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prostate cancer
issues in oncology

2019 GU Cancers Symposium: Study Evaluates Survival by Race in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

A large, retrospective study analyzing 5 years of data from the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) found that African American men with chemotherapy-naive, metastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer who were treated with abiraterone acetate or enzalutamide lived 20% longer compared with...

prostate cancer

2019 GU Cancers Symposium: Small Trial of LuPSMA in PSMA-Positive, Metastatic, Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

A single-arm, phase II trial in men with prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-positive, metastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer that progressed despite standard therapies found that a majority of men treated with a novel, targeted radiation therapy called lutetium-177 PSMA-617...

prostate cancer

Quality of Life in Men Living With Advanced and Localized Prostate Cancer

In a population-based study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Downing et al found little difference in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) between men with advanced vs localized prostate cancer. Sexual function problems were common among all patients—and often not addressed—and use of ...

prostate cancer

Long-Term Effects of Finasteride vs Placebo on Prostate Cancer Mortality

In a letter to the editor of The New England Journal of Medicine, Goodman et al reported a long-term follow-up of the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial indicating that finasteride treatment was not associated with an increased risk of death from prostate cancer. Study Details As previously...

solid tumors
prostate cancer

Common Markers of Tumor Hypoxia Found Across Cancer Types

Unlike healthy tissues, tumors thrive in low-oxygen environments, often acquiring the ability to resist treatment and spread to other sites in the body. Despite being a well-known cause of therapy resistance and metastasis, the impact of hypoxia on tumor cells is poorly understood. Researchers have ...

prostate cancer

Germline DNA Repair Mutations and Outcomes in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

A subset of patients with aggressive prostate cancer are carriers of germline BRCA2 mutations, which are also linked to hereditary breast cancer, ovarian cancer, and pancreatic cancer. Study findings also showed family members of patients with prostate cancer who carry BRCA2 and DNA-repair...

prostate cancer

Overall Survival of Black vs White Men Receiving Docetaxel Regimens for Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In an analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Halabi et al found that overall survival was improved for black men vs white men receiving regimens containing docetaxel and prednisone for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. As noted by the investigators, several studies...

prostate cancer
immunotherapy

MSI-H/dMMR Tumors in Prostate Cancer and Response to Immune Checkpoint Blockade

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Abida et al found that approximately 3% of patients with prostate cancer had microsatellite instability–high (MSI-H)/mismatch repair–deficient (dMMR) tumors and that some of these patients exhibited durable responses to treatment with immune...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Gleason 6 Score May Underestimate Prostate Cancer Mortality Risk in Black Men

Black men diagnosed with prostate cancer classified as low risk may actually have a more aggressive form of the disease that is more likely to be fatal than in nonblack men placed in the same prognostic category, according to results from a new study published as a research letter by Mahal et al in ...

prostate cancer

Time to Biochemical Failure as Surrogate Endpoint in Locally Advanced Prostate Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Dignam et al, analysis of outcomes in the phase III NRG/RTOG 9202 trial indicates that the time interval to biochemical failure (IBF) could serve as a surrogate endpoint for clinical outcomes in patients receiving radiotherapy plus long-term...

prostate cancer

RADAR Trial: Short- vs Intermediate-Term Androgen Suppression and Zoledronic Acid in Locally Advanced Prostate Cancer

As reported by Denham et al in The Lancet Oncology, 10-year results of the phase III TROG 03.04 RADAR trial have shown that 18 months of androgen suppression plus radiotherapy is more effective than 6 months of androgen suppression plus radiotherapy in locally advanced prostate cancer, but no...

prostate cancer

Survival With Surgery vs Radiotherapy in Gleason Score 9–10 Prostate Cancer

In a cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Tilki et al found that patients with Gleason score 9–10 prostate cancer treated with multimodality therapy known as MaxRP (radical prostatectomy [RP] plus adjuvant external-beam radiotherapy [EBRT] with or without androgen-deprivation therapy...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Dissemination of Misleading Information on Prostate Cancer on Social Media

YouTube videos on prostate cancer often offer misleading or biased medical information that poses potential health risks to patients, an analysis of the social media platform published by Loeb et al in European Urology showed. For the latest analysis, researchers, which included social...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Undertreatment of High-Risk Prostate Cancer in Latino Men

New research by Lichtensztajn et al in JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network examined disparities in care for Latino men with prostate cancer. A team of researchers from UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, Stanford Cancer Institute, and...

prostate cancer

Treatment With ADT May Be Linked to Higher Risk of Heart Failure in Patients With Prostate Cancer

Androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) use was associated with a higher risk of heart failure in a study of patients with prostate cancer, according to findings published by Kao et al in The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.  Study Methods, Findings Study authors used data from the Taiwan...

prostate cancer
symptom management

NCRI 2018: COMPARE Study: Side Effects and Quality of Life Associated With Prostate Cancer Care

Men who have been newly diagnosed with prostate cancer say they would trade some improvement in their odds of survival for improvements in side effects and quality of life, according to research presented by Ahmed et al at the 2018 National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) Cancer Conference...

prostate cancer

New ASTRO/ASCO/AUA Guideline for Early-Stage Prostate Cancer Supports Use of Hypofractionated Radiotherapy

Three prominent medical societies have issued a new clinical guideline for physicians treating men with early-stage prostate cancer using external-beam radiation therapy (EBRT). Adoption of the guideline could make treatment shorter and more convenient for many patients with prostate cancer....

prostate cancer

2018 ASTRO: SPPORT Trial: ADT With or Without Pelvic Lymph Node Radiation in Prostate Cancer

The first report of a large international clinical trial shows that, for men who show signs of prostate cancer after surgical removal of their prostates, extending radiation therapy to the pelvic lymph nodes combined with adding short-term androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) to standard treatment...

prostate cancer

Long-Term Results of Sequence of Hormonal Therapy Plus Whole-Pelvic or Prostate-Alone Radiotherapy in Prostate Cancer

In long-term follow-up of the phase III NRG/RTOG 9413 study reported in The Lancet Oncology by Roach et al, neoadjuvant hormonal therapy (NHT) plus whole-pelvic radiotherapy (WPRT) and prostate-only radiotherapy (PORT) plus adjuvant hormonal therapy (AHT) were associated with the highest rates of...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

2018 ASTRO: Radiation Therapy Outcomes in African American Patients With Prostate Cancer

A new analysis of genetic data from a large prospective registry and clinical data from several randomized trials indicates that African American patients may have comparatively higher cure rates when treated with radiation therapy than Caucasian patients. The study, which is the first report...

prostate cancer

ESMO 2018: Survival Results From STAMPEDE: Local Radiotherapy in Newly Diagnosed Metastatic Prostate Cancer With Low Disease Burden

Radiotherapy to the prostate improved overall survival in men newly diagnosed with metastatic prostate cancer who have a low metastatic disease burden, but not in those with higher burden of disease, according to results from a preplanned analysis of a large comparison study reported by Parker et...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

PCF Releases First National Report on Public Perception of Prostate Cancer in the United States

The Prostate Cancer Foundation (PCF) recently released the results of its first national public awareness report about risks, actions, and attitudes toward prostate cancer in the PCF 3P Report 2018: Public Perception of Prostate Cancer. Each year, even though more than three million men in...

prostate cancer

Early PSA Testing Could Help Predict Prostate Cancer Among Black Men

In a study published by Preston et al in European Urology, researchers demonstrated that a baseline prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level obtained from black men between 40 and 60 years old may predict the future development of prostate cancer for years after testing. The study builds on ...

prostate cancer

FDA Grants Breakthrough Therapy Designation to Rucaparib in BRCA1/2-Mutated Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to rucaparib (Rubraca) monotherapy for the treatment of adult patients with BRCA1/2-mutated metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who have received at least one prior androgen...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology
cost of care

Estimated Medicare Cost for Prostate Cancer Care in Older Men

Although national guidelines recommend against prostate cancer screening in men age 70 and older, researchers from the University of North Carolina (UNC) Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center estimate that screening for and treating prostate cancer in men in this age group costs Medicare more than ...

prostate cancer

ASCO Endorses AUA/ASTRO/SUO Guideline on Clinically Localized Prostate Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Justin E. Bekelman, MD, of the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, and colleagues, ASCO has endorsed the 2017 American Urological Association (AUA), American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO), and Society of Urologic...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Researchers Identify Pitfall in PSMA PET Imaging Method

Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) positron-emission tomography (PET) imaging has become a popular method for determining the stage of a patient’s prostate cancer. However, researchers have identified a pitfall in this imaging technique and are cautioning medical professionals to be...

prostate cancer
immunotherapy

Mismatch Repair Mutations and Immunotherapy in Prostate Cancer

A group of men with especially aggressive prostate cancer may respond unusually well to immunotherapy, according to a study published by Rodrigues et al in the Journal of Clinical Investigation. The research offers the possibility of effective treatment, with clinical trials already underway. An...

prostate cancer

Hypofractionated Dose-Escalated IMRT vs Conventionally Fractionated IMRT in Localized Prostate Cancer

In a long-term follow-up of a phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Hoffman et al found that dose-escalated moderately hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiation therapy (HIMRT) improved disease control and reduced treatment duration vs conventionally fractionated IMRT...

prostate cancer
cost of care

ICER Report on Clinical Benefits and Value of Different Antiandrogen Therapies for Men With Nonmetastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

The Institute for Clinical and Economic Review (ICER) has released an evidence report assessing the comparative clinical effectiveness and value of antiandrogen therapies for the treatment of nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. The report focuses on three antiandrogen...

prostate cancer

Early-Life Alcohol Intake May Increase the Odds of High-Grade Prostate Cancer Later in Life

Compared with nondrinkers, men who consumed at least 7 drinks per week during adolescence (ages 15–19) had 3 times the odds of being diagnosed with clinically significant prostate cancer, according to results published by Michael et al in Cancer Prevention Research. “The prostate...

prostate cancer

No Benefit of Adding Abiraterone to Enzalutamide in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer With Increasing PSA

The PLATO trial failed to show benefit of adding abiraterone (Zytiga)/prednisone to ongoing enzalutamide (Xtandi) vs abiraterone/prednisone in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer exhibiting rising prostate-specific antigen (PSA) during enzalutamide treatment. Results of the...

prostate cancer

SPOP-Mutant Prostate Cancer Subtype, High PSA, and Prognosis

Conventional wisdom suggests that a high level of the protein prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in men with prostate cancer means a poor prognosis. However, this may not always be the case in men with a particular subtype of prostate cancer, according to a new study from Weill Cornell Medicine and...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
prostate cancer

Following a Healthy Diet and Avoiding Alcohol May Reduce Overall Cancer Risk

The World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) has estimated that in developed countries, about 35% of breast cancers and 45% of colorectal cancers could be prevented with a better adherence to nutritional recommendations. A large prospective study evaluating...

prostate cancer

Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Prostatectomy vs Open Radical Retropubic Prostatectomy in Newly Diagnosed Prostate Cancer

In an Australian phase III trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Coughlin et al found similar functional outcomes at 2 years with robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy and open radical retropubic prostatectomy in men with newly diagnosed clinically localized prostate cancer. Study Details In ...

prostate cancer

Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen–Targeted Docetaxel Nanoparticle in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In a phase II trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Autio et al found that prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)–targeted docetaxel nanoparticle (BIND-014) treatment was active in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Study Details In the multicenter trial,...

prostate cancer

FDA Approves Enzalutamide for Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

On July 13, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved enzalutamide (Xtandi) for patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). This approval broadens the indicated patient population to include patients with either nonmetastatic CRPC or metastatic CRPC. Enzalutamide was ...

prostate cancer

AR-V7 as Marker for Taxane vs Androgen Receptor Inhibitor Treatment in Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Scher and colleagues found that the presence of nuclear-localized androgen receptor splice variant 7 (AR-V7) protein in circulating tumor cells (CTCs) may predict better survival with taxane therapy vs androgen receptor signaling (ARS) inhibitor treatment in...

prostate cancer

PROSPER: Enzalutamide Prolongs Metastasis-Free Survival in Nonmetastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Hussain et al, the phase III PROSPER trial has shown a 71% reduction in risk of metastasis or death with enzalutamide (Xtandi) vs placebo in men with nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Study Details In the double-blind trial,...

prostate cancer

DNA Test Identifies Men With Sixfold Increased Risk of Prostate Cancer

A major new study of more than 140,000 men has identified 63 new genetic variations in the DNA code that increase the risk of prostate cancer. These findings were published by Schumacher et al in Nature Genetics. Researchers devised a new test combining these single-letter genetic variants with...

prostate cancer

Automated Bone Scan Index and Overall Survival in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In a secondary analysis of the phase III 10TASQ10 trial comparing tasquinimod vs placebo in chemotherapy-naive metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, the automated Bone Scan Index (aBSI) was shown to be predictive of overall survival. The findings were reported in JAMA Oncology by...

prostate cancer

AUA 2018: Finasteride Reduces Risk of Prostate Cancer and Is Safe, Long-Term Results Show

Twenty-five years after it opened for enrollment, the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial (PCPT) has delivered a final verdict: finasteride, a common hormone-blocking drug, reduces men's risk of getting prostate cancer without increasing their risk of dying from the disease. Initial study...

prostate cancer

2018 ASCO: Olaparib in Combination With Abiraterone in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Data presented by Clarke et al at the 2018 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 5003) showed clinical improvement in median radiologic progression-free survival with olaparib (Lynparza) in combination with abiraterone (Yonsa, Zytiga) compared to abiraterone monotherapy, a current standard of care, in...

prostate cancer

Lutetium-177–PSMA-617 Radionuclide Treatment for Previously Treated Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In an Australian investigator-initiated single-center phase II study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Hofman et al found that treatment with a radiolabeled small molecule that binds to prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA), lutetium-177 (177Lu)–PSMA-617, produced a high response rate ...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

2018 ASCO: Black Men With Advanced Prostate Cancer Treated With Chemotherapy May Have Equal or Better Survival Than White Men

An analysis of pooled data from 9 randomized phase III trials of more than 8,000 men with advanced prostate cancer who received chemotherapy shows chances of survival are as good for black men as white men. The median survival was the same in black men and white men overall (21 months), but black...

prostate cancer

2018 ASCO: Abiraterone May Be More Effective in Black Men With Advanced Prostate Cancer Than in White Men

In a prospective clinical trial of 100 men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, the response to the hormone treatment abiraterone (Yonsa, Zytiga) was greater and longer-lasting in black men than in white men. Black men were more likely to have a decline in prostate-specific antigen ...

prostate cancer

AUA 2018: Is Prostate Cancer Screening and Risk Stratification Moving Beyond the PSA Test?

New diagnostic tests for prostate cancer, as well as new information about the impact of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendations on prostate cancer screening, were presented at the 113th Annual Meeting of the American Urological Association (AUA). PSA Screening of African American...

prostate cancer

AUA 2018: Apalutamide Significantly Reduced Risk of PSA Progression in Patients With Nonmetastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

A post-hoc analysis from the phase III SPARTAN study that showed treatment with apalutamide (Erleada) significantly reduced the risk of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) progression in patients with nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) who had a rapidly rising PSA while receiving ...

prostate cancer

AUA 2018: Use of MRI for Prostate Cancer Screening and Management

Use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of prostate cancer is increasing and brings added value to screening and surveillance, according to new studies presented this year during the 113th Annual Meeting of the American Urological Association (AUA). Four studies highlighting the...

prostate cancer

AUA 2018: Panel Discusses New Research on Prostate Cancer Management Protocols and Treatments

Researchers presented new findings on a Korean Food and Drug Administration (KFDA)-approved robotic system, safety of testosterone therapy after prostate cancer, and active surveillance protocol for low-risk prostate cancer patients at the 113th Annual Meeting of the American Urological Association ...

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