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palliative care
issues in oncology

AMA Rejects Recommendation to Reaffirm Opposition to Medical Aid in Dying

On June 11, the American Medical Association (AMA) House of Delegates voted 56% to 44% to reject a report by its Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs (CEJA) that recommended the AMA maintain its Code of Medical Ethics’ opposition to medical aid in dying. Instead, the House of Delegates...

breast cancer
issues in oncology
survivorship

Study Finds Breast Cancer Survivors Are Not Getting Recommended Number of Mammograms Postsurgery

Breast cancer survivors are not getting the recommended level of screening postsurgery, according to a study by Ruddy et al in JNCCN–Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network. The study was led by Kathryn Ruddy, MD, MPH, Director of Cancer Survivorship for the Department of...

issues in oncology

Lee S. Schwartzberg, MD, on Using Immunotherapy in the Community Setting: 2018 Update on an ACCC Program

Lee S. Schwartzberg, MD, of West Cancer Center, reports on the progress of the ACCC Immuno-Oncology Institute to speed adoption of immunotherapeutics in community practices.

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Danh Pham, MD: Lung Cancer Screening Rates Still Too Low

Danh Pham, MD, of the James Graham Brown Cancer Center, University of Louisville, discusses his findings using a registry on the low rates of screening with low-dose computed tomography, despite its potential to prevent thousands of lung cancer deaths each year (Abstract 6504).

issues in oncology
legislation

Thaddeus Mason Pope, JD, PhD, on Right to Try: Expert Perspective

Thaddeus Mason Pope, JD, PhD, of the Mitchell Hamline School of Law, discusses implications of the federal “Right to Try” law, recently enacted.

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

2018 ASCO: Black Men With Advanced Prostate Cancer Treated With Chemotherapy May Have Equal or Better Survival Than White Men

An analysis of pooled data from 9 randomized phase III trials of more than 8,000 men with advanced prostate cancer who received chemotherapy shows chances of survival are as good for black men as white men. The median survival was the same in black men and white men overall (21 months), but black...

head and neck cancer
issues in oncology

2018 ASCO: Gender Disparities in Head and Neck Cancer Treatment and Outcomes

An analysis of cancer registry data from a California hospital system showed that women with head and neck cancer were less likely to receive intensive chemotherapy (35% vs 46%) and radiation (60% vs 70%) compared to men. Controlling for factors such as age and serious medical conditions, a...

issues in oncology
cost of care

2018 ASCO: Treatment for Colorectal Cancer in Washington State Costs Twice as Much as in Neighboring Area of Canada, Despite No Difference in Survival

An analysis of health claims data from two demographically similar regions on either side of the U.S./Canada border shows that a common treatment for advanced colorectal cancer costs twice as much in Western Washington State than in British Columbia—$12,345 vs $6,195 monthly per patient....

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Risk-Prediction Tool Helps Tailor Lung Cancer Screening to Patient Preference and Clinical Benefit

A microsimulation model study found that the benefits of low-dose computed tomography (CT) screening for lung cancer varied substantially across the eligible population, with 3 factors being particularly influential: lung cancer risk, competing risks or life expectancy, and patient...

lung cancer
skin cancer
issues in oncology

Survival in Male vs Female Patients Receiving Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in The Lancet Oncology, Conforti et al found a significant difference in overall survival benefit favoring male vs female patients receiving immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy for advanced cancers. Study Details The study involved database...

issues in oncology
symptom management

National Survey Examines Oncologists' Practices, Beliefs on Medical Marijuana Use

Data from a new survey show that as many as 80% of oncologists have discussed medical marijuana use with their patients. According to the authors, this is the first nationally representative survey to examine oncologists’ practices and beliefs on the subject since the implementation of state...

issues in oncology

Barbara McAneny, MD, on The Business of Cancer

Barbara McAneny, MD, Co-Founder and CEO, New Mexico Oncology Hematology Consultants; President-Elect, American Medical Association, speaks during Panel 2: The Business of Cancer at The Policy, Politics and Law of Cancer, presented by The Solomon Center for Health Law and Policy at Yale Law School,...

health-care policy
issues in oncology

COA Practice Impact Report Details Consolidation, Shift of U.S. Cancer Care System Into More Expensive Hospital Setting

The Community Oncology Alliance (COA) has released the 2018 Community Oncology Practice Impact Report, which tracks data on the changing landscape of cancer care in the United States. It details a decade-long trend of closure and consolidation in the U.S. cancer system that has resulted in a...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

Postmarketing Label Modifications for Cancer Drugs Approved Without Supporting Randomized Controlled Trials

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Shepshelovich et al found that cancer drugs approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treatment of solid tumors without supporting randomized controlled trials were more likely to have postapproval safety-associated label...

issues in oncology
survivorship

ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline Update: Fertility Preservation in Patients With Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Kutluk Oktay, MD, PhD, of Yale University School of Medicine, and colleagues, ASCO has issued a clinical practice guideline update on fertility preservation in adults and children with cancer. The update was informed by an update panel systematic...

issues in oncology

Norman Sharpless, MD: Keynote Address

Norman Sharpless, MD, Director, National Cancer Institute, presents the Keynote Address at The Policy, Politics and Law of Cancer, presented by The Solomon Center for Health Law and Policy at Yale Law School, in collaboration with Smilow Cancer Hospital and Yale Cancer Center.

issues in oncology

Siddhartha Mukherjee, MD, DPhil: Keynote Address

Siddhartha Mukherjee, MD, DPhil, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, presents the Keynote Address at The Policy, Politics and Law of Cancer, presented by The Solomon Center for Health Law and Policy at Yale Law School, in collaboration with Smilow Cancer Hospital...

issues in oncology
health-care policy
legislation

Charles Sawyers, MD, on Legal and Policy Issues Associated With Cutting-Edge Cancer Treatments

Charles Sawyers, MD, Chair, Human Oncology and Pathogenesis Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, speaks during Panel 5: Legal and Policy Issues Associated With Cutting-Edge Cancer Treatments at The Policy, Politics and Law of Cancer, presented by The Solomon Center for Health Law and...

issues in oncology
cost of care

Peter Bach, MD, MAPP, on Drug Development and the Cost of Researching and Treating Cancer

Peter Bach, MD, MAPP, Director of the Center for Health Policy and Outcomes, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, speaks during Panel 4: Drug Development and the Cost of Researching and Treating Cancer at The Policy, Politics and Law of Cancer, presented by The Solomon Center for Health Law and...

issues in oncology
cost of care

Amy Kapczynski, JD, on Drug Development and the Cost of Researching and Treating Cancer

Amy Kapczynski, JD, Professor of Law and Faculty Director, Global Health Justice Partnership, Yale Law School, speaks during Panel 4: Drug Development and the Cost of Researching and Treating Cancer at The Policy, Politics and Law of Cancer, presented by The Solomon Center for Health Law and Policy ...

issues in oncology
cost of care

Levi Garraway, MD, PhD, on Drug Development and the Cost of Researching and Treating Cancer

Levi Garraway, MD, PhD, Senior Vice President, Global Development & Medical Affairs, Eli Lilly, speaks during Panel 4: Drug Development and the Cost of Researching and Treating Cancer at The Policy, Politics and Law of Cancer, presented by The Solomon Center for Health Law and Policy at Yale...

issues in oncology

Deborah Schrag, MD, MPH, on Cancer, Health Justice, and Disparities

Deborah Schrag, MD, MPH, Chief, Division of Population Sciences, Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute; Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, speaks during Panel 3: Cancer, Health Justice, and Disparities at The Policy, Politics and Law of Cancer, presented by The...

issues in oncology

Blase Polite, MD, on Cancer, Health Justice, and Disparities

Blase Polite, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine, University of Chicago Medical Center, speaks during Panel 3: Cancer, Health Justice, and Disparities at The Policy, Politics and Law of Cancer, presented by The Solomon Center for Health Law and Policy at Yale Law School, in collaboration with...

issues in oncology

Otis Brawley, MD, on Cancer, Health Justice, and Disparities

Otis Brawley, MD, Chief Medical Officer, American Cancer Society, speaks during Panel 3: Cancer, Health Justice, and Disparities at The Policy, Politics and Law of Cancer, presented by The Solomon Center for Health Law and Policy at Yale Law School, in collaboration with Smilow Cancer Hospital and...

issues in oncology

Lee Newcomer, MD, MHA, on The Business of Cancer

Lee Newcomer, MD, MHA, Senior Vice President, Oncology, Genetics and Women’s Health, UnitedHealthcare, speaks during Panel 2: The Business of Cancer at The Policy, Politics and Law of Cancer, presented by The Solomon Center for Health Law and Policy at Yale Law School, in collaboration with Smilow...

issues in oncology

Randall Oyer, MD, on The Business of Cancer

Randall Oyer, MD, Medical Director, Oncology Program, Lancaster General Hospital, speaks during Panel 2: The Business of Cancer at The Policy, Politics and Law of Cancer, presented by The Solomon Center for Health Law and Policy at Yale Law School, in collaboration with Smilow Cancer Hospital and...

issues in oncology

Ed Benz, MD, on The Business of Cancer

Ed Benz, MD, President and CEO Emeritus, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, speaks during Panel 2: The Business of Cancer at The Policy, Politics and Law of Cancer, presented by The Solomon Center for Health Law and Policy at Yale Law School, in collaboration with Smilow Cancer Hospital and Yale Cancer...

issues in oncology

Abe Lopman, MBA, on The Business of Cancer

Abe Lopman, MBA, Senior Vice President, Operations; Executive Director, Smilow Cancer Hospital at Yale New Haven, speaks during Panel 2: The Business of Cancer at The Policy, Politics and Law of Cancer, presented by The Solomon Center for Health Law and Policy at Yale Law School, in collaboration...

issues in oncology

Lee N. Newcomer, MD, on Managed Care in America: Expert Perspective

Lee N. Newcomer, MD, who recently retired as Senior Vice President for Oncology and Genetics at UnitedHealth Group, discusses lessons learned during his long career in managed care, where we are, and where we need to go.

issues in oncology
symptom management

Study of Patient-Reported Symptom Burden in First Year After Cancer Diagnosis

In a Canadian retrospective population-based study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Bubis et al found that patients with cancer reported higher symptom scores at 1 month after diagnosis and identified several factors associated with higher symptom scores. Study Details The study...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Breast Cancer Screening Guidelines May Lead to Delayed Diagnosis in Nonwhite Women

The current guidelines for mammographic breast cancer screening, which are based on data from primarily white populations, may lead to delayed diagnosis in nonwhite women, according to a report published by Stapleton et al in JAMA Surgery. A team of Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH)...

issues in oncology
gastrointestinal cancer

Rehospitalization Patterns After Gastrointestinal Cancer Hospitalizations

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Manzano et al found that unplanned rehospitalization within 30 days after gastrointestinal (GI) cancer hospitalization was more likely after medical vs surgical index hospitalizations among older patients. Some risk factors for...

issues in oncology

Aaron Goodman, MD, on Immune Checkpoint Blockade: Clinical Implications

Aaron Goodman, MD, of the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, discusses an analysis of more than 100,000 patients with cancer for CD274 (PD-L1) amplification and the implications for treatment with immune checkpoint blockade (Abstract 47).

issues in oncology

Mary L. Disis, MD, on Basics of Immunology: An Overview

Mary L. Disis, MD, of the University of Washington, discusses innate and adaptive immune system cells, T cells as key to mediating antitumor immunity, and the mechanisms by which cancer evades the immune system.

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Barriers to Treatment in Limited-Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Pezzi et al found that lack of health insurance, including Medicare and Medicaid, was associated with not receiving combined-modality therapy in limited-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC). They also found that lack of insurance was associated with poorer...

issues in oncology
cost of care

ACCC 2017 Survey Shows Cost of Treatment Is Top Threat to Cancer Program Growth

The Association of Community Cancer Centers (ACCC) 8th annual Trending Now in Cancer Care survey, conducted in partnership with Advisory Board’s Oncology Roundtable, has identified current and emerging trends across U.S. cancer programs. When asked to identify the top threats to future cancer ...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Study Finds Adolescents Using Alternative Tobacco Products Are More Likely to Smoke 1 Year Later

Nonsmoking adolescents who use e-cigarettes, smokeless tobacco, or tobacco water pipes are more likely to start smoking conventional cigarettes within a year, according to new research by the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF). Findings were published by Watkins et al in JAMA...

issues in oncology
cost of care

Out-of-Pocket Costs and Prescription Abandonment of Novel Oral Anticancer Agents

In a retrospective claims-based study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Doshi et al found that higher out-of-pocket costs were associated with increased rates of prescription abandonment for novel oral anticancer agents. Study Details The study involved data on 38,111 patients from...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer
issues in oncology

Growing Socioeconomic and Racial Disparities in Management of Brain Metastases

Increasing use of a potentially life-saving treatment for metastatic cancer is leaving too many vulnerable patients behind, according to a new study from Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital published by Kann et al in JNCCN – Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network. The...

breast cancer
skin cancer
issues in oncology
gastrointestinal cancer

Study Finds Increased Risk in Common Cancers in Female Night Shift Workers

In 2007, the International Agency for Research on Cancer classified shift work with circadian disruption or chronodisruption as a probable human carcinogen. Now, a meta-analysis investigating whether long-term shift work increases the risks of common cancers in women has found that, overall, night...

issues in oncology

Sexual Problems and Cancer: ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline Adaptation of CCO Guideline

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Jeanne Carter, PhD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and colleagues, ASCO has issued a clinical practice guideline adaptation of the Cancer Care Ontario (CCO) guideline on interventions to address sexual problems in people with cancer....

solid tumors
issues in oncology

California Trends in Cancer Survival by Health Insurance Status

A study using California Cancer Registry data showed that survival improvements in patients with cancer between 1997 and 2014 have largely been limited to those with private or Medicare insurance. These findings were reported in JAMA Oncology by Libby et al. Study Details The study involved...

issues in oncology

FCC, NCI Working to Improve Rural Cancer Care via Broadband Access

The Federal Communications Commission’s Connect2Health Task Force (C2HFCC) has announced that the FCC and the National Cancer Institute (NCI) have joined forces, signing a memorandum of understanding that will focus on how increasing broadband access and adoption in rural areas can improve...

issues in oncology

Does Warfarin Have Anticancer Potential in Persons Older Than Age 50?

A Norwegian population–based cohort study indicated that the use of warfarin was associated with a reduced risk of cancer overall and site-specific cancers among patients aged > 50 years. The findings were reported in JAMA Internal Medicine by Haaland et al. As noted by the investigators,...

hematologic malignancies
issues in oncology
cost of care

Alok A. Khorana, MD, on The Costs of VTE in Cancer Patients: Expert Perspective

Alok A. Khorana, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic, discusses the prevalence of venous thromboembolism in cancer patients treated at U. S. emergency departments and associated costs, mortality, and hospital admissions in the United States (Abstract 219).

hematologic malignancies
issues in oncology

ASH 2017: Direct Oral Anticoagulant May Reduce Recurrence of VTE in Patients With Cancer

People with cancer have an increased risk of developing blood clots, with roughly one in five experiencing venous thromboembolism (VTE). International guidelines recommend treatment using low–molecular-weight heparin, an anticoagulant that is injected subcutaneously; however, new results from ...

issues in oncology

HPV Vaccination and Oral HPV Infections in Young Adults in the United States

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Chaturvedi et al found that whereas prophylactic human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination has reduced the incidence of oral HPV infection in young adults compared with no vaccination, low uptake of the vaccine has resulted in a modest overall...

issues in oncology

SABCS 40th Anniversary Award Lecture: Richard Pazdur, MD, on Cancer Drug Development

Richard Pazdur, MD, of the U.S. Food & Drug Administration’s Oncology Center of Excellence, discusses the rapid changes in evaluating and approving new and effective agents, incorporating the view of patients in the process, and modernizing clinical trial design with broader eligibility...

issues in oncology
cost of care

ASCO Applauds New Report on Making Medicines Affordable

Today, ASCO President Bruce E. Johnson, MD, FASCO, released the following statement: “A report released today by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine underscores the imperative our nation faces to address the affordability of drugs for medical conditions that have...

issues in oncology

More Than One-Third of PAs in Oncology Experience Burnout, Despite High Rate of Career Satisfaction

A new physician assistant (PA)-based study finds that despite personal satisfaction in the oncology specialty, high rates of burnout—over one-third of PAs (34.8%)—are common. These findings reveal important factors that could help to decrease burnout and improve the oncology workforce...

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