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solid tumors
prostate cancer

Survival Differs With Metastatic Site in Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Overall survival differed according to the site of metastases in men with castration-resistant prostate cancer, according to a meta-analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Halabi et al. Study Details The study involved data from 8,820 men who received docetaxel chemotherapy in...

solid tumors
kidney cancer

Study Finds Apitolisib Less Effective Than Everolimus in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Powles et al, the dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitor apitolisib was inferior to the mTOR inhibitor everolimus (Afinitor) in progression-free survival in a phase II trial in patients with metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma progressing on or after...

solid tumors

Modified CAR T Cells Overcome Immune Suppression, Effective Against Solid Tumors in Preclinical Models

Adding a genetically engineered “switch receptor” to second-generation CAR T cells blocked PD-1–mediated immune suppression, and made the immunotherapy effective against solid tumors in preclinical models, according to a study published by Liu et al in Cancer Research....

breast cancer
solid tumors

Neratinib Improves Invasive Disease–Free Survival After Trastuzumab-Based Therapy in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

Chan et al found that 1 year of treatment with the HER1, 2, and 4 tyrosine kinase inhibitor neratinib improved invasive disease–free survival vs placebo after trastuzumab (Herceptin)-based adjuvant therapy in patients with early-stage HER2-positive breast cancer, in the phase III ExteNET...

colorectal cancer
solid tumors

Poorer Outcome With BRAF and KRAS Mutations in Microsatellite-Stable but Not Microsatellite-Unstable Colon Cancer

In an analysis of the PETACC-8 trial reported by Taieb et al in JAMA Oncology, BRAF V600 and KRAS mutations were associated with shorter disease-free and overall survival in patients with microsatellite-stable colon cancer—but not in those with tumors with microsatellite instability—in...

solid tumors

68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT Improves Detection of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Sadowski et al found that 68Ga-DOTATATE positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) improved detection of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors compared with 111In-pentetreotide single-photon emission computed...

solid tumors

Comprehensive Genomic Analysis Reveals New Genetic Insights Into Malignant Mesothelioma

Malignant mesothelioma is a rare but deadly form of cancer; the 5-year survival rate for patients diagnosed with the disease is between 5% and 10%. Although aggressive surgery can help some patients with early-stage mesothelioma, current treatments for patients with more advanced mesothelioma are...

solid tumors

Increased Cancer Mortality Among Recipients of Solid-Organ Transplants

Solid-organ transplant recipients have a higher rate of cancer mortality than that expected in the general population, according to a Canadian study published in JAMA Oncology. Cancer mortality among transplant recipients “was significantly elevated compared with the Ontario population,” with a...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

Serum Tumor Marker Testing Overused, Especially for Solid Tumors

A retrospective review to evaluate the frequency of serum tumor marker testing “found a high rate of serum tumor marker testing overuse and extreme overuse in patients with advanced solid tumors,” Melissa K. Accordino, MD, of Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New...

solid tumors
solid tumors

High Conditional Survival for Patients With Metastatic Testicular Germ Cell Tumors Receiving First-Line Curative Therapy

Two-year conditional overall and disease-free survival were substantially increased in patients surviving and surviving without recurrence for 2 years after first-line curative therapy for metastatic testicular germ cell tumors, according to a study reported by Ko et al in the Journal of Clinical...

solid tumors
prostate cancer

Increased Survival and Toxicity With Docetaxel, No Apparent Benefit of Zoledronic Acid in Prostate Cancer

As reported in The Lancet by James et al, results of the STAMPEDE trial, which used a multiarm, multistage seamless phase II/III design, showed increased survival and toxicity with docetaxel and little benefit of zoledronic acid when added to first-line long-term hormone therapy in patients with...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

American College of Physicians Issues Advice, Raises Questions About Best Practices for Hematuria as a Sign of Cancer

In some patients, blood in the urine, or hematuria, may be the only warning sign of cancer in the urinary tract. A new report from the American College of Physicians’ (ACP) High Value Care Task Force published by Nielsen et al in Annals of Internal Medicine issues advice for physicians on how ...

solid tumors

Atezolizumab in Urothelial Cancer: Ushering in a New Standard of Care

Atezolizumab achieved excellent results in a cohort of patients with platinum-resistant urothelial cancer enrolled in a large phase II trial known as IMvigor 210.1 Overall response rates were greatly improved over those with historical controls, and responses were durable. Although expression of...

solid tumors

Improved Outcomes in Patients With Germ Cell Testicular Tumors in the Modern Era

Although patients with poor-risk metastatic testicular germ cell tumors continue to have less favorable outcomes, the bar has been raised by contemporary treatment. There is still room for improvement in managing metastatic testicular germ cell tumors, especially in poor-risk patients, but if...

lung cancer
solid tumors

French Trial Shows Addition of First-Line Bevacizumab to Cisplatin/Pemetrexed Improves Survival in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

In the French phase III MAPS trial reported in The Lancet, Zalcman et al found that the addition of bevacizumab (Avastin) to standard cisplatin/pemetrexed (Alimta) treatment increased overall and progression-free survival in patients with newly diagnosed pleural mesothelioma. Vascular endothelial...

solid tumors
cns cancers

Priscilla K. Brastianos, MD, on Genetic Screening of Brain Metastases

Priscilla K. Brastianos, MD, of Massachusetts General Hospital, discusses genomic characterization of brain metastases and paired primary tumors, which could reveal potential therapeutic targets (Abstract 2905).

solid tumors

Christopher J. Sweeney, MBBS: Testicular Cancer Update

Christopher J. Sweeney, MBBS, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, reviews important presentations on testicular cancer, including dose intensification for first-line therapy of metastatic disease, and what physicians need to know about the molecular genetics of testicular cancer.

solid tumors

Nicholas D. James, BSc, MBBS, PhD, on Urothelial Carcinomas: Year in Review

Nicholas D. James, BSc, MBBS, PhD, of the University of Warwick, gives his expert perspective on treatment advances in urothelial cancers.

solid tumors

Bishoy M. Faltas, MD, on Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma: Generating a Neoantigen Map

Bishoy M. Faltas, MD, of Weill Cornell Medical College, discusses his team’s work using whole exome sequencing, which may have important implications for selecting patients for immunotherapeutic approaches (Abstract 354).

solid tumors

Dean F. Bajorin, MD, on Rare Urinary Tract Cancers: Expert Perspectives on Treatment

Dean F. Bajorin, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, summarizes a panel discussion on this important topic.

solid tumors

Matthew Smith, MD, PhD, on Bone Metastases: Treatment Update

Matthew Smith, MD, PhD, of the Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, discusses the best use of approved therapies for tumors that have spread to the bone.

solid tumors

Dung T. Le, MD, on Noncolorectal GI Cancers: Results From a Phase II Study of Pembrolizumab

Dung T. Le, MD, from Johns Hopkins University Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, reports findings on this agent, which showed promising activity in patients with previously treated progressive, advanced cancer (Abstract 195).

solid tumors
colorectal cancer

Pilot Study Indicates Little Activity of Vemurafenib in Metastatic BRAF-Mutated Colorectal Cancer

In a phase II pilot study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Scott Kopetz, MD, PhD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, and colleagues found little clinical activity of vemurafenib (Zelboraf) in patients with metastatic BRAF-mutated colorectal cancer.1 The BRAF V600E...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

American College of Physicians Issues Advice for Evaluating Hematuria as a Marker of Urinary Tract Cancer

Although little controversy exists regarding the indication for urologic evaluation for patients with gross hematuria, the evaluation of patients with the much more common finding of microscopic hematuria is complicated by a lack of clarity regarding indications for clinical referral, according to...

palliative care
solid tumors

2016 GI Symposium: New Regimen for Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer as Effective as, but Less Toxic Than, Chemoradiation

Findings from a Polish phase III study point to an additional treatment option for patients with advanced rectal cancer. Patients who received short-course (5-day) radiation followed by consolidation chemotherapy before surgery achieved  outcomes similar to those of patients treated with...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

Increased Risk of Carcinoma of Unknown Primary and Other Cancers in Relatives of Patients With This Type of Cancer

In a study from the Utah Cancer Registry reported in JAMA Oncology, Samadder et al found an increased risk of carcinoma of unknown primary and other cancers in relatives of patients with this type of cancer. Study Details The study was a nested case-control study including 4,160 patients with a...

solid tumors
prostate cancer

GU Symposium 2016: Regular Aspirin Use May Reduce Risk of Dying From Prostate Cancer

A large observational study has found that men who take aspirin regularly may have a lower risk of dying from prostate cancer. Men who took aspirin regularly after their prostate cancer diagnosis were less likely to die from the disease. However, aspirin did not affect the overall incidence of...

solid tumors
lung cancer
cns cancers

Everolimus Improves Progression-Free Survival in Advanced Neuroendocrine Tumors of the Lung or Gastrointestinal Tract

In a phase III RADIANT-4 trial reported in The Lancet, Yao et al found that everolimus (Afinitor) and supportive care significantly prolonged progression-free survival vs placebo and supportive care in patients with advanced nonfunctional neuroendocrine tumors of the lung or gastrointestinal tract. ...

solid tumors

I Am Not a Victim

Six years ago, at age 62, I was feeling in great shape. The year before, I had taken over custody of my 2- and 3-year-old great-grandchildren and decided to change the course of my career from motivational speaker to motivational coach to be home more often with the kids. It was during one of our...

solid tumors
prostate cancer

Early Quality of Life Better with Proton-beam Therapy, but Late Effects Similar to Other Treatment Modalities for Prostate Cancer

Differing patterns of patient-reported quality of life for three-dimensional (3D) conformal radiotherapy, intensity-modulated radiation therapy, and proton-beam therapy were reported in a nonrandomized comparison of three modern cohorts of patients with prostate cancer. The study was presented at...

solid tumors
prostate cancer

Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy Produces Impressive Results in Organ-confined Prostate Cancer

Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) delivered via the CyberKnife can achieve excellent outcomes with minimal toxicity in patients with prostate cancer. Importantly, this technique delivers therapeutic doses of radiation in four to five fractions, which reduces the number of clinic visits...

solid tumors
prostate cancer

Sildenafil Improves Overall Sexual Function in Men with Prostate Cancer Treated with Radiation

For the first time, a randomized controlled trial reported improved sexual function with 6 months of prophylactic sildenafil citrate before, during, and after radiation therapy in patients with prostate cancer.1 The paper was presented at the Plenary Session during the 54th Annual Meeting of the...

solid tumors
prostate cancer

Androgen-deprivation Therapy plus Radiation Proven as Standard of Care for High-risk Prostate Cancer

A combined-modality approach of androgen-deprivation therapy plus radiation therapy achieves a substantial survival benefit over androgen-deprivation therapy alone in patients with locally advanced prostate cancer according to final analysis of an intergroup randomized phase III study conducted by...

solid tumors
colorectal cancer

Finding Lynch Syndrome among Patients with Colorectal Cancer: Routine Tumor Testing Looks Best

Oncologists generally agree that screening patients with colorectal cancer for Lynch syndrome is a good thing. Patients who turn out to have the hereditary syndrome can inform their first-degree relatives, who in turn can undergo genetic testing. Those who have the characteristic mutations can take ...

solid tumors

Gene Profiling Directs Site-specific Therapy for Carcinoma of Unknown Primary Site

Patients with carcinoma of unknown primary site usually receive empiric therapy (eg, with taxane/platinum or gemcitabine/platinum regimens), resulting in a median overall survival of approximately 9 months. As reported recently in Journal of Clinical Oncology, Hainsworth and colleagues have shown...

solid tumors

Gene in Eye Melanomas Linked to Good Prognosis

Melanomas that develop in the eye often are fatal. Now, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine and the Siteman Cancer Center, St. Louis, Missouri, report they have identified a mutated gene in melanoma tumors of the eye that appears to predict a good outcome. The research was...

solid tumors

Help Your Patients Find the Latest Research on GU Cancers

The 2013 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium is taking place now, from February 14–16 in Orlando, Florida. Direct your patients to www.cancer.net/GUsymposium to find written summaries for patients and a podcast that highlights the research presented at the meeting. Also on Cancer.Net, your patients can ...

solid tumors

FDA Approves Regorafenib for Advanced Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors

The FDA has expanded the approved use of regorafenib (Stivarga) to treat patients with metastatic or unresectable gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) that no longer respond to treatment with imatinib (Gleevec) or sunitinib (Sutent). Regorafenib, a multikinase inhibitor, blocks several enzymes...

solid tumors
colorectal cancer

Oncogenic Pathway Signatures May Guide Treatment after Colorectal Cancer Resection 

Deregulation of oncogenic signaling pathways was used to molecularly subclassify colorectal cancers into clinically relevant subgroups with both prognostic and predictive implications, in a study from the Duke Institute for Genome Sciences and Policy in Durham, North Carolina.1 “There is a need to ...

solid tumors
breast cancer

Evaluating HER2 Status in Esophageal Cancers: FISH vs Immunohistochemistry 

In screening patients with esophageal cancers for HER2 status, the relative efficiency of immunohistochemistry (IHC) vs fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) has been debated. Researchers from the Mayo Clinic compared the testing strategies and have proposed an algorithm that puts IHC up front, ...

solid tumors
pancreatic cancer

The Pancreatic Cancer Action Network Welcomes New Members to Its Medical Advisory Board

The Pancreatic Cancer Action Network has named four new members to the organization’s Medical Advisory Board. The newest advisors are leading clinicians in the field of pancreatic cancer: Joseph M. Herman, MD, MSc, Johns Hopkins University; George A. Fisher Jr, MD, PhD, Stanford University; James...

solid tumors
pancreatic cancer

Finding New Strategies to More Effectively Treat Pancreatic Cancer

While some progress has been made in understanding the molecular pathogenesis, genetic risk factors, and genomics of pancreatic adenocarcinoma, the disease remains one of the most challenging malignancies. According to Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) figures, 44,000 people were...

solid tumors
colorectal cancer

Colorectal Cancer: A Decade of Progress 

The 2013 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium marked the 10th anniversary of the meeting. Richard M. Goldberg, MD, the Klotz Family Chair in Cancer Research, Professor of Medicine, and James Cancer Hospital Physician-in-Chief at The Ohio State University, looked back over the decade to highlight the...

solid tumors
gastroesophageal cancer

Second-line Docetaxel Improves Esophageal and Gastric Cancer Survival 

A phase III study from the United Kingdom has shown that second-line treatment with docetaxel improves overall survival of patients with advanced esophagogastric cancer.1 The strategy has already been widely adopted, but COUGAR-02 is the first study to provide definitive evidence of a survival...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

Targeted Therapy Gaining Ground in the Second-line Treatment of Gastric Cancer 

In gastric cancer, the concept of targeted therapy assumed clinical significance when the addition of trastuzumab (Herceptin) to chemotherapy improved survival by almost 3 months in the ToGA trial.1 Another anti-HER2 agent, lapatinib (Tykerb), now looks promising, as does an agent targeting the...

solid tumors
prostate cancer

Did Corticosteroids Worsen Survival in Patients with Metastatic Prostate Cancer Enrolled in the AFFIRM Trial? 

A post hoc analysis of the AFFIRM trial found that on-study use of corticosteroids led to worse outcomes in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer regardless of whether patients were randomly assigned to enzalutamide (Xtandi) or placebo.1 On-study corticosteroid use was associated with...

solid tumors
prostate cancer

Novel Antiandrogen Shows Encouraging Phase II Results in High-risk Nonmetastatic Castrate-resistant Prostate Cancer 

Preliminary results of a phase II study suggest that a novel antiandrogen called ARN-509 is safe, well tolerated, and has promising activity in high-risk nonmetastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer. ARN-509 is a novel, second-generation, oral antiandrogen that binds directly to the...

solid tumors
prostate cancer

Reduced Risk of PSA Failure with Adjuvant Radiotherapy vs Wait-and-see Approach in Stage T3 Prostate Cancer

Extended follow-up of the German ARO 96-02 trial shows that adjuvant radiotherapy reduces the risk of biochemical failure in men whose prostate cancer extends through the prostate capsule (stage T3), compared with a wait-and-see approach, after radical prostatectomy. Adjuvant radiotherapy reduced...

solid tumors

p53 Inactivation in the Tumor Microenvironment Promotes Tumor Progression via Immunosuppressive Lymphoid-like Stromal Network

Inactivation of the tumor suppressor p53 through somatic mutations is observed in approximately half of cancers. The finding that p53 mutations sometimes occur in tumor-associated fibroblasts and are correlated with an increased rate of metastases and poor prognosis suggests that p53 dysfunction in ...

solid tumors

FDA Approves Assay That May Help Detect the Progression of Testicular Cancer 

Abbott announced that the ARCHITECT AFP assay, which may help doctors detect the progression of testicular cancer as well as serious birth defects, has received FDA approval. The ARCHITECT AFP assay is a chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay for the quantitative determination of...

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