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palliative care
lung cancer
issues in oncology
cost of care

ICU Admissions During Terminal Hospitalizations in Patients With Stage IV Lung Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Mrad et al found an increase in the proportion of patients with stage IV lung cancer admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) during terminal hospitalization between 1998 and 2014. A large increase in palliative care contacts also occurred,...

lung cancer
issues in oncology
pain management

Opioid Use Following Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery or Open Resection in Early-Stage Lung Cancer

In a study reported in a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Tuminello et al found that video-assisted thorascopic surgery (VATS) was less likely than open resection to be associated with long-term opioid use in patients undergoing surgery for early-stage lung cancer. Study Details The study...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

KEYNOTE-407: First-Line Pembrolizumab Plus Chemotherapy in Metastatic Squamous NSCLC

As reported at the recent International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 19th World Conference on Lung Cancer and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Paz-Ares et al, the phase III KEYNOTE-407 trial has shown that the addition of pembrolizumab to platinum-based chemotherapy...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

No Survival Benefit With Avelumab vs Docetaxel in Platinum-Treated, Advanced, PD-L1–Positive NSCLC

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Barlesi et al, the phase III JAVELIN Lung 200 trial has shown no overall survival benefit with avelumab (Bavencio) vs docetaxel in patients with platinum pretreated programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)–positive advanced non–small cell lung cancer...

lung cancer
pain management

Study Shows Invasive Lung Cancer Surgery Can Lead to Long-Term Opioid Use

Patients treated with more invasive surgical techniques for early-stage non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are more likely to become chronic opioid users than patients treated with minimally invasive surgery, highlighting the need for additional research into how pain management after surgery ...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Health Resource Utilization and CNS Metastases in EGFR-Mutant Advanced NSCLC

In a single-center study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Chooback et al found that central nervous system (CNS)  metastases are frequent in patients with EGFR-mutant advanced non­–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and are associated with increased health resource...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

WCLC 2018: PACIFIC Trial: Overall Survival With Durvalumab After Chemoradiotherapy in Unresectable Stage III NSCLC

As reported at the current International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 19th World Conference on Lung Cancer (Abstract PL02.01) and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Antonia et al, the phase III PACIFIC trial has shown significantly improved overall survival—a...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Accepts sBLA for Pembrolizumab Monotherapy in First-Line Treatment of Locally Advanced or Metastatic PD-L1–Expressing NSCLC

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to a new supplemental biologics license application (sBLA) seeking approval for pembrolizumab (Keytruda) as monotherapy for first-line treatment of locally advanced or metastatic nonsquamous or squamous non–small cell lung...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Hyperprogressive Disease in Advanced NSCLC Treated With PD-1/PD-L1 Inhibitors

In a French study reported in JAMA Oncology, Ferrara et al found that hyperprogressive disease appeared to be more common with programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1)/programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitor treatment than single-agent chemotherapy among previously treated patients with...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Survey Shows Increased Public Awareness of Lung Cancer Over Past Decade

Survey results released by the Lung Cancer Alliance (LCA) show that general awareness about lung cancer has improved significantly over the past decade, with 94% of the public reporting familiarity with lung cancer. Despite this change in overall perspective, findings also indicate that lung cancer ...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Bevacizumab Treatment Beyond Disease Progression in Advanced NSCLC

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Gridelli et al, the phase IIIB AvaALL trial did not show improved overall survival with continued bevacizumab (Avastin) treatment beyond disease progression in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), although some improvements in subsequent...

lung cancer
issues in oncology
survivorship

Small Study Shows Chemotherapy May Lead to Early Menopause in Young Women With Lung Cancer

A new study suggests chemotherapy may cause acute amenorrhea, leading to early menopause in women with lung cancer. The study is the first to comment on amenorrhea rates in women younger than 50, concluding that women with lung cancer who desire future fertility should be educated about risks and...

solid tumors
lung cancer

FDA Grants Breakthrough Therapy Designation to LOXO-292 for Treatment of Lung and Thyroid Cancers

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to LOXO-292, a selective RET inhibitor, for: the treatment of patients with metastatic RET fusion–positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who require systemic therapy and have had...

cns cancers
lung cancer

CNS Activity of First-Line Osimertinib in EGFR-Mutant Advanced NSCLC

In a subgroup analysis of the phase III FLAURA trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Reungwetwattana et al found evidence of greater central nervous system (CNS) activity of osimertinib (Tagrisso) vs standard EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors in patients with previously untreated...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Baseline Steroids and Efficacy of PD-1/PD-L1 Inhibitors in NSCLC

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Arbour et al found that baseline treatment with corticosteroids was associated with poorer efficacy of programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) or programmed death cell ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors in patients with non–small cell lung...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Approves Pembrolizumab in Combination With Chemotherapy for First-Line Treatment of Metastatic Nonsquamous NSCLC

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pembrolizumab (Keytruda) in combination with pemetrexed (Alimta) and platinum as first-line treatment of patients with metastatic, nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer with no EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations. Pembrolizumab...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Approves Nivolumab for Certain Patients With Previously Treated Small Cell Lung Cancer

Today, nivolumab (Opdivo) received approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for patients with metastatic small cell lung cancer (SCLC) whose cancer has progressed after platinum-based chemotherapy and at least one other line of therapy. Approval for this indication has been...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Small Study Looks at Physician-Patient Discussions About Lung Cancer Screening

National guidelines advise doctors to discuss the benefits and harms of lung cancer screening with high-risk patients. A small study (n = 14) by researchers from the University of North Carolina Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center reported there is a gap between what guidelines...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Lung Cancer Screening Guidelines May Be Inadequate for High-Risk Minorities

Data from a lung cancer screening program at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) provides evidence that national lung cancer screening guidelines, which were developed based on the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) in 2011 and recommend screening based on age and smoking history, may be...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Osimertinib Resistance Mechanisms in EGFR T790M–Positive NSCLC

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Oxnard et al found early resistance and a number of competing resistance mechanisms in acquired osimertinib (Tagrisso) resistance associated with loss of the T790M mutation conferring resistance to prior EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment in...

lung cancer
issues in oncology
global cancer care

Lung Cancer Mortality Among Women Projected to Increase by 43% Worldwide by 2030

According to a report by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, cancer is among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, with an estimated incidence of 14 million new cases of the disease and 8.2 million cancer deaths in 2012. A study analyzing breast and female lung...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Ado-Trastuzumab Emtansine in HER2-Mutant Lung Cancer

As reported by Li and colleagues in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, the HER2-targeted antibody-drug conjugate ado-trastuzumab emtansine (Kadcyla) showed activity in advanced HER2-mutant lung adenocarcinoma. Study Details The current report involves a cohort of patients with HER2-mutant lung...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

IMpower 132: Atezolizumab in Combination With Pemetrexed and Platinum-Based Chemotherapy in Advanced Nonsquamous NSCLC

The phase III IMpower132 study met its co-primary endpoint of progression-free survival and demonstrated that the combination of atezolizumab (Tecentriq) plus chemotherapy (cisplatin or carboplatin plus pemetrexed [Alimta]) reduced the risk of disease worsening or death compared to chemotherapy...

colorectal cancer
kidney cancer
hepatobiliary cancer
lung cancer
pancreatic cancer
issues in oncology
bladder cancer

Large Disparities in Cancer Mortality Rates Found Among Different Racial/Ethnic Populations in New York State

According to the American Cancer Society, cancer is the leading cause of death for Hispanics and Asian/Pacific Islanders in the United States. However, their cancer burden is less than that of non-Hispanic whites and especially non-Hispanic blacks, who bear the most disproportionate share of the...

palliative care
colorectal cancer
lung cancer
cost of care

Geographic Differences in End-of-Life Cancer Care

When it comes to how much end-of-life care a patient with cancer receives, geography may, indeed, be destiny, according to new research led by Harvard Medical School that found differences in this type of cancer care across different parts of the country. The findings, published by Keating et al...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Accepts sBLA for Pembrolizumab in Combination With Chemotherapy as First-Line Treatment for Metastatic Squamous NSCLC

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted for review a supplemental biologics license application (sBLA) for pembrolizumab (Keytruda) in combination with carboplatin/paclitaxel or nab-paclitaxel (Abraxane) as a first-line treatment for metastatic squamous non–small cell lung...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

IMpower133: Atezolizumab in Combination With Chemotherapy in Previously Untreated, Extensive-Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer

The phase III IMpower133 study recently met its coprimary endpoints of overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) at its first interim analysis. The study demonstrated that first-line treatment with the combination of atezolizumab (Tecentriq) plus chemotherapy (carboplatin and...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Accepts sBLA for First-Line Nivolumab Plus Low-Dose Ipilimumab in NSCLC With Tumor Mutational Burden ≥ 10 mut/mb

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently accepted a supplemental biologics license application (sBLA) for nivolumab (Opdivo) plus low-dose ipilimumab (Yervoy) for the first-line treatment of advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in patients with a tumor mutational burden...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Addition of Atezolizumab to Bevacizumab and Chemotherapy in First-Line Treatment of Metastatic Nonsquamous NSCLC

As reported at the 2018 ASCO Annual Meeting and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Socinski et al, the phase III IMpower150 trial has shown that the addition of atezolizumab (Tecentriq) to bevacizumab (Avastin) plus chemotherapy significantly improved progression-free and overall survival in ...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Expands Approval of Pembrolizumab for First-Line Treatment of NSCLC

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently granted accelerated approval to the immune checkpoint inhibitor pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for use in combination with chemotherapy as a first-line treatment for patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). KEYNOTE-021 This...

lung cancer
multiple myeloma

Studies of Daratumumab in Combination With Anti–PD-L1 Agents Stopped

On May 26, Genmab A/S announced that following a planned review, the Data Monitoring Committee (DMC) has recommended that the phase Ib/II study (CALLISTO/LUC2001) of daratumumab (Darzalex) in combination with the anti–programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) antibody atezolizumab (Tecentriq) vs ...

breast cancer
lung cancer

Characteristics and Screening of Brain Metastases in Breast Cancer and NSCLC

In a research letter published in JAMA Oncology, Cagney et al found that brain metastases were more advanced and more likely to be symptomatic in patients with breast cancer compared to patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Current guidelines recommend magnetic resonance imaging...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

2018 ASCO: Pembrolizumab Plus Chemotherapy as First-Line Treatment of Metastatic Squamous NSCLC: KEYNOTE-407 Study

Results from KEYNOTE-407, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase III study evaluating pembrolizumab (Keytruda) in combination with carboplatin/paclitaxel or carboplatin/nab-paclitaxel (Abraxane) as first-line treatment for metastatic squamous non–small cell lung cancer...

lung cancer

Raymond U. Osarogiagbon, MBBS, on NSCLC: A Lymph Node Collection Kit

Raymond U. Osarogiagbon, MBBS, of Baptist Cancer Center, discusses a kit used in non–small cell lung cancer resection that improves staging quality and overall survival without adding to morbidity of curative surgery (Abstract 8502).

lung cancer

Naoki Furuya, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: Results From the NEJ026 Study

Naoki Furuya, MD, PhD, of the St. Marianna University School of Medicine, discusses phase III study findings on a comparison of bevacizumab plus erlotinib to erlotinib in patients with untreated non–small cell lung cancer with activating EGFR mutations (Abstract 9006).

lung cancer

Tony Mok, MD, on NSCLC: Results From the ARCHER 1050 Trial

Tony Mok, MD, of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, discusses study findings on dacomitinib vs gefitinib for first-line treatment of advanced non–small cell lung cancer, a final overall survival analysis.

lung cancer
genomics/genetics

Nathan A. Pennell, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: Lowering Genetic Testing Costs

Nathan A. Pennell, MD, PhD, of the Cleveland Clinic, discusses the economic impact of next generation sequencing vs sequential single-gene testing modalities to detect genomic alterations in newly diagnosed metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (Abstract 9031).

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Danh Pham, MD: Lung Cancer Screening Rates Still Too Low

Danh Pham, MD, of the James Graham Brown Cancer Center, University of Louisville, discusses his findings using a registry on the low rates of screening with low-dose computed tomography, despite its potential to prevent thousands of lung cancer deaths each year (Abstract 6504).

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Gilberto Lopes, MD, MBA, on NSCLC: Results From the KEYNOTE-042 Trial

Gilberto Lopes, MD, MBA, of the Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami, discusses phase III findings on pembrolizumab vs platinum-based chemotherapy as first-line treatment for advanced/metastatic non–small cell lung cancer with a PD-L1 tumor proportion score ≥ to 1%...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

2018 ASCO: KEYNOTE-042 Trial Compares Pembrolizumab With Chemotherapy as First-Line Treatment of NSCLC With PD-L1 Expression of 1% or More

A large, randomized phase III trial shows that the immunotherapy pembrolizumab (Keytruda) is a more effective initial treatment than chemotherapy (the current standard of care) for the majority of patients with the most common type of lung cancer. People with advanced non–small cell lung...

lung cancer

Geoffrey R. Oxnard, MD, on Lung Cancer: Results From the Circulating Cancer Genome Atlas Study

Geoffrey R. Oxnard, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses genome-wide sequencing for early-stage lung cancer detection from plasma cell–free DNA (Abstract LBA8501).

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Robert M. Jotte, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: Results From the IMpower131 Trial

Robert M. Jotte, MD, PhD, of Rocky Mountain Cancer Centers, discusses phase III study findings on atezolizumab plus carboplatin plus paclitaxel or nab-paclitaxel vs carboplatin plus nab-paclitaxel, as first-line therapy in advanced squamous non–small cell lung cancer (Abstract LBA9000).

lung cancer
immunotherapy

2018 ASCO: IMpower 131 Studies Addition of Atezolizumab to Chemotherapy in Advanced Squamous NSCLC

Initial findings from a randomized phase III clinical trial showed that patients with advanced squamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) benefit more from initial treatment with the programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)-targeted immunotherapy atezolizumab (Tecentriq) and chemotherapy than...

lung cancer
symptom management
immunotherapy

Safety of PD-1/PD-L1 Inhibitors in Patients With NSCLC and Preexisting Autoimmune Disorders

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Leonardi et al found that programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1)/programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitor monotherapy in patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and autoimmune disorders worsened such disorders in a...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Risk-Prediction Tool Helps Tailor Lung Cancer Screening to Patient Preference and Clinical Benefit

A microsimulation model study found that the benefits of low-dose computed tomography (CT) screening for lung cancer varied substantially across the eligible population, with 3 factors being particularly influential: lung cancer risk, competing risks or life expectancy, and patient...

lung cancer
skin cancer
issues in oncology
immunotherapy

Survival in Male vs Female Patients Receiving Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in The Lancet Oncology, Conforti et al found a significant difference in overall survival benefit favoring male vs female patients receiving immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy for advanced cancers. Study Details The study involved database...

palliative care
lung cancer

Racial/Ethnic Disparities in the Quality of End-of-Life Care Among Patients With Lung Cancer

Significant disparities in the quality of end-of-life lung cancer care were found among racial/ethnic minorities, with higher odds of experiencing potentially preventable medical encounters during end of life as compared with non-Hispanic whites. These findings were published by Karanth et al in...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Accepts sBLA, Grants Priority Review to Atezolizumab for Initial Treatment of Metastatic Nonsquamous NSCLC

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently accepted a supplemental biologics license application (sBLA) and granted Priority Review for atezolizumab (Tecentriq) in combination with bevacizumab (Avastin), paclitaxel, and carboplatin for the first-line treatment of metastatic nonsquamous...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

IL-15 Superagonist Plus Nivolumab in Advanced NSCLC

In a phase Ib trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Wrangle et al found evidence of activity of the combination of nivolumab (Opdivo) and the interleukin (IL)-15 superagonist ALT-803 in patients with previously treated advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). ALT-803 targets the shared...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Accepts sBLA, Grants Priority Review for Pembrolizumab Plus Pemetrexed and Platinum Chemotherapy in Metastatic Nonsquamous NSCLC

On April 30, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted for review a supplemental biologics license application (sBLA) for pembrolizumab (Keytruda) based on results of the phase III KEYNOTE-189 trial. The application seeks approval for pembrolizumab in combination with pemetrexed (Alimta) ...

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