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Breast Cancer

Pertuzumab, Trastuzumab, Plus Aromatase Inhibitor Beneficial in Metastatic Breast Cancer

In the phase II PERTAIN study of locally advanced or metastatic hormone receptor–positive, HER2-positive breast cancer patients, the addition of pertuzumab (Perjeta) to a regimen of trastuzumab (Herceptin) and an aromatase inhibitor in the first-line setting significantly improved progression-free ...

Breast Cancer

Expert Point of View: Howard A. “Skip” Burris, MD

Howard A. “Skip” Burris, MD, President of Clinical Operations and Chief Medical Officer at Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Nashville, commented on the poster presentation for The ASCO Post. He said the results “fit the whole paradigm” that is desired for triple-negative breast cancer, which is to ...

breast cancer

Risk Factors for Estrogen Receptor–Positive and –Negative Breast Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Kerlikowske et al identified risk factors for estrogen receptor–positive and –negative breast cancer using data from the Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium. The analysis included 1,279,443 women, aged 35 to 74...

Breast Cancer

Novel Antibody-Drug Conjugate Targets Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

The antibody-drug conjugate sacituzumab govitecan (IMMU-132) produced high objective response rates, many of them quite durable, in a multicenter study of heavily pretreated patients with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer, presented at the 2016 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium.1 Trop-2 is ...

breast cancer

Higher Intake of Grilled/Barbecued and Smoked Meat Linked to Reduced Survival After Breast Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Parada et al found that higher intake of grilled/barbecued and smoked meat may be associated with poorer overall survival in breast cancer survivors. Grilled/barbecued and smoked meat, a source of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon...

breast cancer

Tucatinib Shows Clinical Benefit in Phase I Trial in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

Phase I clinical trial data published by Moulder-Thompson et al in Clinical Cancer Research reported that the investigational anticancer agent tucatinib (formerly ONT-380) showed 'notable activity' in the treatment of HER2-positive breast cancer with . The 50 women treated had disease...

breast cancer

What Influences a Woman’s Decision to Stop Chemopreventive Therapy for Breast Cancer?

In an analysis from the Canadian Cancer Trials Group MAP.3 chemoprevention trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Meggetto et al found that worsening of overall menopause-specific quality of life was associated with early discontinuation of study treatment in high-risk postmenopausal...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

Has the Affordable Care Act Reduced Socioeconomic Disparities in Cancer Screening?

Out-of-pocket expenditures are thought to be a significant barrier to receiving cancer preventive services, especially for individuals of lower socioeconomic status. A new study published by Cooper et al in Cancer looked at how the Affordable Care Act (ACA), which eliminated such out-of-pocket...

breast cancer
symptom management

No Increased Risk of Skeletal Events in Patients With Bone Metastases Taking Zoledronic Acid

A new study published in JAMA reported that patients with bone metastases due to breast cancer, prostate cancer, or multiple myeloma who used zoledronic acid every 12 weeks compared with every 4 weeks did not have in an increased risk of skeletal events over 2 years. In this study, Andrew L....

breast cancer

Disappointing Efficacy of Chemotherapy Guided by Ki67 Level After Neoadjuvant AI Therapy for Breast Cancer

In an analysis in the American College of Surgeons Oncology Group (ACOSOG) Z1031 Trial/Alliance reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Ellis et al found that switching to chemotherapy in patients with elevated Ki67 levels after 2 to 4 weeks of neoadjuvant aromatase inhibitor therapy resulted ...

breast cancer
head and neck cancer
lung cancer

Receptor Tyrosine Kinase AXL May Mediate Nuclear Translocation of EGFR

New research from the University of Wisconsin (UW) Carbone Cancer Center has clarified the mechanisms involved in a common growth pathway implicated in many solid tumor types and could lead to better outcomes for patients with head and neck, lung, and triple-negative breast cancer,...

breast cancer

Contralateral Prophylactic Mastectomy Decisions in a Population-Based Sample of Patients With Early-Stage Breast Cancer

In a new study published by Jagsi et al in JAMA Surgery, nearly half of patients with early-stage breast cancer considered having double mastectomy, and one in six received it—including many who were at low risk of developing a second breast cancer. Many patients who chose double...

Breast Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Use of Genetic Testing to Identify Patients With Breast Cancer at High Risk for Venous Thromboembolism

Venous thromboembolism is a serious—and sometimes fatal—complication of cancer and chemotherapy treatment. Since breast cancer is one of the most common cancers, it accounts for a large number of cancer-related cases of venous thromboembolism. Routine thromboprophylaxis, however, is not recommended ...

Breast Cancer
Geriatric Oncology

Expect Questions About Screening Mammography for Women Aged 75 Years and Older

A study finding that there is no clear cutoff age to stop breast cancer screening has received national coverage in newspapers and CNN as well as in health and medical publications. “I am glad this is catching fire, because it really needs to be out there,” Cindy S. Lee, MD, the study’s lead...

Issues in Oncology
Breast Cancer
Geriatric Oncology

Study Suggests No Evidence for Screening Mammography Cutoff Age

An analysis of data from nearly 6 million screening mammograms found no evidence for a clear cutoff age to stop breast cancer screening. Screening mammography among women aged 75 years was associated with higher cancer detection and lower recall rates than among younger women in the study. These...

Breast Cancer

Expert Point of View: Carlos L. Arteaga, MD

Press conference moderator ­Carlos L. Arteaga, MD, of Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Nashville, Tennessee, said that buparlisib will probably not be clinically useful, partly because it crosses the blood-brain barrier , thus causing mood disorders, and is not an ideal phosphoinositide 3-kinase...

Breast Cancer

Buparlisib Phase III Findings: Glass Half Empty or Half Full?

The pan-phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor buparlisib combined with fulvestrant (Faslodex) prolonged progression-free survival compared with placebo and fulvestrant in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative advanced breast cancer previously treated with an...

Breast Cancer

Expert Point of View: Myles Brown, MD, Carlos L. Arteaga, MD, and Eric Winer, MD

Myles Brown, MD, Director of the Center for Functional Cancer Epigenetics at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, suggested the failure of the endocrine therapy to increase the pathologic complete response rates “may be related to the fact that the aromatase inhibitor was not the optimal...

Breast Cancer

Pathologic Complete Response Not Boosted by Addition of Estrogen Deprivation to Chemotherapy and Dual HER2 Blockade

The addition of estrogen deprivation to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and HER2 blockade did not enhance the achievement of pathologic complete responses in women with early-stage breast cancer, according to the results of the NRG Oncology/NSABP B-52 trial reported at the 2016 San Antonio Breast Cancer...

Breast Cancer

Expert Point of View: Carlos L. Arteaga, MD

Press conference moderator ­Carlos L. Arteaga, MD, said: “This drug is not necessarily the same as palbociclib [Ibrance] or ribociclib. There are subtle differences among these three [cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6] inhibitors. The tissue analysis provides us with an enormous opportunity to...

Breast Cancer

Abemaciclib Plus Anastrozole: Promising Signals Reported in Phase II Study of Early Breast Cancer

As neoadjuvant therapy, abemaciclib alone or in combination with anastrozole achieved strong signals of anticancer activity in postmenopausal patients with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative breast cancer in the neoMONARCH phase II study.1 Abemaciclib alone or in combination with anastrozole...

Breast Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Expert Point of View: Leif Ellisen, MD, PhD

Results of this trial have been anticipated for a long time. Women were enrolled between 2000 and 2008,” said Leif Ellisen, MD, PhD, Program Director of Breast Medical Oncology at Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center in Boston. Regarding the survival advantage in triple-negative...

Breast Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

BRCA Status Does Not Seem to Affect Survival Outcomes in Young Women With Early Breast Cancer

Young women who carry the BRCA1 and/or BRCA2 mutation and develop breast cancer seem to have similar survival compared with young women who have BRCA-negative breast cancer. However, women with BRCA-positive triple-negative breast cancer have an 11% survival advantage compared with those with...

Breast Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Genomic Landscape of Metastatic Breast Cancer Differs From That of Primary Breast Cancer

Researchers working on whole-exome and transciptome sequencing of endocrine-resistant estrogen receptor–positive metastatic breast cancer have shown that the mutational landscape differs from that of estrogen receptor–positive primary breast cancer, and these differences have the potential to...

Breast Cancer

Expert Point of View: Virginia Kaklamani, MD

How can the results of this trial be applied to clinical practice? Press conference moderator, Virginia Kaklamani, MD, of the University of Texas Health Science Center in San Antonio, said: “The landscape has changed. Now we treat postmenopausal hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative metastatic...

Breast Cancer

Fulvestrant Plus Everolimus: New Second-Line Option for Postmenopausal Metastatic Breast Cancer

The addition of everolimus (Afinitor) to fulvestrant (Faslodex) doubled progression-free survival in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer resistant to aromatase inhibitor therapy compared with fulvestrant plus placebo, according to the...

breast cancer

FDA Permits Marketing of New Tissue Expander for Women Undergoing Breast Reconstruction Following Mastectomy

On December 21, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) allowed marketing of a new tissue-expander system for soft-tissue expansion in two-stage breast reconstruction following mastectomy and in the treatment of underdeveloped breasts and soft-tissue deformities. A patient uses a dose...

Breast Cancer

Updated ASTRO Guideline Expands Pool of Suitable Candidates for Accelerated Partial-Breast Irradiation

On November 17, 2016, the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) issued an updated clinical practice statement for accelerated partial-breast irradiation for early-stage breast cancer. The updated guideline reflects recent evidence that greater numbers of patients may benefit from...

Breast Cancer

Confirmation or Transformation? The Case of Palbociclib in Hormone Receptor–Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer

Women with hormone receptor–positive metastatic breast cancer are witnessing an unprecedented time of success in the battle against their disease. Just in the past 12 months, a number of prospective, randomized, phase III studies were reported, with positive results indicating the value of...

Breast Cancer

Addition of Palbociclib to Letrozole in Previously Untreated Advanced Estrogen Receptor–Positive, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

In the phase III PALOMA-2 trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Richard S. Finn, MD, of the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles, and colleagues found that the addition of palbociclib (Ibrance) to letrozole significantly improved...

Breast Cancer

Expert Point of View: Michael Gnant, MD

Michael Gnant, MD, Professor of Surgery at the Medical University of Vienna in Austria and President of the Austrian Breast & Colorectal Cancer Study Group, was the invited discussant of the three studies of extended endocrine therapy. “The trials did not reach the necessary statistical levels ...

Breast Cancer

Benefit of Extended Adjuvant Endocrine Therapy Not Upheld in Multiple Studies Reported in San Antonio

Extended endocrine therapy with an aromatase inhibitor did not improve disease-free survival in patients with hormone receptor–positive breast cancer enrolled in three studies presented at the 2016 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium. The results stand in contrast to the phase III National Cancer...

breast cancer

Improved Survival With Higher Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocyte Values in Advanced HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

In a retrospective analysis of the phase III CLEOPATRA trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Luen et al found that higher baseline tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte levels were associated with improved overall survival among patients with advanced HER2-positive breast cancer receiving trastuzumab...

breast cancer

ASCO Makes No Changes to 2014 Recommendations for Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy in Early-Stage Breast Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Gary H. Lyman, MD, of Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, and colleagues, an ASCO clinical practice guideline update panel made no changes to the 2014 recommendations for sentinel lymph node biopsy in women with early-stage breast cancer. The...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

ESMO Asia 2016: Almost 20% of Swedish Breast Cancer Patients Fail to Complete Prescribed Endocrine Therapy

Around 20% of patients with breast cancer in Sweden do not complete endocrine therapy, according to research that will be reported at the ESMO Asia 2016 Congress (Abstract 62O_PR), to be held December 16–19 in Singapore.The study in over 5,500 women found that younger patients and those who...

breast cancer
symptom management

Effectiveness of Electroacupuncture for Sleep Disturbances in Patients With Breast Cancer and Hot Flashes

Studies suggest that approximately 30% to 40% of women with breast cancer report persistent hot flashes. Nocturnal hot flashes are among the most problematic because they can contribute to poor sleep. A new study published by Garland et al in Menopause shows that electroacupuncture may be effective ...

breast cancer

Aleix Prat, MD, PhD, on HER2-Positive Breast Cancer: First Results of the PAMELA Trial (Spanish Language Version)

Aleix Prat, MD, PhD, of the University of Barcelona, discusses in Spanish study findings on intrinsic subtype as a predictor of pathologic complete response following neoadjuvant dual HER2 blockade without chemotherapy in HER2-positive breast cancer (Abstract S3-03).

breast cancer

Phase III Trial Shows Improved Progression-Free Survival With Fulvestrant vs Anastrozole in Hormone Receptor–Positive Advanced Breast Cancer

In the international phase III FALCON trial reported in The Lancet, Robertson et al found that progression-free survival was improved with intramuscular fulvestrant (Faslodex) vs oral anastrozole in endocrine therapy–naive women with hormone receptor–positive locally advanced or...

breast cancer

SABCS 2016: IBM Watson for Oncology Platform Shows High Degree of Concordance With Physician Recommendations

The artificial-intelligence platform Watson for Oncology (WFO) achieved a high degree of concordance with the recommendations of a panel of oncologists in a double-blinded validation study, according to results presented at the 2016 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, held December 6 to 10...

breast cancer

SABCS 2016: Aromatase Inhibitors Were Associated With Reduced Endothelial Function in Postmenopausal Breast Cancer Patients

Postmenopausal women with breast cancer who took aromatase inhibitors demonstrated endothelial dysfunction, a predictor of cardiovascular disease, according to study results presented at the 2016 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, held December 6 to 10 (Abstract s5-07). Aromatase inhibitors are...

breast cancer

Virginia G. Kaklamani, MD, DSc, on Early Breast Cancer: Year in Review

Virginia G. Kaklamani, MD, DSc, of The University of Texas Health Science Center, discusses new directions in prevention, early detection, and treatment of early-stage breast cancer, using genomic tests and targeted therapies.

breast cancer

Monica Morrow, MD: Brinker Award Lecture Summary on Changing Paradigms in Local Therapy of Breast Cancer

Monica Morrow, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, recognized at this year’s meeting for scientific distinction in clinical research, summarizes her Brinker Award lecture on modifying local therapy to decrease the burden of cancer treatment.

breast cancer

S.P. Somashekhar, MBBS, MCh(Onco), on Watson for Oncology: A Validation Study for Breast Cancer

S.P. Somashekhar, MBBS, MCh(Onco), of the Manipal Comprehensive Cancer Centre, discusses a study to assess the performance of IBM's artificial intelligence platform in comparison to a multidisciplinary tumor board (Abstract S6-07).

breast cancer

Eric P. Winer, MD: The McGuire Lecture

Eric P. Winer, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, summarizes his McGuire lecture on the past and future of breast cancer treatment.

breast cancer

Mothaffar Rimawi, MD, on HR-Positive, HER2-Positive Breast Cancer: Results of the NRG Oncology/NSABP B-52 Trial

Mothaffar Rimawi, MD, of the Smith Breast Center at Baylor College of Medicine, discusses phase II findings from a study evaluating pathologic complete response in patients with HR-positive, HER2-positive disease treated with neoadjuvant docetaxel, carboplatin, trastuzumab, and pertuzumab with or without estrogen deprivation (Abstract S3-06).

breast cancer
symptom management

Patricia A. Ganz, MD: Aromatase Inhibitors Data Review

Patricia A. Ganz, MD, of the UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, summarizes two studies on using duloxetine for aromatase inhibitor–associated musculoskeletal symptoms, and aromatase inhibitors’ effect on endothelial function and heart disease (Abstracts S5-06 and S5-07).

breast cancer

Matthew P. Goetz, MD, on Advanced Breast Cancer: Expert Perspectives

Matthew P. Goetz, MD, of the Mayo Clinic, reviews progress made during the past year on treatment of advanced disease.

breast cancer

Ruth O'Regan, MD, on Locally Advanced and Metastatic Breast Cancer: Results of the BELLE-3 Trial

Ruth O'Regan, MD, of the University of Wisconsin, discusses study findings on buparlisib plus fulvestrant in postmenopausal women with HR-positive, HER2-positive, aromatase inhibitor–treated, locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer, who progressed on or after mTOR inhibitor–based treatment (Abstract S4-07).

breast cancer

Lisa A. Carey, MD, and Maki Tanioka, MD, on HER2+ Breast Cancer: Results From the CALGB 40601 Alliance Trial

Lisa A. Carey, MD, and Maki Tanioka, MD, both of the University of North Carolina, discuss study findings on weekly paclitaxel and trastuzumab with or without lapatinib for HER2-positive breast cancer (Abstract S3-05).

breast cancer

Lisa A. Carey, MD, and Ingrid A. Mayer, MD, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Treatment Challenges

Lisa A. Carey, MD, of the University of North Carolina, and Ingrid A. Mayer, MD, of the Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, discuss the current studies on neoadjuvant systemic treatment in the triple-negative disease setting.

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