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gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer
immunotherapy

Pertuzumab and Trastuzumab Plus Chemotherapy in HER2-Positive, Metastatic Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Tabernero et al, the phase III JACOB trial showed no significant overall survival benefit of adding pertuzumab (Perjeta) to trastuzumab (Herceptin) plus chemotherapy in first-line treatment of HER2-positive metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction...

gastroesophageal cancer
immunotherapy

Immunotherapy in Advanced Esophagogastric Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Janjigian et al, the phase I/II CheckMate-032 study has shown activity of nivolumab (Opdivo) and nivolumab plus ipilimumab (Yervoy) in advanced esophagogastric cancer. In the esophagogastric cohort of the multicohort study, 160 patients (who...

breast cancer
gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer
immunotherapy

European Commission Approves Trastuzumab Biosimilar

The European Commission (EC) has approved Trazimera, a biosimilar to trastuzumab (Herceptin), for the treatment of human epidermal growth factor (HER2)–overexpressing breast cancer and HER2-overexpressing metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma. This approval...

gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer
immunotherapy

Second-Line Pembrolizumab vs Paclitaxel in Advanced Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction Cancer

As reported in The Lancet by Shitara et al, the phase III KEYNOTE-061 trial showed no significant overall survival benefit with pembrolizumab vs paclitaxel in patients with advanced gastric or gastroesophageal junction cancer progressing on platinum-fluoropyrimidine treatment with programmed cell...

lung cancer
gastroesophageal cancer

ESTRO 37: Positioning for Radiotherapy and Impact on Survival in Patients With Lung or Esophageal Cancers

Very small differences in the way a patient lies during radiotherapy treatment for lung or esophageal cancer can have an impact on survival, according to research presented at the European Society for Radiotherapy & Oncology (ESTRO) 37 Conference (Abstract OC-0322). These differences of only a...

gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer

Postoperative Chemotherapy vs Chemoradiotherapy in Resectable Gastric Cancer

In the Scandinavian phase III CRITICS trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Cats et al found no benefit of postoperative chemoradiotherapy vs chemotherapy among patients with gastric cancer who had received neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Compliance with postoperative regimens was poor in both groups....

gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer
immunotherapy

Anti–PD-1 Immunotherapy in Previously Treated Gastric Cancer

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Fuchs et al, pembrolizumab (Keytruda) showed activity in patients with previously treated advanced gastric and gastroesophageal junction cancer in the phase II KEYNOTE-059 trial. Study Details In the study, 259 patients from sites in 16 countries who had disease...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
gynecologic cancers
hepatobiliary cancer
lung cancer
pancreatic cancer
gastroesophageal cancer

Detecting and Localizing Eight Cancer Types With One Multianalyte Blood Test

Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center researchers developed a single blood test that screens for eight common cancer types and also helps identify the location of the cancer. The test, called CancerSEEK, is a unique noninvasive, multianalyte test that simultaneously evaluates levels of eight cancer...

gastroesophageal cancer

Abraham J. Wu, MD, on Esophageal Cancer: Impact of Lung and Heart Dose on Survival After Radiotherapy

Abraham J. Wu, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses his findings that suggest efforts to reduce lung dose, such as shrinking the treatment volumes or using proton therapy, may improve outcomes in esophageal cancer (Abstract 3).

gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer

Maria Svensson, MD, PhD Candidate, on Esophageal and Gastric Cancers: Significance of PD-1 and PD-L1 Expression

Maria Svensson, MD, PhD Candidate, of Lund University, discusses high expression of PD-1 and PD-L1 in chemotherapy-naive esophageal and gastric adenocarcinomas, the implications for survival, and the link to a deficiency in mismatched repair genes (Abstract 9).

gastroesophageal cancer

Pieter van der Sluis, MD, PhD, on Esophageal Cancer: Results From a Surgical Treatment Trial

Pieter van der Sluis, MD, PhD, of the University Medical Center Utrecht, discusses study findings that compared robot-assisted minimally invasive thoracolaparoscopic esophagectomy vs open transthoracic esophagectomy for resectable esophageal cancer (Abstract 6).

gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer

Manish A. Shah, MD, on Gastric Cancer: Results From the RAINFALL Trial

Manish A. Shah, MD, of Weill Cornell Medicine, discusses phase III study findings on cisplatin plus capecitabine or fluorouracil with or without ramucirumab as first-line therapy in patients with metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma (Abstract 5).

gastroesophageal cancer

David H. Ilson, MD, PhD, on Improving Esophageal Cancer Outcomes: Future Directions

David H. Ilson, MD, PhD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses the merits of preoperative chemotherapy vs chemoradiotherapy, the role of targeted agents, recent results from genomic profiling, and whether PET scans can guide neoadjuvant treatment.

gastroesophageal cancer

Basem Azab, MD, on Esophageal Cancer: Study Survival Results

Basem Azab, MD, of the Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Miami, discusses the impact on overall survival when more than 2 months elapse between finishing neoadjuvant therapy and undergoing esophagectomy (Abstract 2).

gynecologic cancers
hepatobiliary cancer
gastroesophageal cancer
leukemia

Reports From the Journal of Clinical Oncology

Immunotherapy in PD-L1–Positive Advanced Cervical Cancer Pembrolizumab (Keytruda) treatment was active in patients with programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)–positive advanced cervical cancer enrolled in the phase Ib KEYNOTE-028 trial. The findings were reported by Jean-Sebastien Frenel, MD, of...

gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer

Updated Data in KEYNOTE-061: Pembrolizumab in Previously Treated Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma

The phase III KEYNOTE-061 trial investigating pembrolizumab (Keytruda) as a second-line treatment for patients with advanced gastric or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma did not meet its primary endpoint of overall survival (OS) (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.82, 95% confidence interval [CI] = ...

gastroesophageal cancer

Oral Microbiota Indicates Possible Link Between Periodontal Disease and Esophageal Cancer

An analysis of bacteria present in the mouth showed that some types of bacteria that lead to periodontal disease were associated with higher risk of esophageal cancer, according to a study published by Peters et al in Cancer Research. Esophageal cancer is the eighth most common cancer and the...

gastroesophageal cancer

FDA Approves Biosimilar for the Treatment of Certain Breast and Stomach Cancers

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today approved trastuzumab-dkst (Ogivri) as a biosimilar to trastuzumab (Herceptin) for the treatment of patients with breast or metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma whose tumors overexpress the HER2 gene. The drug is the first...

gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer

Update on Phase III JAVELIN Gastric 300 Trial of Avelumab in Pretreated Advanced Gastric Cancer

On November 28, Merck KGaA and Pfizer announced that the phase III JAVELIN Gastric 300 trial did not meet its primary endpoint of superior overall survival with single-agent avelumab (Bavencio) compared with physician's choice of chemotherapy. The trial investigated avelumab as a third-line...

gastroesophageal cancer

Quality of Life With Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy in Esophageal/Esophagogastric Junction Cancer

An analysis in the Dutch Chemoradiotherapy for Esophageal Cancer Followed by Surgery Study (CROSS) reported by Noordman et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology showed no adverse effect of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy vs surgery alone on postsurgery health-related quality of life in patients with ...

gastroesophageal cancer

Immunotherapy in Advanced Esophageal Carcinoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Doi et al, pembrolizumab (Keytruda) showed activity in patients with previously treated advanced esophageal carcinoma in the phase Ib multicohort KEYNOTE-028 study. Study Details In the study, eligible patients with squamous cell carcinoma or...

solid tumors
gastrointestinal cancer
gastroesophageal cancer

Metastatic Gastric Cancer: Dual HER2-Targeting Study Does Not Meet Primary Endpoint

Dual HER2 targeting in metastatic gastric and gastroesophageal junction cancers did not significantly improve outcomes over trastuzumab (Herceptin) alone—both in combination with chemotherapy—according to the results of the phase III JACOB study reported at the 2017 European Society for Medical...

gastroesophageal cancer

Adjuvant Chemotherapy vs Observation After Preoperative Chemoradiotherapy and Resection in Gastroesophageal Cancer

In a propensity score–matched analysis reported in JAMA Oncology, Mokdad et al found that adjuvant chemotherapy had a survival benefit vs observation after preoperative chemoradiotherapy and resection in patients with locally advanced gastroesophageal cancer. Study Details The study...

solid tumors
head and neck cancer
gastroesophageal cancer

Addition of Cetuximab to Concurrent Chemoradiation in Esophageal Cancer

The phase III NRG Oncology RTOG 0436 trial has shown no survival benefit of adding cetuximab (Erbitux) to paclitaxel/cisplatin and radiation therapy in patients with esophageal cancer treated without surgery. These results were reported by Mohan Suntharalingam, MD, MBA, of the Marlene and Stewart...

solid tumors
gastroesophageal cancer

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Pembrolizumab for Advanced Gastric Cancer

On September 22, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for patients with recurrent locally advanced or metastatic, gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma whose tumors express programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) as ...

cns cancers
gynecologic cancers
kidney cancer
lung cancer
gastroesophageal cancer

FDA Approves First Biosimilar for the Treatment of Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved bevacizumab-awwb (Mvasi) as a biosimilar to bevacizumab (Avastin) for the treatment of multiple types of cancer. Bevacizumab-awwb is the first biosimilar approved in the U.S. for the treatment of cancer. “Bringing new biosimilars to...

gastroesophageal cancer

ESMO 2017: New Data Confirms Superiority of Docetaxel-Based Triplet Therapy in Esophagogastric Cancer

The superiority of docetaxel-based triplet therapy over standard of care in patients with resectable esophagogastric cancer has been confirmed in late-breaking results from the FLOT4 trial presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2017 Congress in Madrid (Abstract LBA27_PR)....

gastroesophageal cancer

ESMO 2017: MIRO Trial: 3-Year Outcomes Favor Laparoscopic Surgery for Esophageal Cancer

Patients requiring surgery for esophageal cancer fare better after undergoing a hybrid minimally invasive esophagostomy compared to an open esophagostomy, according to long-term results of the MIRO trial presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2017 Congress in Madrid (Abstract ...

gastroesophageal cancer

Women More Likely Than Men to Experience Response After Induction Chemoradiotherapy and Esophagogastrectomy for Esophageal Cancer

Female patients with locally advanced esophageal cancer treated with chemotherapy and radiation therapy before surgery are more likely to have a favorable response to the treatment than male patients are, and women are less likely to experience cancer recurrence, according to a study published by...

gastroesophageal cancer

Prolonged and Intensified Neoadjuvant Therapy for Esophageal Adenocarcinoma

A UK phase III trial (UK MRC OE05) has shown no significant survival benefit of extended and intensified neoadjuvant chemotherapy with epirubicin, cisplatin, and capecitabine vs standard cisplatin/fluorouracil followed by resection in patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma. The findings were...

gastroesophageal cancer

Addition of Cetuximab to Concurrent Chemoradiation in Esophageal Cancer

The phase III NRG Oncology RTOG 0436 trial has shown no survival benefit of adding cetuximab (Erbitux) to paclitaxel/cisplatin and radiation therapy in patients with esophageal cancer treated without surgery. These results were reported by Suntharalingam et al in JAMA Oncology. Study Details In...

gastroesophageal cancer

High-Dose First-Line Trastuzumab Maintenance in Metastatic HER2-Positive Gastric Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Shah et al, the phase IIIB HELOISE trial has shown no survival benefit of high-dose vs standard trastuzumab (Herceptin) maintenance plus chemotherapy in the first-line treatment of metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma....

gastroesophageal cancer

Association of EGFR Copy Number Gain and Outcome With Gefitinib in Advanced Esophageal Cancer

As reported by Petty et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, analysis of outcomes in the UK phase III Cancer Esophagus Gefitinib trial showed an overall survival benefit with second-line gefitinib (Iressa) in patients with advanced esophageal cancer who had epidermal growth factor receptor...

gastroesophageal cancer

Salah-Eddin Al-Batran, MD, on GEJ Adenocarcinoma: Results From the FLOT4-AIO Trial

Salah-Eddin Al-Batran, MD, of the Institute of Clinical Cancer Research Krankenhaus Nordwest, discusses phase III study findings on perioperative chemotherapy with docetaxel, oxaliplatin, and fluorouracil/leucovorin vs epirubicin, cisplatin, and fluorouracil or capecitabine for resectable gastric...

gastroesophageal cancer

FDA Grants Priority Review to sBLA for Pembrolizumab in Recurrent or Advanced Gastric or GEJ Adenocarcinoma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted for review a supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA) for pembrolizumab (Keytruda) seeking approval for treatment of patients with recurrent or advanced gastric or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma who have already...

gastroesophageal cancer

Hypofractionated Radiotherapy vs Conventionally Fractionated Radiotherapy in Early-Stage Glottic Cancer

Radiotherapy alone is often used to treat early-stage glottic cancer. However, the optimal radiation treatment schedule remains unknown. Both hypofractionated radiotherapy and conventionally fractionated radiotherapy are recommended treatment options. In an attempt to compare differences in overall ...

gastroesophageal cancer

More on Treatment Decisions in Esophageal Cancer

In the March 25, 2017, issue of The ASCO Post, Steven H. Lin, MD, PhD, shared his thoughts on the role of positron-emission tomography (PET) in assessing response to induction chemotherapy in patients with resectable esophageal or gastroesophageal junction cancer. He noted that complete pathologic...

gastroesophageal cancer

Breath Test Might Help Detect Stomach and Esophageal Cancers

A test that measures the levels of five chemicals in the breath has shown promising results for the detection of cancers of the esophagus and stomach, in a large patient trial presented by Markar et al at the 2017 European Cancer Congress (Abstract 6LBA).1 Together, stomach and esophageal cancers...

gastroesophageal cancer

Ado-trastuzumab Emtansine vs Taxane in HER2-Positive Advanced Gastric Cancer

The adaptive phase II/III GATSBY trial has shown no survival difference between ado-trastuzumab emtansine (Kadcyla) vs taxane treatment in patients with previously treated locally advanced or metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma. Results were reported by Thuss-Patience et...

gastroesophageal cancer

Expert Point of View: Nancy Baxter, MD, PhD & Steven H. Lin, MD, PhD

“CALGB 80803 really helps move the field forward,” said press briefing moderator and ASCO spokesperson Nancy Baxter, MD, PhD, a surgeon from St. Michael’s Hospital in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. “PET [positron-emission tomography] scans may prove to be a valuable tool to help oncologists fine-tune...

gastroesophageal cancer

Early PET Imaging May Guide Treatment Decisions in Esophageal Cancer

In patients with resectable esophageal or gastroesophageal junction cancer, positron-emission tomography (PET) imaging was used to assess response to induction chemotherapy. PET nonresponders were identified after the first few cycles and were switched to an alternate regimen. This strategy greatly ...

gastroesophageal cancer

Japanese Phase II Trial of Nivolumab in Previously Treated Advanced Esophageal Cancer

In a Japanese phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Kudo et al found that nivolumab (Opdivo) had activity in heavily pretreated patients with advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Study Details In the study, with enrollment between February and November 2014, 65 patients...

gastroesophageal cancer

Sarcopenia in Esophageal Cancer Represents a Significant Risk to Survival

Patients with esophageal cancer who suffer sarcopenia (loss of muscle mass) during neoadjuvant chemotherapy survive, on average, 32 months less than patients with no sarcopenia. This is the central finding of a recent study conducted at the Comprehensive Cancer Center (CCC) of MedUni Vienna and...

gastroesophageal cancer

Adding Bevacizumab to Perioperative Chemotherapy in Esophagogastric Adenocarcinoma

In the UK Medical Research Council ST03 phase II/III trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Cunningham et al found that adding bevacizumab (Avastin) to perioperative chemotherapy did not improve survival in patients with operable esophagogastric cancer and may have been associated with impaired...

gastroesophageal cancer

ECCO 2017: Breath Test Might Help Detect Stomach and Esophageal Cancers

A test that measures the levels of five chemicals in the breath has shown promising results for the detection of cancers of the esophagus and stomach in a large patient trial presented by Markar et al at the 2017 European Cancer Congress (Abstract 6LBA). Together, stomach and esophageal...

gastroesophageal cancer

Ian Chau, MD, on Esophageal and Gastric Cancers: Systemic Agents and Options

Ian Chau, MD, of the Royal Marsden Hospital, discusses the continuum of care in esophageal and gastric cancers and the multiple active lines of treatment. Routine adoption of genomic testing may lead to further refinement of current treatment and more options in the future.

gastroesophageal cancer

Geoffrey Ku, MD, MBA, on Gastric and Esophageal Cancers: Expert Perspectives on Immunotherapy

Geoffrey Ku, MD, MBA, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses the promise of immunotherapy drugs and the search for biomarkers that will help identify patients more likely to respond, not only to these medications, but to combinations of immunotherapies, other targeted treatments,...

gastroesophageal cancer

Karyn A. Goodman, MD, on Esophageal Cancer: Results of CALGB 80803

Karyn A. Goodman, MD, of the University of Colorado School of Medicine, discusses initial study findings on PET scan–directed combined-modality therapy for esophageal cancer (Abstract 1).

gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer

2017 GI Cancers Symposium: Nivolumab Demonstrated Efficacy and Improved Survival in Patients With Previously Treated Advanced Gastric Cancer

Results of the ONO-4538-12 trial demonstrated that nivolumab (Opdivo) significantly reduced the risk of death by 37% (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.63; P < .0001) in patients with previously treated advanced gastric cancer refractory to or intolerant of standard therapy, a condition without current ...

gastroesophageal cancer

2017 GI Cancers Symposium: PET Scans Can Inform and Improve Treatment for Patients With Esophageal Cancer

Findings from a federally funded clinical trial—CALGB 80803 (Alliance)—point to a new way to improve the outlook for patients with esophageal cancer: using positron-emission tomography (PET) scans to assess tumor response to initial chemotherapy may allow doctors to tailor further...

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