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pancreatic cancer

ESMO World GI 2017: Pegilodecakin Plus FOLFOX in Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

Clinical data on an investigational immuno-oncology drug pegilodecakin (PEGylated human interleukin-10, also known as AM0010) was presented by Hecht et al at the ESMO 19th World Congress on Gastrointestinal Cancer in Barcelona, Spain (Abstract O-004). Pegilodecakin is being evaluated in an ongoing...

pancreatic cancer

WCHN Launches Trial to Screen Newly Diagnosed Patients With Diabetes for Early-Stage Pancreatic Cancer

Western Connecticut Health Network (WCHN) has announced the launch of a 3-year research study that will investigate the link between new-onset diabetes and pancreatic cancer. The main goal is to detect the often lethal cancer at a curable stage. The study was developed by a team of physicians and...

solid tumors
pancreatic cancer

SNMMI 2017: Immuno-PET Shows Promise for Detecting and Treating Pancreatic Tumors, Other Solid Tumors

A first-in-human study presented at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI) (Abstract 385) demonstrated the feasibility and safety of imaging with the novel human monoclonal antibody HuMab-5B1, to enable highly specific targeting for the cancer...

pancreatic cancer

ASCO 2017: Adding PEGPH20 to Standard Treatment in Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer May Delay Disease Progression

By adding an experimental drug to a standard chemotherapy regimen, a subset of patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer had a significantly longer period before the cancer progressed as compared with those who received the standard treatment, according to a phase II clinical trial led by an...

pancreatic cancer

ESTRO 2017: Study Suggests Role for Radiotherapy in Extending Survival in Patients With Early-Stage Pancreatic Cancer

Radiotherapy at a high enough dose may increase survival in early-stage pancreatic cancer, according to research presented at the European Society for Radiotherapy & Oncology (ESTRO) 36 Conference (Abstract OC-0426). Previous research has suggested that radiotherapy may be of little help to...

pancreatic cancer

Update to ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline on Potentially Curable Pancreatic Cancer

An ASCO clinical practice guideline update, reported by Khorana et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, includes the recommendation of gemcitabine-capecitabine doublet therapy as an adjuvant therapy option in potentially curable pancreatic cancer. The updated recommendation (4.1) modifies the...

pancreatic cancer

Cigarette Smoking and Survival in Pancreatic Cancer

A study of data from large prospective U.S. cohorts has shown that current cigarette smoking, greater pack-years, and heavy smoking were associated with poorer survival among patients with pancreatic cancer. The study was reported by Yuan et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. Study Details...

pancreatic cancer

AACR 2017: PRMT1 Identified as Potential Druggable Target for Pancreatic Cancer

A protein known as arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1) may be a potential therapeutic target for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, according to results presented by Giuliani et al the 2017 Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) in Washington, DC (Abstract 3016)....

pancreatic cancer

Margaret A. Tempero, MD, on Pancreatic Cancer: Active Systemic Treatment

Margaret A. Tempero, MD, of the UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses the evidence for using neoadjuvant and adjuvant systemic therapies in resectable and borderline resectable pancreatic cancer.

pancreatic cancer

SSO 2017: Preclinical Trial Shows Intratumoral Vaccination Induces Antitumor Response in Pancreatic Cancer

Building on their previous research focusing on intratumoral vaccination for the most common form of pancreatic cancer, investigators from Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey and Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School have shown that in a mouse model of early-stage resected pancreatic...

pancreatic cancer

Adding Vandetanib to Gemcitabine in Locally Advanced or Metastatic Pancreatic Carcinoma

In a UK phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Middleton et al found that adding the multi–tyrosine kinase inhibitor vandetanib (Caprelsa) to gemcitabine did not improve overall survival in patients with previously untreated locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic carcinoma. Study ...

pancreatic cancer

Two Migration Proteins Boost Predictive Value of Pancreatic Cancer Biomarker

Adding two blood-borne proteins associated with cancer cell migration increases the predictive ability of the current biomarker for pancreatic cancer to detect early-stage disease, a research team from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center reported in a study by Balasenthil et al in the ...

pancreatic cancer

Study Finds Addition of Adjuvant Capecitabine to Gemcitabine Improves Survival in Resected Pancreatic Cancer

In the European phase III ESPAC-4 trial reported in The Lancet, Neoptolemos et al found that adding adjuvant capecitabine to gemcitabine significantly improved overall survival in patients with resected pancreatic cancer. Study Details In the open-label trial, 730 patients from 92 hospitals in...

pancreatic cancer

Sarah E. Hoffe, MD, on Pancreatic Cancer and SBRT: Pros and Cons

Sarah E. Hoffe, MD, of the Moffitt Cancer Center, discusses the controversial role of radiation in the treatment of pancreatic cancer, recent advances in delivering short courses of high-dose stereotactic body radiation therapy, and how best to integrate this new modality in borderline and locally...

pancreatic cancer
hepatobiliary cancer

Eileen M. O’Reilly, MD, on Pancreatic and Hepatobiliary Cancers: Selecting High-Impact Targets

Eileen M. O’Reilly, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses a range of topics, including tyrosine kinase inhibitors, immune therapies, targeted approaches, and DNA damage repair strategies.

pancreatic cancer

Mark Talamonti, MD, on Pancreatic Cancer: Minimally Invasive Resection

Mark Talamonti, MD, of NorthShore University Health System, discusses the technical prerequisites for minimally invasive surgery in pancreatic cancers and the potential benefits to patients.

pancreatic cancer

Circulating Tumor DNA May Serve as a Prognostic Marker in Pancreatic Cancer

Translational research in pancreatic adenocarcinoma has been limited by the difficulty of obtaining sufficient quality and quantity tumor tissue from patients. A study by Pietrasz et al assessing the feasibility and prognostic value of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) in pancreatic adenocarcinoma has...

pancreatic cancer

Analysis Indicates Survival Advantage With Neoadjuvant Therapy in Resectable Pancreatic Cancer

In a propensity score–matched analysis of National Cancer Database data reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Mokdad et al found that neoadjuvant therapy followed by resection was associated with a survival benefit vs upfront resection. Study Details The analysis included adults...

pancreatic cancer

Comparison of Second-Line Treatments in Advanced Pancreatic Cancer After Gemcitabine-Based Chemotherapy

In the Canadian phase III PANCREOX trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Gill et al found no benefit of modified FOLFOX6 (infusional fluorouracil [5-FU], leucovorin, and oxaliplatin) vs infusional 5-FU/leucovorin as second-line treatment in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer who ...

pancreatic cancer

Overall Survival With Everolimus in Advanced Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors in the RADIANT-3 Trial

As reported by Yao et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, the final overall survival analysis from the phase III RADIANT-3 trial showed a median survival of 44.0 months among patients with advanced pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors initially randomized to receive everolimus (Afinitor, Zortress)...

pancreatic cancer

Japanese Trial Shows Improved Survival With Adjuvant S-1 vs Gemcitabine in Resected Pancreatic Cancer

Updated results of a Japanese phase III trial (JASPAC 01) reported in The Lancet by Uesaka et al showed that adjuvant S-1 was associated with significantly better overall survival compared with gemcitabine in patients with resected pancreatic cancer. Study Details In the open-label noninferiority ...

solid tumors
pancreatic cancer

ASCO Releases Clinical Practice Guideline on Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Davendra P. Sohal, MD, MPH, of Cleveland Clinic, and colleagues, ASCO has released a clinical practice guideline on the treatment of patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer. Recommendations are based on expert panel systematic review of the...

solid tumors
pancreatic cancer

ASCO Releases Clinical Practice Guideline on Treatment of Locally Advanced, Unresectable Pancreatic Cancer

As reported by Edward P. Balaban, DO, of Penn State Hershey Cancer Institute, and colleagues in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, ASCO has released a clinical practice guideline on the treatment of locally advanced, unresectable pancreatic cancer. The recommendations are based on expert panel...

solid tumors
pancreatic cancer

ASCO Releases Clinical Practice Guideline on Treatment of Potentially Curable Pancreatic Cancer

ASCO has released a clinical practice guideline on the treatment of potentially curable pancreatic cancer, as reported by Alok A. Khorana, MD, of Cleveland Clinic, and colleagues, in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. The recommendations are based on expert panel systematic review of the literature...

pancreatic cancer

ASCO 2016: Rucaparib Shows Clinical Benefit in BRCA-Mutated Pancreatic Cancer

The targeted PARP inhibitor rucaparib, which has demonstrated robust clinical activity in patients with ovarian cancer who have a BRCA mutation, also showed promise in previously treated patients with pancreatic cancer who have the mutation, according to results from a phase II clinical study...

pancreatic cancer

John P. Neoptolemos, MD, PhD, on Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma: Results of the ESPAC-4 Trial

John P. Neoptolemos, MD, PhD, of the University of Liverpool, discusses findings from this international phase III study of adjuvant combination chemotherapy: gemcitabine and capecitabine vs monotherapy gemcitabine in patients with resected pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (Abstract LBA4006).

pancreatic cancer

ASCO 2016: Adding Capecitabine Chemotherapy to Gemcitabine Extends Survival After Pancreatic Cancer Surgery

For a more in-depth look at these data, as well as commentary, click here. A European phase III trial, one of the largest ever conducted in pancreatic cancer, showed that adding the oral drug capecitabine chemotherapy to gemcitabine prolongs survival without increased toxicity. Adjuvant...

solid tumors
pancreatic cancer

Prolonged Survival Reported With First-Line FOLFIRINOX in Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

First-line FOLFIRINOX (leucovorin, fluorouracil, irinotecan, oxaliplatin) is associated with median overall survival of approximately 2 years in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer, according to a systematic review and patient-level meta-analysis reported by Suker et al in The Lancet...

pancreatic cancer

No Survival Benefit Reported With Chemoradiotherapy vs Continued Chemotherapy in Controlled Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

In the phase III GERCOR LAP07 trial reported in JAMA by Hammel et al, there was no survival benefit of chemoradiotherapy vs continued chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer controlled after 4 months of gemcitabine with or without erlotinib (Tarceva). Study Details In...

pancreatic cancer

Study Finds Benefit of Surveillance for Pancreatic Cancer in High-Risk Individuals

As reported by Vasen et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, surveillance for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma in high-risk individuals appears to be of benefit in individuals at risk due to CDKN2A mutation, with the advantage being less clear among individuals at risk due to familial clustering ...

pancreatic cancer

Assessing the Accuracy and Readability of Online Health Information for Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

Online information on pancreatic cancer overestimates the reading ability of the overall population and lacks accurate information about alternative therapy, according to a study published by Storino et al in JAMA Surgery. The degree to which patients are empowered by written educational materials ...

pancreatic cancer

AACR 2016: Certain Oral Bacteria May Be Associated With Increased Pancreatic Cancer Risk

The presence of two species of bacteria linked to periodontal disease in the mouths of healthy individuals was associated with an increased risk of subsequently developing pancreatic cancer, according to research presented by Fan et al at the 2016 AACR Annual Meeting  (Abstract 4350). ...

pancreatic cancer

CCR2 Inhibitor Active in Combination With FOLFIRINOX in Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

A CCR2 inhibitor (PF-04136309) was active in combination with FOLFIRINOX (oxaliplatin, irinotecan, leucovorin, fluorouracil) in treatment-naive patients with borderline resectable or locally advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, according to a single-center phase Ib study reported by Nywening...

pancreatic cancer

Mahmoud Al-Hawary, MD, on Pancreatic Cancer: The Role of Imaging

Mahmoud Al-Hawary, MD, of the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses the role of radiology in diagnosing and staging pancreatic tumors, optimizing imaging techniques, and the value of structured reporting.

pancreatic cancer

Meta-analysis of Gene-Expression Datasets Identifies Novel Five-Gene Pancreatic Cancer Classifier

Pancreatic cancer is often diagnosed at a late stage, when curative treatment is no longer possible. A team led by investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) identified and validated an accurate five-gene classifier for discriminating early pancreatic cancer from nonmalignant...

pancreatic cancer

Chemotherapy Preferable to Radiotherapy to Reduce Distant Pancreatic Cancer Recurrences

Patients who received chemotherapy after surgical resection of pancreatic cancer have fewer distant disease recurrences and longer overall survival than those who also had adjuvant chemoradiation therapy. While a course of radiotherapy in addition to chemotherapy and a cancer operation reduced the...

breast cancer
pancreatic cancer

Study Finds Mechanism by Which Obesity Promotes Pancreatic and Breast Cancers

Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) investigators may have uncovered a novel mechanism behind the ability of obesity to promote cancer progression. In their report published by Incio et al in Clinical Cancer Research, the research team describes finding an association between obesity and an...

pancreatic cancer
issues in oncology

Preclinical Device Hits Pancreatic Tumors With Drug Cocktail, Sparing the Body

A highly lethal cancer sometimes requires large doses of highly toxic drugs. However, a blitzkrieg approach can be unfeasible for some patients due to severe side effects. Now a team of researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill has found that an implantable device can deliver a ...

pancreatic cancer
hematologic malignancies

Samuel M. Silver, MD, PhD, and Margaret A. Tempero, MD, on Multidisciplinary Management of Pancreatic Cancer

Samuel M. Silver, MD, PhD, of the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center, and Margaret A. Tempero, MD, of the UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, discuss drugs developed for hematologic malignancies that have activity in pancreatic cancer, vaccines, neoadjuvant...

pancreatic cancer
hepatobiliary cancer

Joel E. Tepper, MD, on Radiotherapy in Liver and Pancreatic Cancers

Joel E. Tepper, MD, of the University of North Carolina School of Medicine, discusses the ways in which SBRT has changed radiotherapy, as demonstrated in key studies presented at this year's meeting on stereotactic body radiotherapy for liver metastases and hepatocellular carcinoma, and borderline...

pancreatic cancer

James L. Abbruzzese, MD, on Pancreatic Cancer: Expert Perspective

James L. Abbruzzese, MD, of Duke University, discusses the international outlook on patterns of care and their impact on outcomes.

pancreatic cancer

Pancreas Cancer Liquid Biopsy: Proof-of-Principle Study

Pancreatic cancer tumors are ripe for analysis with a liquid biopsy, according to researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. In a proof-of-principle study published recently in Annals of Oncology,1 the investigators reported on research in which they conducted whole-genome,...

pancreatic cancer

2016 GI Symposium: Tumor-Treating Fields Plus Chemotherapy May Be Safe as First-Line Treatment in Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

Novocure presented data from its ongoing phase II PANOVA clinical trial at the 2016 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium in San Francisco, showing that tumor-treating fields therapy plus first-line gemcitabine is tolerable and safe in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. The data also suggest...

palliative care
pancreatic cancer

2016 GI Symposium: Irinotecan Liposome Injection in Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer: Updated Results of the Phase III NAPOLI-1 Study

Merrimack Pharmaceuticals, Inc, announced that an updated overall survival analysis of the phase III NAPOLI-1 study of irinotecan liposome injection (Onivyde) in combination with fluorouracil (5-FU) and leucovorin achieved a substantial improvement in 12-month overall survival compared to 5-FU and...

pancreatic cancer

Radiation Therapy Lowers Risk of Cancer Recurrence in Patients Undergoing Pancreatic Surgery

Radiation therapy was associated with a lower risk of cancer recurrence in pancreatic cancer surgery patients, making it, like chemotherapy, an important addition to treatment, Mayo Clinic research found. Whether radiotherapy helps patients after pancreatic cancer surgery has been a long-standing...

pancreatic cancer

TH-302 plus Gemcitabine Delays Progression in Untreated Advanced Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma 

A novel drug that is activated under conditions of hypoxia significantly delayed progression in locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma when combined with gemcitabine in untreated patients. The findings of the randomized phase II TH-CR-04 trial were presented at the 2012 ESMO...

pancreatic cancer

Nab-paclitaxel/Gemcitabine Combination Improves Overall Survival in Pancreatic Cancer 

In patients with treatment-naive metastatic pancreatic cancer, the addition of nanoparticle albumin-bound (nab)-paclitaxel (Abraxane) to gemcitabine improved overall survival vs gemcitabine alone, in an international study presented at the 2013 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium.1 New Standard...

solid tumors
pancreatic cancer

The Pancreatic Cancer Action Network Welcomes New Members to Its Medical Advisory Board

The Pancreatic Cancer Action Network has named four new members to the organization’s Medical Advisory Board. The newest advisors are leading clinicians in the field of pancreatic cancer: Joseph M. Herman, MD, MSc, Johns Hopkins University; George A. Fisher Jr, MD, PhD, Stanford University; James...

solid tumors
pancreatic cancer

Finding New Strategies to More Effectively Treat Pancreatic Cancer

While some progress has been made in understanding the molecular pathogenesis, genetic risk factors, and genomics of pancreatic adenocarcinoma, the disease remains one of the most challenging malignancies. According to Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) figures, 44,000 people were...

pancreatic cancer

Effects of siRNA Combining TGF-β1 Silencing and RIG-I Activation in Pancreas Cancer 

Dysregulation of TGF-β signaling promotes tumor growth, invasion, metastasis, and a potent immunosuppressive network in pancreas cancer. A strategy for disrupting the tumor-promoting pathway is the silencing of TGF-β by use of small-interfering (si) RNA. Ellermeier and colleagues found that the...

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