Lombardi Cancer Center at Georgetown University, discuss the impact of primary tumor location on overall survival and progression-free survival in patients with advanced disease (Abstract 3504).

colorectal cancer

Study Finds Adding Adjuvant Oxaliplatin to Fluoropyrimidine of Benefit in Deficient Mismatch Repair Colon Cancer

In a French retrospective study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Tougeron et al found that the addition of adjuvant oxaliplatin to fluoropyrimidine treatment improved disease-free survival in patients with stage III deficient mismatch repair colon cancer. Study Details...

colorectal cancer

DDW 2016: Rates of Colorectal Cancer Continue to Increase in Those Under 50

A new study shows the rate of colorectal cancer continues to increase in individuals under 50 years old, despite the fact that the overall rate of the disease has been declining in recent years. Following examination of more than 1 million colorectal cancer patient records over 10 years,...

colorectal cancer

DDW 2016: Low-Residue Diet Prior to Colonoscopy Shows Improved Tolerance and Bowel Preparation vs Clear Liquid Diet

A new study finds that patients who ate certain solid foods, considered “low residue,” were better prepared for their colonoscopies than individuals who followed the conventional liquid diet. Additionally, researchers saw that these patients who ate foods such as eggs, white bread,...

colorectal cancer

DDW 2016: Endoscopist’s Knowledge of Positive Cologuard Test Improves Colonoscopy Performance

An endoscopist's knowledge of a positive Cologuard test improves colonoscopy performance, according to a poster presentation by Johnson et al at Digestive Disease Week (DDW) 2016 (Abstract Su1044). Cologuard is an at-home, stool-DNA colorectal cancer screening test that has been approved by the...

colorectal cancer

Body Mass Index and Mortality in Patients With Colorectal Cancer

Overweight colorectal cancer patients were 55% less likely to die from their cancer than normal-weight patients who have the disease, according to a new Kaiser Permanente study published by Kroenke et al in JAMA Oncology. Of cancers affecting both men and women, colorectal cancer is the...

Colorectal Cancer

Site of Tumor Impacts Survival and Choice of Treatment in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

In metastatic colorectal cancer, the anatomic location of the tumor within the colon appears to make a difference in overall survival as well as response to pivotal treatments, according to a retrospective analysis of the pivotal CALGB/SWOG 80405 (Alliance) trial.1 “While previous studies had...

colorectal cancer

Specific Version of the FCGR2A Gene Identifies Colorectal Cancer Patients Likely to Benefit Most From Cetuximab

Among patients with metastatic colorectal cancer harboring normal forms of the KRAS gene, only those who had two copies of a specific version of the FCGR2A gene (FCGR2A H/H) had a statistically significant increase in median overall survival when cetuximab (Erbitux) treatment was added to best...

colorectal cancer

ASCO 2016: Left- vs Right-Sided Primary Tumor Location Predicts Survival in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

For a longer-form examination of these data, click here. A retrospective analysis from a large, federally funded clinical trial finds that the location of the primary tumor within the colon predicts survival and may help inform optimal treatment selection for patients with metastatic colorectal...

colorectal cancer

Study of SEER Data Identifies Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Survival in Patients With Young-Onset Colorectal Cancer

In a study of Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) data reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Holowatyj et al found that survival was significantly poorer in black vs white patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer between the ages of 20 and 49 years. Study Details The...

colorectal cancer

Little Apparent Activity of Cetuximab in Refractory Metastatic Colorectal Cancer With KRAS G13D Mutation

Cetuximab (Erbitux) exhibited little apparent activity in refractory metastatic colorectal cancer harboring the KRAS G13D mutation, according to the findings of the phase II Australasian Gastro-Intestinal Trials Group ICECREAM study, which were reported by Segelov et al in the Journal of Clinical...

colorectal cancer

Trastuzumab/Lapatinib Active in Refractory, KRAS Codon 12/13 Wild-Type, HER2-Positive Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Dual HER2 inhibition with trastuzumab (Herceptin) and lapatinib (Tykerb) was active in patients with refractory, KRAS codon 12/13 wild-type, HER2-positive metastatic colorectal cancer, according to an Italian phase II trial reported by Sartore-Bianchi et al in The Lancet Oncology. Study Details...

colorectal cancer

New Study Suggests Cholesterol Levels, Not Statins, Influence Colorectal Cancer Risk

Long-term use of the cholesterol-lowering drugs statins does not appear to decrease a patient’s risk of colorectal cancer, suggests a new, large case-control study from Penn Medicine published by Mamtani et al in PLOS Medicine. The observational analysis of over 100,000 patients’...

colorectal cancer

AACR 2016: Cologuard Detected Colorectal Cancer in Previously Unscreened Patients

A noninvasive colorectal cancer-screening test detected the disease in patients who had previously avoided more invasive screening measures, according to research presented by Prince et al at the 2016 AACR Annual Meeting (Abstract LB-296). The study of nearly 400 patients revealed four patients...

Colorectal Cancer

CDX2 in Stage II Colon Cancer: Ready for Prime Time?

In a recent issue of The New England Journal of Medicine, Dalerba et al published an impressive article describing a novel bioinformatics approach to identifying new prognostic and predictive biomarkers in patients with stage II and III colon cancer (see summary in this issue of The ASCO Post).1...

Colorectal Cancer

Transcription Factor CDX2 May Be a Prognostic Biomarker in Stage II and III Colon Cancer

In a study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Piero Dalerba, MD, of Columbia University, and colleagues found that absence of the transcription factor CDX2 was prognostic for poor outcome in patients with stage II and III colon cancer vs cancers with CDX2 expression.1 However,...

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