lymphoma

ICML 2017: Phase II Trial of Tazemetostat in Relapsed or Refractory Follicular Lymphoma and DLBCL

Positive interim efficacy data from an ongoing phase II clinical trial of tazemetostat, a first-in-class, oral enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) inhibitor, as a single-agent treatment for relapsed or refractory patients with follicular lymphoma or diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) grouped by...

palliative care

Effect of Embedding Palliative Care in an Oncology Clinic

A retrospective analysis reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice by Einstein et al showed the benefits of embedding palliative care in a clinic specializing in targeted and immune-based treatments in patients with melanoma or renal cancer. Study Details The study included data from 114...

breast cancer

Trends in Surgery After Initial Lumpectomy for Breast Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Morrow et al found that the rates of surgery after initial lumpectomy for stage I or II breast cancer have decreased with dissemination of guidelines advocating a minimal negative surgical margin. A 2014 consensus statement of the Society of Surgical Oncology...

prostate cancer

SNMMI 2017: Preclinical Targeted Photodynamic Therapy Shown Highly Effective Against Prostate Cancer

Researchers presented a preclinical study at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI) that demonstrated the efficacy and optimal dose for targeted photodynamic therapy (PDT) to treat prostate cancer before and during surgery (Abstract 7). Targeted...

solid tumors

SNMMI 2017: Combining PRRT With a PARP Inhibitor May Slow Neuroendocrine Tumor Growth

Patients with neuroendocrine tumors may experience fewer symptoms and survive longer by undergoing peptide-receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) combined with a drug that makes tumor cells more sensitive to radiation therapy, said researchers at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear...

breast cancer
prostate cancer

SNMMI 2017: Imaging Metastatic Breast and Prostate Cancer Using Dual-Agent PET/MRI With Time of Flight

Simultaneous injections of the radiopharmaceuticals fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (F-18 FDG) and fluorine-18 sodium fluoride (F-18 NaF) followed by quantitative scanning significantly improved image quality and detection of bone metastases at a lower dose, according to research presented at...

multiple myeloma
cost of care

Impact of Subsidies on Use of Oral Immunomodulatory Drugs in Medicare Beneficiaries With Myeloma

According to a study by Olszewski and colleagues in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Medicare Part D beneficiaries without a low-income subsidy may face daunting barriers in affording oral immunomodulatory drugs for myeloma. The low-income subsidy markedly reduces out-of-pocket costs for...

lung cancer

Ceritinib vs Chemotherapy in Previously Treated ALK-Rearranged NSCLC

The phase III ASCEND-5 trial has shown a significant improvement in progression-free survival with ceritinib (Zykadia) vs chemotherapy in advanced ALK-rearranged non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) previously treated with crizotinib (Xalkori) and chemotherapy. Trial results were reported in...

multiple myeloma

FDA Approves Daratumumab in Combination With Pomalidomide and Dexamethasone for Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the use of daratumumab (Darzalex) in combination with pomalidomide (Pomalyst) and dexamethasone for the treatment of patients with multiple myeloma who have received at least two prior therapies including lenalidomide (Revlimid) and a...

solid tumors
pancreatic cancer

SNMMI 2017: Immuno-PET Shows Promise for Detecting and Treating Pancreatic Tumors, Other Solid Tumors

A first-in-human study presented at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI) (Abstract 385) demonstrated the feasibility and safety of imaging with the novel human monoclonal antibody HuMab-5B1, to enable highly specific targeting for the cancer...

SNMMI 2017: Personalized PRRT Improves Radiation Delivery to Neuroendocrine Tumors

Neuroendocrine tumors are difficult to manage and unlikely to be cured, but researchers intend to slow progression of these tumors and aid survival by personalizing patient doses of peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT), according to research presented at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the...

prostate cancer

SNMMI 2017: PET/CT, Clinical Management, and Disease Detection in Prostate Cancer

An estimated one in seven American men will be affected by prostate cancer in their lifetime. Prostate-specific molecular imaging can help to clinically manage the disease much more efficiently, especially if the cancer returns, according to research revealed at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the...

gastroesophageal cancer

High-Dose First-Line Trastuzumab Maintenance in Metastatic HER2-Positive Gastric Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Shah et al, the phase IIIB HELOISE trial has shown no survival benefit of high-dose vs standard trastuzumab (Herceptin) maintenance plus chemotherapy in the first-line treatment of metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma....

issues in oncology

CancerCare Establishes Patient Values Initiative, Releases Focus Group Assessment

CancerCarehas announced the establishment of the CancerCare Patient Values Initiative, a multipronged effort with an aim to reframe the national health-care policy dialogue so that it includes what is important to patients and their families. As the first step of this important project,...

lung cancer

ASTRO Issues Guideline for Use of Stereotactic Radiation in Early-Stage Lung Cancer

The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) has issued a new clinical guideline for the use of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in early-stage lung cancer. While SBRT is the current standard of care for peripherally located tumors in patients who cannot undergo surgery, the new...

gynecologic cancer

Dutch Study Assesses Long-Term Risk of HPV-Related Carcinoma and Premalignancies After CIN3 Diagnosis

A Dutch study has shown long-lasting risk for human papillomavirus (HPV)-related carcinoma and premalignancies in women with a diagnosis of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 (CIN3). The findings were reported by Ebisch et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. Study Details The...

breast cancer

Combination of Buparlisib and Fulvestrant in Postmenopausal Women With Advanced Breast Cancer

In the phase III BELLE-2 trial, the addition of the PI3K inhibitor buparlisib to fulvestrant (Faslodex) improved progression-free survival in postmenopausal hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative advanced breast cancer—but at the cost of excessive toxicity. Results were reported in...

solid tumors
head and neck cancer

PD-L2 Expression and Clinical Response to Pembrolizumab in Head and Neck Cancer

A study assessing the prevalence and distribution of programmed cell death ligand 2 (PD-L2) in human tumor samples across seven cancer indications, including renal cell carcinoma, bladder, melanoma, non–small cell lung cancer, triple-negative breast cancer, gastric carcinoma, and head and...

Vital Options International Introduces Free eBook, The Cancer Concierge

Between the onslaught of bills and the endless stream of tests and appointments, managing cancer treatment can be overwhelming.  There needs to be a good organizing system in place from the very first oncologist appointment. No one understood this better than the Founder of Vital Options ...

AACR Publishes First Set of Screening Recommendations Emerging From Childhood Cancer Predisposition Workshop

The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) has published its first set of consensus screening recommendations for children with common cancer predisposition syndromes in Clinical Cancer Research. These recommendations emerged from the Childhood Cancer Predisposition Workshop held by the...

solid tumors

Pembrolizumab in Solid Tumors With Mismatch-Repair Deficiency

As reported by Le et al in Science, pembrolizumab (Keytruda) was found to be active across a range of solid tumors with mismatch-repair (MMR) deficiency. Pembrolizumab was recently approved for treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic microsatellite instability–high (MSI-H) or...

gastroesophageal cancer

Association of EGFR Copy Number Gain and Outcome With Gefitinib in Advanced Esophageal Cancer

As reported by Petty et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, analysis of outcomes in the UK phase III Cancer Esophagus Gefitinib trial showed an overall survival benefit with second-line gefitinib (Iressa) in patients with advanced esophageal cancer who had epidermal growth factor receptor...

breast cancer

Adding Abemaciclib to Fulvestrant in Hormone Receptor–Positive, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

In the phase III MONARCH 2 trial reported at the recent ASCO Annual Meeting and in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Sledge et al, the addition of the selective cyclin-dependent kinase 4 and 6 (CDK4/6) inhibitor abemaciclib to fulvestrant (Faslodex) improved progression-free survival in hormone...

Oncologist Barbara L. McAneny, MD, Elected AMA President-Elect

Physicians gathering at the Annual Meeting of the American Medical Association (AMA) elected Barbara L. McAneny, MD, an oncologist from Albuquerque, New Mexico, as the new President-Elect of the nation’s premier physician organization. Following a year-long term as President-Elect, Dr....

First Analysis of AACR Project GENIE Data Published

The first analysis of nearly 19,000 de-identified genomic records from the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) international data-sharing initiative known as AACR Project Genomics Evidence Neoplasia Information Exchange (GENIE) was recently published in Cancer Discovery. In addition to ...

health-care policy

ASCO 2017: SWOG Clinical Trials Have Added More Than 3 Million Years of Life for Patients With Cancer

For an investment of $125 for each year of life gained since the 1950s, the National Cancer Institute (NCI)-funded SWOG clinical trials program has added 3.34 million years of life for patients with cancer in the United States because of successful therapies that were proved through its trials....

lung cancer

Sacituzumab Govitecan in Previously Treated Patients With Metastatic NSCLC

As reported by Heist et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, the antibody-drug conjugate sacituzumab govitecan showed activity in patients with previously treated metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Sacituzumab targets Trop-2, present on many solid tumors; govitecan is the...

skin cancer

Melanoma-Specific Survival With Completion Dissection vs Observation for Sentinel Node Metastasis

The phase III MSLT-II trial showed that completion dissection was not associated with improved melanoma-specific overall survival vs observation in patients with sentinel node metastasis, although a benefit was observed in regional disease control. The findings were reported in The New England...

breast cancer

ASCO 2017: I-SPY 2 Trial: Combination of Pembrolizumab Plus Standard Neoadjuvant Therapy in High-Risk Breast Cancer

At the 2017 ASCO Annual Meeting, results were presented from the phase II I-SPY 2 trial investigating pembrolizumab (Keytruda) in combination with standard therapy (paclitaxel followed by doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide) as a neoadjuvant treatment for patients with locally advanced triple-negative ...

pain management

FDA Requests Removal of Oxymorphone Hydrochloride for Risks Related to Abuse

On June 8,the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) requested that Endo Pharmaceuticals remove its opioid pain medication, reformulated oxymorphone hydrochloride (Opana ER), from the market. After careful consideration, the agency is seeking removal based on its concern that the benefits of the...

hematologic malignancies

ASCO 2017: Ibrutinib Plus Cellular Therapy CTL119 May Lead to Complete Remissions in CLL

Combining the kinase inhibitor ibrutinib (Imbruvica) with an investigational personalized cellular therapy known as CTL119 can lead to complete remission in patients with high-risk chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University...

health-care policy

ASCO Congratulates NIH Director Francis Collins on Remaining in Critical Leadership Position

ASCO President Bruce E. Johnson, MD, FASCO, released the following statement today: “ASCO congratulates Francis S. Collins, MD, PhD, on the announcement of his continued service as the Director of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). A renowned researcher and skilled administrator, Dr....

lung cancer

ALEX Trial: Alectinib vs Crizotinib in Untreated Advanced ALK-Positive NSCLC

As reported at the recent ASCO Annual Meeting and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Peters et al, the phase III ALEX trial has shown improvement in progression-free survival with alectinib (Alecensa) vs crizotinib (Xalkori) in the first-line treatment of advanced ALK-positive...

skin cancer

ASCO 2017: Higher Gut Bacteria Diversity Tied to Slower Metastatic Melanoma Progression

The blend of bacteria in the digestive tract of metastatic melanoma patients is associated with disease progression or delay in patients treated with immunotherapy, reported Wargo et al at the 2017 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 3008). Their study of fecal samples from 105 patients treated with...

bladder cancer

European Commission Approves Nivolumab for Previously Treated, Locally Advanced, Unresectable or Metastatic Urothelial Cancer

On June 2, the European Commission (EC) approved nivolumab (Opdivo) for the treatment of locally advanced unresectable or metastatic urothelial carcinoma in adults after failure of prior platinum-containing therapy. This makes nivolumab the first immuno-oncology agent approved in the European Union ...

pancreatic cancer

ASCO 2017: Adding PEGPH20 to Standard Treatment in Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer May Delay Disease Progression

By adding an experimental drug to a standard chemotherapy regimen, a subset of patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer had a significantly longer period before the cancer progressed as compared with those who received the standard treatment, according to a phase II clinical trial led by an...

cost of care

ASCO 2017: Implementing Cost Transparency in Oncology

Being transparent about the cost of cancer treatments with patients has been increasingly recommended to help minimize financial harm and improve care, but what's preventing or derailing those conversations is less understood. New findings from Penn Medicine that identified several barriers and key ...

issues in oncology
cost of care
symptom management

ASCO 2017: Many Emergency Department Visits Among Patients With Cancer Appear Preventable

Among patients with cancer, as many as 53% of emergency department visits that do not require admission could be avoided with better symptom management and greater availability of outpatient care tailored to their needs, according to a new study from Fred Hutchinson Cancer...

colorectal cancer

ASCO 2017: Impact of Patient Age on Molecular Alterations in Colorectal Tumors

Younger patients with colon cancer appear to have more than three times as many mutations in their tumors as older patients, which could lead to more effective treatment decisions, according to researchers at Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center. In a new study, they found that tumor...

solid tumors
lymphoma
multiple myeloma

ASCO's TAPUR Study Continues Its Expansion of Sites, Participants, and Collaborators

ASCO’s Targeted Agent and Profiling Utilization Registry (TAPUR) Study continues to expand and now has more than 300 participants enrolled on study drug, more than 100 sites, new partnerships, and a revised protocol to lower the age of eligibility. “We are very pleased with the...

gynecologic cancer

Tumor Microvessel Density and Outcome With Bevacizumab in Ovarian Cancer

A retrospective biomarker analysis of the phase III GOG-0218 trial indicated a higher tumor microvessel density was associated with progression-free and overall survival benefit with bevacizumab (Avastin) vs placebo plus front-line chemotherapy in patients with ovarian cancer. These findings were...

cns cancers

Dinutuximab vs Temsirolimus in Combination Therapy for Children With Refractory or Relapsed Neuroblastoma

A randomized phase II trial (Children’s Oncology Group [COG] ANBL1221) has resulted in the selection of dinutuximab (Unituxin) plus irinotecan/temozolomide as a regimen to be further evaluated in the treatment of pediatric patients with refractory or relapsed neuroblastoma. Study results were ...

prostate cancer

T2:ERG and PCA3 RNA Urinary Testing for Detecting Aggressive Prostate Cancer

Combined testing for urinary PCA3 and TMPRSS2:ERG (T2:ERG) RNA may increase accuracy in identifying the risk for aggressive early prostate cancer, according to a study reported in JAMA Oncology by Sanda et al in the EDRN-PCA3 Study Group. Study Details The study involved 516 development cohort...

lung cancer

Effect of Previous Radiotherapy on Outcome With Pembrolizumab in NSCLC

In a single-site experience reported in The Lancet Oncology by Shaverdian et al, patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the phase I KEYNOTE-001 trial of pembrolizumab (Keytruda) were found to have better outcomes if they had received prior radiotherapy. Study Details...

lung cancer

ASCO 2017: Research Suggests Possible New Treatment for EGFR-Positive Lung Cancer

Findings from a phase III clinical trial point to a potential new treatment for patients newly diagnosed with advanced, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Compared to the EGFR inhibitor gefitinib (Iressa), one of the standard targeted...

lung cancer

ASCO 2017: Early Research Suggests First Immunotherapy for Mesothelioma on the Horizon

Malignant pleural mesothelioma is a rare cancer, but its incidence has been rising. This cancer is usually associated with asbestos exposure, and patients have a median life expectancy of only 13 to 15 months. All patients relapse despite initial chemotherapy, more than 50% of them within 6 months...

multiple myeloma

ASCO 2017: BCMA-Specific CAR T-Cell Therapy Sends Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma Into Lasting Remission in an Early Trial

In an early clinical trial, 33 out of 35 (94%) patients had clinical remission of multiple myeloma upon receiving immunotherapy with chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells targeting B-cell maturation protein, or BCMA. Most patients had only mild side effects. The study was presented by Fan et al...

lung cancer

ASCO 2017: ALEX Study: Alectinib Halts Lung Cancer Growth More Than a Year Longer Than Crizotinib

Findings from a phase III clinical trial point to a more effective initial treatment for patients with ALK-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Compared to the current standard of care, crizotinib (Xalkori), the newer ALK inhibitor alectinib (Alecensa) halted cancer growth for a...

breast cancer

OlympiAD Trial: Olaparib in Metastatic Breast Cancer With Germline BRCA Mutation

As reported in the Plenary Session at the 2017 ASCO Annual Meeting and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Robson et al, the phase III OlympiAD trial showed that the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor olaparib (Lynparza) prolonged progression-free survival vs standard therapy in...

breast cancer

ASCO 2017: The APHINITY Trial: Adding a Second HER2 Blocker May Lower Chance of Invasive Breast Cancer for Some Women

A phase III clinical trial of 4,805 women with HER2-positive breast cancer suggests the addition of a second HER2-targeted medicine, pertuzumab (Perjeta), to standard-of-care trastuzumab (Herceptin) after surgery may improve outcomes, although the benefit is modest. The study was presented by von...

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