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survivorship
integrative oncology
symptom management

Jun J. Mao, MD, MSCE, on Insomnia in Cancer Survivors: Trial Results

Jun J. Mao, MD, MSCE, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses study findings on the effect of acupuncture vs cognitive behavior therapy in cancer survivors experiencing insomnia (Abstract 10001).

symptom management

Ryan D. Nipp, MD, on Electronic Symptom Monitoring: Trial Results

Ryan D. Nipp, MD, of Massachusetts General Hospital, discusses study findings on electronic symptom monitoring vs usual care to assess whether the intervention, tested in hospitalized patients with advanced cancer, can improve symptom burden and reduce the risk of readmission (Abstract 10005).

lung cancer
symptom management

Safety of PD-1/PD-L1 Inhibitors in Patients With NSCLC and Preexisting Autoimmune Disorders

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Leonardi et al found that programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1)/programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitor monotherapy in patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and autoimmune disorders worsened such disorders in a...

survivorship
symptom management

2018 ASCO: More Choices for Treating Insomnia in Cancer Survivors: Acupuncture and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

A Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI)-supported randomized clinical trial of cancer survivors showed that 8 weeks of either acupuncture or cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) decreased the severity of insomnia among cancer survivors, though improvements were greatest...

issues in oncology
symptom management

National Survey Examines Oncologists' Practices, Beliefs on Medical Marijuana Use

Data from a new survey show that as many as 80% of oncologists have discussed medical marijuana use with their patients. According to the authors, this is the first nationally representative survey to examine oncologists’ practices and beliefs on the subject since the implementation of state...

issues in oncology
symptom management

Study of Patient-Reported Symptom Burden in First Year After Cancer Diagnosis

In a Canadian retrospective population-based study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Bubis et al found that patients with cancer reported higher symptom scores at 1 month after diagnosis and identified several factors associated with higher symptom scores. Study Details The study...

multiple myeloma
symptom management

Analysis of Carfilzomib-Related Cardiotoxicity

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in Leukemia & Lymphoma, Shah et al identified the risk of cardiotoxicity among patients, most with multiple myeloma, receiving carfilzomib (Kyprolis) in clinical trials. Study Details The study included data from 4,164 patients who received...

breast cancer
survivorship
symptom management

Internet-Delivered Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia in Breast Cancer Survivors

In a Danish study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Zachariae et al found that an Internet-delivered cognitive-behavioral therapy intervention improved insomnia among breast cancer survivors. Study Details In the study, 255 patients from a national sample of Danish breast...

hematologic malignancies
symptom management

Cognitive Decline Prevalent Among Elderly Patients With Hematologic Cancers

A sizable percentage of elderly patients with blood-related cancers such as leukemia and multiple myeloma are apt to show signs of diminished cognitive functioning—a decline that may impact their survival—a new study by investigators at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Brigham and...

colorectal cancer
survivorship
symptom management

David Baraghoshi, on Colorectal Cancer and Cardiovascular Disease Risk

David Baraghoshi, of the Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah, discusses an assessment of cardiovascular risk more than 10 years after diagnosis for colorectal cancer survivors compared with a cancer-free general population cohort (Abstract 113).

supportive care
symptom management

ASCO and NCCN Provide Guidelines for Managing Immunotherapy Side Effects

Immunotherapy with immune checkpoint inhibitors is the first of a new generation of immunotherapy treatments, revolutionizing treatment for many different types of cancer. By unleashing the body's immune system to attack cancer, these treatments can send even the most hard-to-treat cancers into...

hematologic malignancies
symptom management

ASH 2017: Low–Molecular-Weight Heparin/Edoxaban vs Dalteparin for VTE Associated With Cancer

People with cancer face an increased risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE). Under current guidelines, cancer patients who develop VTE are prescribed low–molecular-weight heparin, an anticoagulant that must be injected under the skin daily for several months. While effective, this regimen can...

hematologic malignancies
symptom management

ASH 2017: Abatacept Nearly Eliminates Severe Acute GVHD After Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant

Results from a phase II clinical trial presented by Kean et al at the 59th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting (Abstract 212) show that the drug abatacept (Orencia) nearly eliminated life-threatening severe acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in patients receiving hematopoietic...

palliative care
symptom management

Eric Roeland, MD, on Symptom Management: Expert Perspective

Eric Roeland, MD, of the University of California, San Diego, summarizes key papers delivered at the Palliative Care Symposium on managing insomnia, fatigue, nausea, and the ways in which physical therapy and nausea can reduce the side effect burden.

symptom management

Early Study Suggests Potential Role of Paclitaxel in Peripheral Neuropathy and Possible Preventive Measures

In discovering how certain chemotherapy drugs cause peripheral neuropathy, researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have found a potential approach to preventing this common and troublesome side effect of cancer treatment. Their findings were published by Pease-Raissi et al in Neuron. The...

symptom management

FDA Approves Intravenous Rolapitant for Delayed Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting

On October 25, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved intravenous (IV) rolapitant (Varubi) in combination with other antiemetic agents in adults for the prevention of delayed nausea and vomiting associated with initial and repeat courses of emetogenic cancer chemotherapy, including,...

breast cancer
symptom management

Cryotherapy for Preventing Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy in Patients With Breast Cancer

A self-controlled clinical trial by Hanai et al investigating the efficacy of cryotherapy for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy in patients with breast cancer treated with paclitaxel has found that cryotherapy resulted in a clinically and statistically significant...

supportive care
symptom management

Tibetan Yoga Practice May Improve Sleep Quality for Patients With Breast Cancer Undergoing Chemotherapy

Participating in twice-weekly practice of Tibetan yoga may reduce sleep disturbances and improve sleep quality in breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy, according to a study published by Chaoul et al in Cancer. The study, led by researchers from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer...

issues in oncology
symptom management

Assessing and Managing CAR T-Cell Treatment Toxicities

Immune-cell based therapies opening a new frontier for cancer treatment carry unique, potentially lethal side effects that provide a new challenge for oncologists—one addressed by a team led by clinicians at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center with proposed guidelines for...

issues in oncology
symptom management

Patients With Advanced Cancer Presenting to Emergency Departments With Delirium Likely to Die Earlier

According to a new study published by Elsayem et al in The Oncologist, patients with advanced cancer who are diagnosed with delirium when presenting to emergency departments are more likely to be hospitalized and more likely to die earlier than patients without delirium. This shows the importance...

supportive care
symptom management

FDA Expands Ibrutinib Indications to Chronic Graft-vs-Host Disease

On August 2, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved ibrutinib (Imbruvica) for the treatment of adult patients with chronic graft-vs-host disease after failure of one or more lines of systemic therapy. This is the first FDA-approved therapy for the treatment of chronic...

symptom management

Understanding and Managing Radiation-Induced Bystander Effect

More than half of patients with cancer undergo radiotherapy. Due to a phenomenon known as radiation-induced bystander effect, in which irradiated cells leak chemical signals that can travel some distance to damage unexposed healthy cells, many suffer side effects such as hair loss, fatigue, and...

hematologic malignancies
symptom management

FDA Approves Betrixaban for the Prophylaxis of Venous Thromboembolism

On June 23, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved betrixaban (Bevyxxa) for the prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in adult patients hospitalized for an acute medical illness who are at risk for thromboembolic complications due to moderate or severe restricted mobility...

issues in oncology
cost of care
symptom management

ASCO 2017: Many Emergency Department Visits Among Patients With Cancer Appear Preventable

Among patients with cancer, as many as 53% of emergency department visits that do not require admission could be avoided with better symptom management and greater availability of outpatient care tailored to their needs, according to a new study from Fred Hutchinson Cancer...

symptom management

ASCO 2017: Web-Based System for Self-Reporting Symptoms Helps Patients Live Longer

A randomized clinical trial of 766 patients shows that a simple intervention—a Web-based tool that enables patients to report their symptoms in real time, triggering alerts to clinicians—can have major benefits, including longer survival. Patients with metastatic cancer who used the...

symptom management
pain management

Peter Hoskin, MD, on Spinal Compression: Results From the SCORAD III Trial

Peter Hoskin, MD, of Mount Vernon Cancer Centre, discusses study findings on single-dose radiotherapy compared with multifraction radiotherapy in patients with metastatic spinal canal compression. (Abstract LBA10004)

symptom management

ASCO 2017: Remote Therapy Program Improves Quality of Life, Lowers Distress After Cancer Diagnosis

Most patients experience significant distress after they are diagnosed with cancer. This distress not only erodes quality of life, but can also negatively affect the course of the disease and the patient’s ability to tolerate treatment. Yet few patients with cancer receive psychological...

pain management
symptom management

ASCO 2017: Single-Dose Radiotherapy as Effective as Multiple Fractions in Relieving Symptoms of Spinal Cord Compression

Spinal cord compression is a common complication in people with metastatic cancer and is a major detriment to quality of life. Radiation treatment is widely used to relieve pain and other symptoms, but there is no standard recommended schedule, and approaches currently vary. Findings from a phase...

symptom management

Update to Guideline for Management of Fever and Neutropenia in Children With Cancer and HSCT Recipients

An update to the 2012 International Pediatric Fever and Neutropenia Guideline Panel recommendations for management of fever and neutropenia in children with cancer and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients was reported by Lehrnbecher et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology....

breast cancer
symptom management

Joint Position Statement on Management of Aromatase Inhibitor–Associated Bone Loss in Postmenopausal Women With Hormone-Sensitive Breast Cancer

A new position statement, jointly published by seven international and European organizations, identifies fracture-related risk factors in patients treated with aromatase inhibitors and outlines key management strategies to help prevent bone loss and related fractures. It was published by Hadji et...

hematologic malignancies
symptom management

FDA Removes Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy Requirements for Erythropoiesis-Stimulating Agents

On April 13, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) removed the risk evaluation and mitigation strategy (REMS) requirements for the use of epoetin alfa and darbepoetin alfa to treat patients with anemia due to associated myelosuppressive chemotherapy. The Agency's announcement regarding...

symptom management

Preclinical Research Suggests Potential Therapy for 'Chemobrain'

Findings offered by a University of Kansas (KU) researcher at the national meeting of the American Chemical Society in early April suggest a possible therapeutic intervention for “chemobrain,” the cognitive impairment that plagues up to a third of cancer patients following chemotherapy. ...

symptom management

Dexamethasone Mouthwash in Preventing Everolimus-Related Stomatitis in Women With Breast Cancer

In the phase II SWISH study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Rugo et al found that use of a dexamethasone-based mouthwash may prevent everolimus-related stomatitis in postmenopausal women receiving everolimus (Afinitor) for hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer....

cost of care
symptom management

Laura E. Panattoni, PhD, on Costs of Preventable Emergency Department Use

Laura E. Panattoni, PhD, of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, discusses results from a regional study on emergency department costs during cancer treatment and the need to focus on managing symptoms (Abstract 2).

symptom management

Ethan M. Basch, MD, on Symptom Control and Quality: The Patient’s Voice

Ethan M. Basch, MD, of The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, discusses programs—now rolling out at various institutions—that use direct patient reporting of symptoms as a part of quality assessment (Posters 61, 81; Abstract 218).

symptom management

Comparison of Pharmaceutical, Psychological, and Exercise Treatments for Cancer-Related Fatigue

Exercise and/or psychological therapy may work better than medications to reduce cancer-related fatigue and should be recommended first to patients, according to a Wilmot Cancer Institute-led study published by Mustian et al in JAMA Oncology. “If a [patient with cancer] is having trouble...

symptom management

Feasibility of Patient Reporting of Adverse Events in Cancer Clinical Trials

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Basch et al found that use of patient-reported outcome questionnaires to report symptomatic adverse events was feasible in the setting of multicenter cancer treatment trials. Study Details In the study, 361 consecutive patients enrolled in 1 of 9 U.S....

symptom management

FDA Approves Telotristat Ethyl for Carcinoid Syndrome Diarrhea

On February 28, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved telotristat ethyl (Xermelo) tablets in combination with somatostatin analog therapy for the treatment of adults with carcinoid syndrome diarrhea that somatostatin analog therapy alone has inadequately controlled. About...

symptom management

Patient-Reported Outcomes for Assessing Symptom Burden in Patients Receiving Oral Anticancer Therapy

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Mackler et al found that use of a validated symptom assessment tool for patient-reported outcomes was feasible in evaluating symptom burden in outpatients receiving oral anticancer treatment in the clinical setting. Study Details The study...

palliative care
symptom management

Palliative Radiation Therapy for Bone Metastases: Update of an ASTRO Evidence-Based Guideline

The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) recently published an updated clinical guideline that underscores the safety and effectiveness of palliative radiation therapy for treating painful bone metastases. Based on recent clinical trial data, the guideline recommends optimal radiotherapy ...

symptom management

Managing Patients With Low-Risk Neutropenic Fever at Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Goodman et al described a management practice for low-risk neutropenic fever in cancer patients that has reduced in-patient stay with intravenous antibiotic use at Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute. Study Details In the study,...

symptom management

How Does Sublingual Fentanyl Measure Up Against Subcutaneous Morphine in Managing Cancer Pain?

An Italian single-center trial compared treatment with sublingual fentanyl tablets and subcutaneous morphine in managing severe pain episodes in cancer patients receiving opioid treatment. In the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Zecca et al reported that the trial did not show noninferiority of...

breast cancer
symptom management

Electra D. Paskett, PhD, on Preventing Lymphedema: Results of a CALGB Study

Electra D. Paskett, PhD, of The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses an intervention that increased knowledge of lymphedema in breast cancer, and the personal story that drove her research (Abstract 104).

symptom management

Survivorship Symposium 2017: Physical and Psychological Factors Contribute to Decreased Physical Activity in 75% of Patients With Cancer

Although, in the past, patients with cancer were often counseled by their physicians to rest and reduce their physical activity, according to the American Cancer Society, emerging data are showing that exercise is not only safe and possible during cancer treatment, it can improve patients’...

breast cancer
symptom management

No Increased Risk of Skeletal Events in Patients With Bone Metastases Taking Zoledronic Acid

A new study published in JAMA reported that patients with bone metastases due to breast cancer, prostate cancer, or multiple myeloma who used zoledronic acid every 12 weeks compared with every 4 weeks did not have in an increased risk of skeletal events over 2 years. In this study, Andrew L....

symptom management

Comparison of Scales for Assessing Cisplatin-Related Ototoxicity in Children

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Knight et al of the Children’s Oncology Group found that the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology Ototoxicity (SIOP) scale may be more sensitive than other classification systems in detecting ototoxicity in children...

breast cancer
symptom management

Effectiveness of Electroacupuncture for Sleep Disturbances in Patients With Breast Cancer and Hot Flashes

Studies suggest that approximately 30% to 40% of women with breast cancer report persistent hot flashes. Nocturnal hot flashes are among the most problematic because they can contribute to poor sleep. A new study published by Garland et al in Menopause shows that electroacupuncture may be effective ...

breast cancer
symptom management

Patricia A. Ganz, MD: Aromatase Inhibitors Data Review

Patricia A. Ganz, MD, of the UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, summarizes two studies on using duloxetine for aromatase inhibitor–associated musculoskeletal symptoms, and aromatase inhibitors’ effect on endothelial function and heart disease (Abstracts S5-06 and S5-07).

breast cancer
symptom management

Anne Hudson Blaes, MD, on Aromatase Inhibitors and Cardiovascular Disease

Anne Hudson Blaes, MD, of the University of Minnesota, discusses the association between aromatase inhibitors, endothelial function, and early heart disease (Abstract S5-07).

symptom management
breast cancer

Jame Abraham, MD, on Hair Loss: SCALP Trial Results

Jame Abraham, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic, discusses findings of the Scalp Cooling Alopecia Prevention trial for patients with early-stage breast cancer (Abstract S5-02).

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