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lymphoma
skin cancer

Results From ECHELON-2: Brentuximab Vedotin in CD30-Expressing Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma

The phase III ECHELON-2 clinical trial has met its primary endpoint, demonstrating a statistically significant improvement in progression-free survival (PFS) with brentuximab vedotin (Adcetris) in combination with CHP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, prednisone) vs CHOP (cyclophosphamide,...

Immune Checkpoint Blockade and Tumor-Specific Vaccine for Incurable HPV16-Related Cancer

In a single-center phase II study reported in JAMA Oncology, Massarelli et al found combining tumor-specific vaccine and nivolumab (Opdivo) showed evidence of activity in incurable human papillomavirus (HPV) 16–related cancer. The therapeutic vaccine, ISA 101, induces HPV-specific T cells....

Lurbinectedin in BRCA-Mutated and Unselected Metastatic Breast Cancer

In a phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Cruz et al found that the trabectedin (Yondelis) analog lurbinectedin was active in patients with metastatic breast cancer with germline BRCA mutations, with much lower activity in those without BRCA mutation or unknown mutation...

Dutch Study of Postoperative Outcomes With Screening- vs Nonscreening-Detected Colon and Rectal Cancers

In a Dutch study reported in JAMA Surgery, de Neree tot Babberich et al found that postoperative outcomes were better in patients with colon cancer, but not rectal cancer, detected vs not detected through the national fecal immunochemical test–based screening program.    Study ...

Early PSA Testing Could Help Predict Prostate Cancer Among Black Men

In a study published by Preston et al in European Urology, researchers demonstrated that a baseline prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level obtained from black men between 40 and 60 years old may predict the future development of prostate cancer for years after testing. The study builds on ...

issues in oncology
symptom management

Small Study Shows Fecal Microbiota Transplantation May Help Restore Beneficial Bacteria in Patients With Cancer

Researchers have shown that autologous fecal microbiota transplantation may be a safe and effective way to help replenish beneficial gut bacteria in patients with cancer who require intense antibiotics during allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Their findings were published by Taur...

FDA Approves Expanded Use of Gardasil 9 to Include Individuals Aged 27 to 45

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved a supplemental application for recombinant human papillomavirus (HPV) 9-valent vaccine (Gardasil 9), expanding the approved use of the vaccine to include women and men aged 27 through 45 years. Gardasil 9 prevents certain cancers and...

Atezolizumab Plus Chemotherapy in Previously Untreated Extensive-Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer

As reported at the recent International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 19th World Conference on Lung Cancer and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Horn et al, the phase III IMpower133 study has shown significant improvement in overall and progression-free survival with...

Neoadjuvant Paclitaxel With LCL161 in Localized Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

In a phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Bardia et al evaluated the effects of adding an antagonist of inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (LCL161) to paclitaxel as neoadjuvant therapy in patients with localized triple-negative breast cancer who did or did not have a tumor...

lymphoma
skin cancer

In Vitro and Ex Vivo Activity of Gentian Violet in Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma

As reported in JAMA Dermatology, Wu and Wood found that the widely available nonprescription topical antimicrobial agent gentian violet has potent activity against cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) in studies in vitro and ex vivo. The study involved high-throughput small molecule screening of 1,710...

FDA Grants Breakthrough Therapy Designation to Rucaparib in BRCA1/2-Mutated Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to rucaparib (Rubraca) monotherapy for the treatment of adult patients with BRCA1/2-mutated metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who have received at least one prior androgen...

ASCP, CAP, and ASH Invite Public Comment on Lymphoma Guideline

With a focus on the pathology aspects of diagnosing lymphoma, the American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP), the College of American Pathologists (CAP), and the American Society of Hematology (ASH) are collaborating to develop an evidence-based clinical practice guideline for the workup of...

issues in oncology
cost of care

U.S. Spending on Antineoplastic Agents

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Hong et al found that the U.S. health-care system increased spending on antineoplastic agents from $26.8 billion in 2011 to $42.1 billion in 2016. The study was a retrospective, cross-sectional analysis of IQVIA (formerly QuintilesIMS)...

leukemia
issues in oncology

Lack of Clinical Trial Participation and Shorter Duration of Therapy Linked to Disease Relapse in AYAs With Leukemia

Despite survival gains for children diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), adolescents and young adults (AYAs)—those between the ages of 15 and 39—diagnosed with the disease have seen only modest improvements in survival. A study by Wolfson et al in Cancer Epidemiology,...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

Sex-Linked Differences in Cancer May Identify Specific Genetic Drivers, Predict Responses to Treatment

Analysis of male- and female-derived tumor samples revealed differences in prognostic biomarkers, genes that drive cancer, and in regulation of key pathways that may predict responses to treatment, according to results published in two studies in Cancer Research, one by Li et al and the other...

head and neck cancer
immunotherapy

DNA Vaccine Leads to Immune Responses in HPV-Related Head and Neck Cancer in Small Study

A therapeutic vaccine may boost antibodies and T cells, helping them infiltrate human papillomavirus (HPV)-related head and neck cancer tumors. Researchers from the Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania tested the immunotherapy approach in two groups of patients with...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Long-Term Outcomes With Anti–PD-L1 Treatment in Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

In a long-term follow-up of a phase I trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Emens et al found that single-agent atezolizumab (Tecentriq) produced enduring benefit in patients with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer after stable or responding disease and in first-line treatment. Study Details In...

Management of Clostridium difficile Infection in Children and Adolescents With Cancer and Pediatric HSCT Recipients

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Diorio et al, an international panel has released a clinical practice guideline on prevention and treatment of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in children and adolescents with cancer and pediatric hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

No Survival Benefit With Avelumab vs Docetaxel in Platinum-Treated, Advanced, PD-L1–Positive NSCLC

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Barlesi et al, the phase III JAVELIN Lung 200 trial has shown no overall survival benefit with avelumab (Bavencio) vs docetaxel in patients with platinum pretreated programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)–positive advanced non–small cell lung cancer...

Updated ASCO Answers Fact Sheets for Your Practice

Be sure to check out these newly updated ASCO Answers fact sheets: Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Multiple Myeloma Pancreatic Cancer Prostate Cancer Thrombocytopenia When Cancer Spreads to the Bone These one-page (front and back) introductions include a topic overview; an...

ASCO Quality Training Program Reaches Over 100-Team Milestone; New 1-Day Option Now Available

As of August 2018, more than 100 teams from oncology practices around the United States and the world have participated in ASCO’s Quality Training Program (QTP). The QTP offers education and training for physician-led oncology teams. The program prepares teams of oncology providers to design,...

Conquer Cancer Podcast Series Goes Unscripted With Doctors, Patients, and Caregivers

How do patients really feel when they are in your care? What does it feel like to cure a cancer? How are the children of oncologists affected when grief is a parent’s occupational hazard? These are the personal topics explored in the candid and inspirational mini-podcast series, Your Stories:...

Cancer.Net: Trusted Information for Patients and Caregivers, Useful Tools for Providers

Cancer.Net is ASCO’s patient information website, hosting a wealth of information and resources for people diagnosed with cancer and their families and caregivers. With information on over 120 types of cancer, visitors to the site can find medical information, tips for treatment management,...

issues in oncology

ASCO Analysis Finds Some Pharmacy Benefit Manager Practices May Erode Patient Access to Cancer Care

ASCO warns that some of the practices used by pharmacy benefit manager (PBM) companies could hinder patient access to timely, high-quality cancer care. While PBM practices may be intended to help control costs in cancer care, in a new position statement, ASCO describes a range of practices that...

How Do You Know What You Don’t Know?

In the world of modern medicine, with its constant stream of new information, it can be hard to keep up—especially when you already have a packed schedule. With so much new information to learn and absorb, and the need to prioritize your time, how do you know what you don’t know?  Without...

hematologic malignancies
multiple myeloma

Emerging Options and Sequencing Therapy in Relapsed Multiple Myeloma

Advances in the treatment of multiple myeloma have led to longer progression-free survival, but the majority of patients will still relapse despite newer treatments. A number of new drugs and combinations are under study in the hope of improving outcomes. “Multiple myeloma is a complex disease...

leukemia
multiple myeloma

FDA Authorizes First Next-Generation Sequencing–Based Test to Detect Minimal Residual Disease in B-Cell ALL or Multiple Myeloma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently permitted marketing of the ClonoSEQ assay, a next-generation sequencing–based test for minimal residual disease in patients with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) or multiple myeloma. “At the FDA, we’re continuing to...

lung cancer
pain management

Study Shows Invasive Lung Cancer Surgery Can Lead to Long-Term Opioid Use

Patients treated with more invasive surgical techniques for early-stage non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are more likely to become chronic opioid users than patients treated with minimally invasive surgery, highlighting the need for additional research into how pain management after surgery ...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Addition of a CTLA-4–Targeted Therapy to a Checkpoint Inhibitor in Ovarian Cancer

An analysis of the NRG Oncology clinical trial NRG-GY003 suggests that adding ipilimumab (Yervoy), a monoclonal antibody that targets the protein receptor cytotoxic T-lymphocyte–associated protein 4 (CTLA-4), to a regimen with the checkpoint inhibitor nivolumab (Opdivo) could improve response ...

breast cancer

More to Learn About Using PARP Inhibitors for Advanced Breast Cancer With Germline BRCA Mutation

Germline mutations in the breast cancer–susceptibility genes 1 and 2 (BRCA1/2) increase the risk for cancer due to an inability to repair DNA double-strand breaks, and about 5% of patients with unselected breast cancer carry a germline BRCA mutation.1 These DNA repair–deficient tumors are...

issues in oncology
survivorship

Risk of Late Venous Thromboembolism in Survivors of Childhood Cancer

In a report from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Madenci et al found that survivors of childhood cancer are at increased risk of late venous thromboembolism, with several factors increasing such risk. The study involved data from a...

Low- vs High-Dose Cisplatin Chemoradiotherapy in Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck

In an analysis of Veterans Affairs data reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Bauml et al found that weekly lower-dose cisplatin vs higher-dose cisplatin given every 3 weeks as part of concurrent definitive chemoradiotherapy may not adversely affect survival, while reducing...

lymphoma
issues in oncology

Ovarian Function After Response-Adapted Treatment in Younger Women With Advanced Hodgkin Lymphoma

In a secondary analysis of the UK phase III RATHL trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Anderson et al found that ovarian function recovery was affected by age and type of response-adapted therapy in women receiving treatment for advanced Hodgkin lymphoma. The analysis included 67 eligible...

issues in oncology

Monika K. Krzyzanowska, MD, MPH, on Quality Improvement: Avoiding the Pitfalls

Monika K. Krzyzanowska, MD, MPH, of Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, summarized the Keynote Lecture, including the points that clinicians should carefully plan their quality improvement projects, understand the barriers to quality, and ensure their efforts are sustainable.

breast cancer

Talazoparib Improves Progression-Free Survival in Advanced Breast Cancer With Germline BRCA Mutation

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Jennifer K. Litton, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, and colleagues, the phase III EMBRACA trial has shown significantly improved progression-free survival with the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor...

issues in oncology
solid tumors

Lalan S. Wilfong, MD, on Metastatic Solid Tumors: Limiting Low-Value Care

Lalan S. Wilfong, MD, of Texas Oncology, discusses reducing the use of a white blood cell growth factor treatment in advanced and incurable solid tumors for patients treated at a community oncology practice.

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma

Mogamulizumab-kpkc for Mycosis Fungoides and Sézary Syndrome

On August 8, 2018, the CC chemokine receptor type 4 (CCR4)-directed monoclonal antibody mogamulizumab-kpkc (Poteligeo) was approved for adult patients with relapsed or refractory mycosis fungoides or Sézary syndrome after at least one prior systemic therapy.1,2 Supporting Efficacy Data The current...

supportive care

Jeremy Warner, MD, on Patient Navigation: Weathering the Storm of Cancer Care

Jeremy Warner, MD, of Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, discusses the ways in which patient navigators affect cancer care and how patients benefit.

thyroid cancer

Lauren P. Wallner, PhD, MPH, on Thyroid Cancer: Reducing Overtreatment With Radioactive Iodine

Lauren P. Wallner, PhD, MPH, of the University of Michigan, discusses her findings from a population-based study, which showed that many patients believe they had no choice about whether or not to receive radioactive iodine, even though it often does not improve survival. There is a need, she says, ...

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma

Targeting CCR4 in Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma: The MAVORIC Trial

The C-C chemokine receptor 4 (CCR4) is predominantly expressed in type 2 helper T (Th2) cells and regulatory T (Treg) cells.1 Under physiologic conditions and in response to its ligands, CCL17 (TARC) and CCL22 (MDC), CCR4 promotes T-cell migration to the skin.2 Of note, CCR4 is highly expressed in...

issues in oncology
symptom management
pain management

Angela M. Stover, PhD, on Patient-Reported Symptoms: Results From the STAR and PRO-TECT Trials

Angela M. Stover, PhD, of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, discusses study findings on ways to alert clinicians when patients signal symptoms such as pain or diarrhea that may be cause for concern (Abstract 158).

issues in oncology

Simron Singh, MD, MPH, on Patient-Centered Care: Measuring Experience

Simron Singh, MD, MPH, of Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, discusses initial results of his data on a new patient experience measurement strategy used at Cancer Care Ontario.

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma

Mogamulizumab Improves Progression-Free Survival vs Vorinostat in Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma

As reported by Youn H. Kim, MD, of Stanford Cancer Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine, and colleagues in The Lancet Oncology, the phase III MAVORIC trial showed that the anti-C-C chemokine receptor 4 (CCR4) monoclonal antibody mogamulizumab (Poteligeo) significantly improved...

issues in oncology
pain management

Jay B. Shah, MD, on Reducing Opioid Use After Urologic Oncology Surgery

Jay B. Shah, MD, of Stanford University, discusses the role that surgeons can play as gatekeepers to the opioid epidemic, including the view that complex cancer operations can be performed with little to no opioid use (Abstract 269).

issues in oncology
cost of care

Aaron Lyss, MBA, on Getting the Highest-Value Quality Intervention

Aaron Lyss, MBA, of Tennessee Oncology, discusses ways that clinicians and patients can employ the most cost- and treatment-effective measures, clinical trials, and incident learning systems.

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma

Rituximab/Lenalidomide vs Rituximab/Chemotherapy in Advanced Untreated Follicular Lymphoma

In the phase III RELEVANCE trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Franck Morschhauser, MD, PhD, of The University of Lille, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Lille, France, and colleagues, no difference in the complete response rate or interim progression-free survival was found...

lung cancer

Osimertinib in First-Line Treatment of EGFR-Mutant Metastatic NSCLC

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms of action, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. In April 2018, osimertinib (Tagrisso) was approved for...

Lisa Newman, MD, MPH, FACS, FASCO, Appointed Chief of Breast Surgery at NewYork-Presbyterian

Lisa Newman, MD, MPH, FACS, FASCO, breast surgeon and researcher, has been appointed Chief of the Section of Breast Surgery at NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center and Weill Cornell Medicine. In her new role, which began at the end of August, Dr. Newman will lead multidisciplinary...

Baylor College of Medicine Welcomes Thoracic Surgeon Robert Taylor Ripley, MD

Robert Taylor Ripley, MD, has recently joined the Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery, Division of General Thoracic Surgery, at Baylor College of Medicine as Associate Professor of Surgery. He brings with him his expertise in mesothelioma, thoracic surgical oncology, and robotic thoracic...

Fox Chase Cancer Center Appoints Jeffrey Farma, MD, Chief of General Surgery

Jeffrey Farma, MD, has been appointed Chief of the Division of General Surgery within the Department of Surgery at the Fox Chase Cancer Center. Dr. Farma, a surgical oncologist, specializes in the treatment of colorectal cancer, melanoma, and sarcoma, as well as minimally invasive and robotic...

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