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lung cancer

Concurrent Chemotherapy, Proton Therapy May Improve Survival in Patients With Advanced Lung Cancer

For patients with advanced, inoperable stage III lung cancer, concurrent chemotherapy and proton-beam radiotherapy offers improved survival compared to historical data for standard of care, according to a new study from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. The research, published by...

lung cancer

Regionalization and Lung Cancer Operative Mortality in Ontario, Canada

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Bendzsak et al found that centralization of surgery services to high-volume hospitals in Ontario was not independently associated with improved operative mortality rates in lung cancer. In April 2007, a policy was implemented to regionalize...

lung cancer

FDA Approves First Companion Diagnostic Test to Simultaneously Screen for Multiple NSCLC Therapies

On June 22, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted premarket approval to Thermo Fisher Scientific for the first next-generation sequencing–based test that simultaneously screens tumor samples for biomarkers associated with three FDA-approved therapies for non–small cell...

lung cancer

European Commission Expands Use of Ceritinib for First-Line Use in ALK-Positive Advanced NSCLC

On June 29, the European Commission approved expanding the use of ceritinib (Zykadia) to include the first-line treatment of patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors are anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)–positive. Approval follows a positive opinion granted...

lung cancer

First-Line Nivolumab vs Chemotherapy in Advanced NSCLC With PD-L1 Expression ≥ 5%

As reported by Carbone et al in The New England Journal of Medicine, the phase III CheckMate 026 trial has shown no progression-free survival benefit for first-line nivolumab (Opdivo) vs platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with recurrent or stage IV non–small cell lung cancer with...

lung cancer

FDA Grants Regular Approval to Dabrafenib and Trametinib Combination for Metastatic NSCLC With BRAF V600E Mutation

On June 22, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration granted regular approvals to dabrafenib (Tafinlar) and trametinib (Mekinist) administered in combination for patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with BRAF V600E mutation as detected by an FDA-approved test. These ...

lung cancer

Atezolizumab as First-Line or Subsequent Treatment in PD-L1–Selected Advanced NSCLC

In the phase II BIRCH trial, atezolizumab (Tecentriq) was found to produce higher response rates as first-line or subsequent therapy in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with higher levels of programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression. Study findings were...

lung cancer

Ceritinib vs Chemotherapy in Previously Treated ALK-Rearranged NSCLC

The phase III ASCEND-5 trial has shown a significant improvement in progression-free survival with ceritinib (Zykadia) vs chemotherapy in advanced ALK-rearranged non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) previously treated with crizotinib (Xalkori) and chemotherapy. Trial results were reported in...

lung cancer

ASTRO Issues Guideline for Use of Stereotactic Radiation in Early-Stage Lung Cancer

The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) has issued a new clinical guideline for the use of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in early-stage lung cancer. While SBRT is the current standard of care for peripherally located tumors in patients who cannot undergo surgery, the new...

lung cancer

Sacituzumab Govitecan in Previously Treated Patients With Metastatic NSCLC

As reported by Heist et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, the antibody-drug conjugate sacituzumab govitecan showed activity in patients with previously treated metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Sacituzumab targets Trop-2, present on many solid tumors; govitecan is the...

lung cancer
colorectal cancer

David H. Henry, MD, on Advances in Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer: Expert Perspective

David H. Henry, MD, of Pennsylvania Oncology Hematology Associates, outlines abstracts focusing on chemotherapy in locally advanced rectal cancer and immune-related toxicity, response to anti–PD-L1 blockade, and epacadostat plus pembrolizumab in lung cancer.

lung cancer

Arnaud Scherpereel, MD, PhD, on Mesothelioma: Results From the IFCT-1501 MAPS2 Trial (French Language Version)

Arnaud Scherpereel, MD, PhD, of the University Hospital of Lille, discusses in French phase II study findings on second- or third-line nivolumab vs nivolumab plus ipilimumab in malignant pleural mesothelioma patients. (Abstract LBA8507)

lung cancer

Arnaud Scherpereel, MD, PhD, on Mesothelioma: Results From the IFCT-1501 MAPS2 Trial

Arnaud Scherpereel, MD, PhD, of the University Hospital of Lille, discusses phase II study findings on second- or third-line nivolumab vs nivolumab plus ipilimumab in malignant pleural mesothelioma patients. (Abstract LBA8507)

lung cancer

Alice Tsang Shaw, MD, PhD, and Tony Mok, MD, on NSCLC: Results From the ALEX and ARCHER 1050 Trials

Alice Tsang Shaw, MD, PhD, of Massachusetts General Hospital, and Tony Mok, MD, of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, discuss their two ASCO-featured abstracts on non–small cell lung cancer: alectinib vs crizotinib in treatment-naive advanced ALK+ disease, and dacomitinib vs gefitinib for...

lung cancer

ALEX Trial: Alectinib vs Crizotinib in Untreated Advanced ALK-Positive NSCLC

As reported at the recent ASCO Annual Meeting and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Peters et al, the phase III ALEX trial has shown improvement in progression-free survival with alectinib (Alecensa) vs crizotinib (Xalkori) in the first-line treatment of advanced ALK-positive...

lung cancer

Effect of Previous Radiotherapy on Outcome With Pembrolizumab in NSCLC

In a single-site experience reported in The Lancet Oncology by Shaverdian et al, patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the phase I KEYNOTE-001 trial of pembrolizumab (Keytruda) were found to have better outcomes if they had received prior radiotherapy. Study Details...

lung cancer

ASCO 2017: Research Suggests Possible New Treatment for EGFR-Positive Lung Cancer

Findings from a phase III clinical trial point to a potential new treatment for patients newly diagnosed with advanced, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Compared to the EGFR inhibitor gefitinib (Iressa), one of the standard targeted...

lung cancer

ASCO 2017: Early Research Suggests First Immunotherapy for Mesothelioma on the Horizon

Malignant pleural mesothelioma is a rare cancer, but its incidence has been rising. This cancer is usually associated with asbestos exposure, and patients have a median life expectancy of only 13 to 15 months. All patients relapse despite initial chemotherapy, more than 50% of them within 6 months...

lung cancer

Solange Peters, MD, PhD, on SCLC: Expert Perspective on CheckMate 032

Solange Peters, MD, PhD, of the University of Lausanne, examines the study findings on nivolumab ± ipilimumab in advanced small cell lung cancer, in the first report of a randomized expansion cohort. (Abstract 8503)

lung cancer

Taofeek K. Owonikoko, MD, PhD, on SCLC: Results of the ECOG-ACRIN 2511 Trial

Taofeek K. Owonikoko, MD, PhD, of Emory University, discusses study findings on cisplatin and etoposide in combination with veliparib or placebo for extensive stage small cell lung cancer. (Abstract 8505)

lung cancer

Matthew D. Hellmann, MD, on SCLC: Results From CheckMate 032

Matthew D. Hellmann, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses study findings on nivolumab ± ipilimumab in advanced small cell lung cancer, in the first report of a randomized expansion cohort. (Abstract 8503)

lung cancer

ASCO 2017: ALEX Study: Alectinib Halts Lung Cancer Growth More Than a Year Longer Than Crizotinib

Findings from a phase III clinical trial point to a more effective initial treatment for patients with ALK-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Compared to the current standard of care, crizotinib (Xalkori), the newer ALK inhibitor alectinib (Alecensa) halted cancer growth for a...

lung cancer
cost of care

Daniel A. Goldstein, MD, on Pembrolizumab for Lung Cancer: Saving Costs by Adjusting Dosage

Daniel A. Goldstein, MD, of Emory University and Rabin Medical Center, discusses his study findings that show nearly $1 billion in savings when patients receive personal weight-based doses instead of a predetermined fixed dose for treatment of PD-L1-positive non–small cell lung cancer. (Abstract...

lung cancer

Taofeek K. Owonikoko, MD, PhD, on SCLC: Results of the ECOG-ACRIN 2511 Trial

Taofeek K. Owonikoko, MD, PhD, of Emory University, discusses study findings on cisplatin and etoposide in combination with veliparib or placebo for extensive stage small cell lung cancer. (Abstract 8505)

lung cancer
issues in oncology

ATS 2017: Among All Cancers, Lung Cancer Appears to Put Patients at Greatest Suicide Risk

A lung cancer diagnosis appears to put patients at the greatest risk of suicide when compared to the most common types of non-skin cancers, according to new research presented at the 2017 American Thoracic Society International Conference (Abstract 8321). Researchers analyzed 3,640,229 patients in ...

lung cancer

Japanese Phase III Trial of Alectinib vs Crizotinib in ALK-Positive NSCLC

The Japanese phase III J-ALEX trial has shown improved progression-free survival with alectinib (Alecensa) vs crizotinib (Xalkori) in ALK inhibitor–naive patients with ALK-positive non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Results were reported by Hida et al in The Lancet. Study Details In...

lung cancer

FDA Broadens Ceritinib Indication to Previously Untreated ALK-Positive Metastatic NSCLC

On May 26, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to ceritinib (Zykadia) for patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors are anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive as detected by an FDA-approved test. In April 2014,...

lung cancer

MEK Inhibitor Selumetinib and Docetaxel in KRAS-Mutant Advanced NSCLC

A phase III trial (SELECT-1) has shown no improvement in progression-free survival with the addition of the MEK inhibitor selumetinib to docetaxel in the second-line treatment of patients with KRAS-mutant non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Trial results were reported by Jänne et al in...

lung cancer

Brigatinib in Advanced Crizotinib-Refractory ALK-Positive NSCLC

As reported by Kim et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, the phase II ALTA trial showed that the next-generation oral ALK inhibitor brigatinib produced a high response rate, including intracranial responses, in patients with advanced crizotinib-refractory non–small cell lung cancer...

lung cancer

ASCO 2017: Gefitinib Treatment Can Delay Recurrence of Intermediate-Stage Lung Cancer

The targeted therapy gefitinib (Iressa) appears more effective in preventing recurrence after lung cancer surgery than the standard of care, chemotherapy. In a phase III clinical trial, patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-positive, stage II to IIIA non–small cell lung cancer ...

lung cancer

FDA Approves Pembrolizumab as First-Line Combination Therapy With Pemetrexed and Carboplatin for Metastatic Nonsquamous NSCLC

On May 10, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pembrolizumab (Keytruda), an anti–programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) therapy, in combination with pemetrexed (Alimta) and carboplatin for the first-line treatment of metastatic nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer...

lung cancer

ELCC 2017: Prospective Study Shows Concordance of EGFR Mutation Detection Between ctDNA and Tumor Samples

Detection of EGFR mutations in circulating tumor (ct) DNA from plasma samples can be accomplished using the cobas platform, according to findings presented by Kumar et al at the 2017 European Lung Cancer Conference (ELCC) (Abstract 95PD). Assays of ctDNA offer a noninvasive method of finding EGFR...

lung cancer

ELCC 2017: Specific Immune Cell Profiles Potentially Identify Patients With Lung Cancer Responsive to Anti–PD-1 Immunotherapy

An investigation of immune cell subtypes in the tumor microenvironment of patients with lung adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) identified an immune subgroup that associates with prolonged patient survival and may be prognostic of response to nivolumab, according to findings presented ...

lung cancer

ELCC 2017: Ensartinib Demonstrates CNS Activity in ALK-Positive NSCLC

Ensartinib demonstrated intracranial responses in patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)–positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and central nervous system (CNS) metastases, according to findings presented by Reckamp et al at the 2017 European Lung Cancer Conference (ELCC)...

lung cancer

ELCC 2017: Development and Validation of Lung Toxicity Prediction Models Aids Effective Use of Radiotherapy in NSCLC

Validation using patient data of an outcome prediction model for the development of dyspnea subsequent to radiotherapy revealed that the prognostic factors in the model did not adequately predict for delta toxicity endpoints, according to results reported by Defraene et al at the 2017 European Lung ...

lung cancer

Prognostic and Predictive Effects of TP53 With KRAS or EGFR Mutation Status in NSCLC

In a pooled analysis of four trials of platinum adjuvant therapy vs observation in resected early-stage non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), Shepherd et al found no prognostic effect of KRAS or EGFR with TP53 comutation but a potential negative predictive effect for adjuvant therapy with TP53...

lung cancer

ELCC 2017: Study Shows White Blood Cell–Boosting Drugs Safe During Small Cell Lung Cancer Chemoradiotherapy

A late-breaking subanalysis of the phase III CONVERT trial presented by Gomes et al at the 2017 European Lung Cancer Conference (ELCC) shows that white blood cell–boosting drugs are safe during concurrent chemoradiotherapy of small cell lung cancer (SCLC, Abstract LBA2_PR). “The...

lung cancer

ELCC 2017: Some Patients With Lung Cancer Benefit From Immunotherapy Even After Disease Progression

Some patients with advanced lung cancer benefit from immunotherapy, even after the disease has progressed as evaluated by standard criteria, according to research presented by Artal-Cortes et al at the 2017 European Lung Cancer Conference (ELCC, Abstract 96PD). The findings pave the way for certain ...

lung cancer

ELCC 2017: White Blood Cell Count May Predict Response to Lung Cancer Immunotherapy

White blood cell counts may predict whether patients with lung cancer will benefit from immunotherapy, according to research presented by Tiseo et al at the 2017 European Lung Cancer Conference (ELCC, Abstract 30PD). “Immune checkpoint inhibitors such as nivolumab [Opdivo] and...

lung cancer

ELCC 2017: Osimertinib Improves Symptoms in Advanced Lung Cancer

Osimertinib (Tagrisso) improved cancer-related symptoms in patients with advanced lung cancer, according to an analysis of patient-reported outcomes from the AURA3 phase III clinical trial presented by Lee et al at the 2017 European Lung Cancer Conference (ELCC, Abstract 85O). “With my...

lung cancer

Genomic Intratumor Heterogeneity and Evolution of NSCLC Tumors

In a study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Jamal-Hanjani et al found that early stage non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumors were characterized by widespread intratumor genomic heterogeneity and that increased subclonal copy-number alterations in this context were...

lung cancer

ELCC 2017: Men May Need More Frequent Lung Cancer Screening Than Women

Men may need more frequent lung cancer screening than women, according to research to be presented by Koo et al at the 2017 European Lung Cancer Conference (ELCC). The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends annual screening for lung cancer with low-dose computed tomography (CT) in adults...

lung cancer

ASCO/CCO Clinical Practice Guideline Update: Adjuvant Therapy for Resected Non–Small Cell Lung Cancers

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Mark G. Kris, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and colleagues, ASCO and Cancer Care Ontario (CCO) have issued an update to the ASCO/CCO clinical practice guideline on adjuvant systemic therapy and adjuvant radiation therapy for stage...

lung cancer

FDA Approves Brigatinib for Metastatic ALK-Positive Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

On April 28, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to brigatinib (Alunbrig) for the treatment of patients with metastatic anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non­–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have had disease progression on or are...

lung cancer

Potential Predictive Biomarker of Response to Crizotinib in Lung Cancer

Although the duration and magnitude of clinical response are unpredictable in patients with ALK-rearranged non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with crizotinib (Xalkori), eventually all patients develop resistance to the drug. A study by Pailler et al evaluating whether circulating...

lung cancer

FDA Grants Lorlatinib Breakthrough Therapy Designation for ALK-Positive Metastatic Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

On April 27, the investigational next-generation ALK/ROS1 tyrosine kinase inhibitor lorlatinib was granted Breakthrough Therapy designation from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive metastatic non–small cell...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

ELCC 2017: Patients With Lung Cancer Treated With PD-1/PD-L1 Checkpoint Inhibitors May Experience Adverse Events After Influenza Vaccination

Patients with lung cancer treated with programmed cell death protein 1/programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-1/PD-L1) checkpoint inhibitors may be at increased risk of adverse events after receiving the seasonal influenza vaccination, according to the first study measuring this effect. The results, to ...

lung cancer

Prophylactic Cranial Irradiation vs Observation in Extensive-Disease Small Cell Lung Cancer

A Japanese phase III trial has shown no survival benefit of prophylactic cranial irradiation vs observation in patients with extensive-disease small cell lung cancer who had any response to platinum-based doublet chemotherapy and no brain metastases at baseline. These findings were reported in The...

lung cancer

Cardiac Events After Radiotherapy for Locally Advanced Lung Cancer

An analysis of patients from 4 prospective radiotherapy trials for locally advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) conducted at 2 centers in Michigan showed that grade ≥ 3 cardiac events occurred in more than 10% of patients. The study was reported by Dess et al in the Journal of...

lung cancer

AACR 2017: 5-Year Survival Rate for Nivolumab-Treated Advanced Lung Cancer Higher Than Historical Rate in Early-Phase Trial

Treatment with the immune checkpoint inhibitor nivolumab (Opdivo) yielded durable responses in some patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), with a 5-year survival rate of 16%, according to data from a phase I clinical trial presented by Brahmer et al at the American...

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