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hematologic malignancies

FDA Approves Letermovir for Prophylaxis of Cytomegalovirus Infection and Disease in Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant Patients

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved letermovir (Prevymis) once-daily tablets for oral use and injection for intravenous infusion. Letermovir is indicated for prophylaxis of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and disease in adult CMV-seropositive recipients of an allogeneic...

hematologic malignancies

FDA Approves Vemurafenib for Certain Patients With Erdheim-Chester Disease

On November 6, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) expanded the approval of vemurafenib (Zelboraf) to include the treatment of certain adult patients with Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD), a rare cancer of the blood. Vemurafenib is indicated to treat patients whose cancer cells have a specific ...

hematologic malignancies

Anti–T-Lymphocyte Globulin and Chronic GVHD-Free Survival in Unrelated Myeloablative HCT

A double-blind phase III trial has shown no benefit of anti–T-lymphocyte globulin (ATLG) vs placebo on chronic graft-vs-host disease (GVHD)-free survival in patients undergoing human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched unrelated myeloablative hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). The study...

hematologic malignancies

Potential Biomarkers to Identify Patients at Risk for Neurotoxicity From CAR T-Cell Therapy

Although lymphodepletion chemotherapy followed by an infusion of CD19-targeted chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-modified T cells has produced high response rates in phase I studies of patients with refractory CD19-positive B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), chronic lymphocytic leukemia...

hematologic malignancies

Momelotinib vs Ruxolitinib in Janus Kinase Inhibitor–Naive Myelofibrosis

In the phase III SIMPLIFY-1 noninferiority trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Mesa et al found that the selective Janus kinase (JAK) 1 and 2 inhibitor momelotinib was noninferior to ruxolitinib (Jakafi) in spleen response, but not symptom response, in JAK inhibitor–naive...

hematologic malignancies

Survey on Training in Geriatrics/Geriatric Oncology for Hematology-Oncology Fellows

Results from an ASCO-sponsored survey study indicate that despite professed interest in the area, most hematology-oncology fellows have inadequate training in geriatrics/geriatric oncology. These findings were reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice by Maggiore et al. Study Details The...

hematologic malignancies

Immunologic Biomarkers and Survival in Third-Generation CAR T-Cell Therapy

A phase I/IIa study investigating the safety and effectiveness of a third-generation CD19-specific chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy in patients with lymphoma or leukemia has found that the treatment led to a complete response in 6 of the 15 patients in the study and that overall...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Early-Phase Study Finds Vitamin C May Activate TET2 Function

Vitamin C may “tell” faulty stem cells in the bone marrow to mature and die normally, instead of multiplying to cause blood cancers. This is the finding of a study led by researchers from Perlmutter Cancer Center at NYU Langone Health, and published by Cimmino et al in Cell....

hematologic malignancies

Off-the-Shelf, Virus-Specific T Cells for Treating Viral Infections After Transplantation

In a phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Tzannou et al found that use of off-the-shelf, broad-coverage, adoptively transferred, virus-specific T cells was feasible and effective in treating viral infections in patients who had undergone allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell...

hematologic malignancies

Association of Pretransplant Vitamin D Deficiency and Relapse in Myeloid Malignancies

A German retrospective study has found that pretransplantation vitamin D deficiency is associated with an increased risk of relapse in patients undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) for myeloid malignancies. These findings were reported by Radujkovic et al in the Journal of Clinical ...

hematologic malignancies

Effect of Azithromycin on Airflow Decline–Free Survival After Allogeneic HSCT for Hematologic Malignancy

The French phase III ALLOZITHRO trial, stopped early due to excessive hematologic relapse in the azithromycin group, showed worse airflow decline–free survival with azithromycin vs placebo after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for hematologic malignancy. The study findings were ...

solid tumors
hematologic malignancies

Clonal Hematopoiesis in Patients With Nonhematologic Cancers

In a study of nearly 9,000 people treated for solid tumors, researchers found that radiation treatment and tobacco use were linked to higher rates of blood-based DNA mutations that could lead to a higher risk for blood cancers such as leukemia. The study, published by Coombs et al in...

hematologic malignancies

Italian Study of Serotherapy to Prevent GVHD in Pediatric Hematologic Malignancy

In an Italian phase III trial reported by Locatelli et al in The Lancet Oncology, a lower vs higher dose of rabbit anti–T-lymphocyte globulin (ATLG) was associated with a nonsignificantly greater incidence of acute graft-vs-host disease but better event-free and overall survival in children...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia
lymphoma
myelodysplastic syndromes

FDA Allows Marketing of Test to Aid in the Detection of Certain Leukemias and Lymphomas

On June 29, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) allowed marketing of ClearLLab Reagents (T1, T2, B1, B2, M), the first agency-authorized test for use with flow cytometry to aid in the detection of several leukemias and lymphomas, including chronic leukemia, acute leukemia, non-Hodgkin...

hematologic malignancies
symptom management

FDA Approves Betrixaban for the Prophylaxis of Venous Thromboembolism

On June 23, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved betrixaban (Bevyxxa) for the prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in adult patients hospitalized for an acute medical illness who are at risk for thromboembolic complications due to moderate or severe restricted mobility...

hematologic malignancies

ASCO 2017: Ibrutinib Plus Cellular Therapy CTL119 May Lead to Complete Remissions in CLL

Combining the kinase inhibitor ibrutinib (Imbruvica) with an investigational personalized cellular therapy known as CTL119 can lead to complete remission in patients with high-risk chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University...

palliative care
hematologic malignancies

Lack of Access to Transfusions Limits Hospice Use by Patients With Blood Cancer

A new survey finds that doctors would refer more patients with incurable blood cancers to hospice for end-of-life care if they could receive transfusions, which are generally not available because of hospice reimbursement policies. The findings, published by Odejide et al in Cancer, help explain...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

FDA Approves Midostaurin in Combination With Chemotherapy for Newly Diagnosed FLT3-Positive Acute Myeloid Leukemia

On April 28, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved midostaurin (Rydapt) for the treatment of adult patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who are FLT3 mutation–positive, as detected by an FDA-approved test, in combination with standard cytarabine and...

hematologic malignancies
symptom management

FDA Removes Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy Requirements for Erythropoiesis-Stimulating Agents

On April 13, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) removed the risk evaluation and mitigation strategy (REMS) requirements for the use of epoetin alfa and darbepoetin alfa to treat patients with anemia due to associated myelosuppressive chemotherapy. The Agency's announcement regarding...

hematologic malignancies

FDA Grants Marketing Authorization for Ipsogen JAK2 RGQ PCR Kit to Detect JAK2 Genetic Mutations

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted marketing authorization to the ipsogen JAK2 RGQ PCR Kit, manufactured by QIAGEN GmbH, to detect mutations affecting the Janus tyrosine kinase 2 (JAK2) gene. This is the first FDA-authorized test intended to help physicians in evaluating...

solid tumors
hematologic malignancies

AACR 2017: IDH-Mutant Cancers May Be More Amenable to Treatment With PARP Inhibitors Than IDH Inhibitors, According to Preclinical Findings

Tumors with mutations in the proteins isocitrate dehydrogenase-1 or -2 (IDH1/2) exhibited features similar to BRCA-mutant tumors and were more likely to respond better to PARP inhibitors than to IDH inhibitors, according to preclinical data presented by Sulkowski et al at the 2017 American...

hematologic malignancies

Intestinal Microbiota and Relapse After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation

A retrospective study has shown that the presence and abundance of a particular bacterial group in the intestinal microbiota are associated with a significantly lower risk of relapse or disease progression after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. The findings were reported by Peled et...

hematologic malignancies

Myeloablative vs Reduced-Intensity HCT for Acute Myeloid Leukemia and Myelodysplastic Syndromes

In a phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Scott et al found that myeloablative conditioning for allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation was associated with a reduced risk of relapse and a nonsignificant overall survival advantage vs reduced-intensity conditioning in...

hematologic malignancies

Early Biomarker Algorithm May Predict Graft-vs-Host Disease Occurrence

Researchers at Mount Sinai Health System have discovered a way to predict whether patients with blood cancer who received a bone marrow transplant will develop graft-vs-host disease, according to a study published by Hartwell et al in JCI (The Journal of Clinical...

hematologic malignancies

Study Finds Mutations in Myelodysplastic Syndrome Linked to Poorer Outcome After Stem Cell Transplantation

In a study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Lindsley et al found that a number of mutations present in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) were associated with poorer clinical outcome after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Study Details The study ...

palliative care
hematologic malignancies

Effect of Inpatient Palliative Care on Quality of Life After Stem Cell Transplant

Integrating palliative care into the treatment of patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for cancers like leukemia and lymphoma can improve their quality of life, relieve symptoms associated with the procedure, and reduce depression and anxiety, not only during the 3- to 4-week ...

hematologic malignancies
symptom management

ASH 2016: New Data Shed Light on Potential Advantages of Pacritinib for Patients With Myelofibrosis

Compared with standard therapy, pacritinib significantly reduces spleen size among people with myelofibrosis who have very low levels of platelets, according to a late-breaking study presented by Mascarenhas et al during the 58th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition...

hematologic malignancies
symptom management

ASH 2016: Ibrutinib Found Helpful in Treating Graft-vs-Host Disease After Stem Cell Transplant

A late-breaking abstract presented by Miklos et al during the 58th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition in San Diego (Abstract LBA-3) showed patients who experience graft-vs-host disease (GVHD) after stem cell transplantation that is not resolved by corticosteroid...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia
issues in oncology

ASH 2016: Study Shows Patients Traditionally Ineligible for Studies May Benefit From Trial Participation

Patients who potentially could benefit most from participation in clinical trials due to poor prognoses often are not included based on eligibility criteria, such as existing medical illnesses. A novel study at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center revealed some patients with acute...

hematologic malignancies
supportive care

ASH 2016: Preventative Antibiotics Could Prevent Clostridium difficile Among Stem Cell Transplant Recipients

It may be possible to safely prevent one of the most common—and costly to treat—infections contracted by hospitalized patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation for the treatment of blood cancers, according to a study from the Abramson Cancer Center at the University of...

hematologic malignancies

Increased Morbidity and Mortality in HCT Survivors vs Other Cancer Survivors

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Chow et al found that hematopoietic cell transplantation survivors had higher rates of morbidity and mortality compared with a matched population of patients with cancer not undergoing hematopoietic cell transplantation. The study involved...

solid tumors
hematologic malignancies
skin cancer

SITC 2016: Phase I/II Data Combining Urelumab With Nivolumab Suggest Increased Antitumor Effect in Patients With Melanoma

Safety and efficacy data from a phase I/II study of urelumab in combination with nivolumab (Opdivo) in patients with hematologic and solid tumors, including biomarker analyses by level of programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression, was recently presented at the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer ...

solid tumors
hematologic malignancies

ESMO 2016: Vemurafenib Shows Clinical Benefit in Diverse BRAF V600–Mutated Tumors

Findings from a phase II trial of vemurafenib in previously treated patients with advanced disease and BRAF-mutated tumors indicate that the drug is effective in patients with diverse BRAF V600­–mutated tumors but not in patients with BRAF non-V600 mutations. After a mean treatment...

hematologic malignancies

NCCN Publishes New Clinical Practice Guidelines for Myeloproliferative Neoplasms

Myeloproliferative neoplasms are a group of blood cancers characterized by significant symptoms and a high risk of transformation into acute leukemia. These cancers—myelofibrosis, essential thrombocythemia, and polycythemia vera—affect approximately 13,000, 134,000, and 148,000 patients ...

hematologic malignancies
multiple myeloma

Study Finds Statin Use Associated With Reduced Mortality in Multiple Myeloma

Analysis of data from the Veterans Administration Central Cancer Registry, reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Sanfilippo et al, showed that statin use was associated with a reduced risk of all-cause and multiple myeloma–specific mortality in patients with multiple myeloma....

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Improved Event-Free Survival With Addition of Rituximab to Chemotherapy in B-Lineage Adult ALL

In the phase III GRAALL-2005 trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Maury et al found that the addition of rituximab (Rituxan) to standard chemotherapy resulted in improved event-free survival in adult patients with B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Study Details In...

hematologic malignancies

Good Outcome Reported With Unrelated-Donor Cord Blood Transplantation in Patients With Minimal Residual Disease

Survival with hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) from unrelated cord-blood donors was at least as good as that with HLA-matched unrelated donors and better than that with HLA-mismatched unrelated donors in patients with acute leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome who had pretransplantation...

palliative care
hematologic malignancies
supportive care

Palliative Care 2016: Inpatient Palliative Care in Patients Hospitalized for HSCT

During hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), patients sometimes experience physical and psychological symptoms that negatively impact their quality of life. Researchers led by Areej El-Jawahri, MD, Instructor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School, Director of the Bone Marrow Transplant...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Is Extramedullary Disease at Diagnosis Prognostic in Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia?

The presence of extramedullary disease at acute myeloid leukemia (AML) diagnosis was not an independent prognostic factor for worse survival, based on an analysis of data from the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group–American College of Radiology Imaging Network (ECOG-ACRIN) reported by Ganzel...

hematologic malignancies

Autologous Stem Cell Transplant May Age Immune Cells as Much as 30 Years

University of North Carolina (UNC) Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers, by tracking p16INK4a, a molecular marker that has been shown to increase in white blood cells as people age, have uncovered clues suggesting that stem cell transplant is linked to a marked increase in the...

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma

Higher Baseline Metabolic Tumor Volume May Predict Poorer Outcome in Patients With High Tumor Burden Follicular Lymphoma

In a pooled analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Meignan et al found that higher baseline total metabolic tumor volume measured by 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron-emission tomography–computed tomography (FDG PET-CT) was associated with poorer outcome in patients...

hematologic malignancies

Bone Marrow–Derived Stem Cells May Offer Blood Transplant Recipients Better Quality of Life

A large, nationwide study published by Lee et al in the journal JAMA Oncology found that patients who received transplants of cells collected from a donor's bone marrow had better self-reported psychological well-being, experienced fewer symptoms of graft-vs-host disease (GVHD), and were more...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Study Finds Venetoclax Monotherapy Safe and Clinically Active in AML

A phase II study has found venetoclax (Venclexta) to be clinically active in patients with high-risk relapsed/refractory acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) or those unfit for intensive chemotherapy, with an overall response rate of 19% and a tolerable safety profile. The study results, which were...

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma

High Cumulative Burden of Cardiovascular Morbidity in Young Survivors of Hodgkin Lymphoma

In an analysis from the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort Study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Bhakta et al found a high cumulative burden of cardiovascular morbidity among pediatric, adolescent, and young adult survivors of Hodgkin lymphoma. Study Details The study involved data from 670 survivors of...

hematologic malignancies

Ipilimumab Appears Active in Relapsed Hematologic Cancer After Allogeneic HSCT

In a phase I/Ib study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Davids et al found that ipilimumab (Yervoy; at a dose of 10 mg/kg) produced responses, including complete responses, in patients with relapsed hematologic cancer after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT)....

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma

CNS-IPI for CNS Relapse in Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Schmitz et al have developed and validated a risk score for CNS relapse—the Central Nervous System International Prognostic Index (CNS-IPI)—in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated with R-CHOP (rituximab [Rituxan]...

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma

Analysis Indicates Continued Risk of Relapse Independent of Treatment Modality in Limited-Stage DLBCL

In an analysis of data from SWOG studies reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Stephens et al found as continued risk of relapse among patients with limited-stage diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) irrespective of whether they received CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine,...

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma

Early Results Find Pembrolizumab Active in Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma After Brentuximab Vedotin Failure

Findings in a classical Hodgkin lymphoma cohort in the phase Ib KEYNOTE-013 trial, reported by Armand et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, indicate that pembrolizumab (Keytruda) is active in patients with disease progressing on or after brentuximab vedotin (Adcetris) treatment. Study Details ...

hematologic malignancies
multiple myeloma

Long-Term Benefit of Lenalidomide/Dexamethasone Reported in High-Risk Smoldering Multiple Myeloma

As reported by Mateos et al in The Lancet Oncology, long-term follow-up in the phase III QuiRedex trial indicates continued benefit of lenalidomide (Revlimid)/dexamethasone vs observation in preventing disease progression in patients with high-risk smoldering multiple myeloma. Study Details In...

hematologic malignancies
multiple myeloma

Obesity Linked to Increased Risk of Multiple Myeloma Mortality in African Americans

Obesity may be associated with an increased risk for death from multiple myeloma in African Americans, according to a study reported by Sonderman et al in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Multiple myeloma incidence and mortality rates have been reported to be twice as high among...

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