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sarcoma
solid tumors

Conqueror in Action: Six-Time Survivor Brittany Sullivan Takes on Sarcoma

Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is a cancer so rare that some oncologists have never heard of it. Brittany Sullivan, a 29-year-old anatomy teacher from Nashville, Tennessee, learned about it when she was 3 years old. She has been conquering it ever since. Since her childhood diagnosis, Ms....

sarcoma

Immunotherapy for Advanced Soft-Tissue and Bone Sarcoma

The phase II SARC028 trial has shown activity of pembrolizumab (Keytruda) in some subtypes of advanced sarcoma. These findings were reported by Tawbi et al in The Lancet Oncology. Study Details In the study, 84 patients with advanced soft-tissue sarcoma aged ≥ 18 years (n = 42) or bone sarcoma ...

sarcoma

Sarcoma Management Is Slowly Evolving

THE BACKBONE treatment for soft-tissue sarcomas has long been anthracycline-based, but new approaches are coming. These novel strategies were discussed at the 2017 Debates and Didactics in Hematology and Oncology Conference in Sea Island, Georgia, by Melinda L. Yushak, MD, MPH, Assistant Professor ...

sarcoma

First-Line Gemcitabine/Docetaxel vs Doxorubicin in Advanced Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

In the UK-Swiss phase III GeDDiS trial, the combination of gemcitabine and docetaxel did not significantly improve progression-free survival vs doxorubicin in first-line treatment of locally advanced or metastatic soft-tissue sarcoma. Findings were reported in The Lancet Oncology by Seddon et al....

sarcoma

Eribulin vs Dacarbazine in Advanced Liposarcoma Subgroup

The subgroup analysis of outcomes among patients with advanced liposarcoma from a pivotal phase III trial comparing eribulin (Halaven) vs dacarbazine in previously treated liposarcoma or leiomyosarcoma was reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Demetri et al. Overall, the phase III trial...

sarcoma

Clinical Trials Actively Recruiting Patients With Sarcomas

The information contained in this Clinical Trials Resource Guide includes actively recruiting clinical studies focused on sarcomas. These studies are focusing on anticancer vaccines, T-cell therapy, combination chemotherapy, pathway inhibitors, preoperative radiotherapy, and more. All of the...

sarcoma
cns cancers
lymphoma
survivorship

In Case You Missed It: Short Takes on Current Cancer Research

MOST ONCOLOGISTS are familiar with the findings of the plenary sessions featured at the 2017 ASCO Annual Meeting, with topics ranging from the duration of adjuvant oxaliplatin-based therapy in stage III colon cancer to patient-reported outcomes for symptom monitoring during routine cancer...

sarcoma

Adding Evofosfamide to Doxorubicin in Advanced Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

A phase III trial (TH CR-406/SARC021) has shown no survival benefit of adding evofosfamide to doxorubicin in the first-line treatment of locally advanced unresectable or metastatic soft-tissue sarcoma. Trial results were reported in The Lancet Oncology by Tap et al. Evofosfamide is a...

hematologic malignancies
breast cancer
lung cancer
kidney cancer
sarcoma
bladder cancer
colorectal cancer
multiple myeloma
genomics/genetics

NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®): 2017 Guidelines

NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®): 2017 Guidelines In 1996, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) published its first set of Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology®, covering 8 tumor types. Guidelines are now published for more than 60 tumor types and...

sarcoma

First Extensive Immune Profiling of Sarcomas Shows Possible Susceptibility to Immunotherapy

Sarcomas come in dozens of subtypes. Clinical trial results have been mixed when treating these diverse tumors with immunotherapy, a targeted therapeutic strategy that has success in other cancers. However, a study published by Pollack et al in the journal Cancer suggests how both existing and ...

sarcoma

Suzanne George, MD, on Soft-Tissue Sarcoma: Evolving Treatment 126

Suzanne George, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses current and emerging systemic therapies for soft-tissue sarcoma and the options for multimodality treatment.

sarcoma

Southern Surgical Association Annual Meeting: Isolated Limb Infusion for Extremity Sarcoma May Preserve Limbs

Patients with advanced malignant soft-tissue sarcoma of the extremities have typically faced amputation of the afflicted limb as the only treatment option. However, a technique that limits the application of chemotherapy to the cancerous region can preserve limbs in a high percentage of these...

cns cancers
sarcoma

Combination of Alisertib and HSV1716 Shows Antitumor Activity in Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor and Neuroblastoma Models

Two investigational agents, the aurora A kinase inhibitor alisertib and a virus derived from HSV-1 (HSV1716), have shown antitumor efficacy in early clinical trials as monotherapies. A new study published by Currier et al in Oncotarget, however, demonstrates that the combined usage...

sarcoma

Addition of Palifosfamide to Doxorubicin in Metastatic Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

In the phase III PICASSO III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Christopher W. Ryan, MD, of Oregon Health & Science University, and colleagues found that adding palifosfamide to doxorubicin did not prolong progression-free survival among patients with metastatic soft-tissue...

sarcoma

Regorafenib in Advanced Nonadipocytic Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

Mir et al found that regorafenib (Stivarga) was active in patients with advanced nonadipocytic soft-tissue sarcoma previously treated with an anthracycline, according to a French-Austrian phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology. Regorafenib, a kinase inhibitor, should be evaluated further in ...

sarcoma

ESMO Asia 2016: First Data Presented on Rare Sarcomas in Asian Patients

The first data on rare sarcomas in Asian patients were presented in three studies at the ESMO Asia 2016 Congress in Singapore. Just half of patients with advanced angiosarcoma received chemotherapy, although it improved overall survival. CIC-rearranged sarcomas were associated with a much worse...

sarcoma

Cautious Optimism About Olaratumab in Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

The current plethora of drugs in development for oncology is leading to the testing of novel agents in common as well as rare diseases. Targeted therapies have been a focus of great interest in soft-tissue sarcomas, with testing of a variety of oral tyrosine kinase inhibitors leading to the...

sarcoma

Adding Olaratumab to Doxorubicin Increases Overall Survival in Advanced Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

As reported by William D. Tap, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and colleagues in The Lancet, the addition of the anti-PDGFRα (platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha) antibody olaratumab to doxorubicin resulted in prolonged progression-free and overall survival in phase II...

sarcoma

Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in High-Risk Soft-Tissue Sarcoma: A New Standard?

For the first time, a randomized trial has provided good evidence to support the use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for treatment of high-risk soft-tissue sarcoma of the extremities or trunk wall.1 But the findings of the study were surprising, because neoadjuvant chemotherapy with one-size-fits-all...

sarcoma

No Benefit Reported With Addition of Palifosfamide to Doxorubicin in Metastatic Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

In the phase III PICASSO III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Ryan et al found that adding palifosfamide to doxorubicin did not prolong progression-free survival among patients with metastatic soft-tissue sarcoma. Palifosfamide is the active metabolite of ifosfamide. In the...

sarcoma

Olaratumab in Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

On October 19, 2016, the platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFR-α)-blocking antibody olaratumab (Lartruvo) was granted accelerated approval in combination with doxorubicin for the treatment of soft-tissue sarcoma not amenable to curative treatment with radiotherapy or surgery and...

sarcoma

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Olaratumab for Treatment of Advanced Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to olaratumab (Lartruvo) in combination with doxorubicin to treat adults with certain types of soft-tissue sarcoma. Olaratumab is approved for use with the FDA-approved chemotherapy drug doxorubicin for the treatment...

prostate cancer
sarcoma

Link Between Molecular Mechanisms in Prostate Cancer and Ewing Sarcoma Found

Medical researchers at Indiana University (IU) Bloomington have found evidence for a link between prostate cancer, which affects millions of men aged 50 and older, and Ewing's sarcoma, a rare form of cancer that affects children and young adults. The results of the study, reported by Kedage et al...

sarcoma

Is Regorafenib Active in Advanced Nonadipocytic Soft-Tissue Sarcoma?

Mir et al found that regorafenib (Stivarga) was active in patients with advanced nonadipocytic soft-tissue sarcoma previously treated with an anthracycline, according to a French-Austrian phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology. Regorafenib should be evaluated further in this setting, the...

sarcoma

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Olaratumab for Treatment of Advanced Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to olaratumab (Lartruvo) in combination with doxorubicin to treat adults with certain types of soft-tissue sarcoma. Olaratumab is approved for use with the FDA-approved chemotherapy drug doxorubicin for the treatment of ...

sarcoma

ESMO 2016: Significant Survival Gains From Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy for High-Risk Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy with an anthracycline plus ifosfamide was associated with significant survival gains in patients with soft-tissue sarcoma of the trunk or extremities who are at high-risk of recurrence, in an interim analysis that led to the early discontinuation of a trial presented by...

sarcoma

Early FDG-PET and Volumetric Analysis May Be Best Predictors of Benefit in Ewing Sarcoma

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Koshkin et al found that among anatomic and functional imaging modalities, volumetric analysis and outcome with early 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)–positron-emission tomography (PET) were the best predictors of benefit in patients with...

sarcoma

Does Intensified Postoperative Chemotherapy for High-Grade Osteosarcoma Benefit Poor Responders to Preoperative Therapy?

In a phase III trial (EURAMOS-1) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Marina et al found no improvement in event-free survival by adding postoperative ifosfamide/etoposide to cisplatin, doxorubicin, and methotrexate in patients with newly diagnosed high-grade osteosarcoma who responded poorly to...

sarcoma

Study Finds Genetic Risk Variants in Half of Patients With Sarcoma

In an international genetic study (International Sarcoma Kindred Study) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Ballinger et al found that approximately half of all patients with sarcoma harbored potentially pathogenic monogenic and polygenic variation in known and novel cancer genes. Study Details The...

sarcoma

Kaposi Sarcoma–Associated Herpesvirus Mimics Host Signal to Drive Cell Growth, Protein Production

In a study report published by Bhatt et al in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers at the University of North Carolina Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center explained how a type of herpesvirus uses mimicry to trick the host cell to produce proteins the virus needs and...

sarcoma

Study Finds Adding Olaratumab to Doxorubicin Improves Survival in Advanced Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

The addition of olaratumab, an anti–platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (anti–PDGFRα) antibody, to doxorubicin resulted in prolonged progression-free and overall survival in the phase II evaluation of patients with advanced soft-tissue sarcoma, according to findings...

solid tumors
sarcoma

French Phase III Trial Shows No Benefit of Adding Zoledronate to Chemotherapy and Surgery in Osteosarcoma

In the French phase III OS2006 trial reported by Piperno-Neumann et al in The Lancet Oncology, the addition of zoledronate to chemotherapy and surgery provided no event-free survival benefit in the treatment of patients with newly diagnosed high-grade osteosarcoma. Study Details In the open-label ...

sarcoma

A Conquer Cancer Foundation Award Helps to Launch a Pioneering Study in Liposarcoma

Mark A. Dickson, MD, has been fascinated by science and medicine since he was in high school. After graduating magna cum laude from Harvard University in 1999, Dr. Dickson pursued a medical degree from the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia University in New York. Once he decided on a...

sarcoma

Survival Benefit Reported With Radiotherapy vs Surgery Alone in Retroperitoneal Sarcoma

In a study using National Cancer Data Base data reported in The Lancet Oncology, Nussbaum et al found that preoperative and postoperative radiotherapy improved overall survival vs surgery alone in patients with retroperitoneal sarcoma. Study Details The study consisted of case-control, propensity ...

sarcoma

Eribulin in Liposarcoma: A Closer Look at the Comparative Data

Sarcoma therapy is a challenge for oncologists. Soft-tissue sarcomas encompass more than 50 different histologies, resulting in limited familiarity of management for many treating physicians. In addition, there have been few available effective therapies. The phase III trial of eribulin (Halavan) ...

sarcoma

Eribulin Improves Overall Survival vs Dacarbazine in Previously Treated Advanced Liposarcoma or Leiomyosarcoma

In a phase III trial reported in The Lancet, Patrick Schöffski, MD, of University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven Cancer Institute, Belgium, and colleagues found that eribulin (Halaven) improved overall survival vs dacarbazine in patients with advanced or metastatic soft-tissue sarcoma who had received...

sarcoma

AATS 2016: Strategies for Increasing Survival In Soft-Tissue Sarcoma Patients With Lung Metastases Undergoing Resection

Up to 50% of patients with soft-tissue sarcoma develop lung metastases. Effective systemic therapies for metastatic soft-tissue sarcoma are currently limited; when possible, pulmonary metastasectomy is the preferred treatment. However, guidelines for the performance of pulmonary metastasectomy for...

solid tumors
sarcoma

Outcomes With Palbociclib at Altered Dose and Schedule in Liposarcoma

In a single-center phase II trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Dickson et al found that changing the dose and schedule of palbociclib (Ibrance) from those in a previous phase II trial appeared to maintain activity while potentially reducing hematologic adverse effects in patients with advanced...

sarcoma

Clinical Trials Actively Recruiting Patients With Ewing Sarcoma

Phase I Study Title: A Phase I Study to Examine the Toxicity of Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation for Relapsed or Therapy-Refractory Ewing Sarcoma Study Type: Interventional/nonrandomized/single-group assignment Study Sponsor and Collaborators: University of Louisville Purpose: To examine the...

sarcoma

FDA Grants Priority Review for BLA for Olaratumab in Advanced Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

Eli Lilly and Company announced today that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Priority Review for the biologics license application (BLA) for olaratumab, a platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRα) antagonist, in combination with doxorubicin, for the...

head and neck cancer
lung cancer
sarcoma
gastrointestinal cancer

AACR 2016: LOXO-101 Shows Continued Promise in Patients Whose Tumors Had NTRK Gene Fusions

The investigational drug LOXO-101, which selectively targets a family of proteins called neurotrophic tyrosine kinase receptors (NTRKs), produced significant tumor regression in patients whose tumors had NTRK gene fusions, according to data from a phase I clinical trial presented by Hong et al at...

sarcoma

Nomograms for Predicting Survival and Distant Metastasis After Resection of Localized Soft-Tissue Sarcoma of the Extremities

As reported in The Lancet Oncology, Callegaro et al have developed nomograms to predict overall survival and risk of distant metastases in patients undergoing resection of soft-tissue sarcomas of the extremities. Study Details The study involved data from a development cohort of 1,452 consecutive ...

sarcoma

Eribulin Mesylate in Advanced Liposarcoma Previously Treated With an Anthracycline

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. On January 28, 2016, eribulin mesylate (Halaven) was approved for...

sarcoma

Eribulin Improves Overall Survival vs Dacarbazine in Advanced Liposarcoma or Leiomyosarcoma

In a phase III trial reported in The Lancet, Schöffski et al found that eribulin improved overall survival vs dacarbazine in patients with advanced or metastatic soft-tissue sarcoma who had received at least two prior systemic treatments for advanced disease. Outcome in the subgroup with...

breast cancer
hematologic malignancies
leukemia
sarcoma

Increased Breast Cancer Risk Reported in Childhood Sarcoma and Leukemia Survivors With No History of Chest Radiotherapy

In an analysis of the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Henderson et al found that childhood survivors of sarcoma and leukemia with no history of chest radiotherapy were at an increased risk of breast cancer. Increased Risk The study included data from...

sarcoma

Patrick Schöffski, MD, on Eribulin for Soft-Tissue Sarcomas

Patrick Schöffski, MD, of the University Hospital Leuven, discusses a phase III study in which he and his colleagues found, for the first time in soft-tissue sarcomas, a significant overall survival benefit of a single agent compared to a standard treatment (Abstract LBA10502).

sarcoma

FDA Approves Eribulin Mesylate in Unresectable or Metastatic Liposarcoma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved eribulin mesylate (Halaven), an antimicrotubular antineoplastic agent, for the treatment of unresectable or metastatic liposarcoma. This treatment is approved for patients who received prior chemotherapy that contained an anthracycline drug....

sarcoma

Novel Approaches and Agents Making Headway against Sarcoma

Novel approaches and agents reported at the ASCO 2011 Annual Meeting are improving outcomes in sarcoma, a heterogeneous disease with historically poor outcomes, according to William D. Tap, MD, Section Chief of Sarcoma Oncology at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York. Dr. Tap...

sarcoma

Researchers Find Remarkable Heterogeneity in Sarcomas

Does one size fit all for the treatment of sarcoma? The answer is a resounding “no,” according to Jean-Yves Blay, MD, Department of Medicine, Université Claude Bernard, and Unité INSERM (National Institute of Health and Medical Research Unit), Lyon, France. Researchers have been able to classify...

sarcoma

ODAC Offers Recommendations on Two Sarcoma Drugs

The FDA’s Oncologic Drugs Advisory Committee (ODAC) recently recommended approval of one drug for sarcoma but rejected another. The panel voted 11 to 2 that clinical studies support a favorable benefit-risk assessment for use of pazopanib (Votrient) in treating patients with advanced soft-tissue...

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