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lung cancer

IASLC 2017: IASLC Releases New Atlas of EGFR Testing

The International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) released its Atlas of EGFR Testing in Lung Cancer at the IASLC 18th World Conference on Lung Cancer (WCLC) in Yokohama, Japan. The EGFR Atlas provides health-care professionals with information on EGFR testing processes and...

lung cancer

IASLC 2017: Treatment Based on BRCA1 Level Does Not Increase Survival of Stage II/III NSCLC Node-Positive Resected Patients

New research shows that treating stage II and III non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) node-positive resected patients with customized chemotherapy based on their specific BRCA1 expression levels, as opposed to providing the standard treatment, did not increase overall survival rates among...

lung cancer

IASLC 2017: Biopsy Specimen Found to Be Reliable for Evaluating DLL3 Expression in Small Cell Lung Cancer

Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) biopsy specimens were found to be reliable material for evaluating DLL3 expression, and high levels of DLL3 in SCLC are correlated with poor survival trends. Researchers from Guangdong General Hospital and Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences in China presented...

lung cancer

Outcomes in Patients With Metastatic Lung Cancer Receiving PD-1/PD-L1 Inhibitors With Thoracic Radiotherapy

In a research letter to JAMA Oncology, Hwang et al detailed the outcomes of patients with metastatic lung cancer receiving an inhibitor of programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) or its ligand (PD-L1) with or without thoracic radiotherapy at Massachusetts General Hospital. Study Details The...

lung cancer

IASLC 2017: REVEL Trial Subgroup Analysis Further Clarifies Outcomes With Ramucirumab Plus Docetaxel in Advanced Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

New subgroup analysis from the phase III REVEL trial of ramucirumab (Cyramza) in advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was presented at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) 18th World Conference on Lung Cancer in Yokohama, Japan. Specifically, these...

lung cancer

IASLC 2017: Research Confirms IASLC Characterization of Uncertain R Status With Prognosis Between R0 and R1

The findings of a recent study confirm the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC)’s proposed criteria for uncertain resection margin status, R(un), in residual tumor (R) classification. John Edwards, PhD, MBChB, of the University of Sheffield in the United Kingdom,...

lung cancer

IASLC 2017: Integration of Smoking Cessation With CT Lung Cancer Screenings

A study that integrated robust smoking cessation programs into an organized low-dose computed tomography (CT) lung cancer screening program found that the inclusion of both interventions has the potential to decrease mortality rates—while being relatively cost-effective. William Evans,...

lung cancer

IASLC 2017: Race, Socioeconomic Factors Are Influential in NSCLC Survival Rates

New research found race and specific socioeconomic factors to have a significant influence on disparities in the survival rates of non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Yanyan Lou, MD, PhD, of the Mayo Clinic, presented these findings at the International Association for the Study of...

lung cancer

IASLC 2017: Lorlatinib in ALK-Positive and ROS1-Positive Advanced Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

At the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) 18th World Conference on Lung Cancer in Yokohama, Japan, Pfizer announced full results from the phase II clinical trial of the investigational, next-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor lorlatinib. The agent exhibited clinically...

lung cancer

IASLC 2017: CheckMate-032: Nivolumab Alone or With Ipilimumab in Recurrent SCLC With High Tumor Mutation Burden

At the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) 18th World Conference on Lung Cancer in Yokohama, Japan, Bristol-Myers Squibb announced data evaluating nivolumab (Opdivo) and nivolumab plus ipilimumab (Yervoy) in previously treated small cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients whose...

lung cancer

IASLC 2017: Brigatinib in ALK-Positive Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

Data from the phase II ALTA clinical trial evaluating brigatinib (Alunbrig) in patients with locally advanced or metastatic anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have disease progression on crizotinib were presented at the International...

lung cancer

IASLC 2017: Early Palliative Care Provides No Quality-of-Life Benefits for Patients With Recently Diagnosed Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

Early specialist palliative care for patients that were recently diagnosed with malignant pleural mesothelioma does not impact quality-of-life measures, according to research presented by Fraser Brims, MBcHB, MRCP, MD, FRACP, of Curtin University in Australia, at the International Association...

lung cancer

IASLC 2017: Combination of Lurbinectedin and Doxorubicin in Relapsed Small Cell Lung Cancer

The final efficacy and safety data obtained from a phase I/II trial combining lurbinectedin (PM1183) with doxorubicin in relapsed small cell lung cancer were presented during a Research Perspectives oral session at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) 18th World...

lung cancer

Addition of EGFR Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor to Chemotherapy in Resistant Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

As reported by Mok et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, overall survival analysis of the phase III IMPRESS trial indicated a poorer outcome when adding gefitinib (Iressa) vs placebo to chemotherapy after disease progression on first-line gefitinib in epidermal growth factor receptor...

lung cancer

Results From the Phase III JUNIPER Trial Evaluating Abemaciclib in KRAS-Mutated, Advanced NSCLC

On October 10, Eli Lilly and Company announced that its phase III JUNIPER study evaluating abemaciclib (Verzenio), a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4 and CDK6 inhibitor, as monotherapy in KRAS-mutated, advanced non–small lung cancer (NSCLC) did not meet its primary endpoint of overall...

lung cancer

Osimertinib Granted Breakthrough Therapy Designation for First-Line Treatment of EGFR Mutation–Positive NSCLC

On October 9, AstraZeneca announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Breakthrough Therapy designation for osimertinib (Tagrisso) for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation–positive non–small cell lung ...

lung cancer

Immune-Related Adverse Events and Outcomes With Immunotherapy for NSCLC

In a Japanese analysis reported in JAMA Oncology, Haratani et al found that development of immune-related adverse events was associated with improved survival among patients receiving nivolumab (Opdivo) for advanced or recurrent non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Study Details The study...

Lung Cancer

Expert Point of View: Paul Baas, MD, PhD

INVITED DISCUSSANT Paul Baas, MD, PhD, of The Netherlands Cancer Institute, called the MAPS2 trial an “excellent example of how studies in mesothelioma should be run.”  As Dr. Baas pointed out, both arms performed well as second- and third-line treatment, with median progression-free survival with ...

Lung Cancer

Relapsed Mesothelioma Controlled by Checkpoint Inhibition

IN PATIENTS with malignant pleural mesothelioma, combination immunotherapy with two checkpoint inhibitors in the second or third line of treatment extended survival to at least 15 months in the MAPS2 trial,1 sponsored by the Intergroupe Francophone de Cancérologie Thoracique (IFCT) and reported at ...

Lung Cancer

‘Clinically Meaningful’ Results With First-Line Osimertinib in EGFR–Positive NSCLC

OSIMERTINIB (TAGRISSO) showed encouraging results as first-line therapy for patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)–mutated non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the phase III FLAURA trial, according to results presented at the 2017 European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO)...

Lung Cancer

Expert Point of View: Tony Mok, MD, FASCO

“IN 2008, I presented the IPASS results. FLAURA has beaten me to the ground. The results exceeded expectations, and FLAURA is undoubtedly a positive study,” stated formal discussant Professor Tony Mok, MD, FASCO, Chair of Department of Clinical Oncology, the Chinese University of Hong Kong. “It is ...

lung cancer

Comparison of First-Line Treatments for EGFR-Mutant NSCLC

The phase III ARCHER 1050 trial has shown superior progression-free survival with the second-generation irreversible epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor dacomitinib vs gefitinib (Iressa) in the first-line treatment of advanced EGFR-mutant non–small cell lung...

lung cancer

Consolidative Radiotherapy for Limited Metastatic NSCLC

In a single-institution phase II trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Iyengar et al found that consolidative stereotactic ablative radiotherapy improved progression-free survival vs maintenance therapy alone in patients with limited metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Study Details...

lung cancer

Combination Therapy for Previously Untreated BRAF V600E–Mutant Metastatic NSCLC

In a phase II trial, the combination of dabrafenib (Tafinlar) plus trametinib (Mekinist) produced durable responses in a cohort of patients with previously untreated BRAF V600E–mutant metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The findings were reported in The Lancet Oncology by...

lung cancer

Shrinivas Rathod, MD, on NSCLC: Quality-of-Life Outcomes From an IAEA Trial

Shrinivas Rathod, MD, of the University of Manitoba, discusses phase III study results on optimization of treatment of advanced non–small cell lung cancer using radiation therapy and chemotherapy (Abstract 223).

lung cancer

Maria Werner-Wasik, MD, on Lung Cancer Highlights: Expert Perspective

Maria Werner-Wasik, MD, of Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, summarizes a session on NSCLC that included discussion of a quality-of-life trial on optimizing treatment; chemotherapy and radiotherapy in advanced disease; a comparison of standard- vs high-dose conformal chemoradiotherapy; and long-term results on a comparison of two stereotactic body radiation therapy schedules in inoperable stage I disease (Abstracts 223, 224, 227, 33).

lung cancer

Jeffrey D. Bradley, MD, on NSCLC: Results of the RTOG 0617 Trial

Jeffrey D. Bradley, MD, of Washington University School of Medicine, discusses long-term phase III findings on standard-dose vs high-dose conformal chemoradiation therapy with or without cetuximab for stage III non–small cell lung cancer (Abstract 227).

lung cancer

ASTRO 2017: RTOG 0617: Long-Term Survival Rates Improve Previous Estimates for Locally Advanced Lung Cancer

Long-term results of a phase III clinical trial indicate that survival rates for patients receiving chemoradiation for unresectable, locally advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) may be more than twice as high as previous estimates. At 5 years following treatment with a standard dose of ...

lung cancer

MicroRNA-Loaded Minicells in Recurrent Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

An Australian phase I first-in-human trial has shown early activity of microRNA-loaded minicells in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma. These findings were reported in The Lancet Oncology by van Zandwijk et al. The minicells (TargomiRs) are loaded with miR-16–based mimic microRNA...

lung cancer

ASTRO 2017: Adding Radiation to Maintenance Chemotherapy May Benefit Patients With Limited Metastatic NSCLC

For patients with limited metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), adding radiation therapy before maintenance chemotherapy may curb disease progression when compared to maintenance chemotherapy alone, according to a randomized phase II clinical trial reported by Iyengar et al. at the...

lung cancer

Addition of Motesanib to Paclitaxel/Carboplatin in East Asian Patients With Advanced NSCLC

The phase III MONET-A trial has shown that the addition of the multikinase/vascular endothelial growth factor receptor inhibitor motesanib to paclitaxel and carboplatin did not significantly improve progression-free survival in East Asian patients with stage IV/recurrent nonsquamous non–small ...

lung cancer

ASTRO 2017: Biomarker Blood Test Predicts Survival Following Localized Lung Cancer Treatment

A new study demonstrates that a blood test to detect cancer may predict treatment outcomes for patients with localized non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and afford physicians additional lead time to personalize treatment for recurrent disease. Patients in the study with detectable levels of...

lung cancer

Durvalumab Consolidation After Chemoradiotherapy in Stage III NSCLC

As reported by Antonia et al in The New England Journal of Medicine, an interim analysis of the phase III PACIFIC trial showed improved progression-free survival with the programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) inhibitor durvalumab (Imfinzi) vs placebo as consolidation in patients with unresectable...

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News From JCO and JOP

STAYING UP-TO-DATE in the fast-paced world of oncology literature is a daunting task at best. To assist with that task, The ASCO Post has assembled an assortment of studies recently published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology (JCO) and the Journal of Oncology Practice (JOP). Future installments...

Lung Cancer

Expert Point of View: Johan Vansteenkiste, MD, PhD

FORMAL DISCUSSANT of this trial, Johan Vansteenkiste, MD, PhD, Head of the Respiratory Oncology Unit at the University Hospital KU Leuven, Belgium, was enthusiastic about the PACIFIC trial results. “We had an earthquake of immunotherapy in lung cancer this past year at ESMO. After an earthquake,...

Lung Cancer

PD-L1 Inhibitor Consolidation Therapy for NSCLC: New Standard of Care?

THE PROGRAMMED CELL DEATH ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitor durvalumab (Imfinzi) improved progression-free survival by 11.2 months compared with placebo in patients with locally advanced, unresectable stage III non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose disease did not progress following standard treatment ...

palliative care
lung cancer

ESMO 2017: 'Triggers': A New Tool to Assess Patients’ Palliative Needs

A new tool to identify patients who would benefit from early palliative care was presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2017 Congress in Madrid (Abstract LBA54_PR). The so-called “Triggers” tool, developed by the London Cancer Alliance to help clinicians in the...

lung cancer

Osimertinib in First-Line Treatment of EGFR Mutation–Positive Advanced NSCLC

Osimertinib (Tagrisso) has shown high activity in the phase I expansion component of the AURA trial in previously untreated patients with EGFR mutation–positive advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). These findings were reported by Ramalingam et al in the Journal of Clinical...

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FDA Approves First Biosimilar for the Treatment of Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved bevacizumab-awwb (Mvasi) as a biosimilar to bevacizumab (Avastin) for the treatment of multiple types of cancer. Bevacizumab-awwb is the first biosimilar approved in the U.S. for the treatment of cancer. “Bringing new biosimilars to...

lung cancer

ESMO 2017: PACIFIC Trial: Durvalumab Improves Progression-Free Survival in Stage III Lung Cancer

Durvalumab improves progression-free survival in patients with locally advanced, unresectable stage III lung cancer, according to late-breaking results from the phase III PACIFIC trial presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2017 Congress in Madrid (Abstract LBA1_PR) and...

lung cancer

Luis G. Paz-Ares, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: Results of the PACIFIC Trial

Luis G. Paz-Ares, MD, PhD, of Hospital Universitario 12 De Octubre, discusses phase III study findings on durvalumab after chemoradiation therapy in patients with stage III, locally advanced, unresectable non–small cell lung cancer (Abstract LBA1).

lung cancer

Michèle Beau-Faller, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: Biomarker Findings From the French Cooperative Thoracic Intergroup

Michèle Beau-Faller, MD, PhD, of the Hôpital de Hautepierre & Institut Régional du Cancer, discusses study results on ultrasensitive detection of EGFR T790M mutation by droplet digital PCR in TKI naïve non–small cell lung cancer harboring EGFR mutation (Abstract 85PD).

lung cancer

Adding First-Line Ipilimumab to Paclitaxel/Carboplatin in Advanced Squamous NSCLC

In a phase III trial reported by Govindan et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, the addition of first-line ipilimumab (Yervoy) to paclitaxel/carboplatin did not improve overall survival in patients with advanced squamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Study Details In the...

lung cancer

ESMO 2017: ALEX and ALUR Trials: Alectinib Shows CNS Benefit in ALK-Positive NSCLC

Data from two separate phase III studies presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2017 Congress in Madrid show the particular central nervous system (CNS) activity of alectinib (Alecensa) in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer involving a mutation of the...

lung cancer

Luis G. Paz-Ares, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: Results of the PACIFIC Trial

Luis G. Paz-Ares, MD, PhD, of Hospital Universitario 12 De Octubre, discusses phase III study findings on durvalumab after chemoradiation therapy in patients with stage III, locally advanced, unresectable non–small cell lung cancer (Abstract LBA1).

lung cancer

ESMO 2017: Phase III IFCT-0302 Trial Assesses Minimal vs CT Scan–Based Follow-up for Completely Resected NSCLC

The optimal follow-up protocol for patients with completely resected non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains elusive after results of the IFCT-0302 trial, presented at the 2017 European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress in Madrid, did not show a difference in overall survival...

lung cancer
gastrointestinal cancer

Health-Related Quality of Life With Everolimus vs Placebo in Patients With Neuroendocrine Tumors

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Pavel et al, no significant difference in deterioration of health-related quality of life was observed with everolimus (Afinitor) vs placebo in the phase III RADIANT-4 trial, which included patients with advanced nonfunctional well-differentiated...

lung cancer

Association of Supplemental Vitamin B Use and Lung Cancer in VITAL Cohort

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Brasky et al found that the use of individual source supplemental vitamins B6 and B12 was associated with an increased risk of lung cancer among men in the Vitamins and Lifestyle (VITAL) cohort. Several B vitamins, including B6, B9 (folate),...

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Journal of Clinical Oncology Literature Update

Staying up-to-date in the fast-paced world of oncology literature is a daunting task at best. To assist with that task, The ASCO Post has assembled an assortment of studies recently published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. The topics range from therapy for stage IV non–small cell lung cancer...

Lung Cancer

Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: Emerging Concepts for Checkpoint Inhibitors

With checkpoint inhibitors vitally important in the treatment of advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), clinicians must become familiar with the nuances of their use. At the 2017 Debates and Didactics in Hematology and Oncology Conference in Sea Island, Georgia, Suresh S. Ramalingam, MD,...

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