Trametinib Treatment for Histiocytic Sarcoma With an Activating MAP2K1 Mutation

In a letter to the editor in The New England Journal of Medicine, Gounder et al described the successful treatment of a patient with histiocytic sarcoma and an activating MAP2K1 (MEK1) mutation with the MAPK kinase 1 and 2 inhibitor trametinib (Mekinist). As noted by the authors, patients with...

High–Nicotine-Dependent Smokers Less Likely to Quit After Lung Cancer Screening

A new study by Rojewski et al in CHEST investigated the relationships between the degree of nicotine dependence and both the likelihood of successfully quitting smoking and clinical outcomes in a cohort of screened patients. The study found that patients with a higher nicotine dependence...

FDA Identifies Efficacy Issue in Clinical Trials of Pembrolizumab or Atezolizumab as Monotherapy in Urothelial Cancer With Low Expression of PD-L1

On May 18, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) alerted health-care professionals, oncology clinical investigators, and the public about decreased survival associated with the use of pembrolizumab (Keytruda) or atezolizumab (Tecentriq) as monotherapy in clinical trials to treat patients with ...

lung cancer
skin cancer
issues in oncology

Survival in Male vs Female Patients Receiving Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in The Lancet Oncology, Conforti et al found a significant difference in overall survival benefit favoring male vs female patients receiving immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy for advanced cancers. Study Details The study involved database...

PET-Guided Therapy for Aggressive Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas

In a German phase III trial (PETAL) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Dührsen et al found that interim 18F-FDG positron emission tomography (PET) findings were associated with  survival in patients with aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphomas receiving R-CHOP (rituximab [Rituxan]...

Circulating Tumor Cells and Benefit of Adjuvant Radiotherapy in Early Breast Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Goodman et al found that adjuvant radiotherapy was associated with better outcome in patients with early breast cancer who had detectable circulating tumor cells (CTCs). Study Details The analysis included data from patients with stage pT1 to pT2 and pN0 to...

PARP Inhibitor Shows Promise in Patients With BRCA-Mutated Pancreatic Cancer

A targeted therapy that has been effective in fighting ovarian cancer in women, including those with BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations, may also help patients with aggressive pancreatic cancer who harbor these mutations and have few or no other treatment options. An international team of researchers was...

Childhood Cancer STAR Act Approved by Senate and House

On May 22, the Childhood Cancer Survivorship Treatment Access and Research (STAR) Act was passed by the Senate and House and is now being sent to President Donald Trump to be signed into law. As the most comprehensive childhood cancer bill ever introduced to Congress, the Childhood Cancer STAR Act...

Treating Pediatric Glioma With Bevacizumab and Standard Treatment

Children with nonbrainstem high-grade glioma could benefit from potentially life-extending treatment if genetic testing was used to personalize therapy as it is in many adults, new research published by Mackay et al in Cancer Cell reported.  Scientists analyzed the DNA of children taking an...

Early Research May Unlock How Pancreatic Cancer Metastasizes to the Liver

Douglas Fearon, MD, Professor at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, and colleagues may have discovered how pancreatic cancer metastasizes to the liver following surgery, as reported by Pommier et al in Science. “This discovery is significant because for patients who undergo pancreatic cancer...

Oxybutynin for Androgen Deprivation–Associated Hot Flashes in Prostate Cancer

In a letter to the editor of The New England Journal of Medicine, Smith et al describe successful use of oxybutynin to treat hot flashes in a patient receiving androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) for prostate cancer. As noted by the authors, nonhormonal treatments for menopausal hot flashes in women ...

Effect of GnRHa Treatment During Chemotherapy on Preservation of Ovarian Function and Fertility in Premenopausal Patients With Early Breast Cancer

A meta-analysis of patient-level data reported by Lambertini et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology indicated that temporary ovarian suppression with gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRHa) during chemotherapy was effective in preserving ovarian function and fertility in premenopausal...

ASCO and ABIM Announce Collaboration on Maintenance of Certification Pathway

ASCO and the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) have announced that they are working to co-create a pathway to provide doctors with a flexible way to maintain board certification. Beginning in 2020, oncologists will be able to choose from two different assessment pathways. They may take an ...

Rivaroxaban May Reduce Risk of Venous Thromboembolism in Patients With Cancer

Patients with cancer have an increased risk of developing blood clots, with roughly one in five experiencing venous thromboembolism (VTE)—either deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE). Although there are many causes and risk factors for VTE, patients with cancer are...

Outcomes After Discontinuation of Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Therapy in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

In an interim analysis of a European trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Saussele et al found that discontinuation of tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) with deep molecular response was associated with good molecular relapse-free survival,...

Risk of Interval Invasive Second Breast Cancers

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Lee et al determined risk levels for interval invasive second breast cancers after negative surveillance mammography and identified factors associated with higher risk.  Study Details The study involved 65,084 surveillance mammograms...

NGR-hTNF Combined With Investigator Choice of Therapy in Previously Treated Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

In the phase III NGR015 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Gregorc et al found no benefit of adding NGR-hTNF to best investigator choice of treatment in patients with previously treated malignant pleural mesothelioma. NGR-hTNF consists of human TNFα conjugated to the tumor-targeting ...

GAME Score for Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Surgical oncologists at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine may have developed an improved scoring system for predicting survival in people with colorectal cancers that have metastasized to the liver. According to the researchers, the system, called the Genetic and Morphological...

Neoadjuvant Therapy, Changes in Body Composition, and Resectability in Pancreatic Cancer

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Surgery, Sandini et al found that neoadjuvant therapy in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma was associated with loss of adipose tissue but not muscle wasting. In addition, the study showed that an increase in skeletal muscle tissue was...

Risk of Breast Cancer After Negative Screening Mammography

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, McCarthy et al identified the risk of interval breast cancer after negative screening mammography, including risk of poor-prognosis breast cancer. Study Details The study involved mammography data from the Population-Based Research Optimizing Screening...

USPSTF Recommendations on PSA-Based Screening for Prostate Cancer

As reported in JAMA, the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has issued updated recommendations on prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based screening for prostate cancer. To inform the recommendations, the USPSTF reviewed evidence on benefits and harms of PSA-based screening and treatment of...

CXCR4 Antagonist Plus Eribulin in HER2-Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer

Findings in a phase I trial reported in The Lancet Oncology by Pernas et al indicate activity of the combination of the CXCR4 chemokine receptor antagonist balixafortide plus eribulin in previously treated HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer. The CXCR4–stromal cell-derived factor-1α...

Long-Term Follow-up of Women With Vaginal and Cervical Clear Cell Adenocarcinoma Associated With DES Exposure

In a letter to the editor of The New England Journal of Medicine, Huo et al described long-term outcomes of women with vaginal and cervical clear cell adenocarcinoma associated with prenatal exposure to the synthetic nonsteroidal estrogen diethylstilbestrol (DES). As noted by the authors, women...

National Comprehensive Cancer Network Announces New Chief Medical Officer

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) has named Wui-Jin Koh, MD, as Senior Vice President, Chief Medical Officer, a newly created position for the nonprofit alliance of top U.S. cancer centers. Dr. Koh will add additional physician representation at NCCN headquarters, which...

FDA Approves First Epoetin Alfa Biosimilar for the Treatment of Anemia

On May 15, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved epoetin alfa-epbx (Retacrit) as a biosimilar to epoetin alfa (Epogen/Procrit) for the treatment of anemia caused by chronic kidney disease, chemotherapy, or use of zidovudine in patients with HIV infection. Epoetin alfa-epbx is also...

2018 ASCO: Mobile and Sensor Technology May Lead to Reduced Symptom Severity in Patients With Head and Neck Cancer

A randomized clinical trial evaluating the use of mobile and sensor technology to remotely monitor symptoms in patients receiving radiation therapy for head and neck cancer found that use of this technology reduced severe symptoms related to cancer and its treatment compared with usual care....

2018 ASCO: Shortening Adjuvant Trastuzumab to 6 Months in Patients With HER2-Positive Early Breast Cancer Is Effective and Reduces Cardiac Toxicities

Persephone, a large phase III randomized noninferiority study conducted in the United Kingdom comparing 6 months to 12 months of trastuzumab (Herceptin) in patients with HER2-positive early breast cancer has found 6 months of trastuzumab to be noninferior to 12 months of the therapy. In addition,...

2018 ASCO: Adding Nelarabine to Standard Chemotherapy Improves Survival in Children and Young Adults With T-Cell Cancers

A large randomized phase III clinical trial by the Children’s Oncology Group (COG) investigating the safety and efficacy of adding nelarabine (Arranon) to COG-augmented Berlin-Frankfurt-Munster chemotherapy (aBFM) to treat newly diagnosed patients with T-cell acute lymphoblastic...

survivorship
symptom management

2018 ASCO: More Choices for Treating Insomnia in Cancer Survivors: Acupuncture and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

A Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI)-supported randomized clinical trial of cancer survivors showed that 8 weeks of either acupuncture or cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) decreased the severity of insomnia among cancer survivors, though improvements were greatest...

2018 ASCO: Upfront, Comprehensive Genetic Testing in Advanced Lung Cancer Is Cost-Effective

An economic model comparing different types of genetic testing in metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) found that using next-generation sequencing to test for all known lung cancer–related gene changes at the time of diagnosis was more cost-effective and faster than testing one ...

2018 ASCO: Majority of Heavy Smokers Not Screened for Lung Cancer, Despite USPSTF Recommendations

An analysis of 1,800 lung cancer screening sites nationwide found that only 1.9% of more than 7 million current and former heavy smokers were screened for lung cancer in 2016, despite U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) and ASCO screening recommendations. Results from this study—the...

Outcomes for Cutaneous SCC of the Lip With Vermilion vs Cutaneous Location

In a study reported in JAMA Dermatology, Wang et al found that risk of nodal metastasis was higher for cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the lip with vermilion vs cutaneous location. Disease-specific and overall survival were similar for the two locations. Study Details The retrospective ...

Dose-Dense Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer

In a phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Iyer et al found that dose-dense neoadjuvant gemcitabine plus cisplatin produced a high response rate and was generally well tolerated in patients with planned radical cystectomy for muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Study Details In ...

Sarcopenia, Adiposity, and Survival in Women With Nonmetastatic Breast Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Caan et al found that computed tomography (CT)-derived sarcopenia and adiposity were associated with overall survival in women with nonmetastatic breast cancer. Study Details The study involved data from 3,241 women from Kaiser Permanente of Northern...

FDA Grants Orphan Drug Designation to CLR 131 in Rhabdomyosarcoma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) Office of Orphan Products Development recently granted Orphan Drug designation to CLR 131 for the treatment of rhabdomyosarcoma, a rare pediatric cancer. “Rhabdomyosarcoma is the most common type of tissue sarcoma in children.  While...

palliative care
lung cancer

Racial/Ethnic Disparities in the Quality of End-of-Life Care Among Patients With Lung Cancer

Significant disparities in the quality of end-of-life lung cancer care were found among racial/ethnic minorities, with higher odds of experiencing potentially preventable medical encounters during end of life as compared with non-Hispanic whites. These findings were published by Karanth et al in...

Researchers Identify Most Accurate Risk-Prediction Models for Lung Cancer Screening in Ever-Smokers

Recent lung cancer screening guidelines from the National Comprehensive Cancer Network(®) permit the use of risk models to refer ever-smokers for screening. However, different models select different screening populations and the performance of each model in selecting ever-smokers is...

Genetic Counseling and Testing for Patients With Medulloblastoma

Researchers have identified six genes that predispose carriers to develop medulloblastoma and have used the discovery to craft genetic counseling and screening guidelines. The study was published by Waszak et al in The Lancet Oncology. St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital,...

Intravesical Instillation of Gemcitabine Postsurgery May Aid in Preventing Bladder Cancer Recurrence

Flushing the bladder with a common chemotherapy drug immediately after surgery significantly reduces the chances of bladder cancer returning, according to a study by Messing et al published in JAMA and led by SWOG. First author Edward M. Messing, MD, is Professor of Urology and...

Profile of ERBB2/ERBB3-Mutant Colorectal Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Loree et al found that ERBB2/ERBB3 mutations in colorectal cancer are associated with microsatellite instability and PIK3CA mutation. Study Details The study involved retrospective analysis of 419 patients from The University of ...

Hormone Replacement Therapy and Breast Cancer Risk After Oophorectomy in BRCA1-Mutation Carriers

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Kotsopoulos et al found that use of hormone replacement therapy overall did not increase risk of breast cancer among BRCA1-mutation carriers after prophylactic bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy; however, use of estrogen-progesterone hormone replacement...

issues in oncology
symptom management

National Survey Examines Oncologists' Practices, Beliefs on Medical Marijuana Use

Data from a new survey show that as many as 80% of oncologists have discussed medical marijuana use with their patients. According to the authors, this is the first nationally representative survey to examine oncologists’ practices and beliefs on the subject since the implementation of state...

FDA Grants Fast Track Designation to Debio 1347 for Unresectable or Metastatic Tumors With a Specific FGFR Gene Alteration

Debiopharm International SA (Debiopharm) recently announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Fast Track designation to Debio 1347, an inhibitor of fibroblast growth factor receptors 1, 2, and 3 (FGFR1–3), for the treatment of patients with unresectable or...

Clearance of Somatic Mutations at Remission and Outcomes in AML

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Morita et al found that clearance of somatic mutations at complete remission—particularly those in nonpreleukemic genes—was associated with improved outcomes in previously untreated patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML)....

Perception of Effects of Continued Smoking Among Patients With Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Alton et al found that current cigarette smokers were less likely to believe that continued smoking after cancer diagnosis was harmful compared with ex-smokers or never-smokers. Continued smoking after cancer diagnosis has been associated...

Activity of T Cells From Patients With Metastatic Melanoma Resistant to Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Treatment

In a study reported in Annals of Oncology, Andersen et al found that tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes isolated from metastatic melanoma lesions in patients with disease progression after checkpoint inhibitor therapy remain functional. Moreover, they concluded these tumor-infiltrating...

Predictive Model for Breast Cancer in Women With Atypical Hyperplasia

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Degnim et al have developed a model for predicting breast cancer risk among women with atypical hyperplasia on breast biopsy. Study Details The risk model (AH-BC) was developed using retrospective cohorts of women aged 18 to 85 years with...

Early-Phase Trial of Carboxyamidotriazole Orotate and Temozolomide in Glioblastoma

In a phase Ib trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Omuro et al found evidence of activity of carboxyamidotriazole orotate plus temozolomide in patients with recurrent anaplastic gliomas or glioblastoma and previously untreated glioblastoma. Carboxyamidotriazole orotate is an...

Parenting Concerns Affect Emotional Well-Being in Mothers With Advanced Cancer

Parenting concerns contributed significantly to the psychological distress of mothers with late-stage cancer, according to a study by University of North Carolina (UNC) Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers published by Park et al in the journal Cancer. Cancer is the leading cause of...

FDA Accepts sBLA, Grants Priority Review to Atezolizumab for Initial Treatment of Metastatic Nonsquamous NSCLC

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently accepted a supplemental biologics license application (sBLA) and granted Priority Review for atezolizumab (Tecentriq) in combination with bevacizumab (Avastin), paclitaxel, and carboplatin for the first-line treatment of metastatic nonsquamous...

Advertisement

Advertisement



;
Advertisement

By continuing to browse this site you permit us and our partners to place identification cookies on your browser and agree to our use of cookies to identify you for marketing. Read our Privacy Policy to learn more.