Your search for issues in oncology matches 1665 pages

Showing 51 - 100


issues in oncology

Predictors of Adherence to Oral Chemotherapy

In a single-center study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Jacobs et al found that improved satisfaction with clinician communication and treatment was the strongest predictor of treatment adherence in patients receiving oral anticancer medication. Study Details The prospective study...

issues in oncology

Medical Groups Unite in Support of March for Science

Twenty-five of the nation’s leading medical groups issued this statement on April 17: As the world's leading organizations representing clinicians, laboratory researchers, and physician-scientists committed to improving patient care, we support the March for Science and its nonpartisan call...

issues in oncology

ASCO Research Statement: Tapping the Potential of Observational Research

In a research statement reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Visvanathan et al, ASCO has outlined steps for incorporating high-quality observational research into the evidence base for clinical decision-making. As stated by the authors: “ASCO believes that high-quality...

issues in oncology

Study Finds Link Between Telomere Length and Neighborhood Circumstances

Researchers at Fox Chase Cancer Center have begun to establish a biological basis for the long-held but not well-tested theory that neighborhood exposures can impact health outcomes. Shannon Lynch, PhD, MPH, Assistant Professor in the Cancer Prevention and Control Program at Fox Chase, led a team...

issues in oncology

Annual Report to the Nation: Cancer Death Rates Continue to Decline

Overall cancer death rates continue to decrease in men, women, and children for all major racial and ethnic groups, according to the latest Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer, 1975–2014, published by Jemal et al in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. The report...

issues in oncology
cost of care

Studies Find Disparity in Life Expectancy Widening Between Wealthy and Poor Americans

To better understand the conditions and mechanisms driving health disparities in the United States, The Lancet partnered with physicians and public health researchers from the City University of New York, Harvard Medical School, Cornell University, Yale School of Medicine, and the New York...

issues in oncology

AACR 2017: Telomere Length May Predict Cancer Risk, According to Large Epidemiologic Study

The length of the telomeres that protect the tips of chromosomes may predict cancer risk and be a potential target for future therapeutics, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute (UPCI) scientists reported at the 2017 American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting in...

issues in oncology

Effect of Vitamin D and Calcium Supplementation on Cancer Incidence in Postmenopausal Women

In a population-based trial reported in JAMA, Lappe et al found that dietary supplementation with vitamin D3 and calcium did not significantly reduce the incidence of all cancers over 4 years among postmenopausal women aged ≥ 55 years. Study Details In the double-blind trial, 2,303 healthy...

issues in oncology

New NCCN Radiation Therapy Compendium Aids in Decision-Making for Patients With Cancer

Radiation therapy, either alone or in combination with chemotherapy or surgery, is one of the most common treatment options for people with cancer. Nearly two-thirds of patients with cancer in the United States receive radiation therapy during their illness. To support clinical decision-making...

palliative care
issues in oncology

Palliative Care Consultations for Patients With Advanced Cancers May Reduce Hospitalization and Improve Quality of Care

Patients admitted to the hospital with advanced cancers who were referred early to palliative care had decreased health-care utilization and increased use of support services following discharge, according to a new study led by researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. Published...

issues in oncology

New Study Finds Most Cancer Mutations Due to Random DNA-Copying Errors

Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center scientists report data from a new study providing evidence that random, unpredictable DNA copying “mistakes” account for nearly two-thirds of the mutations that cause cancer. Their research is grounded on a novel mathematic model based on DNA...

issues in oncology

Paul M. Cinciripini, PhD, on Smoking Cessation in Patients With Cancer

Paul M. Cinciripini, PhD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses the oncologist’s role in addressing and documenting cancer patients’ smoking and cessation attempts as well as treatment advances.

issues in oncology

Factors Associated With Early Death in Childhood Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Green et al found that risk factors for death within 1 month of diagnosis of childhood cancer included age up to 1 year, specific diagnoses, and minority race/ethnicity. The study involved analysis of data from SEER (Surveillance,...

issues in oncology

ASCO Quality Care 2017: Reducing Overuse of Colony-Stimulating Factors in Febrile Neutropenia Without Compromising Patient Safety

In a retrospective cohort study, Adeboyeje et al found that a utilization management tool that makes real-time care recommendations can help reduce overuse of substances that assist the bone marrow in producing blood cells, called colony-stimulating factors, in attempts to prevent fevers in...

issues in oncology

ASCO Quality Care 2017: Reduction in Chemotherapy Errors Through Improvement Science

The majority of children with cancer are treated with complicated chemotherapy regimens that include multiple drugs, demanding monitoring schedules and complex dosing based on body surface area that often require changes in dose. Given this high risk for error in treating children with these highly ...

issues in oncology

Barriers to Clinical Trial Accrual Include Trial Sponsorship and Time to Enrolling First Patient, Study Finds

A study by researchers from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center investigating factors associated with slow participant accrual into phase I to III cancer clinical trials at their institution has found trials initiated through national cooperative groups and the time taken from trial...

issues in oncology

Brian Weiss, MD, on Reducing Treatment Errors With Improvement Science

Brian Weiss, MD, of Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, discusses a program designed to eliminate errors in chemotherapy use among pediatric patients whose regimens incorporate multiple drugs and rigorous monitoring schedules (Abstract 37).

issues in oncology
lung cancer

Thomas J. Smith, MD, on Oral Abstract Session B (2017 Quality Care Symposium)

Thomas J. Smith, MD, of the Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins, summarizes two papers for which he was a discussant: reducing overuse of colony-stimulating factors without compromising the safety of patients with lung cancer receiving chemotherapy, and a cost-and-survival analysis before and after implementing Dana-Farber Clinical Pathways for patients with stage IV non–small cell lung cancer (Abstracts 3, 52).

issues in oncology

Gabrielle Rocque, MD, on The Oncology Care Model: Transforming Practices

Gabrielle Rocque, MD, of the University of Alabama at Birmingham, discusses the challenges of implementing Oncology Care Model requirements, such as providing treatment plans, and the opportunities to transform practices with improved workflow and patient outcomes.

issues in oncology

Gwendolyn P. Quinn, PhD, on Underserved Cancer Patients and Survivors: Are We Listening to Them?

Gwendolyn P. Quinn, PhD, of Moffitt Cancer Center, discusses the challenges that minority, LGBTQ, low-literacy, and underserved populations face in getting their voices heard and what it will take to change that.

issues in oncology

Julie Bryar Porter, MS, on Improving Care: One Center’s Experience

Julie Bryar Porter, MS, of Stanford Health Care, discusses an approach to improving patient care with physician-led quality measures from diagnosis through end of life implemented at her academic cancer center (Abstract 49).

issues in oncology

Blase N. Polite, MD, MPP: The Oncology Care Model in Academia

Blase N. Polite, MD, MPP, of the University of Chicago, discusses implementing the Oncology Care Model in an academic health center and the challenges of getting buy-in from faculty members.

issues in oncology

Robert S. Miller, MD, on CancerLinQ: Big Data and Clinical Effectiveness

Robert S. Miller, MD, of ASCO, updates the progress of CancerLinQ and its data set, now being used by oncologists to track quality measurement and reporting.

issues in oncology

Greg D. Judy, MD, on Safety Incidents in Radiotherapy

Greg D. Judy, MD, of UNC Health Care, discusses the contributing factors, and possible fixes, for near-miss and actual safety incidents in patients being treated with radiotherapy.

breast cancer
prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Diana D. Jeffery, PhD, on Mental Health Comorbidities: Predictors of Cost and Utilization

Diana D. Jeffery, PhD, of the Defense Health Agency, discusses the need to screen for mental health comorbidities, including depression, anxiety, adjustment disorders, substance use disorders, and persistent mental illnesses, as shown in a study of breast and prostate cancer patients (Abstract 18).

issues in oncology

John V. Cox, DO, MBA, on 2017 Quality Care Symposium Highlights: Expert Perspective

John V. Cox, DO, MBA, of the Parkland Health System/UTSW, discusses some of the key presentations at the 2017 Quality Care Symposium (Abstracts 3, 37, 52).

issues in oncology
cost of care

Patients With Cancer History More Likely to Change Prescriptions to Save Money

A new study led by American Cancer Society investigators found that cancer survivors are more likely to change their prescription drug use for financial reasons than those without a cancer history. These findings were published by Zheng et al in Cancer. The rising cost of cancer drugs imposes a...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

ASCO Quality Care 2017: Study Examines Cancer Center Websites’ Information on Breast Cancer Treatment, Outcomes

As an increasing number of patients look to the internet for cancer information, researchers from the University of Alabama found that the websites of many National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated cancer centers lack sufficient information to help patients with breast cancer understand all their...

issues in oncology

ASCO Quality Care 2017: In-House Specialty Pharmacy at Cancer Center Improves Quality of Care, Reduces Medical Errors

An influx of new oral cancer drugs provides patients with a more convenient and less invasive way to take medication, but such treatments are often associated with adherence challenges and medical errors. New research shows that the addition of an in-house specialty pharmacy at a cancer center in...

issues in oncology

Lawrence Fong, MD, on Novel T-Cell Checkpoint Combinations

Lawrence Fong, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco, discusses combination immunotherapy, now approved in melanoma, and the trials underway to explore other indications.

issues in oncology

Elizabeth Ann Mittendorf, MD, PhD, on ASCO-SITC Meeting Highlights: Expert Perspective

Elizabeth Ann Mittendorf, MD, PhD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses some of the top papers presented at the ASCO-SITC Symposium and how these presentations will affect clinical practice.

issues in oncology

Researchers Use Cardiomyocytes to Create Index of Cardiotoxicity of Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors

Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine used heart muscle cells made from stem cells to rank commonly used chemotherapy drugs based on their likelihood of causing lasting heart damage in patients. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors can be an effective treatment for many types of cancers, ...

issues in oncology
cost of care

Payers Weigh the Implications of Multigene Testing Coverage

Innovation in precision medicine has introduced an amalgam of testing options, of which hereditary cancer panels—multigene tests—are a major component. Additionally, the importance of inherited cancer genomics was further bolstered by former President Barack Obama’s Precision...

issues in oncology

Study Finds Cancer Mortality in Hispanics Varies Among Ethnic Groups

Although cancer is a leading cause of death among Hispanics, the burden of cancer mortality within Hispanic groups has not been well quantified. Now, a study by Pinheiro et al comparing the differences among Hispanic populations and cancer incidence has found that cancer mortality varies...

issues in oncology

Brian C. Allen, MD, on Assessing Tumor Response: Standard-of-Care vs Computer-Assisted Evaluation

Brian C. Allen, MD, of Duke University Medical Center, discusses the benefits of using a computerized process that provides step-wise guidance, decreases interpretation time, and reduces errors when measuring tumor response to treatment. (Abstract 432)

leukemia
issues in oncology

Children, Parents Overreport Leukemia Treatment Adherence

New research suggests that young patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) and their parents are likely to report to their physician that they took more of their anticancer medication than they actually did. The study, published by Landier et al in Blood, found that 84% of patients with ALL...

issues in oncology

ASH/AACR/AACI/ASTRO/ASPHO/Lungevity Foundation Statement on Administration's Executive Order

Today, the American Society of Hematology, the American Association for Cancer Research, the Association of American Cancer Institutes, the American Society for Radiation Oncology, the American Society of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, and the LUNGevity Foundation issued a statement on the...

issues in oncology

Immunotherapy 2.0 Named Advance of the Year in ASCO's Report

A growing number of patients with cancer are benefiting from research advances in immunotherapy, leading ASCO to name immunotherapy as the Society's Advance of the Year for a second year in a row. Released today, Clinical Cancer Advances 2017: ASCO's Annual Report on Progress Against Cancer...

issues in oncology

Trends in Cancer Mortality in the United States and U.S. Counties From 1980 to 2014

In a study reported in JAMA, Mokdad et al found that cancer mortality rates have dropped from 240.2 to 192.0/100,000 population between 1980 and 2014. Mortality rates varied widely among U.S. counties for various cancers. The report covers 29 cancers in 3,144 counties. Summarized here are findings...

issues in oncology

Predicting Outcomes in Older Patients With Cancer

In the French ELCAPA14 study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Ferrat et al found that four frailty classifications performed well in predicting outcomes in a cohort of patients aged ≥ 70 years with various cancers. Study Details The study involved 763 in- or outpatients with...

issues in oncology

Institute for Clinical Immuno-Oncology White Paper Highlights the Challenges, Progress, and Priorities in Immunotherapy

While momentum around immunotherapies for cancer continues to build, the high cost of these therapies places them at the center of debate about how best to define and measure value in cancer care. As these therapies are increasingly integrated into practice, all stakeholders—providers,...

issues in oncology

Fear of Diagnostic Low-Dose Radiation Exposure May Be Overstated, Experts Assert

In an article published by Siegel et al in The Journal of Nuclear Medicine, researchers assert that exposure to medical radiation does not increase a person’s risk of getting cancer. The long-held belief that even low doses of radiation, such as those received in diagnostic imaging, increase...

issues in oncology

Potential Biomarker of Recurrent Venous Thromboembolism in Cancer Patients Receiving Anticoagulant Therapy

In a biomarker analysis of the CATCH trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Khorana et al found that elevated circulating tissue factor levels were associated with an increased risk of recurrent venous thromboembolism in cancer patients on anticoagulant therapy. CATCH was a randomized ...

health-care policy
issues in oncology

ASCO Releases Principles for Patient-Centered Health-Care Reform

ASCO has released the “ASCO Principles for Patient-Centered Health-care Reform,” seven recommendations designed to ensure access to high-quality cancer care amid the changing U.S. health-care delivery landscape. The principles aim to assist the new Congress and Administration, so, as...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

Has the Affordable Care Act Reduced Socioeconomic Disparities in Cancer Screening?

Out-of-pocket expenditures are thought to be a significant barrier to receiving cancer preventive services, especially for individuals of lower socioeconomic status. A new study published by Cooper et al in Cancer looked at how the Affordable Care Act (ACA), which eliminated such out-of-pocket...

issues in oncology

NCI-Designated Cancer Centers Issue Statement in Support of New CDC Recommendations on HPV Vaccination

The 69 National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated cancer centers have issued a joint statement in support of recently revised recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to improve national vaccination rates for human papillomavirus (HPV). According to the CDC,...

issues in oncology

Cancer Death Rate Has Dropped 25% Since 1991 Peak, According to American Cancer Society Report

A steady decline over more than 2 decades has resulted in a 25% drop in the overall cancer death rate in the United States. The drop equates to 2.1 million fewer cancer deaths between 1991 and 2014. The news comes from "Cancer Statistics, 2017," the American Cancer Society’s...

issues in oncology
cost of care

ACCC 2016 Survey Finds Cancer Drug Costs Remain the Most Critical Challenge to Care

As more cost pressures are placed on the health-care system, and the transition to value-based care gains momentum, the Association of Community Cancer Centers’ (ACCC) 7th annual Trends in Cancer Programs survey revealed critical challenges and emerging trends in U.S. cancer programs. The...

issues in oncology

Preclinical Study Potentially Explains Vulnerability of Young Patients With Cancer to Treatment Toxicities

Despite many successes in treating pediatric cancer, young children remain at high risk for developing severe, long-lasting impairments in their brain, heart, and other vital organs from chemotherapy and radiation treatments. In adults, however, these tissues are relatively spared. This disparity, ...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

Genome-Based Model for Adjusting Radiotherapy Dose Shows Promise

In a retrospective cohort–based study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Scott et al found that individual patient genomic-adjusted radiation dose was associated with outcomes across different cancer types. Study Details In the study, gene-expression–based radiation-sensitivity index...