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leukemia
issues in oncology

Reducing Infections in Patients With AML Receiving Induction and Reinduction Chemotherapy

In a report in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Morris et al described an initiative that has been successful in reducing the incidence of invasive fungal infections in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) receiving induction and reinduction therapy at the University of Virginia Health...

breast cancer
solid tumors
leukemia
lung cancer
lymphoma
multiple myeloma
issues in oncology
immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: New Priority Reviews, Designations, and Clearances, Plus Statements on Genetic Testing and Class Labeling

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently issued the following new approvals and designations: Priority Review for Atezolizumab in Combination With Chemotherapy for the Initial Treatment of Extensive-Stage SCLC The FDA accepted a supplemental biologics license application...

leukemia
immunotherapy

ASH 2018: Ibrutinib Plus Rituximab vs Standard Chemoimmunotherapy in Younger Patients With Treatment-Naive CLL

A 6-month course of chemotherapy-based treatment with FCR (intravenous fludarabine and cyclophosphamide plus rituximab [Rituxan]) has historically been the most effective treatment for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), especially in patients 70 years of age and younger. However, results from a...

leukemia

Tait D. Shanafelt, MD, on CLL: Results From a Trial of the ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group

Tait D. Shanafelt, MD, of Stanford University, discusses phase III study findings on ibrutinib-based therapy vs standard fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab chemoimmunotherapy in untreated younger patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (Abstract LBA4).

leukemia

Shaji K. Kumar, MD, on Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma: Treatment Trial Results

Shaji K. Kumar, MD, of the Mayo Clinic, discusses phase III findings on daratumumab plus lenalidomide and dexamethasone vs lenalidomide and dexamethasone in people with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma who are ineligible for transplant (Abstract LBA2).

leukemia
immunotherapy

Saar I. Gill, MD, PhD, on CLL: Trial Results on Anti-CD19 CAR T Cells

Saar I. Gill, MD, PhD, of the University of Pennsylvania, discusses findings from a prospective clinical trial on the high response rate in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia who received a combination therapy of CAR T cells plus ibrutinib (Abstract 298).

leukemia
lymphoma
immunotherapy

Julie Vose, MD, MBA, and Merav Bar, MD, on CAR T-Cell Therapy: Late Effects of CD19-Targeted Treatment

Julie Vose, MD, MBA, of the University of Nebraska Medical Center, and Merav Bar, MD, of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, discuss study findings on the long-term effects in people with relapsed or refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia who received CD19-targeted ...

leukemia

Andreas Burchert, MD, on AML: Results From the Sormain Trial

Andreas Burchert, MD, of the Philipps University of Marburg, discusses study findings on sorafenib as maintenance therapy after allogeneic stem cell transplantation for FLT3-ITD–positive acute myeloid leukemia.

leukemia

Jennifer Ann Woyach, MD, on CLL: Results From the Alliance North American Intergroup Study

Jennifer Ann Woyach, MD, of The Ohio State University, discusses trial findings on ibrutinib alone or in combination with rituximab compared with bendamustine plus rituximab in untreated older people with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (Abstract 6).

leukemia
immunotherapy

ASH 2018: Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant After CD19 CAR T-Cell Therapy in ALL

In a new study presented by Summers et al at the 2018 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition (Abstract 967), patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) who received a first stem cell transplant after CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy were less...

leukemia
immunotherapy

ASH 2018: Checkpoint Inhibitors Plus CAR T-Cell Therapy in Relapsed ALL

CD19-directed chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy has been shown to be effective in patients with relapsed B-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia (B-ALL). However, in some patients, the antitumor effects of CAR T-cell treatment are short-lived, which may, in part, be caused by a reaction of...

leukemia
immunotherapy

ASH 2018: Concurrent Ibrutinib May Improve Outcomes, Reduce Toxicity of CAR T-Cell Therapy in Relapsed or Refractory CLL

For patients with difficult-to-treat chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), continuing to take ibrutinib (Imbruvica) before, during, and after receiving chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy may be associated with less severe adverse effects and better responses compared with outcomes for a...

leukemia
immunotherapy

ASH 2018: ELIANA Trial: Tisagenlecleucel in Pediatric and Young Adult Patients With ALL

A single infusion of tisagenlecleucel (Kymriah) in pediatric and young adult patients with relapsed or treatment-resistant acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) continues to be highly effective in most patients, without the need for additional therapies. This latest analysis of the ELIANA trial results...

leukemia
immunotherapy

ASH 2018: Azacitidine With Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab vs Azacitidine Plus Nivolumab in Relapsed or Refractory AML

A triplet therapy combining two immune checkpoint inhibitors with the standard of care azacitidine has shown promising results for treatment of relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML), according to the findings of a phase II study conducted at The University of Texas...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

MRD-Guided Azacitidine Treatment in Myelodysplastic Syndrome and Acute Myeloid Leukemia

In a German phase II trial (RELAZA2) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Platzbecker et al found that minimal residual disease (MRD)–guided treatment with azacitidine was successful in preventing hematologic relapse in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia...

leukemia
immunotherapy

Azacitidine Plus Nivolumab in Relapsed or Refractory AML

A combination of the chemotherapy drug azacitidine with the immune checkpoint inhibitor nivolumab (Opdivo) demonstrated an encouraging response rate and overall survival in patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML), according to findings from a phase II study published...

palliative care
survivorship
myelodysplastic syndromes
leukemia

Suleika Jaouad on Making the Most of a Life Interrupted: A Young Adult Perspective on Cancer

Suleika Jaouad, an Emmy Award–winning writer, advocate, and cancer survivor who was diagnosed at age 22 with myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukemia, discusses what she has learned about coping with cancer, learning from it, and growing beyond it.

leukemia
issues in oncology
symptom management

Effect of Early Cardiotoxicity on Outcomes in Pediatric AML

In an analysis from the Children’s Oncology Group AAML0531 trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Getz et al found that early treatment-related cardiotoxicity may be associated with poorer event-free and overall survival in pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Study Details...

leukemia
lymphoma

Duvelisib vs Ofatumumab in Relapsed or Refractory CLL/SLL

As reported in the journal Blood by Flinn et al, the phase III DUO trial has shown significantly prolonged progression-free survival with the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-δ,-γ inhibitor duvelisib (Copiktra) vs ofatumumab (Arzerra) in patients with relapsed or refractory chronic...

leukemia
issues in oncology

Lack of Clinical Trial Participation and Shorter Duration of Therapy Linked to Disease Relapse in AYAs With Leukemia

Despite survival gains for children diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), adolescents and young adults (AYAs)—those between the ages of 15 and 39—diagnosed with the disease have seen only modest improvements in survival. A study by Wolfson et al in Cancer Epidemiology,...

leukemia
multiple myeloma

FDA Authorizes First Next-Generation Sequencing–Based Test to Detect Minimal Residual Disease in B-Cell ALL or Multiple Myeloma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently permitted marketing of the ClonoSEQ assay, a next-generation sequencing–based test for minimal residual disease in patients with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) or multiple myeloma. “At the FDA, we’re continuing to...

leukemia
issues in oncology
cost of care

Cost-Effectiveness Models for Tisagenlecleucel in Relapsed or Refractory Pediatric B-Cell ALL

As reported by Lin et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, cost-effectiveness modeling of treatment with the anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapy tisagenlecleucel (Kymriah) in relapsed or refractory pediatric B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) showed that price reduction...

leukemia

Jerald P. Radich, MD, on Chronic-Phase CML: Optimizing Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Therapy

Jerald P. Radich, MD, of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, discusses the best strategies for sequencing tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy for chronic myeloid leukemia and treatment-free remission.

leukemia
lymphoma

FDA Approves Duvelisib for Adult Patients With Relapsed or Refractory CLL, SLL, and Follicular Lymphoma

On September 24, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to duvelisib (Copiktra) for adult patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) after at least two prior therapies. In addition, duvelisib...

leukemia
symptom management

Study Finds Hispanic Pediatric Patients at Increased Risk of Methotrexate Neurotoxicity During Treatment for ALL

Case studies have reported a high prevalence of methotrexate subacute neurotoxicity among Hispanic adolescents with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), suggesting sensitivity to methotrexate therapy may differ by race and ethnicity. Now, a prospective study in pediatric patients with ALL has found...

leukemia
lymphoma
immunotherapy

CAR T-Cell Therapy in Europe: Differing Decisions on Approval of Two Agents

The European Commission (EC) recently approved the chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy tisagenlecleucel (Kymriah) in the European Union (EU) for the treatment of pediatric and young adult patients up to 25 years of age with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) that is...

leukemia
immunotherapy

Bendamustine Followed by Obinutuzumab Plus Venetoclax in Treatment-Naive and Relapsed/Refractory CLL

In a German phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Cramer et al found promising response rates with bendamustine followed by obinutuzumab (Gazyva) plus venetoclax (Venclexta) in both treatment-naive and relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). In the trial, patients with an ...

leukemia
issues in oncology
immunotherapy

Guidelines for Pediatric CAR T-Cell Therapy Developed

Almost 1 year after the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy for children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and...

leukemia

Susan M. O’Brien, MD, on CLL: Sequencing Therapy Options

Susan M. O’Brien, MD, of the University of California, Irvine, discusses three oral agents for the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma, and the use of chemotherapy for the disease.

leukemia
immunotherapy

EHA 2018: Obinutuzumab or Rituximab Plus Chlorambucil in CLL

Data from the final analysis of the CLL11 study evaluating obinutuzumab (Gazyva)-based treatment in previously untreated chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) was presented by Goede et al during the Presidential Symposium at the 23rd Annual Congress of the European Hematology Association (EHA)...

leukemia
lymphoma
immunotherapy

iLLUMINATE Trial of Ibrutinib Plus Obinutuzumab for First-Line Therapy of CLL/SLL Meets Primary Endpoint

The phase III iLLUMINATE (PCYC-1130) trial recently met its primary endpoint of improvement in progression-free survival. The study evaluated ibrutinib (Imbruvica) in combination with obinutuzumab (Gazyva) in patients with previously untreated chronic lymphocytic leukemia or small lymphocytic...

leukemia
lymphoma
immunotherapy

Rapid Progression of Adult T-Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma During PD-1 Inhibitor Therapy

In a letter to the editor in The New England Journal of Medicine, Ratner et al describe rapid progression of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) in three consecutive patients receiving programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) inhibitor therapy with nivolumab (Opdivo). As stated by the authors,...

leukemia
lymphoma

FDA Approves Second-Line Venetoclax for CLL or SLL With or Without 17p Deletion

On June 8, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to venetoclax (Venclexta) for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL), with or without 17p deletion, who have received at least one prior therapy. MURANO Approval was based ...

leukemia
geriatric oncology

Courtney Denton Dinardo, MD, on AML: Treatment Study Results

Courtney Denton Dinardo, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses findings on the durable response with venetoclax in combination with decitabine or azacitidine in elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (Abstract 7010).

leukemia
immunotherapy

Peter Hillmen, MB, ChB, on CLL: Results From the MURANO Trial

Peter Hillmen, MB, ChB, of St James’s University Hospital, discusses phase III study findings on minimal residual disease negativity with venetoclax plus rituximab in relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (Abstract 7508).

leukemia

William G. Wierda, MD, PhD, and Julie M. Vose, MD, MBA, on CLL: Results From the CAPTIVATE Trial

Julie M. Vose, MD, MBA, of the University of Nebraska Medical Center, and William G. Wierda, MD, PhD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discuss phase II findings on ibrutinib plus venetoclax in first-line treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (Abstract 7502).

leukemia

Rita Elias Assi, MD, on AML and Genomics

Rita Elias Assi, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses the impact of next-generation sequencing on treatment selection in acute myeloid leukemia (Abstract 103).

leukemia

Robert J. Kreitman, MD, on Hairy Cell Leukemia: Results From an International Study

Robert J. Kreitman, MD, of the National Cancer Institute, discusses findings on moxetumomab pasudotox in heavily pretreated patients with relapsed or refractory hairy cell leukemia (Abstract 7004).

leukemia
lymphoma

FDA Accepts New Drug Application, Grants Priority Review for Duvelisib in CLL/SLL and Follicular Lymphoma

On April 9, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted for filing with Priority Review a new drug application (NDA) for the oral agent duvelisib, a first-in-class, dual inhibitor of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-delta and PI3K-gamma. The NDA is seeking full approval for duvelisib in...

leukemia
immunotherapy

Venetoclax Plus Rituximab in Relapsed/Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

In the phase III MURANO trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Seymour et al, the combination of the BCL2 inhibitor venetoclax (Venclexta) with rituximab (Rituxan) markedly improved progression-free survival vs bendamustine plus rituximab in patients with relapsed or refractory...

leukemia
immunotherapy

FDA Expands Approval of Blinatumomab for Certain Patients With B-Cell Precursor ALL

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration granted accelerated approval to blinatumomab (Blincyto) to treat adults and children with B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) who are in remission but still have minimal residual disease (MRD). In patients who have achieved remission after...

leukemia
immunotherapy

Bijal D. Shah, MD, on What ALL Tells Us About CAR T Cells

Bijal D. Shah, MD, of the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center, discusses key studies of CAR T-cell therapy in relapsed B-cell ALL and the adverse events that this treatment may cause.

leukemia

Ellin Berman, MD, on CML: Disease Management During Pregnancy

Ellin Berman, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses the effects of TKI therapy on fetal development, its impact on pregnancy outcomes, and how to develop an effective treatment plan.

leukemia
immunotherapy

FDA’s Oncologic Drugs Advisory Committee to Review Potential New Use of Blinatumomab

On February 14, Amgen announced that the Oncologic Drugs Advisory Committee of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) will review data supporting the supplemental biologics license application (sBLA) for blinatumomab (Blincyto) for the treatment of patients with minimal residual disease...

leukemia
immunotherapy

Updated Analysis of ELIANA Trial Shows Longer-Term Durable Remissions With Tisagenlecleucel in Children, Young Adults With Relapsed/Refractory ALL

Updated results from the ELIANA clinical trial of tisagenlecleucel (Kymriah), formerly CTL019, in relapsed or refractory pediatric and young adult patients with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have been published by Maude et al in The New England Journal of Medicine. New data include...

leukemia
immunotherapy

Kristen Fousek, PhD Candidate, on B-Cell ALL: CAR T-Cell Treatment

Kristen Fousek, PhD Candidate at Baylor College of Medicine, discusses her preclinical work on targeting CD19-negative relapsed B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, using CAR T cells that target three antigens simultaneously, a technique that addresses the growing problem of relapse (Abstract 121).

head and neck cancer
leukemia

Radioiodine Treatment of Well-Differentiated Thyroid Cancer and Hematologic Malignancy Risk

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Molenaar et al found that radioiodine treatment for well-differentiated thyroid cancer was associated with an increased risk of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) compared with thyroidectomy alone. Study Details ...

leukemia

Venetoclax in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Progressing After Ibrutinib

An interim analysis of a phase II trial reported by Jones et al in The Lancet Oncology indicates that venetoclax (Venclexta) produces a response in a high proportion of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia progressing on or after ibrutinib (Imbruvica) treatment. Study Details The study...

leukemia

FDA Updates Nilotinib Label With Information on Discontinuing Treatment in Certain Patients With Early-Phase CML After Sustained Response

On December 22, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) updated the product label for nilotinib (Tasigna) to include information for providers about how to discontinue the drug in certain patients. Nilotinib, first approved by the FDA in 2007, is indicated for the treatment of patients with...

leukemia
lymphoma

ICER Releases Draft Evidence Report on CAR T-Cell Therapy for B-Cell Cancers

On December 19, the Institute for Clinical and Economic Review (ICER) released a Draft Evidence Report assessing the comparative clinical effectiveness and value of tisagenlecleucel (Kymriah) and axicabtagene ciloleucel (Yescarta). The draft report, along with draft voting...

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