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breast cancer

ESMO 2018: HOBOE-2: Zoledronic Acid in Premenopausal Hormone Receptor–Positive Early Breast Cancer

Adjuvant treatment with zoledronic acid, plus hormonal therapy with the aromatase inhibitor letrozole, significantly increases disease-free survival compared to tamoxifen in premenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive early breast cancer, according to results reported by Perrone et al...

breast cancer

Novel Statistical Model in Estimating the Risk of Breast Cancer Recurrence

Although population-based cancer registries data are useful in tracking and reporting the evolving burden of cancer in the population, the information they capture reflects the outcomes of diagnosis and death, regardless of whether the death is due to the disease or to other causes, and not data on ...

breast cancer

2018 ASTRO: Radiation After Breast-Conserving Surgery in 'Good-Risk' DCIS

A subset of patients with low-risk breast cancer is highly unlikely to see cancer return following breast conservation surgery, but can lower that risk even further with radiation therapy, finds a new long-term clinical trial report. These 12-year follow-up data from the only prospective,...

breast cancer

2018 ASTRO: FAST Trial Finds Long-Term Side Effects Similar for Once-Weekly and Conventional Breast Radiation Therapies

In a 10-year study of women who received radiation therapy to treat early-stage breast cancer, those receiving fewer, larger individual radiation doses experienced similarly low rates of late-onset side effects as those undergoing conventional radiation therapy. Findings from the...

breast cancer

Sibylle Loibl, MD, PhD, on Metastatic Breast Cancer: Research Highlights

Sibylle Lobil, MD, PhD, of the German Breast Group, discusses findings in metastatic breast cancer from the IMpassion130 trial in triple-negative disease and from the PALOMA3 and SOLAR-1 trials in hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative disease (Abstracts LBA1_PR, LBA2_PR, LBA3_PR).

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Lisa A. Carey, MD, and Sherene Loi, MD, PhD, on TNBC: Combination Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy

Lisa A. Carey, MD, of the University of North Carolina, and Sherene Loi, MD, PhD, of the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, discuss the phase III IMpassion 130 trial testing the first-line combination of the PD-L1 inhibitor atezolizumab plus nab-paclitaxel in metastatic triple-negative breast cancer...

breast cancer

ESMO 2018: SOLAR-1: Alpelisib in Patients With PIK3CA-Mutated HR-Positive, HER2-Negative Advanced Breast Cancer

Targeting a common mutation in patients with hormone receptor (HR)–positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative advanced breast cancer with the alpha-specific phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor alpelisib improved progression-free survival, according to...

breast cancer

ESMO 2018: PALOMA-3: Palbociclib in Hormone Receptor–Positive, HER2-Negative Advanced Breast Cancer

Treatment with the cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitor palbociclib (Ibrance) achieved a clinically meaningful improvement in overall survival in patients with hormone receptor (HR)-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative advanced breast cancer that has relapsed or ...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

ESMO 2018: IMpassion 130: Atezolizumab Plus Nab-Paclitaxel in Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

A combination of immunotherapy and chemotherapy improves survival in some patients with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer, according to late-breaking results from the IMpassion130 trial reported by Schmid et al at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2018 Congress (Abstract...

breast cancer

ESMO 2018: HDAC Inhibitor Therapy in Advanced Hormone Receptor–Positive Breast Cancer

A phase III trial presented by Jiang et al at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2018 Congress showed activity of histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor therapy in advanced hormone receptor–positive breast cancer (Abstract 283O_PR). Endocrine therapies are the foundation of...

breast cancer

Sibylle Loibl, MD, PhD, on Metastatic Breast Cancer: Research Highlights

Sibylle Lobil, MD, PhD, of the German Breast Group, discusses findings in metastatic breast cancer from the IMpower 130 trial in triple-negative disease and from the PALOMA3 and SOLAR-1 trials in hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative disease.

breast cancer

Matthew J. Ellis, MB, BChir, PhD, on Breast Cancer: Neoadjuvant Endocrine Therapy

Matthew J. Ellis, MB, BChir, PhD, of the Baylor College of Medicine, discusses data on endocrine therapy alone or in combination with targeted treatments for postmenopausal women with strongly ER-positive/HER2-negative tumors.

breast cancer

ESMO 2018: About 1 in 6 Premenopausal Patients With Early Breast Cancer Do Not Adhere to Adjuvant Endocrine Therapy

Nearly 1 in 6 premenopausal women being treated for early-stage breast cancer do not adhere adequately to tamoxifen therapy after 1 year of treatment, potentially putting themselves at increased risk of recurrence and reduced survival, reported a French prospective study at the European Society for ...

breast cancer

ESMO 2018: Short-HER Trial Examines Abbreviated Course of Trastuzumab in Some HER2-Positive Early Breast Cancers

Women with HER2-positive early breast cancer with small tumors have similar disease-free survival and lower risk of cardiac toxicity with a 9-week course of adjuvant trastuzumab (Herceptin) compared to those treated for 1 year, according to a subgroup analysis of the Short-HER trial reported by...

breast cancer

FDA Approves Talazoparib for Deleterious Germline BRCA-Mutated HER2-Negative Locally Advanced or Metastatic Breast Cancer

On October 16, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved talazoparib (Talzenna), a poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, for patients with deleterious or suspected deleterious germline BRCA-mutated (gBRCAm), HER2-negative locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer....

breast cancer

Study Finds Deep Learning Can Distinguish Recalled-Benign Mammogram Images From Malignant and Negative Cases

Although digital mammography is effective in detecting early-stage breast cancer and in reducing mortality, high recall rates after a screening mammogram often result in unnecessary medical procedures, including breast biopsies, medical costs, and psychological stress for patients.   A...

breast cancer

ESMO 2018: Patients With Breast Cancer Use Twitter as a Nonmedical Forum to Share Experiences

Twitter is a place where many patients with cancer go to share and discuss their experiences of the disease, according to a recent exploratory study to be presented by Sánchez-Bayona et al at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2018 Congress (360P_PR). The...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Adherence to Endocrine Therapy for Breast Cancer in Black Women and White Women

In a study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Wheeler et al found that black women reported nonadherence to endocrine therapy for breast cancer more often than white women, although no significant difference in discontinuation of treatment was observed. The study...

breast cancer

Estradiol as Potential Treatment for Subset of Triple-Negative Breast Cancers

Mayo Clinic researchers have identified estradiol as a potential new treatment for a subset of women with triple-negative breast cancer. Their findings were published by Reese et al in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. “Triple-negative...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Report Examines Shortages of Oncologists, Variation in Cancer Rates

Doximity has released a new study detailing a concerning trend that could potentially impact cancer care in the United States. Doximity researchers examined retirement trends, percentage of state-trained specialists, and prevalence of breast cancer on a city-by-city basis. The report is the...

breast cancer
issues in oncology
survivorship

Cognitive Outcomes Among Older Survivors of Breast Cancer

In a study (Thinking and Living with Cancer) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Mandelblatt et al found that poorer cognitive function in older survivors of breast cancer was associated with chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and ApoE genotype. The ApoE ε4 allele has been associated...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Cognitive Impairment in Patients With Breast Cancer Treated With Chemotherapy

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Janelsins et al found cognitive impairment in women receiving chemotherapy for breast cancer that persisted for at least 6 months after treatment. Study Details The study, conducted within the National Cancer Institute Community Clinical...

breast cancer

Lurbinectedin in BRCA-Mutated and Unselected Metastatic Breast Cancer

In a phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Cruz et al found that the trabectedin (Yondelis) analog lurbinectedin was active in patients with metastatic breast cancer with germline BRCA mutations, with much lower activity in those without BRCA mutation or unknown mutation...

breast cancer

Neoadjuvant Paclitaxel With LCL161 in Localized Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

In a phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Bardia et al evaluated the effects of adding an antagonist of inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (LCL161) to paclitaxel as neoadjuvant therapy in patients with localized triple-negative breast cancer who did or did not have a tumor...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Long-Term Outcomes With Anti–PD-L1 Treatment in Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

In a long-term follow-up of a phase I trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Emens et al found that single-agent atezolizumab (Tecentriq) produced enduring benefit in patients with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer after stable or responding disease and in first-line treatment. Study Details In...

breast cancer

High Levels of Fertility-Related Hormone May Be Linked to Increased Breast Cancer Risk

Having high levels of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH)—a hormone that indicates the size of a woman’s ovarian reserve—before menopause may be associated with an increased risk of breast cancer, a study by Ge et al in the International Journal of Cancer found. In a major study,...

breast cancer

NCI Breast Cancer Working Group Report on Appropriate Endpoints for Clinical Trials in Metastatic Breast Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Seidman et al, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Breast Cancer Steering Committee Working Group has issued a report on meaningful and appropriate endpoints for clinical trials in metastatic breast cancer. With the goal of providing...

breast cancer
cost of care

2018 Quality Care: Few Women With Breast Cancer Discuss Costs With Physicians Before Beginning Treatment

Findings from a new study reveal that while many women with breast cancer experience significant financial burden and most prefer to discuss the cost of their cancer care before beginning treatment, few are having conversations about treatment costs with their cancer care teams. These findings will ...

breast cancer
issues in oncology
cost of care

2018 Quality Care: Nationwide Survey Reveals Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer Face Major Financial Stress Due to Treatment Costs

A new nationwide analysis of more than 1,000 people living with metastatic breast cancer from 41 states reveals significant cancer-related financial burden known as financial toxicity, particularly for uninsured patients. The study will be presented by Wheeler et al at the upcoming 2018 ASCO...

breast cancer

Breast Pathologic Complete Response and Pathologic Node Positivity After Neoadjuvant Therapy

In a National Cancer Database analysis reported in JAMA Surgery, Barron et al found low pathologic nodal positivity rates among patients with clinically node-negative (cN0), HER2-positive disease or triple-negative breast cancer with breast pathologic complete response (pCR) after neoadjuvant...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Sequential vs Concurrent Neoadjuvant Therapy in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Buzdar et al, the phase III ACOSOG Z1041 (Alliance) trial showed no difference in disease-free or overall survival with sequential vs concurrent neoadjuvant anthracycline and trastuzumab in patients with operable HER2-positive breast cancer. An earlier report from...

breast cancer

Danish Study on Effect of Screening on Breast Cancer Mortality

In a Danish study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Beau et al used different models to assess the effects of screening on breast cancer mortality, finding a 20% reduction among patients diagnosed during the recommended screening age range. As noted by the investigators, the study was...

breast cancer

10-Year Follow-up of Axillary Dissection vs No Dissection in Breast Cancer With Sentinel Node Micrometastases

In the 10-year follow-up of the phase III International Breast Cancer Study Group (IBCSG) 23-01 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Galimberti et al found no significant difference in disease-free survival with axillary dissection vs no axillary dissection in patients with breast cancer and...

breast cancer

Somatic Mutations in ER-Positive Breast Cancer and Prognosis

Recent research and genomic studies have revealed a number of genes that accumulate somatic mutations and alterations in estrogen receptor (ER)–positive breast cancer. However, while a few alterations are quite common and relatively well-understood, many genes are mutated in less than 5% of...

breast cancer

Proteomics May Be Used to Predict Treatment Outcomes in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

In triple-negative breast cancer, researchers have so far been unable to identify markers that can classify patients by prognosis or probability of responding to different treatments. In a study published by Zagorac et al in Nature Communications, researchers from the Spanish National Cancer...

breast cancer

Rates of Inherited Breast Cancer in Nigerian Women

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Zheng et al found a high frequency of inherited breast cancer among Nigerian women, with presence of deleterious mutations posing very high risk of disease. As noted by the investigators, “…Among Nigerian women, breast cancer is ...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Adding First-Line Pertuzumab to Trastuzumab Plus Aromatase Inhibitor in Advanced Breast Cancer

In the phase II PERTAIN trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Rimawi et al found that adding pertuzumab to trastuzumab plus an aromatase inhibitor improved progression-free survival in patients with advanced HER2-positive, hormone receptor–positive breast cancer. Study Details ...

breast cancer

EMBRACA Trial Compares Talazoparib vs Standard Therapy in Advanced Breast Cancer With a Germline BRCA Mutation

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Litton et al, the phase III EMBRACA trial has shown significantly improved progression-free survival with the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor talazoparib vs physician choice of standard single-agent therapy in patients with advanced...

breast cancer

Dutch Quality-of-Life Study With One- vs Two-Stage Breast Reconstruction in Skin-Sparing Mastectomy

In a Dutch study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Negenborn et al found no differences in quality of life (QOL) between women receiving one-stage implant-based breast reconstruction (IBBR) with an acellular dermal matrix (ADM) vs standard two-stage IBBR. A previously reported safety analysis from...

breast cancer
gynecologic cancers
issues in oncology

BRCA Testing in Medically Underserved Women in Southeastern United States

Medically underserved women in the Southeast region of the United States diagnosed with breast cancer or ovarian cancer may have not received genetic testing that could have helped them and their relatives make important decisions about their health, according to new research from Vanderbilt-Ingram ...

breast cancer

FDA Grants Clearance of PowerLook Density Assessment for Digital Breast Tomosynthesis

iCAD has announced U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) clearance of its artificial intelligence software program, PowerLook Density Assessment Version 3.4, which provides an automated method of determining breast density. The software is compatible with iCAD’s digital breast...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Cardiac Monitoring in Patients With Breast Cancer

Although heart failure is an uncommon complication of breast cancer treatment, the risk may be higher in patients treated with certain types of chemotherapy and lower in younger patients, according to a study published by Henry et al in JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging. Researchers studied 16,456...

breast cancer

ESR1 Fusions and Metastasis in Estrogen Receptor–Positive Breast Cancer

Estrogen receptor–positive breast cancer is the most common type of breast cancer, but resistance to therapy is common, and eventual development of metastatic disease is a leading cause of death. In research published by Lei et al in Cell Reports, researchers from Baylor College of...

breast cancer

Circulating Tumor Cells and Late Recurrence in Hormone Receptor–Positive Breast Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Sparano et al found that a single circulating tumor cell (CTC) assessment was predictive of late recurrence in patients with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative breast cancer. The study involved patients from a phase III trial of doxorubicin and...

breast cancer

Utilization of Hypofractionated Radiation Therapy in Breast Cancer

Researchers at the Feinstein Institute for Medical Research and Northwell Health’s Department of Radiation Medicine have identified methods to increase use of the radiation therapy hypofractionation in patients with breast cancer. These findings, published by Gilbo et al...

breast cancer

Study Identifies Specific Genes Associated With Increased Risk for Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Studies show that triple-negative breast cancer is associated with advanced-stage disease and higher-grade tumors at the time of diagnosis, and carries an increased risk of recurrence and poorer 5-year survival rates relative to other breast cancers. This type of breast cancer accounts for...

breast cancer

TGFβ Polymorphism and Radiation-Induced Fibrosis in Breast Cancer

In an analysis reported in JAMA Oncology, Grossberg et al found that a single nucleotide polymorphism (C−509T) in the transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1) gene was associated with higher risk of radiation-induced fibrosis in women with early breast cancer. Study Details The...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Adjuvant Bevacizumab in High-Risk HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

In an article in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Miller et al reported final results of the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group phase III E5103 trial, initiated in 2007, which showed no benefit of adding bevacizumab (Avastin) to adjuvant therapy in patients with HER2-negative, node-positive or...

breast cancer
gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer
immunotherapy

European Commission Approves Trastuzumab Biosimilar

The European Commission (EC) has approved Trazimera, a biosimilar to trastuzumab (Herceptin), for the treatment of human epidermal growth factor (HER2)–overexpressing breast cancer and HER2-overexpressing metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma. This approval...

breast cancer

Psychosocial Effects of Contralateral Prophylactic Mastectomy Among Women With Nonhereditary Breast Cancer

In a prospective study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Parker et al found that among women with nonhereditary breast cancer electing contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM), fear and worry over breast cancer may be dominant at the time of surgical decisions without sufficient...

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