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lung cancer

Durvalumab Consolidation After Chemoradiotherapy in Stage III NSCLC

As reported by Antonia et al in The New England Journal of Medicine, an interim analysis of the phase III PACIFIC trial showed improved progression-free survival with the programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) inhibitor durvalumab (Imfinzi) vs placebo as consolidation in patients with unresectable...

palliative care
lung cancer

ESMO 2017: 'Triggers': A New Tool to Assess Patients’ Palliative Needs

A new tool to identify patients who would benefit from early palliative care was presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2017 Congress in Madrid (Abstract LBA54_PR). The so-called “Triggers” tool, developed by the London Cancer Alliance to help clinicians in the...

lung cancer

Osimertinib in First-Line Treatment of EGFR Mutation–Positive Advanced NSCLC

Osimertinib (Tagrisso) has shown high activity in the phase I expansion component of the AURA trial in previously untreated patients with EGFR mutation–positive advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). These findings were reported by Ramalingam et al in the Journal of Clinical...

cns cancers
gynecologic cancers
kidney cancer
lung cancer
gastroesophageal cancer

FDA Approves First Biosimilar for the Treatment of Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved bevacizumab-awwb (Mvasi) as a biosimilar to bevacizumab (Avastin) for the treatment of multiple types of cancer. Bevacizumab-awwb is the first biosimilar approved in the U.S. for the treatment of cancer. “Bringing new biosimilars to...

lung cancer

ESMO 2017: PACIFIC Trial: Durvalumab Improves Progression-Free Survival in Stage III Lung Cancer

Durvalumab improves progression-free survival in patients with locally advanced, unresectable stage III lung cancer, according to late-breaking results from the phase III PACIFIC trial presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2017 Congress in Madrid (Abstract LBA1_PR) and...

lung cancer

Luis G. Paz-Ares, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: Results of the PACIFIC Trial

Luis G. Paz-Ares, MD, PhD, of Hospital Universitario 12 De Octubre, discusses phase III study findings on durvalumab after chemoradiation therapy in patients with stage III, locally advanced, unresectable non–small cell lung cancer (Abstract LBA1).

lung cancer

Michèle Beau-Faller, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: Biomarker Findings From the French Cooperative Thoracic Intergroup

Michèle Beau-Faller, MD, PhD, of the Hôpital de Hautepierre & Institut Régional du Cancer, discusses study results on ultrasensitive detection of EGFR T790M mutation by droplet digital PCR in TKI naïve non–small cell lung cancer harboring EGFR mutation (Abstract 85PD).

lung cancer

Adding First-Line Ipilimumab to Paclitaxel/Carboplatin in Advanced Squamous NSCLC

In a phase III trial reported by Govindan et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, the addition of first-line ipilimumab (Yervoy) to paclitaxel/carboplatin did not improve overall survival in patients with advanced squamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Study Details In the...

lung cancer

ESMO 2017: ALEX and ALUR Trials: Alectinib Shows CNS Benefit in ALK-Positive NSCLC

Data from two separate phase III studies presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2017 Congress in Madrid show the particular central nervous system (CNS) activity of alectinib (Alecensa) in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer involving a mutation of the...

lung cancer

Luis G. Paz-Ares, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: Results of the PACIFIC Trial

Luis G. Paz-Ares, MD, PhD, of Hospital Universitario 12 De Octubre, discusses phase III study findings on durvalumab after chemoradiation therapy in patients with stage III, locally advanced, unresectable non–small cell lung cancer (Abstract LBA1).

lung cancer

ESMO 2017: Phase III IFCT-0302 Trial Assesses Minimal vs CT Scan–Based Follow-up for Completely Resected NSCLC

The optimal follow-up protocol for patients with completely resected non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains elusive after results of the IFCT-0302 trial, presented at the 2017 European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress in Madrid, did not show a difference in overall survival...

lung cancer
gastrointestinal cancer

Health-Related Quality of Life With Everolimus vs Placebo in Patients With Neuroendocrine Tumors

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Pavel et al, no significant difference in deterioration of health-related quality of life was observed with everolimus (Afinitor) vs placebo in the phase III RADIANT-4 trial, which included patients with advanced nonfunctional well-differentiated...

lung cancer

Association of Supplemental Vitamin B Use and Lung Cancer in VITAL Cohort

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Brasky et al found that the use of individual source supplemental vitamins B6 and B12 was associated with an increased risk of lung cancer among men in the Vitamins and Lifestyle (VITAL) cohort. Several B vitamins, including B6, B9 (folate),...

lung cancer

ASCO Guideline on Stage IV NSCLC Therapy Updated

An update of the ASCO clinical practice guideline on the systemic treatment of patients with stage IV non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) clarifies the role of immunotherapy in this setting. The update, published by Hanna et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, also provides new...

lung cancer

Lung Cancer Clinical Trial Eligibility Criteria Increase in Number, Complexity

With the advent of molecular targeted therapies and immunotherapy, eligibility criteria have increased in number and complexity for lung cancer clinical trials, according to an analysis published by Garcia et al in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology. Despite calls to streamline cancer clinical trial...

lung cancer

Fat Intake and Lung Cancer Risk

According to a study reported by Yang et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, high dietary intake of total fat and saturated fat was associated with an increased risk of lung cancer, with the association with saturated fat being particularly evident among current smokers. Study Details The...

lung cancer

FDA Grants Alectinib Priority Review for Initial Treatment of ALK-Positive Lung Cancer

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted Genentech’s supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) and granted Priority Review for alectinib (Alecensa) as a first-line treatment for people with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive, locally advanced, or metastatic...

lung cancer

Osimertinib Improves Progression-Free Survival for EGFR-Positive NSCLC in the Phase III FLAURA Trial

On July 27, it was announced that the phase III FLAURA trial showed a statistically significant and clinically meaningful progression-free survival benefit with osimertinib (Tagrisso) compared to current first-line standard-of-care treatment (erlotinib [Tarceva] or gefitinib [Iressa]) in previously ...

lung cancer

Tremelimumab in Previously Treated Advanced Malignant Mesothelioma

In the randomized phase IIB DETERMINE trial, the cytotoxic T-lymphocyte–associated protein 4 (CTLA-4) inhibitor tremelimumab did not improve overall survival vs placebo as second- or third-line treatment of relapsed malignant mesothelioma. These findings were reported in The Lancet Oncology...

lung cancer

FDA Grants Durvalumab Breakthrough Therapy Designation for Patients With Locally Advanced Unresectable NSCLC

On July 31, AstraZeneca and MedImmune (AstraZeneca’s global biologics research and development arm) announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Breakthrough Therapy designation for durvalumab (Imfinzi) for the treatment of patients with locally advanced,...

lung cancer

Initial Progression-Free Survival Results From the MYSTIC Trial in Stage IV NSCLC

On July 27, researchers announced the progression-free survival (PFS) results for the phase III MYSTIC trial, a randomized, open-label, multicenter, global trial of durvalumab (Imfinzi) monotherapy or durvalumab in combination with tremelimumab vs platinum-based standard-of-care chemotherapy in...

lung cancer

Study Finds HER2 Mutations in 3% of Lung Cancers

The Lung Cancer Mutation Consortium at the University of Colorado Cancer Center reported that 24 of 920 patients (3%) with advanced-stage lung cancer in a recent study had mutations in the gene HER2. According to the study, published by Pillai et al in Cancer, 71% of these patients were...

lung cancer

Concurrent Chemotherapy, Proton Therapy May Improve Survival in Patients With Advanced Lung Cancer

For patients with advanced, inoperable stage III lung cancer, concurrent chemotherapy and proton-beam radiotherapy offers improved survival compared to historical data for standard of care, according to a new study from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. The research, published by...

lung cancer

Regionalization and Lung Cancer Operative Mortality in Ontario, Canada

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Bendzsak et al found that centralization of surgery services to high-volume hospitals in Ontario was not independently associated with improved operative mortality rates in lung cancer. In April 2007, a policy was implemented to regionalize...

lung cancer

FDA Approves First Companion Diagnostic Test to Simultaneously Screen for Multiple NSCLC Therapies

On June 22, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted premarket approval to Thermo Fisher Scientific for the first next-generation sequencing–based test that simultaneously screens tumor samples for biomarkers associated with three FDA-approved therapies for non–small cell...

lung cancer

European Commission Expands Use of Ceritinib for First-Line Use in ALK-Positive Advanced NSCLC

On June 29, the European Commission approved expanding the use of ceritinib (Zykadia) to include the first-line treatment of patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors are anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)–positive. Approval follows a positive opinion granted...

lung cancer

First-Line Nivolumab vs Chemotherapy in Advanced NSCLC With PD-L1 Expression ≥ 5%

As reported by Carbone et al in The New England Journal of Medicine, the phase III CheckMate 026 trial has shown no progression-free survival benefit for first-line nivolumab (Opdivo) vs platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with recurrent or stage IV non–small cell lung cancer with...

lung cancer

FDA Grants Regular Approval to Dabrafenib and Trametinib Combination for Metastatic NSCLC With BRAF V600E Mutation

On June 22, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration granted regular approvals to dabrafenib (Tafinlar) and trametinib (Mekinist) administered in combination for patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with BRAF V600E mutation as detected by an FDA-approved test. These ...

lung cancer

Atezolizumab as First-Line or Subsequent Treatment in PD-L1–Selected Advanced NSCLC

In the phase II BIRCH trial, atezolizumab (Tecentriq) was found to produce higher response rates as first-line or subsequent therapy in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with higher levels of programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression. Study findings were...

lung cancer

Ceritinib vs Chemotherapy in Previously Treated ALK-Rearranged NSCLC

The phase III ASCEND-5 trial has shown a significant improvement in progression-free survival with ceritinib (Zykadia) vs chemotherapy in advanced ALK-rearranged non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) previously treated with crizotinib (Xalkori) and chemotherapy. Trial results were reported in...

lung cancer

ASTRO Issues Guideline for Use of Stereotactic Radiation in Early-Stage Lung Cancer

The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) has issued a new clinical guideline for the use of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in early-stage lung cancer. While SBRT is the current standard of care for peripherally located tumors in patients who cannot undergo surgery, the new...

lung cancer

Sacituzumab Govitecan in Previously Treated Patients With Metastatic NSCLC

As reported by Heist et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, the antibody-drug conjugate sacituzumab govitecan showed activity in patients with previously treated metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Sacituzumab targets Trop-2, present on many solid tumors; govitecan is the...

lung cancer
colorectal cancer

David H. Henry, MD, on Advances in Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer: Expert Perspective

David H. Henry, MD, of Pennsylvania Oncology Hematology Associates, outlines abstracts focusing on chemotherapy in locally advanced rectal cancer and immune-related toxicity, response to anti–PD-L1 blockade, and epacadostat plus pembrolizumab in lung cancer.

lung cancer

Arnaud Scherpereel, MD, PhD, on Mesothelioma: Results From the IFCT-1501 MAPS2 Trial (French Language Version)

Arnaud Scherpereel, MD, PhD, of the University Hospital of Lille, discusses in French phase II study findings on second- or third-line nivolumab vs nivolumab plus ipilimumab in malignant pleural mesothelioma patients. (Abstract LBA8507)

lung cancer

Arnaud Scherpereel, MD, PhD, on Mesothelioma: Results From the IFCT-1501 MAPS2 Trial

Arnaud Scherpereel, MD, PhD, of the University Hospital of Lille, discusses phase II study findings on second- or third-line nivolumab vs nivolumab plus ipilimumab in malignant pleural mesothelioma patients. (Abstract LBA8507)

lung cancer

Alice Tsang Shaw, MD, PhD, and Tony Mok, MD, on NSCLC: Results From the ALEX and ARCHER 1050 Trials

Alice Tsang Shaw, MD, PhD, of Massachusetts General Hospital, and Tony Mok, MD, of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, discuss their two ASCO-featured abstracts on non–small cell lung cancer: alectinib vs crizotinib in treatment-naive advanced ALK+ disease, and dacomitinib vs gefitinib for...

lung cancer

ALEX Trial: Alectinib vs Crizotinib in Untreated Advanced ALK-Positive NSCLC

As reported at the recent ASCO Annual Meeting and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Peters et al, the phase III ALEX trial has shown improvement in progression-free survival with alectinib (Alecensa) vs crizotinib (Xalkori) in the first-line treatment of advanced ALK-positive...

lung cancer

Effect of Previous Radiotherapy on Outcome With Pembrolizumab in NSCLC

In a single-site experience reported in The Lancet Oncology by Shaverdian et al, patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the phase I KEYNOTE-001 trial of pembrolizumab (Keytruda) were found to have better outcomes if they had received prior radiotherapy. Study Details...

lung cancer

ASCO 2017: Research Suggests Possible New Treatment for EGFR-Positive Lung Cancer

Findings from a phase III clinical trial point to a potential new treatment for patients newly diagnosed with advanced, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Compared to the EGFR inhibitor gefitinib (Iressa), one of the standard targeted...

lung cancer

ASCO 2017: Early Research Suggests First Immunotherapy for Mesothelioma on the Horizon

Malignant pleural mesothelioma is a rare cancer, but its incidence has been rising. This cancer is usually associated with asbestos exposure, and patients have a median life expectancy of only 13 to 15 months. All patients relapse despite initial chemotherapy, more than 50% of them within 6 months...

lung cancer

Solange Peters, MD, PhD, on SCLC: Expert Perspective on CheckMate 032

Solange Peters, MD, PhD, of the University of Lausanne, examines the study findings on nivolumab ± ipilimumab in advanced small cell lung cancer, in the first report of a randomized expansion cohort. (Abstract 8503)

lung cancer

Taofeek K. Owonikoko, MD, PhD, on SCLC: Results of the ECOG-ACRIN 2511 Trial

Taofeek K. Owonikoko, MD, PhD, of Emory University, discusses study findings on cisplatin and etoposide in combination with veliparib or placebo for extensive stage small cell lung cancer. (Abstract 8505)

lung cancer

Matthew D. Hellmann, MD, on SCLC: Results From CheckMate 032

Matthew D. Hellmann, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses study findings on nivolumab ± ipilimumab in advanced small cell lung cancer, in the first report of a randomized expansion cohort. (Abstract 8503)

lung cancer

ASCO 2017: ALEX Study: Alectinib Halts Lung Cancer Growth More Than a Year Longer Than Crizotinib

Findings from a phase III clinical trial point to a more effective initial treatment for patients with ALK-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Compared to the current standard of care, crizotinib (Xalkori), the newer ALK inhibitor alectinib (Alecensa) halted cancer growth for a...

lung cancer
cost of care

Daniel A. Goldstein, MD, on Pembrolizumab for Lung Cancer: Saving Costs by Adjusting Dosage

Daniel A. Goldstein, MD, of Emory University and Rabin Medical Center, discusses his study findings that show nearly $1 billion in savings when patients receive personal weight-based doses instead of a predetermined fixed dose for treatment of PD-L1-positive non–small cell lung cancer. (Abstract...

lung cancer

Taofeek K. Owonikoko, MD, PhD, on SCLC: Results of the ECOG-ACRIN 2511 Trial

Taofeek K. Owonikoko, MD, PhD, of Emory University, discusses study findings on cisplatin and etoposide in combination with veliparib or placebo for extensive stage small cell lung cancer. (Abstract 8505)

lung cancer
issues in oncology

ATS 2017: Among All Cancers, Lung Cancer Appears to Put Patients at Greatest Suicide Risk

A lung cancer diagnosis appears to put patients at the greatest risk of suicide when compared to the most common types of non-skin cancers, according to new research presented at the 2017 American Thoracic Society International Conference (Abstract 8321). Researchers analyzed 3,640,229 patients in ...

lung cancer

Japanese Phase III Trial of Alectinib vs Crizotinib in ALK-Positive NSCLC

The Japanese phase III J-ALEX trial has shown improved progression-free survival with alectinib (Alecensa) vs crizotinib (Xalkori) in ALK inhibitor–naive patients with ALK-positive non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Results were reported by Hida et al in The Lancet. Study Details In...

lung cancer

FDA Broadens Ceritinib Indication to Previously Untreated ALK-Positive Metastatic NSCLC

On May 26, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to ceritinib (Zykadia) for patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors are anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive as detected by an FDA-approved test. In April 2014,...

lung cancer

MEK Inhibitor Selumetinib and Docetaxel in KRAS-Mutant Advanced NSCLC

A phase III trial (SELECT-1) has shown no improvement in progression-free survival with the addition of the MEK inhibitor selumetinib to docetaxel in the second-line treatment of patients with KRAS-mutant non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Trial results were reported by Jänne et al in...

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