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breast cancer
solid tumors
leukemia
lung cancer
lymphoma
multiple myeloma
issues in oncology
immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: New Priority Reviews, Designations, and Clearances, Plus Statements on Genetic Testing and Class Labeling

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently issued the following new approvals and designations: Priority Review for Atezolizumab in Combination With Chemotherapy for the Initial Treatment of Extensive-Stage SCLC The FDA accepted a supplemental biologics license application...

lung cancer

Expert Point of View: Catherine C. Park, MD, FASTRO

DISCUSSANT OF the abstract, Catherine C. Park, MD, FASTRO, Professor and Chair of the Department of Radiation Oncology at the University of California, San Francisco, expressed excitement about this study’s results, which suggest the possibility of curing patients with stage IV disease. “We’re...

lung cancer

Local Consolidative Therapy Associated With Survival Benefit for Some With Oligometastatic NSCLC

FOR A SUBSET of patients with stage IV lung cancer, aggressive treatment may improve overall survival, according to data presented at the 2018 Annual Meeting of the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO).1 The results of the phase II study showed that with long-term follow-up, local...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Approves Atezolizumab in Combination With Bevacizumab and Chemotherapy for First-Line Treatment of Metastatic, Nonsquamous NSCLC

On December 6, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved atezolizumab (Tecentriq) in combination with bevacizumab (Avastin), paclitaxel, and carboplatin for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic, nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with no EGFR or...

solid tumors
lung cancer

Bonnie J. Addario Lung Cancer Foundation Honors Investigators, Clinicians, Caregivers

The Bonnie J. Addario Lung Cancer Foundation (ALCF) recognized outstanding contributors in research, treatment, and caregiving at its Simply the Best Dinner and Gala, which took place recently in San Francisco. The annual event is a celebration of survivors, hope, and determination that brings...

breast cancer
solid tumors
lung cancer

A Diagnosis of Li-Fraumeni Syndrome Has Focused My Life Direction

Despite the fact that I had to have open heart surgery at age 7 to fix a congenital heart defect and then more surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy to treat a diagnosis of rhabdomyosarcoma a year later, I never felt like I was a sick kid. Children don’t have the existential worries about...

lung cancer

Pembrolizumab With Chemotherapy for First-Line Treatment of Metastatic Nonsquamous NSCLC

On August 20, 2018, pembrolizumab (Keytruda) in combination with pemetrexed (Alimta) and platinum was granted regular approval as first-line treatment of patients with metastatic nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with no epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) or anaplastic lymphoma...

lung cancer

Nivolumab for Third-Line Treatment of Metastatic Small Cell Lung Cancer

ON AUGUST 16, 2018, nivolumab (Opdivo) was granted accelerated approval for treatment of patients with metastatic small cell lung cancer (SCLC) with disease progression after platinum-based chemotherapy and at least one other line of therapy.1,2 Supporting Efficacy Data APPROVAL WAS BASED on...

lung cancer

Lung Cancer Researcher Melissa Johnson, MD, Benefits From Father’s Perspective as Career Military Officer

Lung cancer researcher Melissa Johnson, MD, is a self-described “military brat,” whose father was a career officer in the Marine Corps, serving for more than 35 years. She was born in Oklahoma City and moved nine times during her childhood. When Dr. Johnson was in high school, her father was...

lung cancer

Dacomitinib for Metastatic EGFR-Mutant NSCLC

On September 27, 2018, dacomitinib (Vizimpro) received approval for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 19 deletion or exon 21 L858R substitution mutations, as detected by a test approved by the...

lung cancer

FDA Approves Lorlatinib for Second- or Third-Line Treatment of ALK-Positive Metastatic NSCLC

On November 2, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration granted accelerated approval to lorlatinib (Lorbrena) for patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose disease has progressed on crizotinib (Xalkori) and at least one other ALK ...

lung cancer

Lung Cancer Screening: Proven Effective but Still Fighting for Acceptance

In 2010, the long-awaited findings from the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) revealed that participants who received low-dose helical computed tomography (CT) scans had a 15% to 20% lower risk of dying of lung cancer than participants who received standard chest x-rays. In response, the U.S....

immunotherapy
lung cancer

Corticosteroids and Immunotherapy: Guilty or Guilt By Association?

FIRST-LINE TREATMENT options for advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) include single- agent immunotherapy for patients with a programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) tumor proportion score of at least 50% or in combination with chemotherapy in unselected patients.1-3 Single immunotherapy is...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Corticosteroid Use at Start of PD-1/PD-L1 Inhibitor Therapy Affects Outcomes in NSCLC

IN A STUDY reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Kathryn C. Arbour, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and colleagues found that baseline treatment with corticosteroids was associated with poorer efficacy of programmed cell death protein 1/programmed cell death ligand 1...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Atezolizumab Plus Chemotherapy Improves Outcomes in Small Cell Lung Cancer

ATEZOLIZUMAB (TECENTRIQ), an anti–program cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) antibody, combined with carboplatin/ etoposide as first-line treatment for extensive-stage small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) improved overall and progression-free survival and may represent a new standard of care, according to...

issues in oncology
lung cancer

Adding the Patient’s Voice to Collaborative Clinical Trial Efforts

THE INTERNATIONAL Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) 19th World Conference on Lung Cancer was the largest in its history. One of the key themes of the meeting was to focus on the patient. Here are highlights of presentations from this conference that demonstrate the role of the...

lung cancer

Expert Point of View: Fiona Blackhall, MD, PhD

FORMAL STUDY discussant, Fiona Blackhall, MD, PhD, of the University of Manchester, UK, welcomed brigatinib (Alunbrig) as a new first-line option for ALK-positive patients but said, “In the absence of comparisons of next-generation ALK inhibitors, it will take some time to determine if there is...

lung cancer

Brigatinib Improves Outcomes Over Crizotinib in ALK-Positive Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

THE FIRST-LINE USE of brigatinib (Alunbrig) was superior to standard-of-care crizotinib (Xalkori) in patients with advanced anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to the first report of the phase III ALTA-1L trial presented at the International...

lung cancer

IASLC Issues Statement on Lung Cancer Screening With Low-Dose Computed Tomography

The International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) recently issued a statement on lung cancer screening with low-dose computed tomography (CT) based on the results of the Dutch-Belgian NELSON lung cancer screening trial presented at the IASLC 19th World Conference on Lung Cancer...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Actively Recruiting Clinical Trials Focused on Immunotherapies for Lung Cancer

The information contained in this Clinical Trials Resource Guide includes actively recruiting clinical studies focused on immunotherapies in lung cancer. These trials are studying combination therapies, radiotherapy plus immunotherapy, cancer vaccines, identifying biomarkers to immunotherapy...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

David Raben, MD, on NSCLC: Results From the PACIFIC Trial

David Raben, MD, of the University of Colorado, discusses overall survival with durvalumab vs placebo after chemoradiotherapy in stage III non–small cell lung cancer (Abstract LBA10).

lung cancer

Daniel R. Gomez, MD, on NSCLC: Findings From a Phase II Treatment Trial

Daniel R. Gomez, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses the final results of a phase II study on local consolidative therapy, which improved overall survival compared with maintenance therapy and observation in oligometastatic non–small cell lung cancer (Abstract LBA3).

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Tony Mok, MD, on NSCLC: Targeted Treatment Update

Tony Mok, MD, of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, discusses two important studies in non–small cell lung cancer: FLAURA, which looked at the first-line activity of osimertinib and the mechanisms of resistance; and ALESIA, which examined crizotinib dosing.  

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Suresh S. Ramalingam, MD, on Lung Cancer: Research Highlights

Suresh S. Ramalingam, MD, of the Emory University School of Medicine, summarizes the top-line lung cancer results reported at this year’s ESMO Congress, including the role of targeted treatment for early stage NSCLC, combining immunotherapy for surgically resectable disease, and immunotherapy for...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Johan F. Vansteenkiste, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: Immunotherapy and Targeted Treatments

Johan F. Vansteenkiste, MD, PhD, of Catholic University Leuven, summarizes a session he co-chaired that included discussion of translating advances in stage IV disease to nonmetastatic lung cancer, TKI approaches in early-stage disease, and integrating immunotherapy and TKIs in stage III disease...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Martin Reck, MD, PhD, on Immunotherapy for Thoracic Malignancies: Expert Perspective

Martin Reck, MD, PhD, of the LungenClinic, discusses recent updates on biomarkers beyond PD-L1 expression; mechanisms and management of resistance; as well as combinations and novel approaches in lung cancer.

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Regardless of Taxane Used, Pembrolizumab Plus Chemotherapy Improves Survival in Squamous NSCLC

The addition of pembrolizumab (Keytruda) to a standard platinum doublet as first-line therapy improved overall and progression-free survival in patients with metastatic squamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), in the primary analysis of KEYNOTE-407.1,2 Furthermore, it did not seem to matter...

lung cancer

Entrectinib Shows Activity in ROS1-Positive NSCLC

Although ROS1-mutated lung cancer accounts for about 1% to 2% of all non–small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs), it is an important druggable oncogene, and new data show that it can be successfully targeted for clinical gain. In a pooled analysis of phase I and II trials in patients with ROS1-positive...

lung cancer

NELSON Trial: ‘Call to Action’ for Lung Cancer CT Screening of High-Risk Individuals

Results of the very large, randomized, population-based NELSON trial confirm the value of low-dose computed tomography (CT) screening in people at high risk for developing lung cancer. The protective value of screening was more pronounced in women than in men. These study findings were presented at ...

immunotherapy
lung cancer

Durvalumab Improves Overall Survival in Unresectable Stage III NSCLC

Several lung cancer trials have shown prolonged progression-free survival with checkpoint inhibitor therapy. For the first time, the phase III PACIFIC trial has found an overall survival benefit for the selective programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) checkpoint inhibitor durvalumab (Imfinzi) vs...

lung cancer

Atezolizumab Plus Standard Chemotherapy Improves Progression-Free Survival in Stage IV NSCLC

The combination of atezolizumab (Tecentriq), a programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitor, plus carboplatin or cisplatin and pemetrexed (Alimta) as first-line therapy followed by pemetrexed plus atezolizumab maintenance therapy improved progression-free survival in patients with stage IV...

palliative care
lung cancer
issues in oncology
cost of care

ICU Admissions During Terminal Hospitalizations in Patients With Stage IV Lung Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Mrad et al found an increase in the proportion of patients with stage IV lung cancer admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) during terminal hospitalization between 1998 and 2014. A large increase in palliative care contacts also occurred,...

lung cancer
issues in oncology
pain management

Opioid Use Following Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery or Open Resection in Early-Stage Lung Cancer

In a study reported in a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Tuminello et al found that video-assisted thorascopic surgery (VATS) was less likely than open resection to be associated with long-term opioid use in patients undergoing surgery for early-stage lung cancer. Study Details The study...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

KEYNOTE-407: First-Line Pembrolizumab Plus Chemotherapy in Metastatic Squamous NSCLC

As reported at the recent International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 19th World Conference on Lung Cancer and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Paz-Ares et al, the phase III KEYNOTE-407 trial has shown that the addition of pembrolizumab to platinum-based chemotherapy...

lung cancer

FDA Approves Dacomitinib for Metastatic Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

ON SEPTEMBER 27, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved dacomitinib tablets (Vizimpro) for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 19 deletion or exon 21 L858R substitution...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

No Survival Benefit With Avelumab vs Docetaxel in Platinum-Treated, Advanced, PD-L1–Positive NSCLC

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Barlesi et al, the phase III JAVELIN Lung 200 trial has shown no overall survival benefit with avelumab (Bavencio) vs docetaxel in patients with platinum pretreated programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)–positive advanced non–small cell lung cancer...

lung cancer
pain management

Study Shows Invasive Lung Cancer Surgery Can Lead to Long-Term Opioid Use

Patients treated with more invasive surgical techniques for early-stage non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are more likely to become chronic opioid users than patients treated with minimally invasive surgery, highlighting the need for additional research into how pain management after surgery ...

lung cancer

Osimertinib in First-Line Treatment of EGFR-Mutant Metastatic NSCLC

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms of action, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. In April 2018, osimertinib (Tagrisso) was approved for...

lung cancer

Durvalumab Improves Overall Survival in Stage III NSCLC

The phase III PACIFIC trial showed significantly improved overall survival with durvalumab (Imfinzi) vs placebo after chemoradiotherapy in patients with unresectable stage III non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Scott J. Antonia, MD, of the Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida, reported these...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Health Resource Utilization and CNS Metastases in EGFR-Mutant Advanced NSCLC

In a single-center study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Chooback et al found that central nervous system (CNS)  metastases are frequent in patients with EGFR-mutant advanced non­–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and are associated with increased health resource...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

WCLC 2018: PACIFIC Trial: Overall Survival With Durvalumab After Chemoradiotherapy in Unresectable Stage III NSCLC

As reported at the current International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 19th World Conference on Lung Cancer (Abstract PL02.01) and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Antonia et al, the phase III PACIFIC trial has shown significantly improved overall survival—a...

lung cancer

Cancer Doesn’t Frighten Me

In the fall of 2009, I suddenly went from being a healthy, physically active 47-year-old to a patient with stage IV non–small lung cancer (NSCLC), with a 5-year survival rate of less than 5%. A never-smoker, I had attributed a persistent cough I’d been having to the change in the season. And why...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Accepts sBLA for Pembrolizumab Monotherapy in First-Line Treatment of Locally Advanced or Metastatic PD-L1–Expressing NSCLC

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to a new supplemental biologics license application (sBLA) seeking approval for pembrolizumab (Keytruda) as monotherapy for first-line treatment of locally advanced or metastatic nonsquamous or squamous non–small cell lung...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Hyperprogressive Disease in Advanced NSCLC Treated With PD-1/PD-L1 Inhibitors

In a French study reported in JAMA Oncology, Ferrara et al found that hyperprogressive disease appeared to be more common with programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1)/programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitor treatment than single-agent chemotherapy among previously treated patients with...

lung cancer

Conqueror in Action: Dr. Zhang Takes on Lung Cancer

Certain physicians know they want to become doctors from a very young age. Others start on a different path until something happens to alter their plans. This was the case for Jianjun Zhang, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. “When I was a kid, I...

solid tumors
lung cancer

Newly Updated! ASCO Answers Guide to Small Cell Lung Cancer for Your Patients

Fully updated and now with 8th Edition AJCC staging information, this updated guide is designed for people newly diagnosed with small cell lung cancer to help them get organized and learn more about their diagnosis, treatment options, side effects, support options, follow-up care, and more. It...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Survey Shows Increased Public Awareness of Lung Cancer Over Past Decade

Survey results released by the Lung Cancer Alliance (LCA) show that general awareness about lung cancer has improved significantly over the past decade, with 94% of the public reporting familiarity with lung cancer. Despite this change in overall perspective, findings also indicate that lung cancer ...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Bevacizumab Treatment Beyond Disease Progression in Advanced NSCLC

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Gridelli et al, the phase IIIB AvaALL trial did not show improved overall survival with continued bevacizumab (Avastin) treatment beyond disease progression in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), although some improvements in subsequent...

lung cancer
issues in oncology
survivorship

Small Study Shows Chemotherapy May Lead to Early Menopause in Young Women With Lung Cancer

A new study suggests chemotherapy may cause acute amenorrhea, leading to early menopause in women with lung cancer. The study is the first to comment on amenorrhea rates in women younger than 50, concluding that women with lung cancer who desire future fertility should be educated about risks and...

lung cancer

Lung Cancer Expert Leora Horn, MD, Recalls Her Journey to a Career in Oncology and a Home in Nashville

The tumultuous history of modern South Africa has numerous stories that lie beneath the surface of the sociopolitical headlines, such as the story of lung cancer expert Leora Horn, MD. “I was born and reared in Johannesburg, South Africa, a second-generation African family. In 1987, because of the...

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