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bladder cancer
kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Cora N. Sternberg, MD, on Renal and Bladder Cancers: Focus on Immunotherapy

Cora N. Sternberg, MD, of San Camillo-Forlanini Hospital and the Israel Englander Institute of Precision Medicine at Weill Cornell, discusses results from the phase III CheckMate-025 study on nivolumab vs everolimus for mRCC; the CheckMate-214 study on nivolumab, ipilimumab, and sunitinib for...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Ronald de Wit, MD, PhD, on Bladder Cancer: Results From KEYNOTE-057

Ronald de Wit, MD, PhD, of the University Medical Center Rotterdam, discusses phase II findings on the efficacy of pembrolizumab in Bacillus Calmette Geurin–unresponsive bladder cancer with high risk for disease progression.

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Updates Prescribing Information for Pembrolizumab and Atezolizumab in Urothelial Carcinoma

On August 16, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) updated the prescribing information for pembrolizumab (Keytruda) and atezolizumab (Tecentriq) to require the use of an FDA-approved companion diagnostic test to determine programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) levels in tumor tissue...

colorectal cancer
kidney cancer
hepatobiliary cancer
lung cancer
pancreatic cancer
issues in oncology
bladder cancer

Large Disparities in Cancer Mortality Rates Found Among Different Racial/Ethnic Populations in New York State

According to the American Cancer Society, cancer is the leading cause of death for Hispanics and Asian/Pacific Islanders in the United States. However, their cancer burden is less than that of non-Hispanic whites and especially non-Hispanic blacks, who bear the most disproportionate share of the...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Restricts Use of Pembrolizumab or Atezolizumab to Treat Urothelial Cancer Due to Efficacy Concerns in Some Patients

As of June 20, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has restricted the use of pembrolizumab (Keytruda) and atezolizumab (Tecentriq) for patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial cancer who are not eligible for cisplatin-containing therapy. The restriction results from a...

bladder cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD: Bladder Cancer Roundup

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discuss their perspectives on the top abstracts in bladder cancer presented at the 2018 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstracts 4507, 4506, 4503, 4504).

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Identifies Efficacy Issue in Clinical Trials of Pembrolizumab or Atezolizumab as Monotherapy in Urothelial Cancer With Low Expression of PD-L1

On May 18, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) alerted health-care professionals, oncology clinical investigators, and the public about decreased survival associated with the use of pembrolizumab (Keytruda) or atezolizumab (Tecentriq) as monotherapy in clinical trials to treat patients with ...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Health-Related Quality-of-Life Analysis of Anti–PD-1 Therapy vs Chemotherapy in Advanced Urothelial Cancer

As reported by Vaughn et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, a health-related quality-of-life analysis from the phase III KEYNOTE-045 trial in previously treated advanced urothelial cancer showed that patients treated with the anti–programmed cell death protein 1 immunotherapy...

kidney cancer
prostate cancer
bladder cancer

EAU 2018: Survey Shows Greater Suicide Rate in Patients With Urologic Cancers

A major UK survey has shown that patients with urologic cancer—such as prostate, bladder, or kidney cancer—are five times more likely to commit suicide than people without cancer. The analysis also shows that patients with cancer generally are around three times more likely to commit...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Alterations in DNA Damage Response and Repair Genes and Response to PD-1/PD-L1 Inhibitors in Advanced Urothelial Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Teo et al found that alterations in DNA damage response and repair (DDR) genes, particularly known or likely deleterious alterations, were associated with response to programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1)/programmed cell death ligand 1...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Long-Term Outcomes With PD-L1 Inhibition in Metastatic Urothelial Cancer

As reported by Petrylak et al in JAMA Oncology, long-term follow-up of patients in a phase I study expansion cohort indicated enduring clinical benefit and maintained tolerability of atezolizumab (Tecentriq) in patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma.  Study Details The study involved...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Gregory R. Pond, PhD, on Urothelial Cancer: Advance in Prognosis

Gregory R. Pond, PhD, of McMaster University, discusses a new six-factor prognostic model for patients with advanced urothelial carcinoma receiving post platinum atezolizumab (Abstract 413).

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, on Urothelial Carcinoma: Results From the CheckMate 032 Trial

Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses longer-term efficacy and safety findings on nivolumab monotherapy in metastatic urothelial carcinoma (Abstract 414).

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Thomas Powles, MD, on Urothelial Carcinoma: Results From the IMvigor211 Trial

Thomas Powles, MD, of Barts Cancer Institute, discusses phase III study findings on atezolizumab vs chemotherapy in platinum-treated locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma, with an emphasis on immune biomarkers, tumor mutational burden, and clinical outcomes (Abstract 409).

bladder cancer

John J. Coen, MD, on Bladder Cancer: Results From the NRG/RTOG 0712 Trial

John J. Coen, MD, of 21st Century Oncology, discusses phase II study findings on selective bladder preservation with twice-daily radiation plus fluorouracil/cisplatin or daily radiation plus gemcitabine for patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (Abstract 408).

bladder cancer

Joaquim Bellmunt, MD, PhD, on Urothelial Cancer: Results From the KEYNOTE-045 Trial

Joaquim Bellmunt, MD, PhD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses phase III 2-year follow-up findings on pembrolizumab vs investigator’s choice (paclitaxel, docetaxel, or vinflunine) in recurrent, advanced urothelial cancer (Abstract 410).

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

2018 GU CANCERS SYMPOSIUM: New Model Predicts Survival for People With Bladder Cancer Receiving Immunotherapy

Researchers have developed a model to predict overall survival for people with advanced urothelial cancers treated with the immune checkpoint inhibitor atezolizumab (Tecentriq). The model, which is based on six clinical factors, may help inform treatment decisions for use of atezolizumab in these...

bladder cancer

Joaquim Bellmunt, MD, PhD, on Bladder Cancer: The Future of Immunotherapies

Joaquim Bellmunt, MD, PhD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses refining treatment choices with new combinations and sequencing strategies.

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

IMvigor211 Trial: Atezolizumab vs Chemotherapy in Platinum-Treated Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma

The phase III IMvigor211 trial showed no survival benefit for atezolizumab (Tecentriq) vs physician's choice of chemotherapy in platinum-treated locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma with programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression ≥ 5%. Findings were reported in The Lancet by...

bladder cancer

First-Line Immunotherapy for Cisplatin-Ineligible Patients With Advanced Urothelial Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Balar et al, first-line pembrolizumab (Keytruda) produced durable responses in cisplatin-ineligible patients with locally advanced and unresectable or metastatic urothelial cancer in the phase II KEYNOTE-052 trial. The trial supported the accelerated approval...

bladder cancer

ESMO 2017: KEYNOTE-045: Updated Results Support Pembrolizumab as Second-Line Treatment in Advanced Urothelial Cancer

Mature results from the KEYNOTE-045 trial presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2017 Congress in Madrid (Abstract LBA37_PR) confirmed significantly longer survival in patients with advanced urothelial cancer who received the checkpoint inhibitor pembrolizumab after initial...

bladder cancer

Adjuvant Chemotherapy vs Observation After Neoadjuvant Therapy and Radical Cystectomy for Bladder Cancer

In an analysis reported in JAMA Oncology, Seisen et al found that adjuvant chemotherapy was associated with a survival benefit vs observation in patients with adverse prognostic features after neoadjuvant therapy and radical cystectomy for urothelial carcinoma of the bladder. Study Details The...

bladder cancer

Recombinant Adenovirus Interferon-α With Syn3 in BCG-Refractory or Relapsed Non–Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer

A phase II study has shown activity of recombinant adenovirus interferon-α with Syn3 (rAd-IFNα/Syn3), a replication-deficient recombinant adenovirus gene transfer vector, in patients with high-grade bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG)-refractory or -relapsed non–muscle invasive bladder ...

bladder cancer

Durvalumab in Locally Advanced or Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma

Updated results of a phase I/II study of durvalumab (Imfinzi) in locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma were reported by Powles et al in JAMA Oncology. Data from the ongoing study supported the recent approval of durvalumab as second-line treatment in this setting on the basis of...

bladder cancer

Treatment of Nonmetastatic Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer: AUA/ASCO/ASTRO/SUO Guideline

As reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice by Chang et al, for the first time for any type of malignancy, the American Urological Association (AUA), ASCO, American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO), and Society of Urologic Oncology (SUO) have formulated an evidence-based guideline on...

bladder cancer

Elizabeth R. Plimack, MD, on Advanced Urothelial Cancer: Expert Perspective

Elizabeth R. Plimack, MD, of Fox Chase Cancer Center, discusses highlights of three important abstracts on advanced and metastatic urothelial cancer presented at the 2017 ASCO Annual Meeting. (Abstracts 4501, 4503, 106)

bladder cancer

European Commission Approves Nivolumab for Previously Treated, Locally Advanced, Unresectable or Metastatic Urothelial Cancer

On June 2, the European Commission (EC) approved nivolumab (Opdivo) for the treatment of locally advanced unresectable or metastatic urothelial carcinoma in adults after failure of prior platinum-containing therapy. This makes nivolumab the first immuno-oncology agent approved in the European Union ...

bladder cancer

David I. Quinn, MBBS, PhD, on Urothelial Cancer: Results from KEYNOTE-045

David I. Quinn, MBBS, PhD, of the University of Southern California, gives his expert perspective on the planned survival analysis from a phase III open-label study of pembrolizumab vs paclitaxel, docetaxel, or vinflunine in recurrent, advanced urothelial cancer. (Abstract 4501)

bladder cancer

Dean F. Bajorin, MD, and Peter H. O’Donnell, MD, on Urothelial Cancer: Results From Two KEYNOTE Trials

Dean F. Bajorin, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and Peter H. O’Donnell, MD, of The University of Chicago Medical Center, discuss their study findings on treating advanced urothelial cancer with pembrolizumab, paclitaxel, docetaxel, or vinflunine. (Abstracts 4501 and 4502)

bladder cancer

AUA 2017: Phase III Study of Blue Light Cystoscopy With Optical Imaging Agent in Bladder Cancer

New phase III study results of blue light flexible cystoscopy (BLFC) with an optical imaging agent (Hexvix/Cysview) were presented by Daneshmand et al during a late-breaking plenary session at the 2017 American Urological Association (AUA) Annual Meeting (Abstract PPTLBA-02). Major Findings The...

bladder cancer

FDA Approves Pembrolizumab for Advanced or Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma who have disease progression during or following platinum-containing chemotherapy or within 12 months of neoadjuvant or...

bladder cancer

AUA 2017: Studies Examine Bladder Cancer Risk and Mortality in E-Cigarette and Traditional Smokers

Data presented at the 2017 Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Urological Association (AUA) showed harmful links between the use of e-cigarettes and bladder cancer risk, and associated the smoking of traditional cigarettes to a higher risk of mortality among patients with bladder cancer. Even ...

bladder cancer

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Avelumab for Urothelial Carcinoma

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to avelumab (Bavencio) for patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma whose disease progressed during or following platinum-containing chemotherapy or within 12 months of neoadjuvant or adjuvant...

bladder cancer

FDA Approves Durvalumab in Locally Advanced or Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to durvalumab (Imfinzi) for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma who have disease progression during or following platinum-containing chemotherapy or who have disease...

bladder cancer

Second-Line Pazopanib vs Weekly Paclitaxel in Relapsed or Progressive Urothelial Cancer

A UK phase II trial comparing pazopanib (Votrient) with paclitaxel after failure of platinum-based therapy in patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma was stopped early due to futility. These results were reported by Jones et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. Two...

bladder cancer

FDA Grants Atezolizumab Accelerated Approval as Initial Treatment for Some Advanced Bladder Cancers

On April 17, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to atezolizumab (Tecentriq) for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma who are not eligible for cisplatin chemotherapy. Atezolizumab was previously approved for people...

bladder cancer

Elizabeth R. Plimack, MD, on Bladder Cancer: Management Updates

Elizabeth R. Plimack, MD, of Fox Chase Cancer Center, discusses selecting first- and second-line therapies for patients with advanced bladder cancer and the emerging data and role of immune checkpoint inhibitors.

lung cancer
bladder cancer

Study Identifies How Cancer Cells May Develop Resistance to FGFR Inhibitors

A new study by researchers at The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center–Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute (OSUCCC– James) has identified a mechanism by which cancer cells develop resistance to a class of drugs called fibroblast growth...

bladder cancer

Pembrolizumab vs Chemotherapy in Second-Line Treatment of Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma

In a phase III KEYNOTE-045 trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Bellmunt et al found that pembrolizumab (Keytruda) significantly improved overall survival vs investigator choice of chemotherapy as second-line treatment in patients with advanced urothelial cancer whose disease...

bladder cancer

Roland Seiler, MD, on Bladder Cancer: Subtypes and Treatment Response (German Language Version)

Roland Seiler, MD, of the University of British Columbia, discusses in German a way to identify molecular subtypes of muscle-invasive bladder cancer, the varying responses to cisplatin-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and which patients show the most benefit. (Abstract 281)

bladder cancer

Karim Chamie, MD, on Bladder Cancer: Optimizing Surgical and Medical Therapies

Karim Chamie, MD, of the University of California, Los Angeles, discusses induction and maintenance BCG therapy in non–muscle-invasive bladder cancer.

bladder cancer

Roland Seiler, MD, on Bladder Cancer: Subtypes and Treatment Response

Roland Seiler, MD, of the University of British Columbia, discusses a way to identify molecular subtypes of muscle-invasive bladder cancer, the varying responses to cisplatin-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and which patients show the most benefit. (Abstract 281)

bladder cancer

Emma Hall, PhD, on Bladder Cancer: Results From the BC2001 Trial

Emma Hall, PhD, of the Institute of Cancer Research, London, discusses long-term outcomes with chemoradiotherapy vs radiotherapy alone, and standard vs reduced high-dose volume radiotherapy in muscle-invasive bladder cancer. (Abstract 280)

bladder cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Urothelial Cancer: Trial Results From Borealis-2

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses study findings on apatorsen plus docetaxel vs docetaxel alone in platinum-resistant metastatic urothelial cancer. (Abstract 289)

bladder cancer

2017 GU Cancers Symposium: Updated Efficacy and Tolerability of Durvalumab in Locally Advanced or Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma

At the 2017 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium, Powles et al presented updated efficacy and safety data for durvalumab in patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial cancer (Abstract 286). Updated results from the phase I/II trial showed an objective response rate of 20.4% in all...

bladder cancer

Nivolumab in Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma After Platinum Therapy

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Sharma et al, the phase II CheckMate 275 trial has shown nivolumab (Opdivo) to produce durable responses in patients with metastatic urothelial cancer who had received at least one prior platinum-based regimen. The study supported the recent accelerated...

bladder cancer

FDA Accepts Two sBLAs for Pembrolizumab in Locally Advanced or Metastatic Urothelial Cancer

On February 3, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted for review two supplemental Biologics License Applications (sBLAs) for pembrolizumab (Keytruda) in patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial cancer. Specifically, the application for first-line use was accepted and...

bladder cancer

FDA Approves Nivolumab in Locally Advanced or Metastatic Bladder Cancer

On February 2, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to nivolumab (Opdivo) for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma who have disease progression during or following platinum-containing chemotherapy or have...

bladder cancer

Pembrolizumab Studied in Locally Advanced or Metastatic Urothelial Cancer

As reported by Plimack et al in The Lancet Oncology, pembrolizumab (Keytruda) has shown activity in patients in the locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma cohort included in the phase Ib KEYNOTE-012 trial. Study Details In the study, 33 patients with locally advanced or metastatic...

bladder cancer

FDA Accepts sBLA and Grants Priority Review for Atezolizumab in Locally Advanced or Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma

On January 9, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted the supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA) and granted Priority Review for atezolizumab (Tecentriq) in the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma who are ineligible for cisplatin...

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