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multiple myeloma

Daratumumab Plus Bortezomib/Dexamethasone: Changing the Treatment Paradigm in Relapsed or Refractory Myeloma

The CD38 antigen was first recognized on normal and abnormal plasma cells over 3 decades ago. Indeed, this antigen was originally classified as T10, as it was the tenth antigen described on T cells. Its distribution of expression included activated B and T cells, natural killer cells, leukocytes,...

multiple myeloma

Study Finds Adding Daratumumab to Bortezomib/Dexamethasone Improves Progression-Free Survival in Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma

In the phase III CASTOR trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Antonio Palumbo, MD, of the University of Turin, and colleagues found that adding the anti-CD38 antibody daratumumab (Darzalex) to bortezomib (Velcade) and dexamethasone markedly improved progression-free survival among ...

hematologic malignancies
multiple myeloma

Study Finds Statin Use Associated With Reduced Mortality in Multiple Myeloma

Analysis of data from the Veterans Administration Central Cancer Registry, reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Sanfilippo et al, showed that statin use was associated with a reduced risk of all-cause and multiple myeloma–specific mortality in patients with multiple myeloma....

multiple myeloma

Updated Outcomes, Impact of Age in Multiple Myeloma

Updated Outcomes, Impact of Age in Multiple Myeloma As reported by Hulin et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, the updated findings in the phase III FIRST trial continue to show improved progression-free and overall survival with continuous lenalidomide (Revlimid) plus low-dose dexamethasone...

multiple myeloma

Improved Quality of Life Reported With Carfilzomib, Lenalidomide, and Dexamethasone in Relapsed Multiple Myeloma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Stewart et al found that treatment with carfilzomib (Kyprolis), lenalidomide (Revlimid), and dexamethasone (KRd) was associated with improved health-related quality of life vs lenalidomide/dexamethasone (Rd) in relapsed multiple myeloma in the phase...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia
lymphoma
multiple myeloma

Roundup of Selected Abstracts in Multiple Myeloma, Acute and Chronic Leukemia, and Advanced Lymphoma

In June 2016, the European Hematology Association Congress convened in Copenhagen, Denmark. The educational and scientific program highlighted state-of-the-art clinical practice and the latest findings in hematology research. The ASCO Post brings its readers brief summaries of some of the important ...

multiple myeloma

Adding Daratumumab to Bortezomib/Dexamethasone Improves Progression-Free Survival in Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma

In the phase III CASTOR trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Palumbo et al found that adding the anti-CD38 antibody daratumumab (Darzalex) to bortezomib (Velcade) and dexamethasone markedly improved progression-free survival among patients with relapsed or relapsed and refractory...

multiple myeloma

FDA Grants Breakthrough Therapy Designation for Daratumumab in Combination With Standard of Care for Multiple Myeloma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Breakthrough Therapy Designation to the immunotherapy daratumumab (Darzalex) in combination with lenalidomide (Revlimid) and dexamethasone, or bortezomib (Velcade) and dexamethasone, for the treatment of patients with multiple myeloma who have ...

multiple myeloma

S. Vincent Rajkumar, MD, and Sagar Lonial, MD, on Treating Multiple Myeloma

S. Vincent Rajkumar, MD, of the Mayo Clinic, and Sagar Lonial, MD, of the Emory University School of Medicine, discuss key issues in treating this disease, including monoclonal antibodies, plasmacytoma, and plasma cell leukemia.

multiple myeloma

Beth M. Faiman, PhD, MSN, CNP, AOCN, on Managing Multiple Myeloma

Beth M. Faiman, PhD, MSN, CNP, AOCN, of the Cleveland Clinic, discusses working with patients with multiple myeloma to minimize the toxicity of their treatment and improve their outcomes.

hematologic malignancies
leukemia
lymphoma
multiple myeloma

Selected Hematology Abstracts From the 2016 ASCO Annual Meeting

Here are several abstracts selected from the proceedings of the 2016 ASCO Annual Meeting, focusing on clinical trials on therapeutics in different types of leukemia, multiple myeloma, follicular lymphoma, and central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma. For full details of these study abstracts, visit...

hematologic malignancies
multiple myeloma

Long-Term Benefit of Lenalidomide/Dexamethasone Reported in High-Risk Smoldering Multiple Myeloma

As reported by Mateos et al in The Lancet Oncology, long-term follow-up in the phase III QuiRedex trial indicates continued benefit of lenalidomide (Revlimid)/dexamethasone vs observation in preventing disease progression in patients with high-risk smoldering multiple myeloma. Study Details In...

hematologic malignancies
multiple myeloma

Obesity Linked to Increased Risk of Multiple Myeloma Mortality in African Americans

Obesity may be associated with an increased risk for death from multiple myeloma in African Americans, according to a study reported by Sonderman et al in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Multiple myeloma incidence and mortality rates have been reported to be twice as high among...

multiple myeloma

Updated Outcomes and Impact of Age in FIRST Trial in Multiple Myeloma

As reported by Hulin et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, the updated findings in the phase III FIRST trial continue to show improved progression-free and overall survival with continuous lenalidomide (Revlimid) plus low-dose dexamethasone (Rd) vs melphalan, prednisone, and thalidomide (MPT)...

multiple myeloma

Ixazomib: A Relevant Addition to Myeloma Therapy

In 2015, four new drugs were approved for the treatment of multiple myeloma by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration: panobinostat (Farydak), daratumumab (Darzalex), elotuzumab (Empliciti), and ixazomib (Ninlaro). Of them, the first three are drugs with unique new targets, whereas ixazomib is the...

multiple myeloma

Addition of Ixazomib to Lenalidomide/Dexamethasone Improves Progression-Free Survival in Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma

In the phase III TOURMALINE-MM-1 trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Philippe Moreau, MD, of the University Hospital Hôtel Dieu, Nantes, France, and colleagues found that adding the oral proteasome inhibitor ixazomib (Ninlaro) to lenalidomide (Revlimid) and dexamethasone...

multiple myeloma

SIRIUS Trial Heralds a New Era of Promise in Treating Resistant Myeloma

Multiple myeloma cells uniformly overexpress CD38.1 Daratumumab (Darzalex), a CD38-targeting human IgG1 kappa monoclonal antibody, has been evaluated in a series of phase I/II trials involving patients with relapsed or relapsed and refractory myeloma who have received at least two or more prior...

multiple myeloma

Daratumumab Shows High Activity in Heavily Pretreated and Refractory Multiple Myeloma

In the phase II SIRIUS trial reported in The Lancet, Sagar Lonial, MD, of Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, and colleagues found that the CD38-targeted monoclonal antibody daratumumab (Darzalex) produced durable responses in patients with multiple myeloma who had received at least three ...

multiple myeloma

Sagar Lonial, MD, and Paul G. Richardson, MD, on Multiple Myeloma: Expert Perspectives on Treatment Advances

Sagar Lonial, MD, of Emory University School of Medicine, and Paul G. Richardson, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discuss the top presentations on multiple myeloma delivered at this year’s meeting.

multiple myeloma

The ENDEAVOR Trial: A Case Study in the Interpretation of Modern Cancer Trials

It can be easy to miss the forest for the trees in the interpretation of clinical trials. In particular, trials for the treatment of cancer are exceedingly complex, with long lists of inclusion and exclusion criteria, designs with hidden biases, drugs with unpronounceable names (if not cumbersome...

multiple myeloma

Daratumumab Hits the Mark in Early Relapsed Multiple Myeloma

For relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma, daratumumab (Darzalex), combined with bortezomib (Velcade) and dexamethasone, reduced relapses by 61% in the phase III CASTOR study reported at the 2016 ASCO Annual Meeting.1 “The results are unprecedented in a randomized study comparing a novel...

multiple myeloma

Antonio Palumbo, MD, on Multiple Myeloma: Results From the CASTOR Trial

Antonio Palumbo, MD, of the University of Torino, discusses this phase III study of daratumumab, bortezomib, and dexamethasone versus bortezomib and dexamethasone in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma (Abstract LBA4).

multiple myeloma

Antonio Palumbo, MD, on Multiple Myeloma: Results From the CASTOR Trial (Italian Language Version)

Antonio Palumbo, MD, of the University of Torino, discusses in Italian this phase III study of daratumumab, bortezomib, and dexamethasone versus bortezomib and dexamethasone in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma (Abstract LBA4).   To see the English language version of this...

multiple myeloma

ASCO 2016: Adding Daratumumab to Bortezomib and Dexamethasone Markedly Improves Outcomes in Recurrent/Refractory Multiple Myeloma

Initial findings from a pivotal phase III trial showed that daratumumab (Darzalex) added to a standard two-drug regimen (bortezomib [Velcade] and dexamethasone) markedly improved outcomes for patients with recurrent or refractory multiple myeloma. The daratumumab combination reduced the risk of...

multiple myeloma

Michele Cavo, MD, on Multiple Myeloma: Results From a European Myeloma Network Trial (Italian Language Version)

Michele Cavo, MD, of the Seràgnoli Institute of Hematology, Bologna University School of Medicine, discusses in Italian results from this phase III study of upfront autologous stem cell transplantation vs novel agent-based therapy for multiple myeloma (Abstract 8000).   To see the English language ...

multiple myeloma

Michele Cavo, MD, on Multiple Myeloma: Results From a European Myeloma Network Trial

Michele Cavo, MD, of the Seràgnoli Institute of Hematology, Bologna University School of Medicine, discusses results from this phase III study of upfront autologous stem cell transplantation vs novel agent-based therapy for multiple myeloma (Abstract 8000). To see the Italian version of this...

multiple myeloma

ASCO 2016: Maintenance Lenalidomide After Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation Improves Survival in Multiple Myeloma

Several clinical trials have demonstrated that maintenance therapy with lenalidomide (Revlimid) after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplant reduces the risk of disease progression in patients with multiple myeloma, but there have been no definitive results regarding overall...

gynecologic cancers
multiple myeloma
skin cancer
pancreatic cancer
lung cancer
prostate cancer
breast cancer
survivorship

NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®): 2016 Guidelines

In 1996, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN®) published its first set of Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology® (NCCN Guidelines®), covering eight tumor types. The NCCN Guidelines® are now published for more than 60 tumor types and topics. Some of the key updates for 2016 were...

multiple myeloma

Upfront Transplant Remains Standard of Care in Multiple Myeloma

Upfront autologous stem cell transplant remains the standard of care in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma, even in the era of novel agents, according to a phase III study of the European Myeloma Network.1 “Our findings show that autologous stem cell transplant should remain the...

multiple myeloma

ASCO 2016: Autologous Stem Cell Transplant Remains Relevant in Multiple Myeloma, Even in Era of Novel Agents

Early findings from a phase III clinical trial (EMN02/HO95 MM) showed that patients with multiple myeloma who received an autologous stem cell transplant survived longer without disease progression than those who received only chemotherapy using novel agents. This is the largest study reported to...

multiple myeloma

Addition of Ixazomib to Lenalidomide/Dexamethasone Improves Progression-Free Survival in Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma

Moreau et al found that adding the oral proteasome inhibitor ixazomib (Ninlaro) to lenalidomide (Revlimid) and dexamethasone significantly prolonged progression-free survival among patients with relapsed, refractory, or relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma. They reported the findings from the...

multiple myeloma

Tight Junction Protein 1 May Identify Sensitivity to Proteasome Inhibitors in Patients With Multiple Myeloma

A gene known as TJP1 (tight junction protein 1) could help determine which multiple myeloma patients would best benefit from proteasome inhibitors such as bortezomib, as well as combination approaches to enhance proteasome inhibitor sensitivity, according to a study led by researchers from The...

multiple myeloma

Updates on Elotuzumab in Multiple Myeloma Show Persistence of Benefit

Studies presented at the 2015 ASH Annual Meeting bolstered support for elotuzumab (Empliciti) given in combination with lenalidomide (Revlimid) for the treatment of multiple myeloma.  Elotuzumab is an immunostimulatory monoclonal antibody. It has a dual mechanism of action, directly activating...

multiple myeloma

Pembrolizumab Looks Promising in Multiple Myeloma

Monoclonal antibodies targeting the programmed cell death protein (PD-1) receptor look promising in multiple myeloma, according to early reports presented at the 2015 ASH Annual Meeting and Exposition. Early signs of activity in heavily pretreated patients may indicate that, as in solid tumors,...

multiple myeloma

Benefits and Risks of Transplantation: The Changing Therapeutic Paradigm for Multiple Myeloma

Although high-dose chemotherapy plus autologous transplantation has been a standard of care in the treatment of younger patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma, the advent of effective novel agents for the cancer over the past 15 years has raised the question of whether transplantation, with ...

solid tumors
lymphoma
multiple myeloma

Relatives of Patients With Carcinoma of Unknown Primary at Increased Risk for This and Other Cancers

Relatives of patients with carcinoma of unknown primary are at increased risk of developing it themselves as well as several other malignant neoplasms, including lung, pancreatic, and colon cancers; non-Hodgkin lymphoma; and myeloma, according to a study published in JAMA Oncology. “Some of...

hematologic malignancies
multiple myeloma

International Myeloma Working Group Recommendations for Myeloma-Related Renal Impairment

International Myeloma Working Group recommendations for the diagnosis and management of myeloma-related renal impairment were recently reported by Dimopoulos et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. Recommendations were based on review of published data through December 2015. Key recommendations...

multiple myeloma

Kenneth Anderson, MD, on Multiple Myeloma Guideline Updates

Kenneth Anderson, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses how the many advances in the treatment of multiple myeloma affect current and future clinical practice.

hematologic malignancies
multiple myeloma

Carfilzomib Plus Dexamethasone in Previously Treated Multiple Myeloma

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. On January 21, 2016, carfilzomib (Kyprolis) was approved for use...

multiple myeloma

CAR-T Cell Therapy May Have Role in Treating Multiple Myeloma

Among the burgeoning options for treating multiple myeloma could be an approach that is proving to be exciting in leukemia: CAR-T (chimeric antigen receptor T cells) therapy. Preliminary results of the first-in-humans study in myeloma were presented as a late-breaking abstract at the 2015 ASH...

hematologic malignancies
multiple myeloma

Selected Abstracts From 2015 ASH Annual Meeting: Part 3

Here are several more abstracts selected from the proceedings of the 2015 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting and Exposition, focusing on newly diagnosed multiple myeloma, relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma, and amyloid light-chain (AL) amyloidosis. For other selected abstracts...

multiple myeloma

Studies Confirm and Extend the Benefits of Ixazomib in Multiple Myeloma

Patients with multiple myeloma now have access to an all-oral regimen, with the recent approval of the oral proteasome inhibitor ixazomib (Ninlaro) in previously treated patients. New pairings for the drug in relapsed/refractory and newly diagnosed patients are being studied, with investigators...

multiple myeloma

Sagar Lonial, MD, on the Phase III ASPIRE Trial

Sagar Lonial, MD, of Winship Cancer Institute, offers his thoughts on abstract 79, “Carfilzomib, Lenalidomide, and Dexamethasone vs Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone in Patients With Relapsed Multiple Myeloma: Interim Results From ASPIRE, a Randomized, Open-Label, Multicenter Phase III Study,”...

multiple myeloma

Sagar Lonial, MD, on Monoclonal Antibodies in Multiple Myeloma

Sagar Lonial, MD, of Winship Cancer Institute, offers his thoughts on abstract 302, “Final Results for the 1703 Phase Ib/II Study of Elotuzumab in Combination With Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone in Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma,” presented by Paul G. Richardson, MD; abstract...

multiple myeloma

Kenneth C. Anderson, MD, on Multiple Myeloma: Current Treatment Approaches and Future Directions

Kenneth C. Anderson, MD, of Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women’s Cancer Center, discusses the incredible progress made in treating multiple myeloma, with nine therapeutic options approved in the past decade, two drugs approved this year, and a number of new options on the horizon.

multiple myeloma

Sagar Lonial, MD, and James O. Armitage, MD, on Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma: The ELOQUENT-2 Trial and a Phase II Study of Daratumumab

James O. Armitage, MD, of the University of Nebraska Medical Center, and Sagar Lonial, MD, of Emory University School of Medicine, discuss results from two important studies that tested lenalidomide/dexamethasone with or without elotuzumab and daratumumab monotherapy (Abstracts 8508 and LBA8512).

multiple myeloma

Saad Usmani, MD, on Daratumumab as Monotherapy for Multiple Myeloma

For a heavily pretreated multiple myeloma population, daratumumab as a monotherapy showed meaningful, durable activity with deep responses and a favorable safety profile. Saad Usmani, MD, of the Levine Cancer Institute, provides the highlights of this study on the first monoclonal antibody to show...

multiple myeloma
palliative care

Study Confirms Benefit of Triplet vs Doublet in Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma

Triplets should be the standard of care in most newly diagnosed multiple myeloma patients, according to a study that validated a practice that has become common in the United States, though not necessarily elsewhere. The use of three drugs led to significant reductions in disease progression and...

multiple myeloma

Elotuzumab in Previously Treated Multiple Myeloma

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs.   On November 30, 2015, elotuzu­mab (Empliciti) was approved for...

multiple myeloma

Multiple Myeloma in 2015: A Year for the Record Books

Few malignancies have received as much attention, in the way of newly approved drugs, as multiple myeloma did in 2015. In November alone, 3 new agents were approved, bringing the total to 4 for the year as part of a record 7 approvals and to 16 regulatory approvals over the past 12 years. Speakers ...

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