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issues in oncology
solid tumors

Lalan S. Wilfong, MD, on Metastatic Solid Tumors: Limiting Low-Value Care

Lalan S. Wilfong, MD, of Texas Oncology, discusses reducing the use of a white blood cell growth factor treatment in advanced and incurable solid tumors for patients treated at a community oncology practice.

solid tumors
immunotherapy

Bacterial Therapy Tolerable, Shows Early Activity in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors

A phase I clinical trial investigating the use of bacterial Clostridium novyi-NT spores as an injectable monotherapy had manageable toxicities and showed early clinical efficacy in patients with treatment-refractory solid tumor malignancies, according to data presented at the CRI-CIMT-EATI-AACR...

solid tumors
immunotherapy

Cancer Vaccine Shows Clinical Benefit in Phase I Study of Patients With HER2-Positive Cancers

A preclinical study showing that a vaccination with a recombinant adenovirus expressing a truncated ErbB-2 antigen can cure advanced established murine breast cancer as well as extensive established metastatic lung cancer led to the launch of a small phase I study investigating a therapeutic cancer ...

solid tumors
lung cancer

FDA Grants Breakthrough Therapy Designation to LOXO-292 for Treatment of Lung and Thyroid Cancers

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to LOXO-292, a selective RET inhibitor, for: the treatment of patients with metastatic RET fusion–positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who require systemic therapy and have had...

solid tumors
hematologic malignancies

FDA Warns of Increased Risk of Cancer Relapse With Long-Term Use of Azithromycin After Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is warning that the antibiotic azithromycin should not be given on a long-term basis to prevent the inflammatory lung condition bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome in patients with cancers of the blood or lymph nodes who undergo a donor stem cell...

solid tumors
hematologic malignancies

Monthly High-Dose Vitamin D and Cancer Risk

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Scragg et al found that monthly high-dose vitamin D supplementation, without calcium, was not associated with a reduced risk of developing cancer. Study Details The current analysis is a post hoc analysis of the Vitamin D Assessment (ViDA) study, which...

solid tumors
immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab in Platinum-Refractory or Relapsed Thymic Epithelial Tumors

In a Korean single-center phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Cho et al found that pembrolizumab (Keytruda) was active in advanced thymic epithelial tumors progressing after platinum-based chemotherapy. Study Details The study included 26 patients with thymic carcinoma...

solid tumors
supportive care

Prognostic Model for Malignant Pleural Effusion

As reported in The Lancet Oncology, Psallidas et al developed a model that is predictive of 3-month survival in patients with malignant pleural effusion. Study Details The PROMISE study involved an analysis of 5 independent data sets from randomized trials to discover, validate, and prospectively ...

breast cancer
solid tumors

FDA Clears Expanded Indication of Scalp-Cooling System

Paxman’s advanced scalp-cooling system has now been cleared by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use during treatment of patients with solid tumors. The system is now indicated to reduce the likelihood of chemotherapy-induced alopecia in cancer patients with solid tumors such as...

solid tumors

Apostolia-Maria Tsimberidou, MD, PhD, on Precision Medicine: Results From the IMPACT Study

Apostolia-Maria Tsimberidou, MD, PhD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses findings on clinical outcomes, including long-term survival, according to the pathway targeted and treatment period (Abstract LBA2553).

colorectal cancer
solid tumors
gynecologic cancers

2018 ASCO: Genomic Study Finds Lynch Syndrome Is Common Among Patients With MSI-High Tumors

A genomic study of more than 15,000 tumor samples showed that people who have tumors with high microsatellite instability (MSI-H)—a genomic marker associated with a large number of genetic mutations in the tumor—are more likely to have Lynch syndrome, a hereditary condition that...

solid tumors
hematologic malignancies

Update Regarding Tazemetostat Clinical Program

On April 23, Epizyme, Inc, announced that U.S.-based enrollment of new patients into tazemetostat clinical trials is temporarily on hold. Following a safety report of a pediatric patient who developed a secondary lymphoma, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a partial clinical hold...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

Postmarketing Label Modifications for Cancer Drugs Approved Without Supporting Randomized Controlled Trials

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Shepshelovich et al found that cancer drugs approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treatment of solid tumors without supporting randomized controlled trials were more likely to have postapproval safety-associated label...

solid tumors
immunotherapy

AACR 2018: Dual Inhibition of IDO1 and PD-L1 Safe in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors

Treatment combining the IDO1 inhibitor epacadostat and the programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitor durvalumab (Imfinzi) was found to be safe in patients with advanced solid tumors, with safety data similar to treatment with durvalumab alone, according to data presented from the ongoing...

solid tumors
lung cancer

AACR 2018: Selective Inhibitor Shows Early Promise in Patients With RET-Altered Cancers

BLU-667, a next-generation inhibitor that selectively targets the oncogenic receptor tyrosine kinase RET, was well tolerated and had broad clinical benefit in patients with advanced cancer that had progressed on previous therapies, including multikinase inhibitor therapy. Proof-of-concept data from ...

solid tumors
hematologic malignancies

AACR 2018: Prior Chemotherapies May Impair Pediatric Patients’ Ability to Develop Effective CAR T Cells

Pediatric patients with solid tumors may have poor quality T cells compared to patients with leukemia, and certain chemotherapies were detrimental to the T cells and their potential to become chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells, according to data presented during a media preview for the...

solid tumors
lymphoma
immunotherapy

FDA Approves sBLA Updating Nivolumab Dosing Schedule Across Indications

On March 6, Bristol-Myers Squibb announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved a supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA) updating the nivolumab (Opdivo) dosing schedule to include 480 mg infused every 4 weeks for a majority of approved indications. This approval will ...

solid tumors
immunotherapy

SBRT and Anti–PD-1 Treatment in Metastatic Solid Tumors

In a phase I study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Luke et al found that a strategy of multisite stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) followed by pembrolizumab was feasible in patients with metastatic solid tumors. It was hypothesized that stimulation of immune responses by SBRT...

solid tumors

Jeffrey M. Holzbeierlein, MD, on Penile, Urethral, and Testicular Cancers: Abstract Roundup

Jeffrey M. Holzbeierlein, MD, of the University of Kansas Medical Center, summarizes key abstracts on long-term sexual function in germ cell tumor survivors, sentinel node biopsy in clinical stage I testicular cancer, the impact of Medicaid expansion on diagnosis and management of patients with...

solid tumors
immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab Active in Thymic Carcinoma

In a single-center phase II study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Giaccone et al found that pembrolizumab (Keytruda) produced durable responses in patients with recurrent thymic carcinoma. Study Details In the study, 40 evaluable patients with advanced disease progressing after at least one line ...

solid tumors

Linda Mileshkin, MBBS, on Solid Tumors: Early Treatment Study Results

Linda Mileshkin, MBBS, of the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, discusses phase Ib trial findings on the anti–PD-1 monoclonal antibody BGB-A317 in combination with the PARP inhibitor BGB-290 in advanced solid tumors.

solid tumors

Jeffrey M. Lemons, MD, on Solid Tumors: Safety Data on SBRT and Immunotherapy

Jeffrey M. Lemons, MD, of the University of Chicago, discusses early safety and efficacy findings from a small study on pembrolizumab and multiorgan-site ablative stereotactic body radiotherapy in patients with advanced solid tumors (Abstract 20).

solid tumors
issues in oncology

California Trends in Cancer Survival by Health Insurance Status

A study using California Cancer Registry data showed that survival improvements in patients with cancer between 1997 and 2014 have largely been limited to those with private or Medicare insurance. These findings were reported in JAMA Oncology by Libby et al. Study Details The study involved...

solid tumors

Updated SCOUT Trial Data Demonstrate Response to Larotrectinib in TRK Fusion Cancers

At the Special Conference on Pediatric Cancer Research, convened in Atlanta by the American Association for Cancer Research, investigators announced updated clinical data from the larotrectinib (LOXO-101) pediatric phase I SCOUT trial. Bayer and Loxo Oncology are jointly developing larotrectinib,...

solid tumors

Phase I Study Finds ERK1/2 Inhibitor Safe and Active in Advanced Solid Tumors

Ulixertinib (BVD-523) is an ERK1/2 kinase inhibitor with potent preclinical activity in BRAF- and RAS-mutant cell lines. Now, a multicenter phase I study investigating its safety and efficacy in the treatment of patients with advanced solid tumors has found that ulixertinib to have an acceptable...

solid tumors

Anti–PD-L1 Antibody in Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma After Platinum Failure

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Patel et al, the anti–programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) antibody avelumab (Bavencio) produced durable responses in patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma after failure of platinum-based therapy in two expansion cohorts of...

solid tumors

FDA Announces Approval, CMS Proposes Coverage of First Breakthrough-Designated Test to Detect Extensive Number of Cancer Biomarkers

On November 30, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the FoundationOne CDx (F1CDx), the first breakthrough-designated, next-generation sequencing–based in vitro diagnostic test that can detect genetic mutations in 324 genes and 2 genomic signatures in any solid tumor type. The ...

solid tumors

FDA Authorizes MSK-IMPACT Tumor Profiling Assay

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) authorized Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center’s MSK-IMPACT tumor profiling assay, an in vitro diagnostic test that can identify more biomarkers that may be found in various cancers than any test previously reviewed by the...

solid tumors

Combination Therapy for Advanced Lung and Thymus Carcinoids

A European phase II trial has shown activity of long-acting pasireotide, everolimus (Afinitor), or their combination in patients with advanced lung and thymus carcinoids. These study findings were reported by Ferolla et al in The Lancet Oncology. Study Details In the study, 124 patients from 36...

solid tumors

Characteristics of Recurrence in Stage I to III Midgut Neuroendocrine Tumors

In a study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Cives et al found that postsurgical relapse occurred in 31% of patients with stage I to III midgut neuroendocrine tumors over long-term follow-up, with liver, mesentery, and pelvic lymph nodes being the main sites of relapse....

solid tumors

Factors Associated With Outcome in Pediatric Adrenocortical Tumors

In a St. Jude Adrenocortical Tumor Registry and Children’s Oncology Group study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Pinto et al found that a positive Ki67 labeling index was associated with a poorer outcome in children with adrenocortical tumors independent of germline TP53 mutation ...

solid tumors

AACR-NCI-EORTC: NCI-MATCH Reaches Central Patient-Screening Goal

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) Molecular Analysis for Therapy Choice (MATCH) clinical trial has achieved the goal of screening nearly 6,000 patients in just under 2 years, according to data presented by Chen et al at the AACR-NCI-EORTC International Conference on Molecular Targets and Cancer...

solid tumors

AACR-NCI-EORTC: Noninvasive Computational Imaging Approach May Help Predict Response to Immunotherapy

A computational imaging-based signature of immune-cell infiltration in and around a tumor could predict patients’ responses to treatment with anti–programmed cell death protein 1/programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-1/PD-L1) immunotherapies, according to data from a study presented by Sun et...

solid tumors

AACR-NCI-EORTC: Tazemetostat as Treatment for Certain Pediatric Relapsed or Refractory Solid Tumors

Children with relapsed or refractory malignant rhabdoid tumors, epithelioid sarcomas, or poorly differentiated chordomas with a particular genetic defect tolerated treatment with the investigational drug tazemetostat well, and some had objective and durable responses, according to data from a phase ...

solid tumors

Potential Treatment of Chordoma With PI3K Inhibitors

Patients with chordoma—a rare bone cancer of the skull and spine—could be helped by existing treatments, suggest scientists from the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, University College London Cancer Institute, and the Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust. In the largest...

solid tumors

Incidence of Endocrine Dysfunction With Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in JAMA Oncology, Barroso-Sousa et al evaluated the incidence of endocrine dysfunction in patients receiving currently approved immune checkpoint inhibitors for various advanced solid tumors. Patients who received combination therapy were found to...

solid tumors

ASTRO 2017: Radiation-Immunotherapy Combination May Benefit Some Patients With Late-Stage Cancer

A new study involving patients with stage IV cancer has found that treatment with radiation therapy and immunotherapy can slow tumor growth by stimulating the body’s immune system to attack the cancer. In the phase II trial, patients with end-stage cancer that had metastasized to the lungs or ...

solid tumors

Hospitalization and Rehospitalization After Diagnosis of Advanced Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Whitney et al found that the majority of patients diagnosed with advanced cancer were hospitalized within 1 year of diagnosis, with a sizable proportion having multiple hospitalizations. Hospitalization Rates The study involved California...

solid tumors

Individualized Adaptive Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy for Liver Tumors

In a single-center phase II study reported in JAMA Oncology, Feng et al found that individualized adaptive stereotactic body radiotherapy achieved high rates of local tumor control with low complication rates in patients with liver tumors and preexisting liver dysfunction. Study Details The study ...

solid tumors

Use of CD4-Positive T Cells With MHC Class II–Restricted Receptors Targeting MAGE-A3 in Metastatic Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Lu et al found that autologous CD4-positive T cells engineered to express a major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II–restricted T-cell receptor (TCR) targeting the cancer germline antigen MAGE-A3 (melanoma-associated antigen-A3)...

solid tumors

Detection of Early-Stage Cancers With Circulating Tumor DNA

In a bid to detect cancers early and in a noninvasive way, scientists at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center, Baltimore, reported they have developed a test that spots tiny amounts of cancer-specific DNA in blood, and have used it to accurately identify more than half of 138 people with...

solid tumors
hematologic malignancies

Clonal Hematopoiesis in Patients With Nonhematologic Cancers

In a study of nearly 9,000 people treated for solid tumors, researchers found that radiation treatment and tobacco use were linked to higher rates of blood-based DNA mutations that could lead to a higher risk for blood cancers such as leukemia. The study, published by Coombs et al in...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

Cancer at Baseline Screening in Patients With Li-Fraumeni Syndrome

In a new study from the National Cancer Institute (NCI), researchers found a higher-than-expected prevalence of cancer at baseline screening in individuals with Li-Fraumeni syndrome, a rare inherited disorder that leads to a higher risk of developing certain cancers. The research demonstrates...

solid tumors

NCI-COG Pediatric MATCH Trial to Test Targeted Drugs in Childhood Cancers

Today, investigators at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and the Children’s Oncology Group (COG) announced the opening of enrollment for a unique precision medicine clinical trial. NCI-COG Pediatric Molecular Analysis for Therapy Choice (Pediatric MATCH) is a nationwide trial to explore...

solid tumors

COX-2 Inhibitors May Reverse IDO1-Mediated Immunosuppression in Some Cancers

In preclinical studies, tumors that consitutively expressed the protein indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO1) responded to the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor celecoxib (Celebrex) and had improved infiltration of certain subsets of T cells, making them more likely to respond to...

breast cancer
solid tumors

CDK4/6 Inhibitors Have a Manageable Toxicity Profile, Are Generally Well Tolerated in Patients With Breast Cancer

A class of oral drugs for treating breast cancer known as cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitors are generally well-tolerated, with a manageable toxicity profile for most patients. This is the conclusion of a comprehensive review of toxicities and drug interactions related to this class of...

solid tumors

Insertion and Deletion Mutations and Immunogenicity in Solid Tumors

In a study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Turajlic et al found that renal cell carcinomas were characterized by the highest proportion and number of frameshift insertion and deletion (indel) mutations among solid cancers and that these alterations were associated with augmented immunogenicity...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

ASTRO Updates Insurance Coverage Recommendations for Proton Therapy

The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) has issued an update to its recommendations for medical insurance coverage regarding the use of proton beam therapy to treat cancer. The updated Proton Beam Therapy Model Policy provides guidance to payers on clinical indications that are...

solid tumors

FDA Grants 510(k) Clearance to Halcyon IMRT Treatment System

Varian Medical Systems has received U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) 510(k) clearance for its Halcyon system, a new device for cancer treatment. Halcyon simplifies and enhances image-guided volumetric-intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). “We are proud that Halcyon has now...

solid tumors

FDA Clears Expanded Use of Cooling Cap to Reduce Hair Loss During Chemotherapy

On July 3, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) cleared the expanded use of a cooling cap, DigniCap Cooling System, to reduce hair loss during chemotherapy. This is the first cooling cap cleared by the agency for use in cancer patients with solid tumors. “We are pleased to expand the...

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